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Colonial Cases

United Kingdom, Army

Farley's Bristol Journal, 27 November 1784. 

LONDON, Nov. 23.
  Yesterday the Court-martial at the Horse-Guards assembled to pronounce sentence on Col. Debbeige. The Judge Advocate read the sentence of the Court, as approved by his Majesty, That, in consequence of the Colonel's long service, he should be dismissed with a reprimand from the President, after making am apology to the Master General of the Ordnance.- The President accordingly delivered the reprimand, and a paper being offered to Col. Debbeige, drawn up by the Judge Advocate; it was read by him, in which was his acknowledgement of his unmilitary and disrespectful conduct towards the Duke. The Duke then addressed the Court, declaring his intention in the prosecution to have been merely aimed to the benefit of the service; and that matters should henceforward not only be buried in entire oblivion, but that he should be happy to reward and promote the Colonel in his corps, according to his future merits - The Court then broke up.

Portsmouth Telegraph, 6 January 1800


  Lieut. John Read, of the Wallace Regiment of Fencibles, has been lately tried and acquitted by a General Court Martial, held at Jersey, of five charges, of absence, drinking, whilst upon duty, with an Officer under arrest; contempt of discipline and good order, speaking disrespectfully of his superior Officers; neglecting duty when Officer of the Main Guard.

  Lieut. M'Lean, of the 11th regiment of Foot, was tried on the 12th of December last, at a Court Martial, held at Chelsea College, on two charges, 1st, that of improper conduct, by communicating with the Non-Commissioned Officers of the regiment, while a prisoner in France; and, 2dl;y, of disrespectful conduct and menacing actions towards Capt. Martin, while Commanding Officer of his own regiment.  He was acquitted of the first, and, being found guilty of the second, he was sentenced to be publicly reprimanded at the Head of the regiment, which was carried into effect on the 24th ult.

  Mr. John Foreman, Surgeon of the 49th Regiment of Foot, was tried and acquitted on the 9th ult. at a Court Martial held at Norwich.


Portsmouth Telegraph, 6 January 1800
  Lieut. John Read, of the Wallace Regiment of Fencibles, has been lately tried and acquitted by a General Court Martial, held at Jersey, of five charges, of absence, drinking, whilst upon duty, with an Officer under arrest; contempt of discipline and good order, speaking disrespectfully of his superior Officers; neglecting duty when Officer of the Main Guard.
 Lieut. M'Lean, of the 11th regiment of Foot, was tried on the 12th of December last, at a Court Martial, held at Chelsea College, on two charges, 1st, that of improper conduct, by communicating with the Non-Commissioned Officers of the regiment, while a prisoner in France; and, 2dly, of disrespectful conduct and menacing actions towards Capt. Martin, while Commanding Officer of his own regiment.  He was acquitted of the first, and, being found guilty of the second, he was sentenced to be publicly reprimanded at the Head of the regiment, which was carried into effect on the 24th ult.
 Mr. John Foreman, Surgeon of the 49th Regiment of Foot, was tried and acquitted on the 9th ult. at a Court Martial held at Norwich.

