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Colonial Cases

Newspaper Commentary and Minor Cases, Cyprus

Guardian, 1 July 1878

This consideration gives rise to much of the talk that is now current about an English annexation of Cyprus in return for reliving the Porte of responsibility for one of the Turkish loans. ...


Guardian, 8 July 1878


... In view of this fact, the Porte has accorded to Great Britain the right to occupy the Island of Cyprus, and this Her Majesty's Government will immediately carry into effect. ...


Guardian, 9 July 1878

... In this matter we have the advantage, for Sir GARNET WOLSELEY has already been appointed administrator of Cyprus.


Guardian, 9 July v1878

   His Excellency Sir Garnet Wolseley will leave in a few days to assume the Governorship of Cyprus.  We have reason to believe that he will take with him the Indian contingent now at Malta.

...    The Simoom troopship will start tomorrow for Cyprus.  Orders have been hurriedly given today for a number of administrative officers to take their passage in the vessel.


Observer, 14 July 1878... The ceremony of hoisting the British flag is fixed for tomorrow. [July 13.]


Guardian, 15 July 1878


   Sir Garnet Wolseley and suite left Charing Cross by the South-Eastern Company's mail train on Saturday morning for Cyprus, by way of Calais, Paris, and Brindisi.


Guardian, 15 July 1878

MALTA, SUNDAY. - The troopship Tamar has arrived here.  Troops for Cyprus embark next Thursday, the day Sir Garnet Wolseley and staff arrive.


Guardian, July 16 1878

BRINDISI, Tuesday, `12.45 a.m. - Sir Garnet Wolseley and his staff left here at midnight for Malta, on board the transport Madeira.  [Arrived Wednesday.]


Guardian, 20 July 1878

LARNACA, CYPRUS, WEDNESDAY. - Four hundred Indian troops from Malta disembarked here today. The Turkish officials and troops remain here temporarily in the pay of the British Government.


Guardian, 23 July 1878

LARNACA (CYPRUS), Monday. - The Himalaya, with Sir Garnet Wolseley and 1,700 troops on board, has arrived. ...


The Manchester Guardian, 22 July 1878


(Reuter's Telegram.)

Constantinople, Sunday, 8.50 P.M.

... Three of the English consular judges will be appointed to judicial posts in Cyprus.


The Manchester Guardian, 16 August 1878


   A proclamation is about to be issued by Sir Garnet Wolseley relative to a change of the laws in force in Cyprus:-

   All persons are made admissible as witnesses without distinction of race or creed, and it is provided that a witness shall be sworn in the manner he considers most binding upon his conscience; the credibility of witnesses is made a matter for the discretion of the Court, and the testimony of a single witness when fully believed by the Court is to be considered as ample proof as the testimony of two or more witnesses; the examination on oath of an accused person is forbidden, and powers are given to Courts to imprison witnesses refusing to answer, provided that no witness need incriminate himself.  A penalty not exceeding five tears' imprisonment is attached to the giving of false evidence, and subornation is similarly dealt with.

   Sentences of death and sentences "awarding a kind of punishment not sanctioned or allowed by any law in any part of the British dominions" to be referred for the consideration of the Lord High Commissioner.  The Lord High Commissioner is to be informed as soon as possible of every sentence of imprisonment for a period exceeding a year and of every fine exceeding £20.

   Heavy penalties are enacted against extortion by or corruption of judicial officers or other Government servants.  "Any judicial officer or other person employed in the service of the Government who shall accept any present or any promise, or offer of any present or of any pecuniary or other advantage whatsoever, shall be punished" -

  1. If the object of the corrupt offer is to induce the performance of a duty, by imprisonment, with hard labour, for not over a year;
  2. If to induce the omission of a duty, by imprisonment, with hard labour, for not over two years;
  3. If besides accepting the offer, present, or promise, the officer shall actually fail to do his duty, the punishment to be imprisonment, with hard labour, for a period not exceeding five years. The person who makes the offer, present, or promise is subject to similar punishment.

   Beyond these provisions there are articles bringing into force the Merchant Shipping Acts and the laws relating to the extradition of offenders, and to the surrender of deserters from merchant ships.  There are provisions against harbouring deserters from merchant vessels, and the ports of Larnaca, Famagusta, Kyrenia, Papho, and Limassol, are made the sole ports for the embarkation and disembarkation of goods and passengers; a master of a vessel breaking this regulation is liable to imprisonment, with or without hard labour, for not over three months, or to a fine not over £50.  Goods disembarked in contravention are to be forfeited.

   No person who has not been domiciled in Cyprus for at least three years arriving in a merchant ship may land unless he can produce, besides a passport, a certificate of good character signed by a British consular or other authority, or unless two respectable residents of Cyprus will certify to his good character.  The master of every vessel arriving is to deliver to the chief magistrate of the place a list of passengers landing and of seamen whose service is ended, and ships are forbidden to de]disembark passengers before receiving practiques.

   Such in substance is the first proclamation of laws in Cyprus under British rule.


The Palestine Bulletin, 15 November 1932                                                   



Limassol, Tuesday. - The Bishop of Paphos was bound over for three years by the Assize Court here for "speeding dissatisfaction" among Cypriots in the course of public utterances, in the course of sermons in several of his Diocesan churches.

      He had previously signed a declaration unreservedly withdrawing the statements and promising under bond of L. 250 to abstain henceforth from making similar sermons. - Reuter/P.T.A.

Published by Centre for Comparative Law, History and Governance at Macquarie Law School