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Colonial Cases


Reminiscences of Honolulu, No. 24.

In the month of November, 1842, occurred a riot in Honolulu, a real riot, with destruction of property, and though the mob killed nobody there was an abundance of black eyes and bloody noses.  It came about on this wise.

[Case of Henry Burns, arrested for drunkenness and creating a disturbance; disturbance in cells; man struck on head attempting to escape; found dead on cell floor following morning.  Inquest and post mortem; Sherman (officer concerned) trial for manslaughter; riot after funeral.  George E. Sherman later found guilty, confined briefly, "banished" to Hawaii.  See Saturday Press, 29 April 1882, below.][1852? - see below, Daily Southern Cross, 18 January 1853.]


DAILY SOUTHERN CROSS (New Zealand), 18 January 1853


THE HONOLULU RIOT. - I    t is our sad duty to chronicle an occurrence, as unjustifiable in its conception, as it proved mischievous in its results.  We mean the late disturbance in this city.

   On Wednesday morning last, Henry Burns, a seaman, brought into the Fort for drunkenness the preceding evening, was found dead with his scull fractured.  A great excitement immediately arose, and the runour spread in all directions, that he had been killed by the jailor, one George E. Sherman.  The Coroner's jury was rapidly summoned by the Marshal, but, while they were sitting, a crowd of seamen on shore on liberty and on duty assembled before the Fort, and for the first time - and we sincerely hope the last - was heard in Honolulu the ominous, soul-appalling cry of "the public demands the murderer," hand him out!' &c.

   The jury postponed their verdict until next day; meanwhile every boat that landed from the shipping added fresh numbers to the clamorous crowd.  Towards evening the interment took place, followed by an immense congregation of seamen, who on their return from the cemetery commenced parading the streets, huzzaing and vowing vengeance.  Terror and consternation spread through the city, and the direst apprehensions were entertained.  Several eminent gentlemen addressed the crowd, and the U.S. Commissioner and Consul, after exhorting the seamen to respect the existing laws of this country, and to respect themselves and the nation to which they belonged, so far as not to commit acts of violence and disorder, advised them to return quietly on board of their ships, promising in their official capacity that the fullest justice should be done in the matter.

    This advice was followed by many. The crowd partly dispersed, and quiet seemed on the point of being restored.  Groups of sailors still traversed the streets, more, we believe, in a spirit of bravado than with any actual intentions of mischief, then through one of those accidents which so frequently turn the tide of human affairs, their attention was directed to the Police Station-house.  Constable Williams, being there in attendance, was threatened with instant death and with having the house burnt down over his head.  Not choosing to surrender on such terms, he made a desperate resistance until the building was fired, when he succeeded in making his escape from the clutches of such would-be redressers of wrong.

   The burning building now became the rallying point of every body.  The Fire Companies were promptly on the spot, and - strange to tell - many of those who had cheered on the perpetration of the outrage, worked afterwards with a hearty good will at the brakes of the engine.  The building however, was entirely destroyed along with thr two butcher shops standing in its rear. The danger to the crowded shipping was imminent, but luckily the wind was very light.  Serious apprehensions were now entertained for the safety of the Custom House, and but for the exertions and personal sacrifice of several gentlemen - among whom we noticed Messrs. Macfarlane, Cartwright, Vincent, and others, whom we did not recognse - it would have shared the fate of the Station-house.

   The greater part of the seamen now went on board and a comparatively small number finding no opposition, patrolled the streets until daylight, making however no further disturbance.

   Next morning, the Coroner's verdict was made known through a printed address of Consul Allen to all American seamen.  The verdict itself is as follows:-

"We, the undersigned, summoned by the Marshal of Honolulu, to hold san inquest upon the body of Henry Burns, seaman, and to decide upon the probable cause of his death, have all agreed, after due reflection upon the statements of the witnesses produced, that Henry Burns' death was caused by a blow inflicted with a club in the hands of constable Geo. Sherman, on the evening of the 8th of November.

   We believe that the blow was not given with malice aforethought, but rather from cowardice in quelling the disturbance which was the cause of his visit to the cell where Burns and others were confined."

"Julius A. Anthon, foreman, J. C. Bullions, Jas. K. Turner, Thos. Spencer, W. A. Aldrich, C. S. Bartow, J. B. Cleveland, H. Smith, Benj. Clough, A. C. Edwards.

Honolulu, Nov. 9th, 1852."

   A printed call was made, in the course of the morning, upon the citizens, residents and others, to assemble in the Fort to adopt measures to quell the mob, and secure law and order.

   The upshot of the meeting, which was convened about 11 o'clock, a.m., was the formation of a volunteer company, who chose as their Captain, A. J. McDuffee, Esq., and as Lieutenants Messrs. Macfarlane, Howe, R. A. S. Wood, and Thorp.

   About 3 p.m., a large concourse of natives assembled outside of the Fort complaining of the insults and unprovoked attacks of the seamen.  The Governor told them to clear the streets and arrest such as made resistance.  They repaired at once to the crossing of Nunanu and King streets, where the greatest body of seamen were stationed, and some sharp and rather curious fighting ensued; clubs and stones being the only weapons used.  After about one hour's melee the natives had made between forty and fifty prisoners, when the rest of the seamen dispersed, and the streets were once more clear and quiet.

   The newly enrolled corps of citizens divided into four infantry companies and one of cavalry, which patrolled the streets until a late hour, to prevent any fresh collection of the seamen.

   On Friday morning an appeal to American seamen in port by Mr. Commissioner Severance was extensively circulated on board and ashore, representing in vivid colors, and in strong but parental language, the reprehensible course they had been pursuing, and calling upon them, as a duty which they owed to the high character which Americans bore all over the world, to assist in identifying the incendiaries of Wednesday night.

   An order was also published by the Governor forbidding, until further notice, any seamen belonging to vessels, to remain on shore after sunset, without a pass.

   Saturday and Monday, the preparatory examinations for committal were made at the Police Court.


DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 17 September 1854

MELANCHOLY SUICIDE. - Our community was thrown into a state of amazement yesterday by the sudden death of Mr. Porter, of the firm of Porter & Ogden.  The report current was, that having some difficulty with a native woman, he first shot her and then himself.  He died immediately, but the woman is still living.  We have no time to await the result of the inquest to be held on his body, which was being held at the moment of going to press. - Polynesian, Aug. 12.


THE LYTTLETON TIMES, (NZ), 3 December 1859

HONOLULU. (From the 'Melbourne Herald.')

The Orestes, the ship referred to in the subjoined extract, was from Puget Sound to Melbourne, and put into Honolulu for provisions: ---

   "Capt. Thomas Mason, master of the barque Orestes, charged with the murder of Joseph Watson, one of the crew of that vessel, was brought before Judge Davis, of the Police Court, on Monday, the 22nd instant, but owing to the illness of Mr. Blair, who was to have acted for the defendant, it was postponed to Tuesday.  On Tuesday morning Mr. Blair continuing unwell, Mr. Lee acted as counsel for the prisoner, and the case was examined.  Mr. Bates, district attorney, acted in behalf of the crown.

   Mr. Thomas Fitzgerald, second mate of the Orestes was the first witness called.  Mr. Fitzgerald testified in substance that he was one of the party sailing in the boat on Sunday afternoon.  When outside the harbour, a mile and a half to windward of the outer buoy, pretty close in to the breakers, the captain (who had had an altercation with Watson before, as the time of the surveyor's visit) began to bandy words with Watson.  He asked him if he would go to Melbourne in the boat with him, and on Watson replying in the negative, declared that he would make him go in the ship.  Watson answered that he would go in neither boat nor ship.  The captain then said that he had read a tract about 'Poor Joe,' and Watson remarked that perhaps he meant 'Poor Joe'; on board the Orestes living on bread and water.  The Captain told him to give him no more insolence, and on Joe's replying that he was not insolent, he seized the tiller (a heavy oak stick, perhaps two inches in diameter) and struck him on the left shoulder; a second blow was warded off by witness, and the third blow struck Watson on the right shoulder, and Watson, who had been baling, sprang up, and exclaiming, 'Captain Mason you must not kill me in the boat,' leaped over the side, as if to seize the boom - some three or four feet from the  quarter.  He missed the boom and fell overboard, and though the captain endeavoured to approach and save him, their efforts were ineffectual, owing to the unwieldiness of the boat and the want of rowlocks.  Watson sustained himself above water some 8 or 9 minutes and finally sank for a third time to rise no more.  Watson was a quiet man.  He was a deck hand, working his passage. Witness had never known him to be insolent to the captain except on one occasion when he was in irons in this port.

   Wm. Lamb, a seaman, testified substantially to the same facts as were testified by Fitzgerald.  He stated that the captain preceded the first blow with the words, 'D-n your soul.  I'll knock you down with this tiller if you give me any more of your insolence.'  According to Lamb's account, it was the third blow which Fitzgerald warded off, both first and second blows having struck the man.  Previous to the attack, Watson said to the captain, 'You dare not strike me.'

   Mr. Clements, representative of the owners of the 'Orestes,' testified to some slight discrepancies between the accounts of the two previous witnesses in the court-room, and the accounts which they had given to him on board.  The discrepancies, however, were trifling.  He said that Watson had been insolent at times to Captain Mason, and he always appeared on board to be an unhappy and melancholy man.

   Judge Davis ordered that the prisoner be committed to trial for murder in the first degree, before a jury, at the ensuing term of the Supreme Court.  A subsequent motion by Mr. Montgomery, before the Chief Justice in Chambers, that the prisoner be admitted to bail, was negatived on the ground that bail could not be taken for a person charged as in the present case with a capital offence.

   In connection with this case, we would state that the Hawaiian law recognizes two degrees of murder and one of manslaughter.  Under the charge of murder of the first degree a jury can find the prisoner guilty of either of the inferior degrees.  The general principle of law on which the charge is founded in the present case is embraced in the following two lines from 'Russell on crimes:' 'Forcing a person to do an act which is likely to produce his death and which does produce it, is murder.'

