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Decisions of the Superior Courts of New South Wales, 1788-1899

Atkins Diary 1794 part 2

14 government was instituted, that of the ease and comfort for the deserving, and for the punishment of the unworthy.  The prevention of crimes has never been considered, on the contrary the worst characters have in many instances met with the greatest support.  Moraility and religion have been made a joke of.  No regular System of Government has ever been adopted, the whim and caprice of the moment have been the Basis of all acts;  The only uniform plan adopted has been that of raising the military upon the ruins of the civil power.  16  Cloudy  Wind S E.  17.  The heavyest Thunder and Lightening I ever experienced.  This day sail'd Major Grose our Lt Govr. in the Dadalus, sail'd the Surprize.  We have now the Commanding Officer (Capt. Patterson) for our Chief.  I think it will not be approved of.  18  Cloudy  Wind S E.  19  Excessive Hott  Wind N W.  20 Do.  Do21  Heavy Showers  Wind S E.  The men that ran away with the Boat are taken only 5 in Number.  Robberys multiply, how can it be otherwise.  22  Continual rain  Wind S E.  23  Hott.  Wind S W.  24  Cloudy  W.  S E.  25  Christmas day.  Arriv'd a Brig from Bengal laden with Spirits.  Cloudy   W S E.  26  Excessive Hott.  Wind S E.  27 Do.   Wind N W.  28 Do.  Do29  Cloudy  Wind East.  30  Cloudy and warm  Wind S E.  Jany.  1  1795  From this day to the 10 The weather has been variable, a great deal of rain, then excessive Hott and cold in the Evening.  Was down at Sydney, almost every good article was monpolized by the Officers for profit in a most scandalous manner.  I have been very ill, God Almighty has been very bountiful to me, and I hope he will give me resolution to be thankful to him for it.  I begun the year bad, but I hope to mend.  Thunder, Lightening and Rain continued all Nt11  Rain  Wind  S W.  12  Fine weather  Wind S W.  13  Heavey rain which continued the whole night without intermission,  To much rain will be highly detrimental to the corn  as it will grow beyond its proper strength, shoot up spindling and of course will not have power to throw out the Cobs, but God Al[m]ighty knows what is best for us.  The Indian Corn at the Hawkesbury is 12 and 14 feet high, in tassel but not a cob.  14  Continual pour of rain, the Bridge carried away by the flood; this has been much the heaviest rain since I have been here.  15  Cloudy and Sultry  Wind S E.  16  Rain in yo Evng.  W.  S E.  17  Cloudy  Wind S E.  18. 19. 20  Continual Showers with some Thunder.  21  Heavey rain with Thunder  Wind S E.  22  Showrs Wind S E.  23 Do.  Do24  Cloudy  Wind West.  25  Hott Wind West.  Some Hott weather is now much wanted. 26  Showers  W. S E.  27  Hott Weather  Wind East.  28  Hott.  Wind West.  29. 30. 31  Hott Weather wind S E and W.  1 Feby.  Excessive Hott.  Wind West.  2 Do.  Do3  Thick fog in the morning.  Excessive Hott.  From this day to the 11  Nothing material, in general fine weather which has been of infinite service to the Corn.  12  Excessive cold with Showers from the S W.  Every year before this we had hot weather but the Seasons have changed perhaps in consequence of the country opening so fast.  It appears the determined resolution of the military to support the Despotism of the Lt Govr.  It is now carried on in a higher degree than in his time.  If a complaint is made that another owes him 20 shillings the Comg. Officer without hearing what the person complain'd of has to say sends a Constable and orders him to pay it. -  They seem to adopt the Idea that the Natives can be made Slaves of, than which nothing can be more false, they are free as air and Govr. Phillips's conduct was highly approved of for reprobating that Idea.  Mr. C. buissiness on that head is a disgrace to those concerned.  13  A heavey Shower Wind S E.  14  Cool pleasant day.  Governments giving Grants was surely intended for other purposes than that of giving a Solider a few Gallons of Spirit. Yet that is the case, 2, 3 or 4 Gall: of Spirit will get a grant of 25 Acres.  It is general for every Solider indiscriminately has a grant, and of the whole amountg to 400, not 30 have kept them.  This day three years I landed at this place.  How time slips away.  I do not repine, why should I?  On the contrary I ought to be thankful to God Almighty for the many mercies he has voutchsafed to me here:  15  Excessive Hott.  Wind N W.  By the sale of the late farms it appears that many people run upon the Hawkesbury;  The land is certainly very fine, and in the course of time will I think be very valuable, but for a person who wishes to make immediate profit of their land nigh or this place (Parramatta) or Sydney is by much the most eligible.