Ipswich Journal, 11 January 1800
  The Mayor of Norwich having received the following letter from Sir Charles Morgan, Bart. Judge Advocate General, in justice to Mr. John Foreman, surgeon of the 49th regt. and at the request of Lieut. Col., Montgomery, President of the Court Martial, and the Officers of the said regiment, lays it before the public.
Judge Advocate General's Office, Dec. 20, 1799
  Sir, Having yesterday the honour of laying before the King the proceedings of a General Court Martial, recently held at Norwich, upon the trial of Mr. John Foreman, surgeon of the 49th regt. of foot, who was charged with gross breach of duty, in neglecting to supply the late Bryant Duffy, a private soldier of the said regiment, with medicine  I take this early opportunity of communicating to you the sentence of the Court Martial; and have at the same time the satisfaction of acquainting you, that his Majesty was pleased to express his intire approbation, not only of the said acquittal, but also of your humane and meritorious attention to the soldier in his unhappy situation.  Inclosed I have the honour to send you a transcript of the sentence, and am with much truth, Sir, your most obedient and most humble servant. CHARLES MORGAN.
Copy of the Sentence of a General Court Martial held at Norwich on the 9th day of Dec. 1799, and subsequent days, for the trial of Mr. John Foreman, surgeon of the 49th regiment of foot.
  The Court having minutely considered the evidence; produced in support of the prosecution, as well as what the prisoner, Mr. John Foreman, hath urged in his defence, is of opinion, that he is Not Guilty of the charge, and doth therefore most honourably acquit him. The Court, however, think it incumbent on them to remark, that the Mayor of Norwich and Dr. Robinson deserve every praise for their humane attention to the deceased.
 Colonel Montagu Burgoyne, of the Essex Fencible cavalry, has been honourably acquitted of all the charges preferred against him at the late court-martial in Dublin, except two, of a very trifling nature, namely, driving a pair of trop-horses in hiis curricle, and using offensive language to one of his officers.  When these horses were used by the colonel, he had every reason to suppose that they had been exchanged for two which had been substituted in their place, the adjutant having given him information to that effect; and as to the offensive language made use of to the officer, the person alluded to never complained, or wished the matter to be brought before the court.  Most of the charges were declared frivolous and vexatious; and the sentence, which has been approved of by the Marquis Cornwallis, is highly honourable to the character and conduct of Colonel Burgoyne.

Aberdeen Journal, 10 February 1800
  A Captain of the Duke of York's, or Royal Inverness Highlanders, has chosen to resign his company, rather than stand a General Court Martial, which was ordered on him, on charges preferred against him, by the Colonel of that regiment.
Aberdeen Journal, 167 March 1800
  Colonel M'Donell and Major M'Donell, of the Glengarry Fencibles, have been honourably acquitted of the charged lately preferred against them before a Court-martial at Limerick.

Aberdeen Journal, 16 March 1800
  Colonel M'Donell and Major M'Donell, of the Glengarry Fencibles, have been honourably acquitted of the charged lately preferred against them before a Court-martial at Limerick.Aberdeen Journal, 23 June 1800
Glengarry Fencibles.
Ensign Donald Maclean to be Lieutenant, vice Macdonnel, dismissed the service by the sentence of a General Court Martial; Geo. Clarke Macdonell to be Ensign.

Aberdeen Journal, 23 June 1800
Glengarry Fencibles.
Ensign Donald Maclean to be Lieutenant, vice Macdonnel, dismissed the service by the sentence of a General Court Martial; Geo. Clarke Macdonell to be Ensign.

Aberdeen Journal, 18 August 1800
This day closed the Court Martial upon Captain Bruhl, who was charged with the serious offence of being drunk whilst on the King's guard at Cumberland Lodge, in the afternoon of the 17th last month. - The trial lasted three days.
  General Barrard deposed, that he saw the prisoner in a state of intoxication at Cumberland Lodge, and that he then ordered him in to arrest, but that seeing him a second time he allowed him to fall in and do his duty.
  Colonel Wynyard deposed, that he found Captain Bruhl asleep in the gardens of Cumberland lodge, and very much intoxicated, so that he was not able to stand or do his duty; that he went up and spoke to him rather sharply, and told him that he was a disgrace to the battalion and to himself, and he would report him immediately.  Lord Banbury was ordered by General Barrard to put the poisoner in arrest, and his Lordship swore that at that time he was drunk.
  Adjutant Sabine deposed nearly to the same effect.