[Also reported in Sydney Morning Herald, 10 November 1859 (4) and The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser, 12 November 1859 (3).]



Edward Shelley's Journal, 1856-61: A Victorian Remittance Man; Woods, Lawrence M., Author House; ISBN 13:9781420830354

Wednesday 13th July.

A vessel bound to Australia has just come in (name Orestes) with a bad leak and I fear she will be kept here some time repairing.  [Many entries regarding Orestes during following weeks.]

   When the Orestes reached Honolulu, 13 members of the crew signed a protest regarding her condition, and the British Consul ordered a survey of that vessel.

Monday, 22nd August. 

It appears that the Captain of the Orestes went out yesterday for a sail in the launch, and that during the trip one of the crew got very impertinent and the Captain hit him with the tiller, in consequence of which the man jumped overboard and was drowned which is, I think, a very good riddance.   Report of survey.  It was Joseph Watson, one of those who had protested the ship's condition, who was in the boat with Captain Thomas mason.  When Watson refused to continue to Melbourne with the ship, Mason threatened to put him on bread and water, and struck him with the tiller.  Watson then jumped overboard, and as he could not swim, was drowned.

Thursday 25th August

Went up to the Prison this morning to see capt. Mason of the Orestes who is in for murder of one of his crew, although in reality as innocent of the crime as I am myself.

   At the special request of the British Consul, the court convened for the murder trial of Captain Mason on September 19.  The captain was tried for murder because the death of Watson occurred during an excursion on Sunday outside the harbour, and not during the discharge of duty, where the captain would have had plenary authority over him as the master.  When the case first went to the jury, they were unable to reach a verdict.  The jury then examined the Orestes, and following that examination voted eleven to one to acquit.  [Note: References 117 and 118 to these entries not available in on-line version.]


The Empire (Sydney), 14 November 1859 (6)


The Court of Arbitration, in the case of the two seamen who applied for a discharge from the Orestes, decided that there was no valid reason for such discharge, and that the men must go in the ship.  Just as the ship was again about to sail, however, the Captain was arrested for debt.  A compromise was subsequently effected, and yesterday morning the Captain returned to his ship, which was lying off and on, and the unlucky craft was finally squared away before the wind with some prospect of eventually reaching her port in Australia.  Misfortunate appeared to hang about the barque and her Captain to the last moment.  Some think he was only the object of a conspiracy and is a model master and worthy of being canonised as a saint; others think the evidence produced in court did not allow of such a conclusion, and that, had the same evidence been brought against one of his foremost hands, he would have now been at work ion the reef.  However, where there are doubts, the accused should have the benefit of them, and we trust that the Orestes will safely reach Melbourne without further mishap, but don't believe it possible. - Honolulu Advertiser, September 28.

   The Polynesian has the following on the same subject:---

   "The British barque Orestes sailed on the morning of the 27th.  After the acquittal of the captain by the Supreme Court of the Island on a charge of murder in the second degree, another complaint was entered against him by the 2nd officer and a seaman, which was tried on the 23rd and 24th instant, before a Naval Court, held at H.B.M.'s Consulate.

   The Court was composed of William L. Green, Esq., H.B.M.'s Acting Commissioner and Consul General presiding; James Bissett, Esq., Agent Hudson's Bay Co.; Captain Chellew, of the British ship Humphrey Nelson, and captain Knight, of the British ship Gomelza.  The men appeared through their counsel, J. D. Blair, Esq., and Captain Mason was assisted by Mr. J. Clement.  After an impartial trial, Captain Mason was acquitted.

   In the order of the Court there was the following passage relative to the evidence of sailors, which, as it has been confirmed so often by our own experience, we quote for the benefit of whom it may concern.  One of the seamen, Primate, swore that the mate in putting the cook in irons, had a pistol in his hand, and he was supported by another seaman, who swore he heard him call for it but did not see it.

   "The Court from this circumstance are strongly impressed with the importance of carefully weighing the evidence of seamen who appear to stand in opposition to their officers, in cases where those officers have no other evidence to appeal to.  It will readily be seen how easily Mr. Drew might, under the circumstances of this affair, have been convicted of murder in the second degree, had the cook jumped overboard and been drowned, with no other witnesses but Primate and Bodkilen."  Neither of these men, as they testified, could read or write.


The Argus (Melbourne), Thursday 17 November 1859 (5)


We have Honolulu papers to the 24th September.

   On the 18th, Thomas Mason, master of the British barque Orestes, was tried for the murder of Joseph Watson on the high seas.  The case for the prosecution is disclosed in the following report of the evidence of the second officer of the vessel:--

   "Thomas Fitzgerald, second officer of the Orestes, sworn, deposed, On or about the 21st of August last I accompanied the prisoner in a boat outside the reef, together with Joseph Watson and William Lamb.  It was Sunday, between 2 and 3 o'clock in the afternoon.  We went out two miles beyond the outer buoy, and a quarter of a mile from the reef.  Watson was taken to sail the boat.  The captain asked Joseph Watson if he would like to go in the boat to Melbourne with him.  'No, Sir,' said Watson.  'I'll make you go,' said the captain.  'No, sir, you will not.'  'When the ship is ready you must go.'  'No, sir, I will go neither in the boat nor the ship.'  Some conversation occurred about a tract, called 'Poor Joe.'  'Was that you, Joe?' inquired the captain, 'No,' replied Watson, 'it was not, perhaps it might be poor Joe that was on board the Orestes, on bread and water.' 'Give me no more of your insolence,' said the captain, 'or \I'll put you there again when I get on board.'  There was a further altercation, when the captain struck Watson with the tiller on the left shoulder, Watson sitting three feet from the captain, bailing out the boat.  The captain struck him again.  Witness jumped up and received a part of the second blow, and said, 'Captain, that's enough, no more of this in the boat.'  Captain struck Watson a third time.  Watson said, 'Captain, you are not going to kill me in the boat.'  With that, Watson jumped up and hove himself right up against the boom and over-board, put his arms up, and sang out, 'Save me!'  Mason continued sitting in his place in the stern of the boat, holding in his hand the main-sheet.  The man being overboard the captain shipped the tiller, put it hard up, and ordered them to lower the mainsail and wear the boat.  Witness thought she should have been stayed.  They got out the oars, and being without row-locks, put them in the rigging and endeavoured to pick up the man, who was now about 35 fathoms astern.  The boat was running six to eight knots per hour when Watson jumped over.  Saw him rising and sinking in the water three times, after which he disappeared.  We waited a few minutes, and made sail for the harbour.  None of the parties seemed to be in liquor at the time."

      The jury, after a long deliberation, acquitted the prisoner.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii) 18 November 1868


Last evening, about half-past s even o'clock, word was sent to the Police Office that a man had been killed at the northwest corner of Sutter and Stockton streets.  We immediately despatched as reporter to the place, who learned the following facts: A young lady in the employ of a tailor on Sutter street was about going home; as she passed she saw two men having a firm hold of the man and knocking him over the head.  One of the proceeded to pull his coat off and throw it over his head, whilst the other went through his pockets; they then threw him to the ground, the man falling across the railway track.  Both men then went away. The lady immediately called for aid, and several gentlemen from the grocery store opposite came out, picked the man up and carried him to the store.  Medical aid was immediately summoned, but arrived too late to tender any assistance, as the unfortunate man had already expired.  The doctors could not then give an opinion as to the cause of his death; one of them thought that he might have died of apoplexy.  No marks of violence could be found on his person; yet still he might have been struck on the back of the head by ruffians with a heavy sand-bag, which is sometimes used by robbers to accomplish their foul resigns.  These sand-bags, though they leave no outer mark on the person when struck on the head, cause a concussion of the brain, producing immediate death. From papers found on the body of the dead man, it was believed to be that of Lieutenant Commander John G. Mitchell, of Saginaw, that was wrecked some time since at Victoria.  He was a fine-looking man, well built, about 35 years of age. The deceased was a native of Massachusetts, and entered the Navy in 1849, and had been eighteen years in the service.  The Coroner was notified, who had the remains conveyed to his office, where an inquest will be held.


At last accounts we learn that Lieut. Mitchell was not murdered, notwithstanding the statement of the woman who says she saw him struck and robbed.  It is believed that he died in a fit, and his valuables were taken charge of by one of the policemen who arrived on the ground very shortly after he died.

   We are informed that yesterday Lieutenant Mitchell received his commission of promotion as full Commander of the man-of-war Saranac, and was ordered East to report. - Alta California.


THE HAWAIIN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 7 July 1869


In Rex vs. Kabiboku, the Court charged the jury substantially as follows:

Gentlemen of the Jury:

You are the first jury ever empaneled in this Circuit, so far as I am aware, for the trial of a capital case.

2 columns TBC


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 15 December 1869

Rail-Road Accident.

Full column +  TBC


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 8 March 1871



THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 6 September 1871


On Monday morning, a native named Mooluhi living at Koolaupoko, was brought before Police Justice Montgomery for examination, charged with the murder of his wife, Luika, on the night of Friday last and was committed for trial for murder to the next term of the Supreme Court.   TBC


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 11 September 1872


... Among a large number of cases to be tried this term will be that of Kuheleaumoku for the murder of Kanalan and his wife Koukou, and for the attempted murder of a young girl named Kameelehiwa, who was in the house at the time of the murder, which occurred on the morning of the 17th of March last, at Aaiehu, Maui. At the Coroner's inquest Kuheleaumoku was identified as the murderer.  He confessed that he had assisted in committing the deed, but implicated an-other young man, named Kahoan, as the principal actor.  Both of these young criminals have been confined in the Oahu prison since the preliminary examination, awaiting trial at the present term of the Circuit Court.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 12 November 1873


That Bad Gin.

