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Colonial Cases

Austrian Army

Aberdeen Journal, 2 June 1800
  There was likewise a report that the Austrians having got possession of a post in the immediate neighbourhood of Genoa, Massena had ordered the Commander of the post to be tried by a Court Martial on his return, and instantly shot.  We do not know whether this be true or not, but it is extremely probable that an officer who did not do his duty would be treated as he deserved by a General Court Martial.


Wellington Independent, 10 January 1852


  At a court-martial held at Prague (Austria,) a series of condemnatory verdicts had been published against the natives of the insurrection of 1848.  Two of them, Messieurs Slad Kowsky and Warhoi, had been condemned to imprisonment and hard labour for terms of 20 and 16 years.  Others, at a court-martial held at Vienna, had been condemned to the like punishment, for periods of 12 and 10 years.


Daily Southern Cross, 5 March 1852

  Lately a young woman of Perugia, Maria Biagio, has received publicly twenty-five lashes by order of the Austrian courtmartial, for having spoken against the Austrians.  Two days after the execution, placards were posted everywhere, threatening every commanding officer with the poinard who would dare to inflict flogging on political offenders.  The military commander of Lodi took no heed of the threat, and was stabbed.


Nelson Examiner, 4 February 1863

  For some time past there have been rumours that a reconciliation might possibly be effected between the Emperor Francis Joseph and the more moderate Hungarian malcontents.  Some confirmation is given to these rumours by the fact that an amnesty has been granted to all political offenders convicted by court-martial, and that all political prosecutions have been suspended; but the Emperor must make very considerable constitutional concessions before he can hope to induce the Hungarians to abandon their obstinate attitude of passive opposition to his sway.


Lyttleton Times, 25 February 1865

  The Austrian Reichsrath seems to be getting too independent for the Government.  On the 2nd inst. the Minister of War had to tell the members in an excited tone, that "Austria would give her last man -not to speak of her last florin - for the maintenance of her power abroad," which must be satisfactory to a Chamber pleading for reduction of expenditure.  Again, on the discussion of the clause relating to the state of siege in Galicia, the Ministry became so excited that the Emperor had to warn then not to come to a rupture with the Reichsrath.  The Chamber adhered decisively to its condemnation of the state of siege, and one member affirmed, without contradiction, that while 8,594 persons had been tried by court martial, only 3,624 had been found guilty, and of course shot or imprisoned.

Published by Centre for Comparative Law, History and Governance at Macquarie Law School