15  Hott  Wind West.  17  Cloudy and Cold Wind S E.  18  Heavey Rain and very cold.  Wind Do19  Cloudy and Sultry  Wind S E.  20.  Warm  Wind West.  21   Cloudy  Wind S E.  22  Rain   Wind S E.  23  Hott.  Wind West.  24  Cloudy with Show'rs  Wind S E.  25 Do.  and cold.  26 Do.  and very cold  Wind S E.  27  Cloudy and Sultry.  Wind West.  28  Hott  Wind West.  From the 1. March to the 12 nothing material occurred except the arrival of the Britania from the Cape after a remarkable quick passage of 6 Months.  She brought [?]3 horses, 9 Ewes and a Ram, a great quantity of Spirits, Sugar &c. the most of which was private trade on acct. of the Officers.  By [?]r accts. We may expect G. Hunter in about 6 weeks.  13 to 17 Nothing material except that since C Ravens arrival who brought [at] least 25000 G: of Cape rum, drunkeness and robberys to a very [a]llarming degree have taken place; every encouragement is really given to thieving, a bottle of Liquor for a Bushell of I. Corn and no questions asked is the common price.  It is much to be lamented that the health, peace of mind and every thing that could conduce to the alleviation of the situation of the convict is sacrificed to the avarice of a few individuals.  Major Grose notwithstanding any thing that individuals may say, who from Gratitude ought to speak well of him, has done more harm to this colony, than it will be in the power of any Govt. to do good for many years.  All subordination is at an end, the morals of the people are distroy'd, Idleness and drunkeness have taken the place of Industry and sobriety.  The sole object of a mans working for himself is solely for the purpose of getting Liquor.  In Govr. P. time if a man had give pounds in his pocket, it would purchase so many comforts, now nothing but liquor is the object.  18.  Hott.  rain in the night  Wind East.  19  Hott.  Wind N W.  Arrived C. Dell from Norfolk.  20  Warm  Wind N W.  I have lately been attacked with a violent disorder in my stomach,  I feel myself rather declining, Gods will be done.  21  Hott.  Wind S E.  The ration for some time has been 4 ld Pork, 4 ld Flower, 3 pints of pease and 3 Do.  of Wheat,  This day it was altered to 2 ld Flower, 4 ld Pork, 3 Pts. Pease Do.  Wheat and 4 ld I. Corn.  They take I. Corn into the Store at 5s/ pr Bushell, 2 of Cobbs, and serve it 3 to 2.  22.  On this day I was born.  May God of his Infinite mercy make me thankful for all his mercys towards me.  23  Hott.  Wind S W.  24  Cloudy with Showers  Wind S E.  25  Rain  Wind S E.  26 Do.  Do27.  Hott.  Wind N W.  28.  Heavy Showers.  Wind S E.  29  Cold Wind S W 30 Do31  Hott wind from N W.  1 April  It is much to be lamented that the Govr. does not arrive for every day adds to the debauchery, and every other vice, and I am afraid that it is so rooted in our very blood both in our individual and political character that it will not be an easy matter to make us better.  There is so much to do in point of reformation that where to begin will even be a difficulty except in that of distroying the free circulation of Spirits, that must be the ground work of the reform.  for at present the Imagination is heated and all obedience is at an end.  A due distibution of the laws as well for the protection of the Good man and his property, and the just punishment of the Guilty and that by a fair impartial investigation will be the great means to obtain it.  The new Settlement at the Hawkesbury is one continued scene of drunkeness, the Settlers selling their crops for Liquor.  From this day to the 6th the Weather in general has been fine, Hott in ye middle of the day and cold Mornings and Evenings.  On this day about 11 o'clock in ye Evening I was taken excessively ill with a complaint in my stomach which continued very violent the whole day notwithstanding every means was used to stop it.  On the 7 I found that the pain was in some measure abated but still very ill.  8  Something better,  8.  Excessive ill.  9  Not much better  Rain  Wind S E.  10  Something better thanks be to the Almighty, if it pleases him to restore me to good health, I hope to amend my life and walk in his ways.  O I have takken too little care of that.  May God turn my heart - Rain  Wind S E.  11  Fine weather Wind S. E.  The Evening I took four pills in which was some Calomel, I washed them down with half a Glass of wine and water, the effect was dreadful, about 12 o'clock I was taken with the most excrutiating pains in my bowels , which continued till three o'clock the next day.  I never knew pain before.  God Almighty afflicted me sorely, but what he wills is best.  I called on him and he heard me, may he give me grace to call on him on all occasions in sickness and in health, and make me grateful for all his mercys towards me.  A three I received great ease and this day 13.  Thanks be to God I am as well as ever I was in my life, weakness excepted, for independent of the great exertions of the body during my agonizing pain, I had not eat any meat or drank any thing stronger than barley water during the space of week.  It appears that the acid of the wine operating upon the Calom1. Changed the nature of it, and from its being a very salubrious medicine it turned it into a mad poison of corosive-sublimate a small quantity of which would soon distroy a man.  -  The ration this week 9 ld Indian Corn 3 ld Wheat 3 Do. 3 Do.  Pease and 4 ld Pork.  14  Hott  Wind West.  I still find myself full of bile, but upon the whole mending, living regular must be the only cure.  14  Fine weather  Wind S E.  15  Hott.  Wind West.  My health seems to be perfectly reestablished, God send it may continue so.  16  Hott.  Wind West.  17 Do.  Do18 Do.  Do19 Do.  Do20  Thunder and lightening with some rain in the Evening  Wind S E.  Begun getting in the Wheat.  The ration 9 ld I Corn and 3 ld Wheat with 4 ld Pork and 6 oz; Sugar.  21  Hott.  Wind West.  22  Do.  frost in the Night.  23  Cloudy  Wind West.  24  Hott.  Frost.  25  Hott.  Wind N W.  26. Do.  Do27  Wind S W.  Hjott.  28  Cloudy  Wind S E.  29 Do.  Do30 Do.  Do1 May Do.  Do2  Cloudy Wind  S E.  3  Appearance of rain, but went off again  Wind S E.  4  Hott.  Wind West.  5 Do.  Do6 Do.  Do.  Slops served to the men and women.  7  Very Hott  Wind S E.  8 Do.  Do9 Do.  Do.  Within these six days one man fell into the River and was drowned.  A Woman drowned herself,  A Man Kill]d his Wife; and a poor inoffensive Settler because he would not join in the debaucheries of his neighbours, had his stack of Corn and house set on fire and burnt.  These are the effects of Liquor.  It would be impossible to discribe the scenes of villany and infamy that passes at the Hawkesbury.  If we have not soon a change of Government no mans life will be safe.  10  Half allowance of meat  Warm  Wind S W.  11  Cloudy appearance of rain  Wind West.  12  Clear, Hott.  Wind West.  13  Hott.  Wind S E.  14  Foggy.  Wind West.  15  Warm  Wind S W.  16.  Misling  Rain Wt17  Cloudy Wind S E.  18  Do. and excessive cold  Wind West.  19  Do. Do20.  Do.  Wind S E.  from this day to 1 June dry weather but on this day it rained hard, which continued the whole day.  Arrived a Ship we suppose from Bengal.  2  Continual rain.  The ration last week 2 ld Fresh Pork (taken into store at 1s/ pr ld) and 1 of salt.  3 Pints Rice, 3 Do.  Pease and 12 ld I Corn.  The Ship appears to be the Endeavour C Bampton a large Indiaman from India with 144 head of Cattle.  Rice Dholl &c &c.  3  Heavey Showers.  4 June  Not observed.  The weather in general showery.  5  Rain.  6  Clear weather.  7  Do.  This day a party of the military consisting of 2 C.  Officers, 3 Sergeants, 3 Corporals, 3 Drums and 60 privates set off for the Hawkesbury for the purpose of driving the Natives away.  8  Cloudy  Wind S E.  9 Do. Do. 10 Do. Do11  Hard rain  Wind S E.  From this day to the 21  Nothing material except the Sailing of the Britania C. Raven the 16th for Batavia for provisions and C. Dell for Norfolk on the 20th.  The ration 4 ld of Fresh Pork or 2 of Salt, 12 I Corn and 3 Pts. Pease.  The Fresh Pork sent into Store diminishes fast and there is not more than 1 Weeks of Salt in the Stored.  22  Fine Weather  Wind West  23  Hard Frost  Wind S W.  24  Ice the thickness of a Dollar.  25  9 Do. but warm in the middle of the day.  26  9 Do. but cold the whole day.  27.  Rain from the S E.  28.  Fine weather  Wind West  29  Rain S E.  30  Fine, Wind West.  1  July.  Fine mild Weather.  Wind West.  2  Cold  S W.  3  Frost  Wind S E.  4  Do. Do5  Warm  Wind S W.  6. Do. Do7  Rain  S E.  8  Much Rain in ye  Night.  Fine in day  Wind West.  