MR. EDITOR:---The following item appeared in the Pacific Advertiser of Nov. 1st, 1873:


Last Sunday a native man was found dead on the road below the Pall.  He came from Honolulu with several bottles of liquor in his possession, was seen to drink freely on the road, became very intoxicated, fell from his horse, and when found was quite dead, evidently from the effects of bad gin; and yet our law says nobody shall give, sell or furnish intoxicating liquors to a native."

   Who sold or gave, or furnished that bottle of bad gin to this native contrary to law?  Who is responsible in the sight of God for this wretched death?  Has a Coroner's inquest been held to investigate the cause of this wretched death, as the law directs?  These laws may remain a dead letter on the statute  books of the nation, but who is responsible for the death of men, who die by using the vile stuff furnished for gain contrary to law?  What of the afflicted family of him who has thus been victimized?   [continues.]


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 8 July 1874

Mill River disaster, Pottsfield, Mass, June 13 1874.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 25 November 1874

London's Peril, Daily News, 5th October.  Explosion.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 17 November 1875

Story of inquest on a mummy.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 22 December 1875


Sunday morning the 13th inst., a native man was found dead in his bed at Pauoa valley, near Honolulu, a large pool of blood which he had vomited on the floor indicating that he had died from internal hemorrhage.  This was accepted as the fact, from the known circumstances that he had been ailing for years and complained of a pain bin the breast.  After his burial it began to be reported among the natives that there had been a drunken spree on the premises where the deceased resided, and a row in which he had been ill-used.  On Monday, Deputy Marshall Dayton, in his capacity as Coroner for this district, had the body exhumed and examined by Drs. R. McKibbin, jr. and F. B. Hutchinson, and a coroner's jury empanneled to enquire into the facts.  The inquest lasted nearly two days, and resulted in a verdict to the effect that deceased came to his death from heart disease, accelerated by kicks and blows received by him in a drunken spree from one Charles Kauaau.  There was a good deal of hard swearing by witnesses on the inquest but the fact came out that a case of gin, purchased by a foreigner for Charles Kauaau for $12, was at the bottom of the mischief.  The foreigner was on Wednesday fined $100 for furnishing the gin, and Charles Kauaau was charged with being the cause of the death of the man on whom the inquest was held. - P. C. A.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 30 May 1877


On Thursday morning last, just after day-break, a fisherman who was paddling his canoe along the entrance to the harbor, discovered an object floating near the first buoy, in shallow water, and on approaching it he found it was the body of a white man.  He drew it up into the canoe, and, on taking it ashore, it was immediately recognizes as the body of Mr. George W. Weatherbie, a tin-smith, who had resided in this country for about sixteen years.  It was ascertained that there was a bullet wound in his right temple, and as his cane was found on board the steam-tug Pele, which was lying at the lower end of the Esplanade, it was supposed that the fatal act had been committed on her deck.  Acting under this assumption, Marshal Parke caused natives to dive and search the bottom in the vicinity of the Pele, and a pistol was soon brought up - a small, nickle-plated one-barrel pocket derringer.  The deceased was seen by several persons about one o'clock in the morning, and it is supposed that shortly after that hour he shot himself while seated on the rail of the Pele.  For many years he had been a constant sufferer from asthma, and it was undoubtedly the misery he had endured so long, and from which there could be no relief expected in this life, which prompted him to apply so heroic a remedy.  A coroner's inquest was held by the Marshall at 1 o'clock p.m., and a verdict was rendered to the effect that the deceased came to his death by his own premeditated act.  His funeral took place at four p.m.  Mr. Weatherbie was a native of Joliet, Illinois, and was 45 years of age.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 25 September 1878


On the plantation of Johnathan Austin at Paukaa, Hilo, Hawaii, on the 19th inst., a sad affair occurred, resulting in the death of a Chinaman.  As we gather the facts in the case they are as follows:  It appears that the overseer of the laboring hands on Mr. Austin's plantation a day or two previous to the occurrence had ordered the hands to be docked, as a punishment usually inflicted for failure to be at work at the proper hour in the morning.  This incensed the Chinamen very much.  They believed that Mr. H. P. Folsom, the head overseer, had caused the dockage, and for this threatened his life.  Warned by the threats made, he armed himself, and on the 19th, while quietly superintending the hands, he was suddenly seized by a powerful Chinaman named Ah Sin, who pinioned his hands, while the other Chinamen beat him unmercifully with clubs and other missiles.  Mr. Folsom being a young and vigorous man, succeeded in freeing himself from his assailants, when he drew his revolver and shot the leader, Ah Sin, dead on the spot, and, as we learn, wounded one or two more of the gang and made his escape.  He immediately gave himself up.  A coroner's inquest was summoned, before whom testimony was taken fully justifying Mr. Folsom.  He was however held for manslaughter, to appear before the Court at its next term, Mr. Austin going his security.

   The testimony before the inquest clearly shows that Mr. Folsom was acting in self-defence, and that the attack upon him was made in pursuance of a previous understanding on the part of his assailants, who had threatened his life in terms not to be misunderstood.  The whole thing grew out of a misunderstanding of the real facts of the case by the Chinamen, as Mr. Folsom had actually tried to persuade Mr. Austin not to dock the men.  The Chinamen, we believe, refused the next day to go to work; but what transpired after the fatal shooing we have not learned.  They were no doubt imprisoned or disposed of by the proper authorities according to law.  Fears were entertained at the plantation that more difficulty would be experienced the following morning, but we have not heard of any.  It is a sad affair all round, and much to be regretted, but extreme emergencies require extreme treatment always.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE, (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 12 May 1880

On Tuesday evening, 4th inst., a native named Geo. Kukapa, while looking on at a game of ten pins, at the German Club, was accidentally struck in the head by a ball which slipped from the hand of the player, and received such injuries as to cause his death on the following morning.  A Coroner's inquest was convened for the purpose of ascertaining the cause of Kakapu's death, and a verdict was returned in accordance with the above facts.


SATURDAY PRESS (Honolulu, H.I.), 25 September 1880


At last, after the lapse of a long delay, our sapient Government has awoke to the necessity of instituting inquiry into the circumstances leading up to the killing of an unfortunate Polynesian named Teburabura on Keia Plantation.  We understand that the evidence is very complete as to the hasty action of the overseer b y whom this poor creature was shot down; and that the statement of the accused that deceased was at the time armed with a knife is utterly baseless.  A deal of dissatisfaction, anxiety, and dread is reported among these foreign laborers - the result probably of our ignorance of their language and the consequent difficulty of conveying necessary explanation.  This, we trust may be obviated, now that the Government has arranged to appoint inspectors, who are at the same time interpreters.  Periodical visits of intelligent, friendly inspectors having the confidence of employers and employed will pave the way to adjustment and smoothing over of the thousand and one minor troubles pending, which, in default of some such provision, would ere long involve unpopularity of the service.  The inquiry into the causes of trouble between the deceased Polynesian, Tebuabura, and Lavender, the white overseer by whom he was shot, has developed, we believe, some new facts not mentioned at the Coroner's inquest; but as the latter has, we understand, been committed for trial at the November sittings at Waimea, and the case is consequently sub judice, we cannot at present comment further on the matter.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 23 February 1881

A CIRCUMSTANCE which has occurred during the last week, only too clearly shows how necessary it is for our authorities to examine rigidly into all cases where people die suddenly or unattended.

   A man named Louis Young appeared at the police court on the 16th to answer a charge of drunkenness.  He had been up several times before, and had earned an evil reputation with the Police Justice.  Mr. Bickerton promised that if he appeared again before him he should be treated as an old offender, viz: that he should have one month's imprisonment.  That very evening he was picked up in the street by the police.  He was insensible and they presumed dead drunk.  The next day he was not fit to be brought before the Court and remained in his cell.  He complained of great pain in the stomach and intense thirst.  Dr. Hutchinson saw him and suggested some comforts for him, but in the afternoon while in the act of drinking a cup of tea the man died.

   On the suggestion of Dr. Hutchinson and Mr. W. O. Smith, the Deputy Attorney-General, a post mortem examination was made.  The doctors ion viewing the body supposed that the man had died from apoplexy, brought on by excessive drinking - the autopsy however showed that the seventh rib had been broken, and that the bone had pierced the intercostal artery; in fact, that the man had bled, internally, to death.  We doubt whether any medical skill could have saved the man, even if it had been called in instantly.  As far as the following remarks are concerned, we have nothing to do with the calling in of medical assistance for the man while alive - what we wish to point out is, that unless doctor Hutchinson and Mr. Smith had strongly expressed their opinion, no post mortem examination would probably have been held, and the man would have been buried as having presumably died from the effects of drink.  Now, it is no doubt a very reprehensible thing, we may say, a criminal thing to get drunk, but because a man gets drunk, it is not reason why he should get put out of this world and no notice be taken of how he was got rid of.  [Editorial comment continues.]


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 2 March 1881

We understand that, on investigation, the police authorities have come to the conclusion that the man Louis Young had his injuries caused by a fall which happened while he was in a state of intoxication.  We are glad to know so much, but as we said last week, we think under such circumstances an inquest is the proper channel by which the facts should be first got at.


SATURDAY PRESS (Honolulu, H. I.), 5 March 1881

Long Editorial concerning the death of Louis Young and no inquest; mentions two reports of possible cause of injury.


SATURDAY PRESS (Honolulu, H. I.), 12 March 1881

LAST Sunday afternoon a Chinaman, Ha Lee, was most brutally murdered by a countryman, Leong Lung, in Pauoa valley.  Leong Lung and another Chinaman went to ha Lee's house to collect a debt of $19.  The latter acknowledged that he owes that amount, but sais that he had not the money then, and asked that further time be allowed him to pay it.  Words followed and Leong Lung attacked Ha Lee with a Chinese cleaver, and the latter called to a companion for assistance.  When he ran out of the house to help his friend, the Chinaman who came with Leong Lung caught him and held him, while the former continued the attack on Ha Lee.  When they thought the latter was dead they immediately left the vicinity.  It is supposed they went into the mountains.  Ah Lee's body was most frightfully mangled.  His face and the back of his head were covered with wounds, one of them severing the temporal artery.  The arms and hands were shockingly gashed.  He evidently raised them to shield his face from the blows showered upon him.  It appears also that when he fell, he drew his knees up to protect his body as a blow on the left knee removed a piece of the bone and there were a number of cuts on both legs but none on the body.  The unfortunate man was taken to the station house on a stretcher where stimulants were administered and he so far recovered as to be able to converse intelligibly with an interpreter, and told of the cause of the affray and the attack by Leong Lung.  About 3.30 P.M. he was conveyed to the Queen's hospital where his wounds were dressed by Dr. McKibbin.  He seemed to feel easier for a time but died on Monday morning.