 The prisoner on the second day opened his defence.  He admitted that he did fall asleep in the gardens of Cumberland lodge, but attributed that effect to the extreme heat of the day, the extraordinary fatigue of carrying the colours for several miles, and also to an imprudent habit of taking laudanum, which he had done on the preceding night.  That he was perfectly sober the whole of the day; that he actually performed his duty steadily and soberly in every respect.
 The prisoner then called several of his brother officers, who first proved that he had been remarkably moderate in the use of liquor at table.  That he was seen sleeping by Lord Cathcart, who awakened him and advised him not to continue in that part of the garden, which was exposed to the view of their Majesties, in the act of sleeping; that he immediately arose, thanked Lord Cathcart, and  said he would follow his advice, and Lord Cathcart perceived no symptoms of intoxication in him; that he accordingly arose and went into another part of the garden more retired, and again sat down under a tree, and slept; and some of his brother officers saw and heard Colonel Wynyard accost him in the second place of repose in a very violent manner; that upon first awaking he appeared confused and agitated, but that he arose, answered, and acted more properly on the occasion; that several of them conversed with him; that they assured General Barrard that he was perfectly capable of  doing his duty; that General Barrard permitted him to fall in and do his duty; that he bore and dropped the colours steadily and properly before their Majesties, and carried them home on foot, over very rough ground, for many miles back to the camp; that when he arrived there he was perfectly collected and steady, and shewed no signs whatever of liquor. - The defence lasted two days -and as now the sentence of the Court awaits the Royal confirmation from Weymouth, it would not be decorous to hazard a conjecture upon it.

Aberdeen Journal, 1 September 1800
Copy of the sentence of the General Court Martial that sat upon Captain George Bruhl.
  The Court Martial having duly weighed and considered the whole matter, is of opinion, that Lieutenant and Captain George Bruhl is Not Guilty of the charge preferred against him, viz., being drunk on Thursday afternoon on the King's Guard, at Cumberland Lodge, Windsor Green Park, and therefore doth acquit him.

Aberdeen Journal, 8 December 1800
By the Lord Lieutenant general and General Governor of Ireland.
  Whereas at a general Court Martial held in the barracks of Dublin, on Wednesday the ...

Trewman's Exeter Flying Post, 16 January 1800

The sentence of the Court-martial on Colonel Burgoyne, of the Essex Light Dragoons, is at length made known, which was a general acquittal on all the charges, except one, on which there was a slight reprimand.


Caledonian Mercury, 22 February 1800


  On Monday a general Court Martial met at the castle here, and proceeded to the trial of Lieut. GEORGE PHILP, of the Forfarshire militia, on charges exhibited against him by Lord DOUGLAS, Colonel of the Regiment.  The following are the members of the Court sworn in upon the said trial: [listed.]

  The charges against the prisoner are for fraudulent practices in the course of recruiting men for the regiment last summer, which are detailed in a number of particulars that would noways be interesting to our readers in general.- The result will be given when it transpires.


Caledonian Mercury, 6 March 1800


  On Thursday the sentence of the General Court Martial, for the trial of Lieutenant GEORGE PHILP, of the Forfarshire militia, was made public.  The charges, consisting of four, relate entirely to the prisoner's conduct in recruiting men for the regiment, and accuse him of several improprieties in the course of that business, injurious to the service, and unbecoming the character of an officer and a gentleman, and conclude their sentence as follows:-

  On the whole, the Court, taking into consideration the whole circumstances of the case, and that the prisoner, though found guilty  of an impropriety of conduct, in relation to some of the matters of charge, is, in their opinion, not chargeable with any act positively of such a nature as to be deemed unworthy of the character of an officer and a gentleman; And, moreover, taking into their consideration the great length of time that the prisoner has been under arrest, they are of opinion, that the punishment to be awarded should on these accounts, be the less severe; and, therefore, they do hereby adjudge the said Lieutenant George Philp to be reprimanded in such mode, and in such terms as to the Right Hon. The Commander in Chief shall seem proper.

 Adjutant general's Office, Edinburgh, Feb. 27, 1800.


  The whole of the proceedings of the aforesaid General Court Martial, for the trial of Lieutenant George Philp, of the Forfarshire Militia, having been laid before Lieutenant general the Earl of CLANRICARDE, his Lordship has approved of the same, and accordingly directs, that the said Lieutenant George Philp shall be reprimanded on the public parade, by the Right Hon. Lord Douglas, Colonel of the Forfarshire militia, in such terms as to his Lordship shall seem proper.


Salisbury & Winchester Journal, 2 November 1812 


COURTS-MARTIAL in Portugal - Lieutenant P. M'Arthur, of the 3d regiment of Buffs, has been tried by a Court Martial at Lisbon, and found guilty of defrauding Mr. Smallpiece, a tradesman of that city, of a sum amounting to 24 dollars, by giving receipts for subsistence money which he had before drawn; for which offence he was sentenced to be cashiered, and the sentence has been approved and confirmed by the Prince Regent.

