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Colonial Cases

Newspaper commentary and minor cases Morocco

The Daily News (Perth, Australia), 22 October 1887

[Re the Morocco Conference]

... The same difficulties have arisen in Morocco which have been so common in all countries where European Powers have consular courts for the trial of their own subjects, or those who claim to be so; and the jealousness and intrigues, consequent on individual and separate authority, have been as mischievous there as elsewhere. ...


The Advertiser (Adelaide, Australia), 11 January 1892

Long article on Morocco and the effect of Consular Courts and the protege system.


South Australian Register (Adelaide, Australia), 2 July 1892



"Pray why does His Majesty object?" "I am afraid we are somewhat to blame," replied Sir Charles: "our system of consular protection, necessary no doubt in earlier times to ensure the personal safety of European traders, has become identified with a system by which the Sultan is robbed of his subjects and deprived of his dues. A protected subject cannot be sued in any Court but the Consular Court, which he has virtually paid to protect him.  He can sue the Sultan's subjects for any claims, real or imaginary, and they are without redress; and, then, a protected subject pays no taxes, while he has it in his power to fleece, under one pretext or another, those who do.  The power has been much abused. Abolish protection, and the Sultan might be more ready to listen to reason.

   "Of course (added Sir Charles) a good deal can be done by checking protectionist abuses, and limiting the number of the protected, and witrh the general consent of the Powers at Tangier this has to a great extent been done."   [Sir Charles K. Smith, British Minister Plenipotentiary at Tangier, &c.]

   "But what substitute would you suggest for protection?"

   "United Courts of Appeal, where Moor, Jew, and Christian would get fair hearing and redress.


The Times. 28 December, 1911



Paris, 27.e

The Consular Court held at Udja to inquire into the charges of embezzlement in connection with the sale of Government land bought by General Toutee, the French High Commissioner for the district, against a number of officials there has acquitted M. Destailleur, the Civil Administrator of Ujda, M. Lorgeau, French Vice-Consul, Ben Nacer, and the interpreter Martinot.

The court decided that it had no jurisdiction in the case of M. Pandori, the Chief of Customs at Ujda, who will be sent for trial at the Assize Court at Aix.


The Straits Times, 29 December 1911



London, via Durban, December 28.

   A Paris telegram says that the Consular Court at Ujda has acquitted M. Destailleur and others who were charged with corruption.


The Times, 7 March 1936

ERNEST LAY deceased, Agadir, Morocco, PROBATE.


Rome News-Tribune, 18 December 1952 [Google News Archive]


TANGIER, Morocco, (AP) - An international procession of unshaven sailors, Dutch skippers and hard-bitten adventurers thronged an American consular court today to continue the recital of a strange tale of modern piracy on the high seas.


   Testimony is being heard by Consular Judge Milton J. Helmick and two civilian assessors in an improvised courtroom-the small dining room of the American consulate here.

Published by Centre for Comparative Law, History and Governance at Macquarie Law School