   A Coroner's inquest was held lover the remains and the jury rendered a verdict in accordance with the above facts, that the deceased came to his death by a weapon in the hands of Leong Lung, who was aided and abetted by another and unknown party.  A reward of $200 has been offered by the Marshal for the arrest of the murderer and his coadjutor.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 25 May 1881

On Friday last a serious accident occurred on the premises occupied by Father Larkin.  Fire Engine Company No. 2 intended to give a ball there in the evening, and several of those interested in the affair were in the large school room decorating.  About 1.45 a loud report was heard and the plaster began to fall, and the half dozen people who were inside ran for their lives.  Mr. Long, Mr. Clark, and a girl just managed to get clear when the whole building came down with a crash burying beneath it, Mrs. Long, a native girl and a boy named David Paahao.  Assistance was obtained and the two females were rescued; the girl was unhurt, Mrs. Long slightly injured about the head and neck.  Further search being made, it was unhappily found that David Paahao was killed.  An inquiry has been held upon the matter and we refer our readers to our report of the inquest, where they will fins full particulars of the affair.


The Inquiry into the St. Louis School Disaster.

[Long detailed account, 2 columns]

A Coroner's Jury was called on Saturday morning at 10 A.M., in the Marshal's office, to inquire into the circumstances of the death of Davis Paahao, who was killed by the fall of father Larkin's school-room on Friday afternoon last.  Marshall Parke sat as Coroner, Mr. Preston was present on behalf of the government, the jurymen were W. W. Hall, S. Johnston, D. Burrows, W. L. Austin, Samuel Mahoe, and A. Kahalione.


Dr. Emerson was present shortly after the accident and saw the body of Paahao.  The body was in the gall of the stone-house lying on its back, there was no breathing, the face was swollen and dark.  The chest was crushed in, the ribs were not broken, but the cartilages of the ribs were separated from their external attachment, allowing the sternum to be pushed directly back against the heart and lungs.  Death must have been almost instantaneous.  Felt for pulsation and heart sound, but there was none.  Saw the body taken from the ruins, from the mauka side, Waikiki end.  When I found he was dead, I left.  Did not specially examine the wound in his head as I found he was dead.


After due deliberation the jury returned a verdict that "The said David Kaahao did comer to his death on Friday, the 20th day of May instant, by the falling in of the school building upon the premises of the Rev. W. J. Larkin.  We consider that the falling of the building was the result of carelessness in the construction of the roof.

   We do also consider that Mr. C. J. Wall, the architect of the building, is responsible for the proper construction of all parts of the same, being the superintendent of the work as well as the drawer of the plans.

   And we do consider that the rev. W. J. Larkin is also responsible, in that he allowed the building to be used, after being warned that it was unsafe, before having it properly secured.

   Therefore we, the said jurors, do find that the said C. J. Wall and rev. W. J. Larkin are responsible for the death of the said David Paahao, through their negligence.

   In testimony whereof, etc. "


SATURDAY PRESS (Honolulu, H.I.), 28 May 1881

Long report of School Building collapse evidence.



THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 1 June 1881

Editorial re Inquests, citing the David Paahao case.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 1 June 1881

We understand that orders have been sent to Maui to hold a searching inquiry into the cause of the death of the Chinaman at Olowale, the circumstances of which will be found among our Maui items.  The days when a man's death by accident would cause little or no comment, and no inquest held seem to be slowly but surely passing away.  We commend the action of the Government in the matter.


The Olowalu Mill has come to a stand-still for the time being, in consequence of the bursting of one of the boilers.  The accident, as usual, was very sudden, the engineer in charge saw what was going to happen, and shouting to his Chinese assistant, "Run, run!" suited the action to the words and escaped, but the Chinaman turned to shut the furnace doors, and the delay cost him his life.  The end of the boiler blew out with such force as to displace the remaining boilers.  The cane from the plantation is being carried to the Lahaina Mill.


SATURDAY PRESS, (Honolulu, H.I.), 4 June 1881.

The David Paahao case; C. J. Wall, architect, and Father W. J. Larkin, committed for trial at July Term of the Supreme Court; manslaughter.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 15 June 1881

A Coroner's inquest was held at Lahaina upon the body of an old woman, who was found dead in a cave behind Lahainaluna.  The poor old woman had been insane and had wandered into the cave and had died there.  There were no marks of any kind upon the body to show that she had met with any violence.  A verdict to this effect was given by the jury.  People up here are surprised that no effort was made to find out who were the relatives of the old woman; they certainly were to blame for not looking properly after her, or if they were unable to do so, for not having had her sent to the Insane Asylum here, where she would have been properly taken care of.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 22 June 1881

A little lad about 3 ½ years of age was drowned while bathing near Smith's bridge.  An inquest was held yesterday, which resulted in a verdict of "accidental drowning."  No one was present when the boy was drowned.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 6 July 1881

Inquest as to the cause of the Death of G. H. Pierce.

At an inquest held at Waikapu, Island of Maui, on the 27th day of June, A.D. 1881, by Thos. W. Everett, Coroner, over the body of G. H. Pierce, the following Jury was sworn: W. H. Cornwell, Joseph Cockett, Wailama, E. C. Fishbourne, Frank Sylva, Henry Kekeleiaiku.

   H. C. Johnson, sworn - Knew G. H. Pierce - Known him about 6 years, he is from Troy, New York; and is about 38 years of age.  I saw him last alive about half past five o'clock of the evening of June 27, 1881, at the artesian well on the Waikapu Commons; he was guiding the rope on the bull wheel shaft, to keep it from riding; his right hand got caught in the rope, and he was carried around the shaft; as near as I can say his left hand got caught and he went round the shaft twice, then his body got caught by the same rope and was crushed to death.  When his hand was first caught, he sang out to stop the machine, which was immediately done, but before it was stopped he had already been around the shaft two or three times.  As far as I know, Mr. Anderson stopped the machine as quick as he could.  We afterwards took him down; we gave him some water and in about five minutes he died; he was unable to swallow.  We sent word immediately to Mr. Cornwell and to the doctor.

   By the Jury - While he was guiding the rope, his attention was called above to the block which was turning, he either forget where he was, or might have tumbled, and in trying to catch himself up got caught in the rope; he is naturally of a very cool and cautious disposition.  I do not think it was a half a minute from the time he was caught until the engine was stopped.

   John Anderson, sworn - Knew G. H. Pierce.  Knew him since last week.  I saw him last alive last evening (June 278th, 1881.)  I am the engineer of the Well Boring Machine.  I did not see when he was caught, at the end of the rope which connects with the throttle valve, I heard him sing out, "Stop the Engine!"  I turned the steam off immediately, and I think the bull wheel shaft made one or two revolutions from that time until it stopped; we had 70 pounds of steam on then.  After I turned the steam off I tried to throw off the bull rope, it was so tight I could not get it off; I ran back to the engine; by the time I got there it stopped.  We rolled the balance wheel backwards and then rolled the body out, (i.e. Mr. Johnson, David Kaili, the policeman and myself) only us three were present at the time, the other two carried him to the shanty.  We were lifting 380 feet of 3 ½ inch pipe out of the ground; it was very heavy, perhaps 3 or 4 tons.  He was breathing when we took him down, but did not speak and shortly died.

   By the Jury - I did not see him when he was caught; I was turning on steam when he was caught; his head was pointed to the south when he was taken out.

   H. C. Johnson, recalled - I was about 7 or 8 feet from Mr. Pierce when he got caught in the rope.  I had just put on the bull rope and was going to loosen the clamps; when we took him out his breast was on the shaft.

   David Kaili, sworn - I am the quarantine office left in charge of these men at the artesian well; I know Mr. Pierce; I was present when he got killed last night (June 27th, 1881); I was about ten feet from where he was; he was guiding the rope and his hand got caught to the rope; he sang out to stop the engine; the engineer ran to the engine, and I assisted the other men to get the body off; he went round the shaft with one hand once, and then his other hand got caught; he went around again, and then his body got caught; we rolled the balance wheel backwards and got the body out, and I and the other party took the body to the shanty; he was breathing, but did not speak and shortly died.

   By the Jury - He worked at different things around the machine; he cried out to stop the engine.

   J. H. Bemis, M.D., sworn - I am a physician and surgeon, I made an examination of the body of Mr. Pierce yesterday and to-day; he was dead when I first saw him.  I found the bones of his right hand crushed, the bone of the left fore arm broken in several places and the chest walls, both right and left badly crushed, this being the immediate cause of his death; the blood had been flowing from the nostrils, showing that internal injuries had been very severe; there was an extravasation of blood extending in a line of some two inches wide from one side of the chest to the other potentially; this might be readily produced by the rope as described by the previous witnesses.  I do not think he was able to breathe, save convulsively and that death must have followed very rapidly.

   An inquisition taken at Waikapu, Island of Maui, on the 27th and 28th days of June, A.D., 1881, before T. W. Everett, one of the Coroners of said island, upon the body of G. H. Pierce then lying dead, by the oaths of the jurors whose names are hereunto subscribed, who being sworn to enquire when, how, and by what means the said G. H. Pierce came to his death, upon their oaths do say that he came to his death by being caught in the rope attached to the shaft called the bull wheel of the well boring machine on Waikapu Commons, about half past 5 o'clock on the afternoon of Monday, June 27th, 1881.  And from the evidence now before us, we come to the conclusion that it was purely accidental and no one was to blame.  Signed Coroner and Jurors.