The Ration continues ye same.  9  Hard Frost  Wind West  10  Do. Do. 11 Do. Do.  G. O.  July 8th 1795.  Head Qrs.  The Salted Meat being nearly expended, what remains in Store, is to be issued only to the Non-Commissioned Officers and Privates at the present ration until further orders.  Indian-Corn, Rice, Pease and Sugar to continue as before.  The Commissary is directed to issue to the Officers Civil and Military; and all other persons victualled from the Public Stores the following ration.  Indian Corn 12 ld.  Pease or Dhol 3 pints.  Rice 5 pounds  Sugar 1½ pints.  Died Thos.  Dauney.  12  Hard Frost  13  Do.  Wind West. 14 Do. Do15  Warm, Wind West.  At the Hawkesbury Run 10s/ p r Bottle.  Tobacco 20s/ p r ld.  and Wheat 26s/ pr  Bushell, sent round by the - and paid in I. Corn.  Oh Shame.  Shame.  16  Hard frost, Ice and Inch thick  W. S W.  17  Hard Frost, the temperature of the Air is certainly changed since the country has been opened.  The Frost has been considerably more severe than before.  18.  Hard Frost.  Wind West.  19  Heavy Fog.  Wind N W. 20 Do. Do21 Do. Do22  Frost  Wind S E.  23  Cloudy  Wind South.  24 Do.  Wind S W.  25  Mild  Wd. N W.  This day I was taken exceeding ill with my old bilious complaint which continued with great violence for about 18 hours at some times the pain was so excessive violent as to be hardly supportable, Evacuation relived me; I thought I was nearly at the period of my Existence, but God Almighty in his great goodness has spared me.  I am unfit to appear before the throne of Justice, but I hope his mercy will give me a sufficient knowledge of his Divine Majesty that I may put my whole confidence in him and that I may be enabled to place some hopes that his mercy may be extended towards me.  26th  Much better in the morning, but in the Evening taken very ill continued so the whole night but this morning 27th find my self better.  Fine Weather  Wind West.  28  Perfectly recovered.  Fine weather  Wind Wt29  Warm spring weather  Wind N W.  30  Do31  Do.  Win d N W. 1 August  Hard Frost  Wind S W.  Rain in the Night.  2  Rain  Wind East; Fine Evening;  3  Showery  Wind East.  4  Do.  Wind  N W.  much rain in the Night, at this time Brandy half water sells at the Hawkesbury for 12s/6 a Bottle and Tobacco from 15s/ to 20s/.  Shame.  meat 2s/6d pr ld.  5  Showers  Wd. S W.  6  Foggy and Warm  Wind North.  7  Do.  Wind S W.  8  Very warm  Wind West.  9  Foggy and Cloudy in the day  Wind North.  Rain in the Evening.  10  Rain  Wind N W.  11  Fine clear  day, Wind S W.  12  Hard Frost and hott in the day Wind West.  13  Do.  Wind West.  14  Do. Do. 15 Do. Do16  Fine weather  Wind West.  17  Frost  Wind  S W.  18  Do. Do19  Fine mild weather  Wind West.  20  Do. Do. much rain in the Night.  21  Fine in the Morning Wind N W.  22  Warm  Wind S W.  23  Some Thunder with small Rain  Wind West.  24  Cloudy  Wind S W.  25  Showers  Wind S E.  2  Heavy rain  Wind S E.  They have begun killing the Bullocks for the Soldiers, they cost about 35£.  27  A continual pour of rain, heavier than I have ever seen it since my arrival, likewise a heavy gale of wind from the S E.  Report of a Ship, which proves to be a Frigate, last from Rio, and brings us the pleasing account that Govr. Hunter was there and was expected to sail for this place in about 10 days.  28.  Continual rain with heavy gusts of Wind from the S.ward.  29  Moderate but cloudy.  Wind S E.  30  Small Frost in the Night and warm in the Day.  Some damage done at the Hawkesbury by the Flood; the River rose about 20 Feet perpendicular.   From  his day to 7th Septr.   very ill.  On this day Govr. Hunter arrived.  8  Much better, thank God  a heavy wind from the N W.  9  Fine  Wind West.  10  Rain from ye East.  11  Almost continual Rain  Wind S E.  12  Cloudy and Rain in ye Evng. W.  W E.  13  Rain  Wind S E.  How happy is it for this Colony that we have at last a Governor who will make the good of the community at large his perticular care, abstracted from all party and dirty pecuniary views, on the 11th. His Commission was read, he then addressed himself first to the Convicts and told them that good conduct should allways be countenanced by him, and that he would do every thing to render their situation comfortable, if they deserved it.  He told the soldiers that their appearance did credit to themselves and their Officers.  He said that he came here for the General good, he therefore hoped that no Individual would take it ill, if he made that the rule of his conduct.  I am convinced he will do every thing for the general good.  He praised much A.P. what a censure upon. M.G.  14  Taken excessive ill but better this day  16  Went down to Sydney to see G.H. who received me as I could wish.  16  Returned from Sydney with fine weather.  17  Rain in the Morning W.  S E.   18  Fine warm day  Wind West.  19  Warm  Wind S W.  The Ration this week as usual to the Convicts.  Meat served to the Civil and Military and Superintendents, a bad Specimen of impartiality.  Indeed there is reason to think that a Reformation which God knows is much wanted will not easily be brought about, as the very people whose interest it is to prevent it, use those who have the G. ear.  For my own part I will lay before him the true state of the Colony, I have done my duty and will rest satisfied.  20  Warm  Wind West.  21  Do.  Do22  Cloudy  Wind S W.  Rain in the Evening.  23  Very hott.   Wind [W]est.  24  Fine pleasant weather  Wind East.  This day the Governor came up to Parramatta [a]nd took up his residence at Lieut. McArthurs.  Ominous25  Warm  Wind West.  26  A cold Southerly Wind  The Govr. went down to Sydney.  27  Warm  Wind [S] W.  28   Do.  Do  Excessive  Wind N.  30  Do.  Do  1 Octr.  Hott.  Wind West.  2  Do.  Do3  Hott  Wind West.  4  Excessive Hott  Wind South.  5  This day arrived the Young William Store Ship from England, laden with Beef, Pork &c.  Wind Wt6  Hott.  Wind West  7  Do.  Wind N  8  Do.  Wind East, received a letter from Govr. P.  9  Gentl Showers  Wind S E.  10  Showery  Wind East.  The Ration 5 ld 10 Oz Beef, 3 Pints Rice, Do.  Pease and 6ld Corn and 4 ld Flour.  11  Rain from the S E.  12  Showery.  Wind S E.  Ration for the Civil and Military 4 ld 10 oz Beef.  6 ld Flour 3 Pints Pease and 6 ld I Corn.  13  Fine Weather  Wind S W.  14  Rain  Wind S W.  15  Showery  Wind S E.  16  Do.  Wind N W.  This day got 3 more men  17  Went down to Sydney Thunder, Lightening and Rain  Wind West.  18  Warm  Wind West.  19  Cold.  Wind West.  20  Showers  Wind N W.  21  Excessive hard rain  Wind  S E.  This day the Ship Suply sailed for Norfolk  22  Fine Wd. Wt23  Sultry, Wind S E.  24  Excessive Hott..  Wind  S W.  25  Do.  Wind N W.  26  Cool.  Wind West.  Sail'd the Young Wm. for China.  27  Cloudy with small Rain  Wind East.  28  High Wd. fm. W.  Fair.  29  Excessive Hott.  Wind N W.  30  Showery and Hott.  Wind South.  30  Cloudy Wd.  East.  31  Hott.  Wind S W.  1 Novr.  Went down to Sydney.  Hott  Wind East.  2  Returned  Wind East.  3  Cloudy  Wind S E.  4  Do.  Do5  Very Hott d. S E.  Arrived the Sovereign Store Ship from England.  6  Cloudy  Wind East.  7  Excessive Hott  Wind East.  From this day to the 17  I was mostly ill with pains in my stomach, but am getting better.  Two Men for house breaking were condem'd one of which was executed on the 16th. And Two men were sentenced to be flog'd under the Gallows one a thousand lashes and the other 800.  The Weather very various.  This day the Govr. came up from Sydney and call'd on me. 18  The Govr sett off to see the Wild Cows.  About 6 years ago 5 Cows and a Bull were lost and never heard off till about 3 Months ago, they are now increased to 60 besides Calves.  Cloudy  Wind East.  19  Excessive Hott.  Wind N W.  20  Do.  Do.  The Soldiers have made a demand to the Commanding Officer (The Govr, being absent) that they insist on having  a full ration from the Store.  We shall see how this end.  21  Do.  Do22  Fine Rain  Wind East.  The Rain was of no continuance became excessive Hott.  23  Excessive Hott.  Wind North.  Thunder,  Lightening and Rain in the Night.  The Soldiers have been allow'd their demands. but it will not stop here.  Ration Civil and Military.  7 ld Flower.  7 ld Beef.  2 ld Flower, 18 ld I Corn in Cob 5 Pints Rice.  24  Hott  Wind North.  25  Cloudy  Wind East.  26  Heavy Rain and very cold Wind from S.ward.  5 Yds. Duck and a Jacket served out to two Officers Men altho' for three were served at Sydney.  The Constables and Overserveds were serv'd a pr of Shoes, 5 Yds. Duck, a Jacket, 3 Yds Flannen and a cake of Soap.