  Assistant-Surgeon Walsh, of the 4th foot, has been dismissed the service by sentence of a Court-martial held at Beira, for disobedience of orders, in taking a private from the service on which he was sent, and employing him as his own servant, and for sending a disrespectful message to Lieut.-Col (Major) Brooke, his commanding officer, threatening to prefer charges conviction of the offence would affect the delinquent's life.


Straits Times, 22 November 1845


  By the [......   ..........] we have received China papers to the 8th November; their contents are exceedingly barren of news and are chiefly taken up in discussing the recent dismissal by Court Martial of Mr. Rees, a civil officer in the Royal Engineers department at Hongkong, for having characterised the official conduct of Major Aldrich, his Superior officer, as a persecuting tyrant, and for disobedience.  Mr. Rees, who declined to enter into any defence, was found guilty and dismissed "from all employment in Her Majesty's service."  The sentence was confirmed by Major General D'Aguilar.  Mr. Rees as a civilian, though employed under a military officer, maintained that the Court had no jurisdiction to try his case.


Singapore Free Press, 27 August 1846


(From the South African Coast Advertiser, June 13.)

  A General Order of the 29th May, orders a General Court Martial to be held at Fort Peddie supposed to be for the trial of certain parties connected with the affair at Trumpetter's Drift.


Carnarvon & Denbigh Herald, 5 May 1849

EXTRAORDINARY CASE OF DESERTION. - A few days since a private of the 26th Cameronians, stationed in Cork, was tried by Court-martial for desertion. He had deserted twice previously. Knowing that the evidence against him was cerium to convict him, he offered the president 20/- for his discharge, and 10xxx- for defraying the expenses of the Court-martial. The offer was rejected, and the prisoner found guilty. Saturday night last, the soldier, while a prisoner in one of the guard houses of the barracks, in which a non-commissioned officer and eight or ten men were stationed, contrived to escape. By some accident the key was left in the door, which he opened; he then passed through the guard room, while the soldiers were taking a nap, leaving in the cell the 30/- which he had offered the President of the Courtmartial. He then induced the sentry to leave his post, and both left the barracks - how they effected their escape none can tell. On Tuesday evening, however, contrary to expectation, both the deserters were arrested in Blackpool, where they had secreted themselves, and conveyed to barracks, where they are now in custody. The prisoner, who had been sentenced by Courtmartial, is respectably connected, which accounts for his being possessed of, for a private soldier, so considerable a sum of money.


Nelson Examiner, 2 June 1855

THE RUSSIAN MAJOR AND HIS CRUELTIES. - The Courrier de Lyons says that General Clanrobert sent to Prince Menschikoff the notes of the English court-martial which sentenced the Russian major who killed and mutilated the wounded English at Inkerman to be hanged, asking him at the same time, for the sake of humanity and the rules of civlixxxed war, to sign the death warrant himself. Prince Menschikoff declined to affix his signature, stating that he had always strictly prohibited such acts of cruelty but that he could not acknowledge any other jurisdiction in such  matter than that of as Russian court-martial.  It appears from the correspondence of this journal, that the major was actually hanged, a fact not hitherto established beyond doubt.


Daily Southern Cross, 14 June 1859

CAPTURE OF A GHOST. - For several nights during the past week the sentries on duty at Landguard Fort have been alarmed by an apparently supernatural appearance.  On Sunday night last this was again observed, and the sentry then on duty, being more courageous than his predecessors, challenged the apparition. But receiving no reply, charged, upon which the ghost fled in a most ignominious manner.  The sentry then turned out the guard; a search was at once instituted, and the ghost was found under a bed in the barracks, in the shape of a soldier, with a pillow round his head, and enveloped in a sheet.  The "would-be ghost," a private of the 56th regiment, was sent to the Camp, Colchester, on Monday, for trial by court-martial.  The affair has created a great deal of excitement in the barracks, and had the offender not been found out the result might have been more serious.  As it is, he will probably have to pay dearly for his freak. - Ips. Exp.


Pembrokeshire Herald, 25 May 1860



MAY 19.