The body of a Chinaman was discovered upon Mr. James Campbell's land at Honouliuli by Mr. Cecil Brown and Mr. Tucker, as they were riding into Honolulu last week.  The body appeared to have been lying there for some time, possibly several months.  Beside it were a half empty bottle of gin and a large stone; the skull was fractured, possibly by the stone, and one leg was broken.  Information was given to the police and an inquest was held.  No clue to the man's identity could be discovered, nor did any facts transpire as to how death was caused; verdict accordingly.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 31 August 1881

OUR Maui correspondent sent us an account of a man named Kaaihue, who died from the effects of over excitement and drink.  We have since seen the evidence brought forward at the inquest, and it confirms two important points upon which we have heard a great deal.  The first is that the supply of females to males in inadequate, and that the morality of the island among certain classes is very low; the second is that liquor can be obtained by all with the greatest ease.

   In the case in question, some half-dozen people had engaged in a drinking bout, and when the supply in the house was ended, a man stepped out, and in a few minutes returned with a bottle of brandy, which he had bought of a Chinaman who had sold the liquor.  We hope the authorities will take up the case vigorously; this illicit sale of liquor by Chinese is becoming more and more serious daily and needs a strong hand to put it down - it is certainly the cause of much crime.


We are glad to see the authorities so alert in the matter of inquests.  The days of no inquiry into the causes of sudden death seem to have passed by.



A native boy, aged seven, who was riding on the tongue of an ox-cart, lost his balance and fell.  the wheel of the cart passed over the poor little fellow's head, crushing the skull completely in.  Death was instantaneous.


Peter Petersen, an employee of the Haiku Sugar Company, was struck by a caving bank of earth upon which he was working.  The injuries which he sustained were so severe that he died in about four hours.  A Coroner's jury was called and an inquest held.  The verdict was accidental death.  All reasonable care had been taken to avoid accident, and warning to the men had been frequently given.  A number of other workmen who were employed at the same place ran a narrow chance of losing their lives.


A native employee of Spreckel's plantation died suddenly on the 22d.  The Coroner's jury which was called gave a verdict which included the following items:  Rum, excitement, a brawl, a knockdown blow and cerebral hemorrhage.  Our correspondent does not inform us who struck the blow; even rum, which in this case was the exciting cause of the row, does not justify a man's being knocked on the head.  The unfortunate man leaves a wife and several children.  We hope the case will be properly looked into.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 7 September 1881

We regret to have to record the death of Mr. J. R. Tibbets, who committed suicide by shooting himself through the head yesterday morning.  The deceased had been for some time a great sufferer from disease.  An inquest will be held.


A native, named William Thompson, died suddenly last Thursday; he complained of cramps in his stomach, and it was thought by his friends that he had died by eating poisonous fish; a post mortem examination however revealed that heart disease was the cause of death.  Doctors McKibbin and Hutchinson held the post mortem.


SATURDAY PRESS (Honolulu, H.I.), 17 September 1881

THE coroner's jury who were summoned to hold an inquest on the body of the late Mrs. Russell completed their investigations last Monday.  Their verdict was that the deceased "came to her death by taking corrosive sublimate with suicidal intent, while laboring under depression of spirits."


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 12 October 1881

An old resident of Honolulu, Mr. J. R. Price, was found dead in his room yesterday morning.  At 10 a.m. a Post mortem examination was held at the station-house by Drs. McKibbin and Hutchinson.  They found that deceased's death was produced by heart disease, and other cause.  The heart being in such a condition as to fully account for the death.  Deceased was a native of New Haven, Connecticut, and was for many years a resident of Honolulu.


The community was very much shocked to hear of the death of Mrs. Daniel Smith.  Our account of the inquest, condensed from the official report will be found elsewhere.  ?


SATURDAY PRESS (Honolulu, H.I.) 15 October 1881

At an inquest held over the remains of Mrs. Daniel Smith who was found dead on Friday morning of last week, it was found that she came to her death by taking corrosive sublimate.


LAST Tuesday morning Mr. J. R. Price, barkeeper of the Empire House, a kamaaina of Honolulu, was found dead in his room beside his bed.  A post mortem examination by doctors McKibbin and Hutchinson revealed the fact that his death was caused by disease of the heart.


SATURDAY PRESS (Honolulu, H.I.), 3 December 1881

INFORMATION reaches us that during a three days' storm on Hawaii a native thatch-house at Kahaluu, North Kona, was blown down, and the three native occupants were killed.  Following is the report of the Coroner's jury for which we are indebted to Marshal Parke:

   An inquisition taken at Kahaluu, North Kona, Island of Hawaii, on the 28th of November A.D. 1881, before J. Waiamau, one of the Coroners of said Island, upon the bodies of Kaiama, (k) Palapaia, (w) and Kaapu (w), native Hawaiians there lying dead, by the oaths of the jurors whose names are hereinto subscribed, who being sworn to enquire when, how, and by what means, the said persons came to their death, upon their oaths do say, that the said Kaiam, Palapaia and Kaapu came to their death by the falling down upon them of a thatched house, which was blown down by a strong wind from the mountain, the said house being 24 feet by 16 feet, and the timbers thereof being  rotten.  In testimony whereof the said Coroner and the jurors of this inquest have hereunto set their hands, the day and year aforesaid.  J. Waiamau, P. O. Hoa, J. R. Kahulama, N. Naauhai, Namauu, Joseph Kahoopaa.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 7 December 1881

An inquest was held by Mr. H. C. Johnson, district Justice, upon the body of a Chinaman who was killed by falling off the hand car which has been used to carry material along the railway.  After careful investigation the jury returned a verdict of accidental death.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 28 December 1881

At Waiaikea, Hilo, on Saturday morning, Dec. 17th, Mr. Wm. Flynn was found dead in his bed.  At the coroner's inquest an autopsy was ordered which resulted in finding the cause of death to be the bursting of an enormous aneurism of the aorta.  Mr. Flynn was seen about town on Friday afternoon apparently in good health.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 18 January 1882

James Adams, a negro, who had been engaged to work at the Waiakea plantation, cut his throat the day after his arrival.  An inquest was held by Mr. Severance.  It appeared in evidence that the man left his work and went into the cane; about twenty minutes after two laborers heard some groaning and went to look for Adams; they found him lying in a pool of blood, with a knife by his side.  Dr. Kittredge was called and did all in his power to save the unfortunate man, but all to no purpose.  After a careful investigation the jury returned a verdict that the deceased "came to his death by suicide."


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 1 March 1882

A coroner's inquest was held on the body of Akebena, a Chinaman, who was shot by the officers when in pursuit of the murderer Akamu.  The circumstances of the shooting were reported in the GAZETTE of last week.  The jury found that the unfortunate man came by his death from a shot fired by some person in the officers' party, but who it was, the jury could not find.  It is stated that the matter will be investigated further.  These cases of shooting by officers when attempting to arrest men should have the very strictest scrutiny; it would be well if all policemen were thoroughly instructed on the law in this matter.


The Chinaman, Akamu, who shot the native constable at Waipio on the 10th of February, has been committed for trial on the charge of murder.  Aku, another Chinaman has been committed as an accessory for the same offence.  The men were captured through the influence and instrumentality of Chinamen in the district.


B. K. Holi who ran as candidate of the legislature in opposition to Mr. Rice for the district of Lihue & Koloa, died suddenly last week.  He had been drinking very heavily.


SATURDAY PRESS (Honolulu, H.I.), 25 March 1882

AN inquest was held on Saturday last, on the body of Mrs. D. Janner, whose death seems to have caused some suspicion.  The jury adjourned sine die, to await the result of an analysis of the stomach of the deceased, now being performed by Dr. Stangenwald.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 5 April 1882

In our last issue a brief allusion was made to the freshet that suddenly swelled the streams on this island on the previous day.  Almost immediately after publication the sad news was brought to us, that a native named John Kaiheleuhau was drowned whilst attempting to cross the Kaneohe stream on horseback.  His two companions who were a short distance behind him, did not attempt the crossing until the waters subsided.  They missed the deceased on arrival at his house, and on a search being instituted the following day at daylight, the body was found on the banks of the stream.  The horse was saved.  An inquest was held and a verdict of "accidentally drowned" was returned.  This ought to be a warning to those who show a preference to foolhardiness instead of prudence.  Several similar deaths have been recorded during the current year, mostly on the other islands.


SATURDAY PRESS (Honolulu, H.I.), 15 April 1882


In Sunday, the 9th inst., a policeman named Naukana shot a Chinaman, who some time since deserted from a plantation, and has been living in the mountains, with other Chinamen, for several years.  Naukana hailed the deserter, but the latter paying no attention to his call, he fired.  The shooting occurred at Kalihiwai.



EDITOR PRESS :---The publication in the P. C. Advertiser of the evidence offered before the Coroner's Jury summoned to hold an inquest on the body of Mrs. Janner, has naturally called forth comment of a various nature and from various sources.  That such a matter should afford much for reflection among the better informed, or naturally thinking person of our community, is not at all strange, excepting under the absurd supposition that such could be indifferent to the question of preventable death, or to the discovery of crime.  But to be brief, I have only to refer to the testimony of Dr. Cummings; and to summarize this with callateral facts for the substance of that upon which I am to dwell.

   The deceased lady died and was buried.  Upon the refusal of the physician who attended from the incipiency to the fatal termination of her disease, to grant a certificate as to the cause of death, coupled with the latent suspicions of interested parties suggested by collateral circumstances, a demand for the exhumation and expert examination of her body was made. 