27 Continuance of heavey rain.  Wind W E.  28  Heavey rain in the Night.  W, East.  29  Cloudy with some rain  Wind S E.  The Ration again changed the Convicts are now allow'd 4 ld Flour.  30 Continual Rain with Thunder and Lightening.  A great deal of Wheat is lodged and if this rain continues it will rot and grow.


1 Decr.  Heavey rain in the Morning, clear in the Evening  Wind North.  2  Hott  Wd. West.  3  Excessive Hott  Wind West.  4  Showers Wind S W.  5  Cloudy  Wind S E.  6  Showery  Wind East.  7  Hott Wind East.  8  Heavy rain.  Thunder and lightening  W. South. 


9  Fine but Cold  Wind East.  10  Excessive Hott.  Wind S W.  11  Do. Do12  Do.  Do13  Do.  Wind North.   14  Cloudy  Wind North.  15  Very Hott.  Wind West.  16  Cool, Cloudy, Wind East. 17  Excessive Hott  Wind North.  18  Do.  Do. 19  Do.  Do. 20  Do.  Do21  Do.  Do22  Cloudy  Wind West.  23  Cloudy  Wind East.  24  A small Shower Wind East.  25  Sultry  Wind West.  The Sovereign sailed on the 23d for India.  By it went a letter signed by several Officers civil and military denying that the several Articles imported into this Colony such as Spirits, Tobacco &c were sold at 2 and 300 pr Cent.  The fact is notorious, and well known in England and I must think that if an investigation takes place It will not redound much on the Credit of those who signed it.  26  A thunder storm from the S E.  27.  Excessive Hott.  Wind South.