[Before J. Bryant, T. Lewis, and M. Davies, Esqs.] William Henry Evans was charged by Captain Ash, of the 85th Regiment, with purchasing a pair of regimental boots from a soldier named Charles Jones, of that regiment. It appeared that Jones had carried away his boots and sold them; subsequently, on having his kit examined, two odd boots were found, which had been obtained for the purpose of misleading and giving the appearance of being his own, which he had sold. He was placed in confinement, and to avoid being tried by courtmartial he proffered to lead his Sergeant (Molloy) to the house where he had disposed of them, and after going to two houses he went to defendant's, and pretended to recognize him as the person who had purchased the boots. Defendant, by the testimony of his family, proved that he had been sitting in one room during the whole evening in question, and had never left it. Case dismissed.


Pembrokeshire Herald, 8 June 1860

HANTS ARTILLERY.- We are informed that so many as seven watches were missed from the quarters of this corps in one month, and on the 20th and 21st of March last two men deserted, and were taken at Saint Clears by the police, and conveyed to Carmarthen Gaol. One has since been tried by Courtmartial and awaits his sentence being ratified by the Horse Guards. When leaving Carmarthen Gaol he left a watch behind him; but through the activity of Mr. Superintendent Kelly, of the Pembrokeshire Constabulary, the watch has been recovered and remains in his possession until the prisoner has condoned his offence, when he will be charged with stealing the watch.


Otago Daily Times, 16 December 1861


 The particulars of a military scandal at Gibraltar are given by the "Army and Navy Gazette."  A general courtmartial is about to sit, or probably is now sitting, at Gibraltar, upon a cases which has excited so much noise in that command, and is happily of a very unusual character in her Majesty's service.  It would appear that, in the 2nd battalion of the 7th Fusiliers, a series of robberies had been going on for some months past, and that scarcely an officer of the regiment but had more or less suffered from this depredation.  Watches, rings, trinkets, purses, plate - in short, all articles of a light and valuable nature disappeared in the most extraordinary manner from the quarters of the officers; servants without end were discharged on suspicion, but no clue to the thief or thieves could be discovered. At length Major Birtwhistle pointed out the absolute necessity of solving the painful mystery; and, by way of example, proposed that a committee of officers should be named on the spot to search the barracks, commencing with their own rooms.

  All present willingly assented, with the exception of one officer, Ensign Loveridge, on whom, as it happened, some slight sort of suspicion had already fallen, from an over zeal he had shown in discharging his servants, and offering personally a reward of 50 Pounds for the discovery of the guilty parties. He was most rigorously indignant at the proposition, and declared that his rooms should not be subjected to such an indignity.  We need scarcely say that this opposition strengthened any floating idea against him, and Major Birtwhistle with praiseworthy firmness at once declared that the rooms should be at once searched, and his the very first.  The committee was at once named, and on proceeding to the quarters of Ensign Loveridge, they found in a very few minutes the whole of the missing property, to the value of no less than 300 Pounds, concealed in cushions, chair-seats, sewed up in the ends of sheets, and, in fact, most artfully concealed.

 There is, however, a still more distressing feature in the matter.  It oozed out that another officer had been for some time past aware of the guilt the culprit, had detected him in the act of casing a boosy comrade of his sovereigns, and in a very weak moment of temptation had been prevailed upon to take a part as hush-money and keep the secret.  He, too, is to be tried.

  Perhaps still more extraordinary is the fact that since these miserable circumstances became known, a banker on the rock has produced a letter of credit in favour of Ensign Loveridge, amply supplying him with funds; so that should he prove to be guilty, the temptation to commit this evil cannot be imputed to the ordinary pressure of wants of means, and is, indeed, scarcely to be accounted for.


Taranaki Herald, 18 October 1862


To the Editor of the Times.

  SIR, - A friend has drawn my attention to a paragraph in your paper of this date, under the heading "Military and Naval Intelligence," wherein it is stated that "Major Stack, late of the 65th Regt., who was cashiered by sentence of general court martial, came home as a passenger in the ship Avalanche, which arrived at Gravesend on Monday last."