   A grant in accordance therewith was made by the authorities, and an autopsy duly held.  Evisceration of the cadaver, according to the testimony of Drs. Hutchinson and Cummings, disclosed pathological appearances uncommon to fever or other natural disease, and were strongly indicative of irritant poisoning; and therefore corroborative of the lady's prior disclosures to Dr. Cummings.  Upon his first visit the doctor had been told by the patient that she had been poisoned; and according to his testimony, the symptoms of the disease were strongly corroborative of her assertions, and pointed in his opinion to arsenic as their cause.  So far as any evidence to the contrary appears, the patient was allowed to die and be interred without a suspicion having been uttered to the authorities, or to any one else.  And not only this; but further opportunity was conceded to the party accused - supposing a criminal intent - by making him the medium by which medicines were to be dispensed and through whom knowledge of the condition of the patient was to be received.  The question naturally arises: Could the patient, by precautions and proper attendance have been saved - supposing her to have been poisoned?  I attempt no answer.

   Again, relative to the discovery of crime; let me premise by saying that many deaths, have demonstrably resulted from the administration of irritant poisons, where the most refined port-mortem analyses have failed to detect their presence, even in cases where enormous doses have been taken; and more especially has this been so with arsenic (vide, Horsley, Taylor, and beck.) 

"On the other hand; mineral poisons, as antimony, arsenic, etc., have been readily detected in the urine and faeces before death, but none in the body afterwards." - Horsley.

Dr. Taylor speaks of a girl who took one ounce of arsenic and died in seventeen hours, and another who took two ounces and died in eight hours; but in neither case could the poison be detected.  In consideration of such facts as these, known to all educated practitioners, would it not - to say the least - have been advisable that the appropriate excretions of the patient, while living, should have been subjected to analysis - especially in a case where suspicion lay so strongly from the first?  An analysis of the excreta of the patient, it seems to me, was imperatively called for under the circumstances, as developments resultant therefrom might have relieved an innocent party from an unjust imputation, and the authorities from unnecessary annoyance and expense; or, have established the fact of poisoning (which now may never be) and affixed the guilt upon the prisoner. [continues.]


SATURDAY PRESS (Honolulu, H.I.), 29 April 1882

See reminiscences of Hawaii, No. 24 (1842).


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 3 May 1882

The deputy sheriff of Lihue, Kauai, writes:--- I have to report a suicide of an unknown Chinaman.  An inquest was held and a verdict rendered that the man had hanged himself.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 12 May 1882

By a letter from Hilo, dated the 6th inst., we learn that a Coroner's inquest had been held on the body of the Chinaman killed by the accident at Waiakea Plantation.  The verdict was, accidental death, by the car running off the track.  All the men in the car at the time, were expected to return to work this week, excepting two Chinaman; one Portuguese with a broken thigh and one Norwegian with a dislocated knee.  The doctors report all these as doing well.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 14 June 1882

A Chinaman named Gee Ah Choy committed suicide on Thursday last by hanging.  An inquest was held the following day.  From the evidence it is learned that he had been sickly for the past three months, and that he had intimated to one Appa, his intention to put an end to himself.  The jury returned a verdict "that he came to his death by hanging himself by the neck, he being destitute and in a morbid state of mind."


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 29 June 1882

A CORONER'S IN QUEST was held yesterday on the body of Mrs. Mary Wood.  The following persons were called for jurymen by W. C. Parke, Coroner: S. H. Haaheo, W. L. B. Moehinua, J. K. Kaoliko, J. Kaiole, J. K. Waiwaiole and A. B. Kaaukun.  Several witnesses were examined.  The following verdict was rendered.  "That Mrs. Mary Wood was burnt to death while asleep, on account of the burning of the house in which she was."


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 16 August 1882

AN inquest was held yesterday on the body of C. F. Nolte, aged 10 years.  The verdict returned was: Came by his death by accidentally jumping from the cars when in motion, and the locomotive going partly over his body.  The coroner made a statement to the engine-driver, which we think is worthy of our readers' attention: Now, if you whip the boys to make them get off the cars the parents will not blame, but rather, praise you.


SATURDAY PRESS (Honolulu, H.I.), 9 September 1882


An inquest was held, on Tuesday the 29th inst., by Mr. Kaupena, deputy sheriff of Hanaulei, in the absence of Judge Kakina, upon the body of one Ah Sing, a Chinaman, employed by the Princeville Plantation Co.  Dr. W. H. Hammond, of Kalauea, being present, performed an autopsy on the body, and upon his statement, and that of the Chinese witnesses called by Mr. Kaupena, the jury came to the conclusion that the deceased came to his death by an overdose of opium, taken with suicidal intent.  The following were the jurors: Fred. Cate, Wm. Elliott, Chas. Luck, R. McKinnon and Albert D. L. Nux.  [See Hawaiian Gazette, 13 September.]


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 11 September 1882

WE hear of the shooting of a Chinaman at Maui by an overseer on one of the plantations there, during last week.  The luna shot the man in self-defense, as he was being attacked by him with a knife.  Further information enables us to state that the plantation was the Hawaiian Commercial Co.'s Plantation at Kahului.  A coroner's inquest was held and the luna was committed for trial, and he is now in gaol at Wailuku.  Some 500 Chinamen went down to break open the gaol and lynch the overseer, but they were promptly driven back by a posse of the other overseers armed with whips.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 13 September 1882

A Chinaman, named Fow San alias Ah Sing, a shipping laborer on Princeville Plantation committed suicide on the 28th ult., by swallowing a quantity of opium that had been previously smoked, and known among the Chinese as Yen Shee.  It appears he had quarrelled with one of his countrymen and declared his intention of destroying himself.  Deputy Sheriff Kaupena was notified and held a Coroner's inquest.  The autopsy, held by Dr. Hammond, revealed a large quantity of the above kind of opium in the stomach of deceased.  The Coroner's Jury brought in a verdict of death from opium taken with suicidal intent.

Fatal Shooting Affray on Maui.

On Monday the 4th instant a man named Albert Toogood engaged as luna on Spreckels' Plantation, shot a man named Chung Hee with a Smith & Wesson's Revolver.  Toogood states that he was ac ting in self-defence as the man was about to attack him with a cane-knife.  The Sheriff summoned a Jury of 6 men not employed on the Plantation, and held an inquest at the place where he died.  Doctors Bailey and Enders held a post-mortem examination.  They found a slug in the neck.

   Sheriff Everett went with John Richardson to Kahului at 1 p.m. the same day.  They met Mr. Porter and he told them that Toogood had gone to deliver himself up.  The found him at Wailuku where the Sheriff locked him up.

   About 60 Chinamen from Spreckelsville came to Kahului the next day at 10 a.m.  On returning to Wailuku at 8 p.m. that evening the Sheriff found about 100 Chinamen there, very much excited.  He told them to go to Kahului where they belonged.  They left quietly and peaceably.  When starting with the prisoner for Kahului he was informed that the road in front of Girvin's store was crowded with Chinese.  Several of Spreckel's lunas rode up to the Court House in great excrement.  He told the Chinaman to keep cool.  They promised to do so.  The day passed off very quietly; no drunkenness, trouble, or disturbance of any kind.

   The jury entered a verdict of "death caused by a pistol shot from the hands of Albert Toogood."  Two of the Chinese witnesses swore that Toogood horse-whipped the deceased before he raised the cane-knife to strike Toogood.  The prisoner waived examination before the Police Justice and he was sent to Honolulu for safe keeping until his trial comes off.

   Another correspondent says: ---That two Chinamen made an assault on the person of Albert Toogood, one of whom was in the act of striking him with a cane-knife when in order to save his life, and in sheer self-defence, Toogood shot his assailant.  The prisoner has the reputation of being a quiet, inoffensive man.  The deceased had led a previous assault, as well as having assaulted the luna, Toogood.  The Spreckelsville party of lunas were the means of suppressing what might have been a serious riot.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 16 September 1882

AN inquest was held yesterday on the body of Henry Boote, late steward of the Oberon, aged 36 years, before Mr. Dayton as coroner, and the following gentlemen as a jury: H. Waterhouse, S. Selig, J. H. Bruns, N. Clifford, J. Weik and E. M. Nordberg.

   The evidence showed that the deceased was a very steady man, and had nor drunk anything either on shore or on board ship till on Wednesday night, he took a couple of glasses of whiskey-punch in company with some friends at the Keystone Saloon.  He left there sober or appearing so at 11.30 p.m., and was not heard of till yesterday morning, when his dead body was found floating alongside the Custom House wharf by the two prisoners which sweep the wharves.  No marks of violence were found on the body when examined by Dr. McKibbin.  The jury returned a verdict of accidental death by drowning, and requested the reports present to urge, through the public press, the need of additional lamps on the wharves and the addition of a cap-piece along the whole edge of the wharves about 14 inches high and 12 inches thick, as these would tend to prevent the accidents which happen from time to time.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 30 January 1884


A coroner's inquest was held yesterday afternoon, before David Dayton, to enquire into the cause of the death of the late William Buckle, Governor of the Honolulu Jail.  The jury was composed of Henry Swinton, Jacob Fisher, Edwin Hall, William Allen, James Keau and Hiram Kapu.  Two of the jury were late, and it was two o'clock before a start was made for the jail where all the surroundings were examined.

   Dr. Brodie examined, said was called between five and six o'clock on Sunday morning; met men carrying the body to Lilliha street where I first saw it.  Found life was extinct; made a cursory examination of injuries on the head; found two cuts on the left temple and probed the wound; there was no fracture of the skull but considerable bruising on left side of the face, and the ear was cut.  Made no further examination at that time.  It was scarcely daylight.  There might have been blood from the ear.  The bruises were such as could have been made on the rocks, or with a dull blunt instrument, such as a stick of firewood.  There were two cuts; the longest cut was not continuous or clean to the bone all the way.  If he had fallen from the height supposed, I think death would have been caused by concussion.  A fracture of the skull or rupture of the ear drum would cause blood to flow from the ear.  I re-examined his body subsequently with Dr. McKibbin.  I did not examine the hands or the body.