27  Was all this day excessive ill with my old complaint.  Cool Wind S W.  28  Much better.  Hot  Wind East.  29  Hott  Wind East.  Excessive ill all the day, the pain lasted almost the whole day, at night something better and this morning 30  Better but it came on again violently I had three violent fits of it  31  The pain is [g]one but I am exceeding weak.  Cloudy  Wind East.  Jany  1.  1796.  [T]he new Year is commenced.  How short to look back, how [l]ong to look forward.  What have I done praise-worthy the last year, [li]ttle, let us hope that the next will bring forth good fruit.  My health has for some months been rather on the decline, I have [for] some days been exceeding ill, but I am better when illness is the visitation of God we ought to submit patiently to his decree, happy if we have nothing to reproach ourselves with as the Cause of it.  This ilness I suppose arrose from my having drank some spruce beer that was sower.  I must be very careful what I eat and drink as my stomach will not bear irritation.  Cloudy  Wind East.  Rain would now be very serviceable to the Indian Corn &c.  Arrived from Bengal the Brig Arthur laden with Spirits, Tobacco, Sugar &c &c.  Some thunder but no rain.  2  Very Hott  Wind East.  3  Went down to Sydney; Very Hott.  4  Breakfasted and dined with the Govr5  Rain  Wd.  East.  6  Came up from Sydney.  7  Cloudy  Wind West.  8  Excessive Hott.  Wind West.  9  Showery  Wind East.  10  Went to Sydney.  Wind East.  11  Return'd from Sydney.  12.  Excessive Hott  Wind East.  21  Excessive Hott.  Wind West.  22  Rain.  Wind S E.  23  Heavy Rain  Wind S E.  24  Cloudy  Wind East.  25  Hott.  Wind North.  Got an acct. of a Ship.  26  Cloudy  Wind East.  The Ship is from England.  27  Cloudy and Showery  Wind East.  This day arrived a Ship from America and a Brig Capn. McClaren from Bengal.  28  Hott.  Wind East. 29th  Do.  Wind West.  30  Do.  Wind S [W].  The Ship from England is called the Ceres.  Laden with Salt provisions and Slops.  31  Cloudy  Wind East.  1 Feby.  Cloudy  Wind East.  2  Cloudy  Wind East.  3  Hott.  Wind East  From this day to the 9th I have been very ill with the Bile there has been much Rain with Thunder and Lightening.  5th Feby.  Soldiers &c.  10  Cloudy  Wind East.  11  Warm  Wind West.  This morning was taken exceeding ill with my old complaint pasing (as I suppose) Gallstones.  It is attended with most excrutiating pain.  It did not last above 6 hours.  God-Almighty has been very good to me an unworthy creature.  I bring it on myself often.  I have reason to think that to be the case at present.  May I have fortitude and resolution to resist all temptation.  12  Went down to Sydney.  On my way was taken ill with my old complaint and when at Sydney was for six hours in the most excrutiating pain, but I was releived. --  Received information from the Govr.  that the Judge Advocate was going home and that I was to succeed him.  arrived the Earl Cornwallis from Ireland with nigh 300 Men and Women Convicts;  It appears that it was their intention to take the Ship and Murder the Captain. Crew &c.  They were fortunately detected, suffered most severe corporal Punishment, indeed so much so that some sunk under it.  This conspiracy extended to some of the Soldiers and the Bostwains mate.  The Serjeant died about 10 days after he was punished.  - At last there is reason to think that we may live under a happy government.  The Governor appears to be sensible that the Govt. of M. G was forended in Error, indeed all kinds of vice of every thing that could make us miserable had too long been supported.  It was a Military government. That seems to be distroyed and the civil power will be established.  The Soldiers have lately behaved with unparalled effrontery, nor is it to be wondered at.  They refused to take the ration, distroyed the furniture and house of  a man that they though had ill treated them.  The Govr. acted with firmness and Spirit, which when they found they came to a proper sense of their duty, and every thing at present appears quiet, may it long continue so.  They are ordered into the Barracks.  13  Returned from Sydney very weak though much better.  14  Hott.  Wind West.  15  Went down to Sydney.  16  Retunred.  17.  Hott.  Wind West.  To the 25  Excessive Hott.  Wind variable.  26.  Do.  Wind East.  27th  Do.  Do28  Most Excessive Hott.  Wind West.  Went down to Sydney and was appointed Inspector of the Works &c.  About this time arrived an American. 

March 1  Came up from Sydney.  Small rain.  2   Very Hott.  Wind West.  3  Do.  Do4  The Govr. came up to Parramatta the Revolution is complete.  He did not call on ---.  How could he expect that he could be countenanced after having done every thing that could make his Govt. irksome and troublesome.  but it is all over.  Excessive Hott.  Wind West.  5  Walked to Toongabbe with the Govr.  Excessive Hott.  Wind West.  6  Small Rain  cloudy  Wind West.  Arrived the Reliane from Norfolk with a number of Passengers.  Brought an account that the Providence C. Bampton was lost at New Zealand.  Himself, and crew saved and got to Norfolk.  7  Cloudy.  Wd.  West  8  Showers  Wind South  9  Do.  Wind S E.  10  Fine weather   Wind West.  15  Do.  Do16  Gentle Showers  Wind East.  17  Cloudy  Wind West.  18.  Showery  W. Wt19  Cloudy  Wind West.  20  Do.  Do21t  Hott.  Wind East.  22  Do  Do23  Do.  Do.


Man is a creature endued with a variety of Senses, Powers and Passions, subject to a variety of Wants and Dangers, environed with Natural and capable of forming many Civil Connections; bound to many Duties in consequence of such a Nature, such a Situation and such Connections and susceptible of many Enjoyments in the Discharge of them, and the sum of those Duties may be reduced to such a conduct of his Senses, Powers and Passions as is duly proportioned to his Wants, to his Dangers, and to his Connections.-that this Conduct is most approved in the mean time, and yields the most refined and lasting Pleasures afterwards, that perticularly the Exercise of the Public Affections is attended with Enjoyments the greatest in Dignity and Duration, - and in the largest sum of such Pleasures and Enjoyments his highest Happiness consists.  Therefore, to keep those refined Sources of Enjoyment always open, and in cases of Competition, to sacrifice the Lower kinds i.e. those of Sense and Appetite, to the Higher i.e. to those of Reason, of Virtue, and Piety, is not Self-Denial but the truest [W]isdom and the Justest Estimate of Happiness.  And to shut up the noblest Springs, or to sacrifice the higher to the lower kinds, is not Self-Indulgence, but the height of Folly, and a wrong Calculation of Happiness.


Therefore He who in his youth, improves his intellectual Powers in the Search of Truth and useful Knowledge, and refines and [s]trengthens his Moral and Active powers, by the Love of Virtue, for [t]he Service of his Friends his Country and Mankind; who is animated [b]y true Glory, exalted by sacred Friendship for Social and softened [b]y virtuous Love for Domestic Life, who lays his Heart open to [e]very mild and generous affection, and who to all thee adds a sober [Ma]sculine Piety, equally remote from Superstition and Enthusiasm: [th]at Man enjoys the most agreable Youth and lays in the richest fund for the honourable Action and happy Enjoyment of the succeeding Periods of Life.


He, who in Manhood, keeps the Defensive of Private Passions under the wisest Restraint, who keeps the most select and virtuous Friendships, who seeks after Fame, Wealth and Power, in the road of Truth and Virtue, and if he cannot find them in that road, generously despises them, who in his private Character and Connections gives fullest Scope to the tender and Manly Passions, and in his Public Character and Connections serves Mankind in the most upright and disinterested Manner; who, in fine enjoys the goods of Life with the greatest Moderation, bears its ills with the greatest Fortitude, and in those various circumstances of Duty and Trials maintains and expresses an habitual Reverence and Love of GodThat Man, is the worthiest Character in this Stage of Life, Passes through it with the highest satisfaction and Dignity, and paves the way to the most easy and honourable Old Age.