 I trust that the spirit of justice which pervades the British press will cause you to insert in your next issue the following, because an error of your correspondent, though unintentional, is, I consider, detrimental to my honour and character.

  In the year 1856 I was selected, without solicitation, by his Royal Highness the Commander-in-Chief, and appointed Major of Brigade in Auckland, New Zealand.  In the year 1860, when the war in that colony was threatening, as an officer of the staff, I felt called upon, for the credit and welfare of her Majesty's service, to protest against the constant violations of the orders and regulations of the army which were then occurring at Auckland, owing to the regimental officer if the 65th Regiment, left in command of the troops, taking upon himself to completely set aside the strict confidential orders of his Royal Highness, as well as those of the Rt. Hon. The Secretary of State for War.

  For this protest I was placed under arrest, and, although I solicited a court of inquiry or a courtmartial, being fully prepared to prove the truth of my statements, no such investigation was allowed, and after keeping me in prison 81 days, contrary to the 19th Article of War, which limits the period to only 8 days, or until such time as a courtmartial can be conveniently assembled, I was released from arrest, severely punished by the disgrace and removal from my major staff appointment, and then ordered to join 65th Regiment, while branded with accusations seriously affecting my character as an officer and a gentleman, while such accusations, had they been true, rendered me totally unfit to serve her Majesty at all. .  .  .   Frederick Stack, late Major of Brigade, and Capt. 65th Regiment, London, July 23.


Daily Southern Cross, 3 January 1863


 Two privates of the Woolwich division of Royal Marines have been expelled the corps with ignominy,   making a total of 18 who have recently been thus discharged in accordance with sentence of courtmartial, and confirmed by the Admiralty


Lyttleton Times, 2 September 1863



Daily Southern Cross, 5 February 1864

(From the London Correspondent of the "Sydney Morning Herald.")

Saturday, November 14.

  Colonel Crawley is to be brought to a court-martial on Tuesday for causing the death of Sergeant-Major Lilley.


Lyttleton Times, 20 February 1864


 That excellent writer "J. O.," who has been happily termed "the grand detective of society and censor of military abuses," has done good service by telling the story of the Mhow Court-martial in the November number of the 'Cornhill Magazine,' which has just been published.  It is true that one of the chief actors in that transaction is about to occupy the position of defendant at an Aldershot Court-martial, and therefore it would not be fair to say anything which might tend to prejudge the case. But it must be observed that the proceedings of the Mhow Court-martial are now before the public in the shape of a Blue-book.  .  .  .  - London Review.


Press, 23 February 1864

  The finding of the Court-martial in the case of Colonel Crawley will not surprise our readers.  It will be seen that the acquittal is complete and conclusive.  No man ever came out of a court-martial with a more triumphant testimony to character.  Yet, nevertheless, this is a verdict which, however just it may be, and we do not dispute its justice, will not entirely appease the public feeling.  That no question was permitted to be raised on the legality of the arrest had the effect of shielding Colonel Crawley from any consequences to which he might have been liable, assuming the arrest to have been illegal, as alleged in the reply, is doubtless.  We willingly acquiesce in the verdict, and are glad to get rid of the scandal.  But it would be idle to attempt to conceal that the public mind is not quite contented, and that such points as we have indicated ought to be cleared up, so as to leave nothing in obscurity.  Possibly the Commander-in-Chief may set all doubts at rest in his remarks on the case, and supply explanations which were beyond the province of the court-martial.


Lyttleton Times, 8 March 1864

COLONEL CRAWLEY'S expenses from the late court-martial have been variously estimated at 3,000 Pounds and 5,000 Pounds.   .  .  .   There is a rumour that a subscription has already been commenced for the purpose of protecting him from loss.  .  .  .


Press, 21 March 1864

  The Duke of Cambridge has recommended the Queen to ratify the finding of the Crawley court-martial.  His Royal Highness has issued a memorandum, directing Colonel Crawley to resume the command of the Inniskilling Dragoons


New Zealand Herald, 24 June 1864

MAJOR STACK.  Man of our readers will be glad to learn that our old military fellow townsman, Major Stark, who some time since retired to England, on account of the result of a court-martial held in Auckland, has been restored to his rank in the army, after a full and impartial investigation of his case at home.  Man have seen Major Stack's beautiful drawings.  .  . .  