   Dr. McKibbin sworn, said I examined Mr. Buckle on Monday afternoon about four o'clock with Dr. Brodie.  Afterwards went with Dr. Brodie to the prison to see the place from which he was said to have fallen.  I substantially agree with Dr. Brodie in what he said, but I would say, from the bruising I saw on the cheek and the nature of the wounds, that they were more likely to have been caused by falling upon the stones we saw, than by a blunt instrument, as there was rubbing of the adjacent parts of the cheek.

   To a juryman.  I did hear he had fallen, though that is none of your business.  I went to compare what might have been done with the appearance of the body.

   Examined.  The brain would appear the same, whether the injuries were inflicted by a fall or club.  In a case of apoplexy death would not have ensued so quickly.

   All witnesses were ordered out of the room.

   Kulaa Glover.  Was present at a feast in Henry Kaia's house on Saturday night.  When I got there Mr. Buckle and his family were there.  They were outside of the verandah and remained, I think, about half an hour.  I don't know the time that Mr. Buckle went home, but think it was 11 o'clock.  His family left afterwards and I went later.  I went into the jail and saw Mr. Buckle upstairs with his two girls, Malaihi and Charlie Clarke.  We talked there in his parlor, I had some sour mash with Malaihi, but Mr. Buckle did not drink I do not know what kind of liquor they had at the feast.  I think it was half past eleven or twelve o'clock, when I left I asked Malaihi to go back to the feast with me as my hack was there.  It was a dark night and I was rather scarred (sic).  There was another woman with me, when I left the prison Mr. Buckle was in his sober senses.

   Malaiki, sworn.  I am head luna at the prison.  I have been there a long time.  I was there on Saturday night.  I went to the feast; don't exactly know the time; it was towards midnight.  I took Kulaa to the feast.  Remained there a little time, and went back to the jail.  Mr. Buckle was there sitting in his dining room, with one or two of his daughters.  I remained a few minutes, went down below to cool off.  While I was downstairs Mr. Buckle came down and we all sat there talking of something he intended to do.  He wanted a larger appropriation from the legislature for more guards, and summed us, in the office, what the additional cost would be for four more.  I said I felt sleepy and went to bed.  I got half way to my room when Mr. Buckle called me back.  We both went into the dining room and talked a little.  I then left and that is the last I saw of him.  We had a glass of wine from a decanter.  I went to bed.

   The inquiry was discontinued after 5 o'clock, and resumed in the evening.

   Two prisoners at the jail stated yesterday morning that they heard light footsteps on the roof after the noise made by the broken glass.


The examination of witnesses in the inquest on the late Mr. Buckle was continued till 1.30 this morning when an adjournment was made till 1.30 to-day.  Mr. Davidson appeared in the evening and watched the case on behalf of the family of the deceased.  The watch of deceased, which was stained with blood was produced in evidence.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 31 January 1884

Further proceedings in Buckle; 4 columns.

... 2 columns following page.

   The jury then retired for supper at 6.45 p.m.  At 10.30 o'clock, after three hours deliberation, they found the unanimous verdict "that William Buckle came to his death by a fall from the top of the jail, and the fall was through some cause unknown to the jury."  [Several small paragraphs relating to the inquest in following columns.]


   THERE have been three sudden deaths within the last few days: Governor Buckle, on Sunday morning; an officer of the German bark Iolani on Monday, and the driver of one of Mr. Sharratt's teams.  In the first case only was there an inquest, and then "not voluntarily," but "of necessity."


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 1 February 1884

Editorial re not holding inquests.  Concludes: "No sudden death, whether resulting from a visible or an invisible cause, whether attended by suspicious circumstances or not, should be allowed to pass without a thorough investigations by a coroner's jury."


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 2 February 1884

Letter from 'LEX' criticizing the medical evidence, &c., in the Buckle case.


SATURDAY PRESS (Honolulu, H. I.), 2 February 1884

Very long report of the Buckle inquest.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 4 February 1884

Editorial on Hawaiian mortality and lack on inquests; more comment on the Buckle inquest.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 5 February 1884

More criticism of the Buckle inquest and the general system.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 6 February 1884

More criticism of Buckle inquest and the reporting in the Advertiser. 


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 6 February 1884.

Also an analysis of the evidence.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 11 February 1884


On Friday afternoon, at Kekalia, Hapailani, the wife of a Japanese named Kuby, went to wash clothes, and a little while after her husband followed her and found her with Nalei.  Kuby slapped his wife and then attacked Nalei or Nalei attacked Kuby.  Who made the first assault is doubtful.  Some children saw the two men fighting and Hapailani ran away and left them.  The children gave information and Nalei was seen leaving the place, and, when asked where Kuby was, he said, "keep quiet, we are all Hawaiians, don't say anything."  Some people went to the place and found the ground all trampled down, and Kuby's body was discovered hid in the rushes about fifty feet away.  There were a few marks on Kuby's throat and it is thought his head was held under water and he was drowned.  The verdict of the jury, at the Coroner's inquest was that Kuby came to his death at the hands of Nalei who is committed for trial.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 18 February 1884


&c. &c.

Dead: Mrs. Brown and two children


An inquest was held at Wailuku, island of Maui, on 14th and 15th February, 1884, before Thomas Everett one of the coroners of the island of Maui upon the bodies of Adele W. Brown, Mildred Brown and Russell H. Brown, then lying dead.

   By the oaths of the persons whose names are hereunto transcribed, who being sworn to enquire when, how and by what means the said persons came to their death, upon their oaths do say:

   That they came to their death by a collision of two trains of cars in the W. K. and H. railroad in the district of Wailkuku on Thursday the 18th February, 1884, between the hours of 1 and 2 p.m.

   Such collision was to our best knowledge, and by the evidence presented, caused by the officiousness of one Palea Mahi (k) in uncoupling the cars without orders, and also by the brakes in the said cars not being in proper order.

   Thos. Everett, H. Taylor, W. H. Harrison, T. Lucas, W. H. Cornwell, E. P. Sheldon, J. N. Hardy.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 20 February 1884




Detailed account of the inquest. [NO MEDICAL EVIDENCE?]


On Friday, the 8th inst., a negro named Benjamin Hamer, acting as constable, having charge of the jail at Honokau, and two Portuguese laborers, one in the employ of J. R. Mills and the other of R. M. Overend, got into trouble over a Portuguese woman, wife of Mr. Overend's man.  The negro thrashed Mills' man three times and then went to Mr. Overend's Portuguese quarters and shot his man in the face.

   The negro undoubtedly coolly planned to murder the Portuguese and commit suicide, for he went to Greenfield's and got some corrosive sublimate, saying he wanted it to poison some dogs which were in the habit of coming around the jail and \keeping him awake nights.  He also b ought some powder and shot at a store telling the same story about the digs.  He then took a musket which was in the jail and went to the Portuguese quarters of Mr. Overend, walked quietly along the road and into the yard and up to a window where he could see the Portuguese sitting with his family, raised the gun and fired through the closed window.  The charge passed between the wife and two children, striking the man in the face.  He then swallowed the poison, asked some Germans next door for a drink of water which he drank and then started towards Judge Miau's house.  Mr. Overend coming towards the place soon after, found him on his hands and knees crawling along and dying; he said he was going to give himself up to the Judge as he had shot the Portuguese.

   He was taken in charge and brought to jail.  The Portuguese will probably lose both eyes if he lives, which is doubtful.  The negro died on the 14th inst.  An inquest was to be held on the 15th.

[See also 4 March 1884, operation, "it is feared he will lose his sight entirely."]


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 21 February 1884

Editorial comment on the Benjamin Hamer case, and also refers to the Buckle inquest.] Apropos of the late inquest in Honolulu, perhaps it would be interesting to some of your readers to know how the thing is conducted in the country districts.  A recent case of manslaughter occurred at Kukulhaeele; a native died about seven weeks after receiving an injury to his spine.  No swoon testimony was taken in this case, before the man's death.  He died on Friday 8th inst., and was buried on Saturday 9th inst.  On the following Tuesday the jury were shown a grave and told that was where the remains were buried.  [Back to the Buckle inquest and criticism of the Coroner, "who should be immediately pensioned off to make room for more competent juniors."]


THE SATURDAY PRESS (Honolulu, H. I.), 23 February 1884

Another report of the Railroad disaster inquest.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 27 February 1884

A native named Lui was found dead yesterday morning; he had been drinking recently and that was supposed to have been the cause of death.  An inquest was held in the afternoon.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 4 March 1884

A CHINAMAN, an inmate of the Insane Asylum, hanged himself at about 3.50 a.m. on Sunday morning.  An inquest was held in the afternoon by Coroner Dayton.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 25 March 1884


The following are the particulars of the accident which resulted in the death of John Stole, a b rakesman on the Hawaiian Railrod, running between Mahukona and Kohala. ....  The train backed up and found the empty flat off the track, and Stole lying dead between it and the small car.  His pipe, tobacco and open knife were lying near.  The supposition is that he was sitting on his brake, lighting his pipe, and that the brake-wheel turned and threw him off; that the flat running over him threw it off line, and that the rise given to it, as it passed over him, uncoupled the car. ... The Sheriff was immediately sent for and held an inquest when the following verdict was rendered: That the deceased came to his death from falling off a car.  The H. R. R. Co. and all em ployees were exonerated from blame. ...They advised the H. R. R. Co. to forbid any person from sitting  on the brakes, but that clause was not inserted in the verdict.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 16 April 1884

H. Spreen, as laborer in the employ of Dr. Wright at Puakea Ranch, Kohala, committed suicide on Tuesday the 8th inst.  A coroner's inquest was held over the body and a verdict rendered that death ensued through his taking poison in the shape of strychnine.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 5 May 1884


An inquest was held yesterday on the body of Mrs. Burns, who died at her residence at 6 p.m. Saturday night from an overdose of laudanum, administered in ignorance by Frank Metcalfe. Deceased had been in the habit of taking doses of laudanum to counteract the effects of opium.