Finally, He, who in the Decline of Life, preserves himself most exempt from the Chagrins incident to that Period. cherishes the most equal and kind Affections; uses his experience, wisdom, and Authority in the most fatherly and venerable manner.  Acts under a sense of this Inspection, and with a view of the Approbation of his Maker; is daily aspiring after immortality, and ripening apace for it, and having sustained his part with Integrity and consistency to the last, quits the stage with a modest and graceful Triumph;  This is the best this is the Happiest Old Man.


Therefore the whole Life of Youth, manhood and Old Age, which is spent after this Manner, is the Best and Happiest Life.


He who has the strongest Original Propension to such sentiments and Dispositions has the best Natural Temper.  He, who cultivates them with the greatest care is the most Virtuous character.  He, who knows to indulge them in the most discreet and consistent Manner, is the Wisest.  And He, who with the largest Capacities has the best Opportunities of indulging them is the most Fortunate.


To form our Life upon this Plan, is to follow Nature.  that is to say, to act in a Conformity to our Original Constitution and in a Subordination to the Eternal Order of Things.  And, by acting in this manner (so benevolently are we formed by our common Parent) we effectually promote and secure our highest Interest.  Thus at last it appears (and who [would] not rejoice in so divine a Constitution?) that Duty, Wisdom and Happiness coincide and are one.


To conclude, Virtue is the highest Exercise and Improvement of Reason, The Integrity, the Harmony, and just balance of [A]ffection, The Health, Strength, and Beauty of the Mind.  The [Pe]rfection of Virtue is to give Reason free Scope.  To obey the the Authority of Concience with alacrity, to exercise the [de]fensive Passions with Fortitude; the private with Temperance, [the] Public with Justice, and all of them with Prudence, that is, [in] a due proportion to each other, and an entire Subserviency to [a c]alm diffusive Benevolence.  To adore and love God with a [dis]interested and unrivalled Affection, and to acquiesce in his [Pro]vidence with a joyful Resignation,  Every Approach to this Standard is an Approach to Perfection and Happiness.  And every Deviation from it, a Deviation to Vice and Misery.


From this whole Review of Human Nature, the most Divine and Joyful of all Truths breaks upon us with full Evidence and Lustre.  That Man is liberally provided with Senses and Capacities for enjoying Happiness.  furnish'd with means for attaining it.  taught by his Nature where it lies; prompted by his Passions within, and his Condition without, powerfully to seek it, and by the Wise and Benevolent Order of Heaven, often conducted to the Welfare of the Perticular, and allways made subservient to the good of the Universal System.


24  Sultry  Wind North.  25 Do.  Do26  Thunder  Wind S E.  27  Do.  Do28   Do.  Do   29  Do.  Do  Excessive Hott.  30  Do.  Do   31  Do.  Do


1 April  Hott.  Wind West.  2  Small Rain  Wind S E.  3  Do.  Do   4  Hott Cloudy  Wind West.  5  Hott.  Wind South.  6  Tendency to Rain  very much wanted  Wind S E.  7  Excessive Hott.  Wind East.  8  Do.  Do  9  Showery  Wind S E.  10  Excessive hard Rain   Wind South  11  Continuance of heavy rain  Wind S E.  12  Cloudy but fine  Wind West.  13  Fine weather  Wind S E.  14  Hott.  Wind West. 15  Do.  Do   16  Do.  Do.  From this day to the 3d of May nothing material occurred except the arrival of a large snow from America and on the first arrived the Indispensable from England with 135 Women.


4Cloudy  Wind S E.  5  Hard Frost.  6  Do7th  Rain from S E.  8  Do  Do9th Cloudy  10  Rain  Wind East  11  Arrived the Brittania.  12.  Cloudy  wind S E.  13  Warm  [W]ind [W]est.  14  Frost and excessive cold Wind  N W.  From this day to the 27 Nothing material occur'd  The Cornwallis and Mc Clellan sailed for India.  The Weather in General has been dry, some rain would be of service to us.  From this day to the 2d. June nothing material.  On this day I was taken excessive ill, so much so that my life was in the most iminent danger, the next day I was if possible worse.  4 June the Kings Birthday I had some persons to dine with me but was not able to eat or drink, 5 rather better, 6 not so well, but this day 7 I feel the principle of life strong within me.  God Almighty make me thankful for his mercies.  He has often given me warning that if I make a bad use of those things he has given me to be a comfort to me.  I must suffer for it.  This day I make a solemn promise in the presence of God that I will avoid all excesses, restrain my temper and act conformable to that station in which I am placed.  For what do I get by drinking?  I lose the friendship of my best friends, I lose my health, I lose my reputation, I lose my happiness altogether.  This being the case have I not a right to act the reverse.  there is but one answer.  Yes, and by the blessing of God I will.  I will persist in the resolution I now make.  From this day to the 15 A good deal of Rain which has been of great Service to the Wheat.  Thank God I have been tolerable well except one night I had a little touch of my old complaint but it went off again.  I hope I shall be able to keep my resolution.  I may enjoy many years if it is not my own fault.  Between this and the 24 A very serious matter took place between me and the Comg. Officer of the Troops at the Hawkesbury.  I sent for a man and a Woman from the Hawkesbury to appear before me as a Magistrate.  The Comg Officer informed me that the Woman was a Soldiers Wife and that he saw no reason why she should be made a prisoner and that he had detained her.  I acquainted the Governor with it, who was exceeding angry about it and wrote to him that the next time he interfered he would order him to be prosecuted.  Thus at last the Civil power appears to have shaken off military Fetters.  it is full time.


From the various employments I am engaged in as Inspector General and as the chief acting Magistrate it is not in my power to so daily regular as I might otherwise be, indeed common occurrences are not worth recording.  Licences have been granted to retailers of spiritous liquors for the purpose of accomodating the public with liquor in moderation, but it has certainly had a contrary effect, as that which was before in some degree concealed is now done openly.  Thefts certainly increase, and I am afraid will continue so to do as long as spirits are allowed to be made so bad a use of.  Orders have been given to check it, but I am inclined to think without effect.  and I really think that any thing short of a prohibition will fail of stoping this pernicious practice.  A Murder has been committed in a state of drunkeness and it certainly is the origin of all evil.  Nothing further of any consequence has occurred to this 12 day of July.