New Zealand Herald, 7 July 1864


Major Stack.


Nelson Examiner, 3 August 1865

  The House of Commons has been much occupied of late by the case of Colonel Dawkins, who has been caused to retire on half pay after a private inquiry, and who has in vain challenged an open court-martial.


Daily Southern Cross, 24 September 1866



  MR. EDITOR, - In the Parliamentary report of the Times of the 15th ult., under the heading "Military Pardons," it appears, in answer to Colonel North, that the Judge Advocate-General, Mr. Headlam, stated "That the legal effect of a free pardon granted after conviction by a court-martial would be precisely the same as in the case of a free pardon granted after conviction by any other tribunal .  .  .   and did not carry with it anything like compensation." [reproduces in detail statement by Captain F. R. Stack.]


Otago Daily Times, 16 November 1866


(From the United Services Gazette.)


Monmouthshire Merlin, 16 February 1868 (S)

A SOLDIER "DRUMMED" OUT FOR FENIANISM. - The rare ceremony of "drumming out" a soldier has been performed at Walmer Barracks, the culprit being John Quin, late a privateer of the 1st Batallion 7th Royal Fusiliers, who was tried by court-martial at Dover on the 3rd ult. for making use of treasonable and traitorous language towards Her Majesty the Queen, and also avowing himself as a Fenian. The sixth depot battalion having assembled on parade, were formed in square, and the prisoner was placed in the centre. The sentence of the courtmartial was then read out by Captain and Adjutant Godfrey, after which the prisoner's facings, numbers, buttons, good- conduct badge, &c., were cut off by two drummers, and his tunic turned inside out. The men were then formed in two lines, facing inwards, and the culprit marched down the centre, followed by drummers and fifers playing the "Rogue's March" to the barrack gate, when he was handcuffed, and at once removed to the military prison at Canterbury, to undergo his sentence of two years imprisonment. Previous to being drummed out the prisoner was branded on the left breast with the letters "B.C."


Pembrokeshire Herald, 2 September 1881


 Two Artillery Volunteers were released from Portsea Prison on Saturday morning after some- what unexpected experience of Artillery discipline. It appears that during the past week 900 Volunteer Artillerymen from Devonshire, Essex, Glamorgan, and Hampshire have been under canvas near Portsea, in the camp of instruction. The camp was under the command of Colonel Hope Johnstone, R.A.  The provisions of the Mutiny Act were in force having been read out to the Volunteers on the first day they encamped. During the week two of the men, one from Glamorgan and the other from Essex, returned to camp' after the proper time and when told that they would be reported they used language to the officer of the guard, and as they declined to go to their tent quietly they were taken into custody. The next morning a regimental courtmartial was ordered, and on Thursday the two men were sentenced to forty-eight hours' imprisonment with hard labour. They were marched off by a guard with fixed swords to Portsea Gaol, where they were imprisoned until Saturday morning, when an escort took them back to the camp, and later in the day the men returned home with their batteries.


Rhyl Record, 11 July 1891

Four of the fourteen Royal Artillerymen put back for trial by courtmartial for complicity in the recent outbreak at Grain Fort have been dealt with by the military authorities at Sheerness. They are all confined to barracks for twenty-one days, and two of them are sentenced to seven day's cells in addition.


Cambrian News, 22 September 1893

A serious affair has occurred in the guardroom of the 1stInfantry Brigade, at Aldershot. The 2d Leinster guard was acting on Wednesday night as brigade guard to the remaining troops of General Gregorie's Brigade. There were thirteen District courtmartial prisoners in the day-room and cells, while only a sergeant and three privates were in charge. One desperate man, formerly a private in the Durham Light Infantry, who had been brought back as a deserter, dressed as a sailor of the Victoria, seems to have been the ringleader. The doors of the day-room and celIs were smashed, the screws having been taken out of the bed-cots, and the bed legs being used as the missiles. On the disturbance becoming known help was sought for from the canteen adjoining, and the piquets were to the front. As soon as the door was opened the guard, or the few of them present, were assailed with all sorts of projectiles. Several men got serious blows, but eventually all the mutineers were captured. An official inquiry is being held respecting the occurrence.