29th Septr.  The Ships sailed for the Cape.  Since which time the Prince of Wales and the Sylph arrived from England and sailed again the beginning of Decr. 96.  Seven men were condemned to death for robbing the Store, and on the 28 A man of the name of Morgan was convicted of Murder and on the 30th was executed and hung in Chains at Pinehgut Island near Sydney.  The various regulations that have taken place in this Colony since C.Collins's departure will I make no doubt turn out much to the advantage of the Colony in General to the honest and industrious in perticular.  Abut the 21st Novr.  I took upon me the Office of Judge Advocate, I hope God will give me grace and knowledge sufficient for me to exicute it to my own honor and advantage to all concerned.  At the first court I got a great deal of merit.  My various avocations of Judge Advocate and Inspector General prevents my carrying on this Journal regularly:  We have now entered into a new year 1797.  may the Grace of God enable me to go thro' it with credit and reputation.  About the beginning of Jany. the Mercury arrived from Canton with Tea.  China-Silks &c. &c.  A Criminal Court was held the 21t. when Laurence Davern was convicted of Forgery and sentenced to die, but through intercession has been repreived, he was an Attorney in Dublin, and was brought here for the same offence.  He is a man of abilities &c



January 1  1799  Nothing material happened until the 12th when the Civil Court met by adjournment.  The J A contended that he had the power of issuing writs independent of a Civil Court.  The Charter clearly points out the contrary.  I therefore thought it proper to ask him ``Whether in all judicial proceedings he did not think that the Charter was to be our guide."  He replied it certainly was.  That being the case I conceive that all the writs issued by you without the sanction of a Court are illegal.  The J. A said that he thought otherwise.  The other member joining with me in opinion I desired that the decision of the Court, for such it was, might be written as a minute, this the J.A refused, nor would he suffer the Clerk to do it, I was therefore under the necessity of doing it myself.  we then adjounred sine die, as from the J.A illness no perticular day could be fixed on.  Since that time the Govr convened the principal Officers of the Colony, when they were of the same opinion as to the illegality of the Writs,  The Court has not since met.  The Colony appears to be in a very precarious situation.  The excessive dry weather has reduced our Wheat crop to one quarter of what it otherwise would have been, and there is no prospect of any Maize.  Potatoes, and vegitables of every kind are scarce.  The banks of the Hawkesbury which we considered as the Granary of the Colony in like manner as the Romans considered Sicily did not produce 5 Bushells per Acre one with the other, it exhibits a most melancholy prospect of poverty and distress,  The Settlers are unable to employ the Free-men, and as that is pretty much the case with the Settlers every where, they must starve unless the Governor will take them to work for Government.  The Convicts are literally naked so much are we neglected at home.  Every article is excessively dear, Tea 6 guineas a pound.  Spirits 20s/ a bottle retail and wholesale 50s/ to 3£ per Gallon.  Soap 5s/ and every other article in proportion.  A Criminal Court was held on the 29th when a Serjeant of the N S Wales was convicted of Forgery, and a Convict for bestiality with a Sow.  crimes multiply fast upon us, many forgeries have been committed and the Serjt would have suffered had he not been recommended by the Court.  A man from Norfolk Island was sentenced to receive 700 lashes for receiving stolen property.



Feby. 26th  1800  Kitty left me, went on board the Relliance with person for England, sailed on the 3d march.

O thou that rollest above, round as the shield of my fathers!  Whence are thy beams, O Sun!  thy everlasting light?  Thou comest forth, in thy awful beauty; the stars hide themselves in the Sky; the moon, cold and pale, sinks in the Western wave.  But thou thyself movest alone: who can be a companion of thy course!  The Oaks of the mountains fall: the mountains themselves decay with years.  The ocean shrinks and grows again:  The moon herself is lost in heaven, but thou art for ever the same, rejoicing in the brightness of thy course.  When the world is dark with tempests; when thunder rolls, and lightening flies: thou lookest in thy beauty, from the clouds, and laughest at the storm.  But to Ossian thou lookest in vain; for he beholds thy beams no more; whether thy yellow hair flows on the Eastern clouds, or thou tremblest at the gates of the West.  But thou art perhaps like me for a season thy years will have an end.  Thou shalt sleep in thy clouds, careless of the voice of the morning.  Exult then, O Sun, in the strength of thy youth.  Age is dark and unlovely, it is like the glimmering light of the moon, when it shines thro' broken clouds, and the mist is on the hills; the blast of north is on the plain, the traveller shrinks in the midst of his journey.


Description of the Person of our Savior.

His shape was rather delicate than robust, in his Countenance there was such a mixture of dignity and sweetness as excited bothe Love and Awe, his Stature was midling, His Hair of the colour of a ripe hazel nut, and parting on the Crown of his head, hung down strait, after the manner of the Nazarenes to his Shoulders, where it curled a little. of the same colour was his Beard, which parted in the middle of his chin, and was of no great length; His face perfectly smooth, without a wrinkle, spot or blemish.  his Eyes of a mildness inclining to gravity, and his Cheeks were tinged with a rosy redness, He spoke little, in Exhortation loving, in reproof serious.  Tears were not uncommon with him, but he was never seen to laugh.  He was also free from all moroseness or anger and in all his deportmt. and ways there was such a natural ease and beauty, that justly was he stiled, the most amiable among the Children of Men.


On Sunday the 27th Septr.  1801.  The Govr. acquainted me that himself and Mrs. Putland being at Church a Nr. of Soldiers in a line to where Mrs. P. sat behaved in a highly indecent and improper manner by making faces and looking over each others shoulders fixing their eyes on her and alarmed her very much.  The Governor seeing her alarmed took her into the next room where she acquainted him with the subject of her distress, after the Church was over the Govr. ordered the men into the guard house, and sent for the Adjt.  This is very improper in every point of view.


Page 63 of manuscript has been cut out.


On the 19th  Augt. --- went up the Country to Muster the people &c.  On that day a Cause came on at the Civil Court  Lord v. Gore the P.M. in which damages were at £1000 for acting as was stated illegally in selling a house &c. --  On Saturday 21st a Bench of Magistrates at which was the J A. Major Johnston, Mr. Jamison and Mr. Campbell as Magistrates tow matters came before them for Investigation of a serious nature, the purport on one was a Compaint agt Mr. Gore for having obtained under false pretences 15s/ from Mr. Underwood.  - The other was a Charge exhibited by Mr. Gore againt Dr. Jamison for having altered one of his own Bills from £5 to £3.  These matters being of consequence  Myself M.I and Mr C were of opinion that a full Bench was necessary and that the further Investigan. of the above matter should be deferred until the Tuesday following wh the Capt. Abbott be requested to attend as a Magistrate on that day.  To my very great surprize and I believe equally to the surprize of every person.  I received from Mr Griffin the Governors Secretary the Letter as follows



Govt. House, 23 Augt.  1807




I am commanded by His Excellency to acquaint you, that it is his direction the Magistrates do not sit until he returns to Sydney"  His Excellency further directs that the Civil Court do not assemble until his return"


Thus is the Civil power suspended.


On the 18th  Septr. 1807 Pat:  White who had lived in ye orphan School as a Servant was called on by Mr. G and asked by him a Nr. of Questions, as How he came to leave his place, whether Kinsular was frequently there, who had sent out for Spirits and other Questions. --  He then asked whether Mrs. A had been there, he said she had, whether she had drank tea there, he said he could not tell - whether she had staid long enough to drink Tea. - G told White that he did not see so clear as other persons and that there were others to be examined &c. &c. and at last asked him if he knew the pretty trick Newsham had served him, he answd. he did not, other Conversation passed on this buissness.




Gore's man told Hachett and Constable that Newsham was his Masters Enemy, but that he had got revenged on him.  Timson the Consble was likewise told ye same thing.




He sent for Halligan and asked him if he had not seen Old A talking over the wall to Newsham, &c.  told him that he would make him see clear and that he should be on his Oath &c.  H answd. that when he was he would speak the truth.


Q.What does he know reg. Mrs G. giving in work in a clandestine manner to the O.G.  This was at Mr. Campbells, he further said that he was the cuase of sending - up to Hawy, that he could do any thing, and that he would sent others.  All this Halligan told John John Gore reminded Halligan of what he had done for him taking his Iron off, and threatened him with the Fillory if he did tell truth.  That is if he did not say every thing he wanted him to say.


Mr. C is certainly well acquainted with the Mirror as I have some Extracts from it in his own hand writing.  --- Vide.




On the 23d, Sept The Civil Crim1. Court commenced by the trial of Mr. G. for having taken from the House of D.Mc Kay property to ye amount of 10d.  Mr. G. requested that he might have the assistance of G. C. which in part was granted him viz:  ``That Mr. C may assist him Mr. G. may suggest to him any Question he might think necessary, but it must be put to the J A through Mr. G and by him (the J.A) to the Evidence.  But Mr. C is not personally to address the Court or the Evidence. - On this being communicated in open Court to Mr. C. he made use of the Expression.  ``That he conceived the resolution now entered into as an attack on the G - r's authority" or words to that effect.  This expression was certainly a very improper one, and for wh. in my opinion he ought to have been comitted, but I did not wish to agravate, and therefore let it pass.  The trial went on, the Evidences on the part of the Crown were examined and x questioned, but I must say that the x questioning was not conducted as I could have wished, it tended to criminate the Evidence of Mr. N ---m unnecessarily, but this was to ansr. a perticular purpose.  After the Evid: on the part of the Crown had been gone through it being between 5 and 6 it was the wish of the Court to adjourn, but Mr. Gore was asked if it would be inconvenient to him  he said not and the Court was adjd to next morning.


On the next morning the Court came to a Resolution that Mr C should no account assist Mr. G. in any manner whatever, in consequence a great deal of improper invective took place and at last Mr. was turned out of Court and ordered not to appear before it that Sessions.   - Mr. G. being deprived of C assistance to Court was adjd for 3 days to give him an opportunity of arranging his business, At the time he appeared at the trial went on, the issue of wh. was an Unanimous acquital.  Various are the causes assigned for this. - The Spirit of party never manifested itself so strongly as in this business.


Mr. G. was a second time brought before the Court for a Fraud:  The Indt. was quashed on the Idea that the Bill of Underwoods was not negociable.  This is not an honourable acquital.  &c.



The Revd. James Ashley a Native of Wisbech Cambridge Shire composed the underwritten beautiful Lines to the Memory of his Brother.


Has Death enwrapp'd thee in this cloud of [N]ight

Whilst Youth, Hope, Pleasure gleam'd their cheerful Ray?

To jades Aurora's innefectual Light

When the pale morning blushes into Day.

See by his dying Form mild Patience stand

Composing Agony with healing [W]ing;

Hope, Ease and Comfort wait at her Command,

And o'er the mournful Bed sweet Requiems sing.

Care, [P]ain, Death, terrific gloom no more

[B]ut seem to pace a golden [W]ay to Heaven.

The Race to reach the distant Gaol is o'er

The Toil is ended and the Prize is given

And when on yonder Star-pav'd Plain you rove

And pitying view us active Forms of Clay,

Accept this last sad Tribute of our Love

The best the Brother and the Friend can pay.


The following Lines were also written by the same Gentleman to the Memory of His Mother.


Freed from the ever-dreary Vale of Life

Here lies the Wife, the Mother and the Friend

Sickness and Health forego their wonted Strife

Death's Ebor Darts their Opposition ends.

Light lies the Turf upon the guiltless Breast

Whose Mansion pure no earth-born Passion stain'd

Where Pride ne'er gloom'd on its continual rest

Nor fashions Envy with her Breath profan'd

Such when the Pomp of Kingdoms is no more

When future Suns shally light eternal Skies

Shall Land for ever on the blissful Shore

Where flow the Fountains of celestial Joys.

Such shall the meed-ey'd Cherub's Friendship Claim

And with companion Angels swell the Choir

In sounds of Praise to the Eternal Name

Whilst Heavens own Harmony informs the Lyre.




On Monday the 7th. May 1810 after a Residence of 18 Years and 3 months I left Sydney and embarked on board H.M. Ship Hindostan for England as an Evidence on a certain Trial &c.  On Saturday the 12th. the Commodore (Bligh) came on board and about two o'clock left the Heads with a fair [Wind} accompanied by H.M. Ships Dromedary and Porpoise, having on board the 102 Regt. N S Wales Corps.  Passengers on board the Hindostan   Messrs. Palmer Campbell  Gore  Fulton  Williamson.  - [O]ates  [M]ason and Sutter all brought home by Com: Blight as Evidences in support of certain Charges to be exhibited by him agt. Lt Col: Johnston and [M]r. [M]cArthur.  An eventful Trial.


13A heavy gale, but fair, the Ship laboured much.


14th  Continuance of fair Wind  --  15 Do16  Lat. 30o.  44s.


Copy of Bill inserted in volume.


1807Richard Atkins Esq.r.Dr.

to John Connell



Septr.  9thTo Acct. furnished  --- £5. 79

12To 1 Bottle lavinder p Miss A.   0.10.0

22To 2 Hot brushes     p  Do   0.10.0


October 8To 1 line p man --   0.  3. 6


Decembr. 7To 1 Horscloth & 6 cakes   4.  3. 0

Windsor Soap______________

£11.  4 3





August 24 To remainder of pocket

Handkerchief  p  Miss A     0.    0.   6


£11.    4.   9


Published by the Division of Law, Macquarie University