Cardigan Observer, 20 June 1896

The decision of the courtmartial at Chatham with reference to a charge of desertion against two Royal Engineers named Butchart was promulgated on Saturday. They were each sentenced to 28 days' hard labour. It was stated at the inquiry that the prisoners were born on the same day, they commenced going to school together, started work together, enlisted in the army together, deserted together, were arrested together, and tried by courtmartial together.


Evening Express, 24 July 1897



  At Devonport, on Saturday, a courtmartial was held on Colour-sergeant Francis Evans, 1st Welsh Regiment, on 29 charges, mostly of embezzling sums entrusted to him as pay-sergeant. A charge of forgery was abandoned on the suggestion of Mr. Foote, who prosecuted for the Treasury, and one of desertion was reduced to absence without leave. Prisoner pleaded guilty to 25 charges of embezzlement. The sentence of the court was deferred for confirmation.


South Wales Weekly Post, 11 March 1916



  The following announcement appeared in Thursday night's "London Gaxxxette" - TERRITORIAL FORCE-INFANTRY,

Welsh Kegiment. Major William F. C. Jones is dismissed from his Majesty's service by sentence of a general courtmartial, dated February 16, 1916.

  Captain John S. Evans is dismissed from his Majesty's service by sentence of a general court-martial; dated February 16, 1916.

  The result of the court-martiai now published in the London Gazette has already appeared in the "Daily Post." Temporary Major William Thomas Campbell Jones and Captain John Santa, Evans belonged to the 2\4th Welsh Regiment, a West Wales I Territorial unit. They were tried by court- martial at Scoveston, in Pembrokeshire, and it will be recalled that the trial, which LASTED NINE DAYS, was one of the longest ever held in this country. The charges against Major Jones were that he was drunk on active service at Fort Scoveston on August 25 and 26 and at Hearston Camp on November 8, while the allegations against Captain Evans were of insobriety at Fort, Scoveston on August 25 and 26th.


Cambrian News, 28 July 1916

Machynlleth Objector. COURTMARTIAL

COURTMARTIAL AT OSWESTRY. Major Yates, 1st Hereford Regiment, presided over a courtmartial at Park Hall camp, Oswestry, on Friday on Pte. Ithel Davies (22), of the 4th R.W.F., who was charged with disobeying military orders. Davies, whose home is at Glanrafon, Tafolog, appeared before Machynlleth rural tribunal as a conscientious objector. On appealing to the County Tribunal, he was certified for non-combatant service. Questions relating to his alleged ill-treatment have been raised in the House of Commons by Mr. Llewellyn Williams, M.P. Accused handed in a written statement in which he said he objected on conscientious grounds to military work, both combatant and non-combatant. He claimed that he was entitled by Act of Parliament to be exempt from service. There were only two men employed on his father's farm of 1,000 acres, and he thought that he should be allowed to remain there as he would be engaged on work of national importance. He would rather die a martyr's death than "betray the spirit within." The Rev. R. E. Davies, Llanlleched, Bangor, said he had known accused from childhood, and found him a poet and an idealist. Captain Davies, 4th R.W.F., who prosecuted, said that accused had been handed over to tie regiment as an ordinary soldier. The Rev. R. E. Davies said that accused had refused to call military witnesses as to his alleged ill-treatment whilst under detention at Mold for having disobeyed orders because he did not wish to get them into trouble.

  A member of the court said that their names had already been mentioned in Parliament.

  Mr. Pentir Williams, for the defence, said it, appeared there had been misunderstanding owing to the military authorities not having been informed that accused had been passed for non-combatant service. Capt. Davies said that on April 25th accused was fined £2 by the Machynlleth magistrates and ordered to be handed over to the military authorities for being an absentee under the Military Service Act. On May 11th he was courtmartialled for refusing to go on parade, and sentenced to 112 days' hard labour, which was subsequently commuted to 28 days' detention. The President closed the court and stated that the sentence would be promulgated later.

Published by Centre for Comparative Law, History and Governance at Macquarie Law School