   Albert Smith had given Metcalfe doses at various times, who it appears gave some to deceased.  After Mrs. Burns death Metcalfe gave himself up to Deputy Dayton; it appears that poison can be obtained, in the town without certificates and in unlabelled bottles.  This elicited a rider from the jury, that it would be well for the authorities to look into the matter, and enforce the "Act to regulate the sale of Deadly Poisons."


SATURDAY PRESS (Honolulu, H. I.), 10 May 1884

Condensed News of the Week.

Saturday: Mrs. Maalo Burns died from overdose of laudanum.

Sunday: D. Dayton, acting coroner, held inquest over body of Mrs. Maalo Burns.  Doctors Emerson and Trousseau make autopsy of body of deceased.

Monday: Frank Metcalfe arrested and held for manslaughter.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 23 May 1884

An inquest was held at Waialua on the 18th of May, on the body of George Nunes, (Portuguese,) who died suddenly.  The inquiry was conducted by Judge Mahoe, Dr. Moritz and a jury, the substance of the verdict was that he died of heart disease.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 16 June 1884

Another editorial on lack of information of causes of death.


The S. S. Kinau brought the news of a murder having taken place at Hakalau, Hilo, last Wednesday.  It appears that a Chinaman by the name of Ouki owed another one Leon Chu $6.  The latter asked for his money, but on Ouki stating he was unable to pay, Leon Chu drew a knife and stabbed him in the breast, the man dying two hours afterwards.  Sheriff Severance arrived at the scene of the murder late in the evening and held an inquest; the jury returning a verdict of murder against Leon Chu.  He is now locked up in the jail at Hilo.  We are informed that the prisoner is a principal member of a Chinese Secret Society and this is his sixth victim.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 18 June 1884

A cold blooded murder was committed near Hakalau, Hilo, Hawaii, on Wednesday, June 11th.  A Chinaman named Leong Chen, a regular desperado and the leader of a secret orgnisation killed in cold blood a Chinaman named Konaki, living at Wailea.  Word reached the sheriff at about half-past four p.m. when he started for the place of combat and found that the natives had already arrested and tied the culprit.  A coroner's inquest was held on Thursday morning and the post mortem revealed the fact that the single wound cut with a butcher knife pierced the heart causing death almost instantly.  Verdict, death by the hands of Leong Chen.


SATURDAY PRESS (Honolulu, H. I.), 5 July 1884

Another reference to the Buckle inquest.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 11 July 1884

AN in quest was held yesterday on the body of Miss Josephine Porter, which was not concluded until after we had gone to press.  The Jury rendered a verdict that the deceased came to her death by an overdose of laudanum injudiciously taken by herself to allay the suffering and pain occasioned by pleurisy.


Also the Kohala murder case.


SATURDAY PRESS (Honolulu, H. I.), 12  July 1884

Kohala trial and Porter inquest; brief mention.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 1 August 1884

DEPUTY Marshal Dayton held an inquest yesterday on the body of Tong Kim, the Chinaman who poisoned himself.  The verdict was, that the deceased came to his death by taking poison, probably strychnine, taken on account of financial difficulties.  We understand the deceased had three wives, one in China, and two living with him in Honolulu.  This is nothing unusual in Celestial circles.

...The exceptions and motion for a new trial in the case of Keanu, the Kohala murderer, were overruled this morning, and he will be sentenced to-morrow morning.  Justice is surer and swifter here in murder cases than it is in some more enlightened counties.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 5 August 1884

BETWEEN five and six o'clock yesterday afternoon, on King street, a half-white boy named Charles Peter climbed on to the top of a dray-load of rice straw, which was being brought into town for S. M. Carter & Co.  The boy accidentally fell off, and one of the hinder wheels of the dray passed over his head.  He was picked up in an insensible condition by the driver, who summoned a native boy close by, and had him convey the poor boy to the Police Station, where he soon afterwards died.  Deputy Marshal Dayton summoned a jury and an inquest will be held this afternoon as soon as the Police court has adjourned.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 6 August 1884


The inquest on the body of Sam. Peter, the half-white boy who was run over by one of S. M. Carter & Co.'s drays, commenced yesterday afternoon about half past four before Coroner Dayton, and was prolonged to a very late hour, on account of the jury being unable to agree.  Three of them gave in a verdict "that the decreased came to his death by being run over by the wheel of a dray being driven by one Chas. O. Spinnet, from which he fell on the 4th day of August 1884, and that there was no criminal intent or carelessness on the part of the said Chas. O. Spinnet."  The other three members of the jury, all natives, handed in a verdict, that the driver, Spinnet, ought not to have let the boy ride at all, and recommended that a verdict of manslaughter be brought in against the said Chas. O. Spinnet.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 6 August 1884

An Uncertified Death.

Several different accounts have appeared in the papers of the drowning of a party named Lima, at Lahaina, and on inquiry it is found that he was coming from Molokai, together with three men in a whale boat.  They had a load of beef, i.e. the four quarters of a bullock that had been slaughtered on Molokai, which they were taking to the Lahaina market.  The boat arrived at the entrance to the Lahaina boat harbor at about 9 p.m. on the 11th inst.  The boat came safely within the reef with the exception that they had shipped some water.  Then a second breaker took it and upset it in the water which was not over four feet deep.  The natives scampered ashore.  On enquiry as to where the passenger, Lima, was the captain of the boat said that he thought he had come ashore.  That he had seen him open his valise and take out his money ($81) and put it in his pocket, and that the last he saw of him was, that he was in the water, but as there was a rope around the neck of the captain of the boat and although he tried to help Lima, who was tangled in the sail, he had to let go of him and get his own neck free.  Then he (the captain of the boat) walked ashore and thought that Lima should be there.  The beef, clothing, and opened rifled valise, foliated ashore, but no passenger's body.  The drowned (?) man not being found there was no inquest nor does there seem to have been anything done by the authorities to assist in the search.

   The authorities of that town deserve great credit for what they did not do either in assisting to find the body or in making inquiries as to the cause and circumstances of the accident.  "He may have floated off and got on board of some passing vessel and may not be dead" said they. Consequently it is useless to make inquiries.  The man was known to be an expert swimmer and no ordinary current could have swamped him. ...

Wailuku, July 25th, 1884.  OBSERVING.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 6 September 1884


The S. S. Likelike, which arrived this morning, brought the news that Mr. Marcellus E. Newton, Port Surveyor and Guard at the port of Kahului. Committed suicide on Wednesday last by shooting himself in the head.  An inquest was held, full particulars of which are given below.

   The deceased came to these islands about fifteen years ago.  He was one of a party of twenty Californians brought out by the late Capt. Makee.  The deceased was a native of Marlboro, Mass., 41 years of age, a carpenter by trade, and leaves a wife and three children to whom he was deeply attached.  He was very highly respected, and left a good record wherever known.  The inquest was held at Kahului on Wednesday the 3d inst., before Thos. W. Everett, Coroner.  The following named jurymen were duly sworn, K. H. Plate, C. E. Coville, Jas. Taylor, Thos. McGiffin, W. J. Lowrie, Jas. Hanlon.

   E. H. Bailey, sworn, stated, I knew M. E. Newton when alive.  Last saw him alive about 8 o'clock this morning.  I saw him mortally wounded about 11.30 a.m.  A native came and called me saying: you had better come over to M. E. Newton's house, as there was trouble.  I went over immediately and met Mrs. Newton and her sister at the front door.  Mrs. Newton said to me, Oh! my husband has just killed himself.  I asked, where is he? And she pointed through the back door of the parlour.  I went in there and found him lying in the pantry stretched in his back, his hands folded over his body, and a pistol lying on the floor by his right side.  There was a fearful wound in his forehead.  I put my hand on his heart which was just fluttering.  I laid my hand on the pistol, it was warm and one chamber discharged.  It was a five barelled Smith & Wesson revolver, I then sent for Thos. W. Everett.

   Dr. F. B. Sutliff stated, I am a physician and surgeon.  I examined the body of M. E. Newton.  I think the cause of his death is a wound in the forehead and the destruction of brain tissue resulting therefrom.  I believe the wound the result of a pistol ball.  I saw a pistol lying by his side, in a position as if it had been taken from his right hand.  There was one chamber empty.  He was dead when I arrived.

   W. F. Mossman stated, I was acquainted with deceased.  Last saw him alive a little after 10 o'clock.  Next I saw him at his house, mortally wounded and dying; this was between 11 and 12 o'clock this forenoon.  I saw him lying, his head towards the window and his feet towards the door.  There was a dreadful wound in his forehead.  I saw a pistol by his right side, and his hands were crossed over his chest.  He was gasping.  I remained until Mr. Everett and the Doctor arrived.  Mr. Newton was Port Surveyor and Guard at the port of Kahului.  He leaves a wife and three young children.  About two weeks ago he gave me a lot of information regarding opium.  His mind seemed to be affected, but was sound on any other subject.  He used to imagine that I had a number of detectives after him watching all the time.  Last week he demanded that his resignation should be accepted.  Yesterday he said he had found out, it was not the police or custom authorities who were tracking him, but the Grand Army of the Republic.  He said that the Post in Honolulu wished him to join.  He told them he had lost his papers, and tried to get duplicates, but failed.  The Post promised to make every effort to get them for him. They had written and found that he was recorded as a deserter.  He did not admit he was a deserter, but that he was left sick at a hospital when his corps moved on.  He accounts for the mistake in that way.  I wrote to Col. Allen, Collector-General, notifying him that deceased had sent in his resignation which I had accepted, and that I thought he was out of his mind.  I have also asked deceased whether he had spoken to his wife about his imaginary troubles, and he told me so.

   Mrs. Olivia Newton, wife of the deceased, and Miss Clio Stuart her sister, were also examined, their evidence corroborating what has been given above.

   The jury found "That the said M. E. Newton came to his death by a pistol shot fired with his own hands at his residence at Kahului, September 3d, between 11 and 12 o'clock a.m., while in a state of  temporary insanity."


SATURDAY PRESS (Honolulu, H. I.), 18 October 1884

Aiohi, a native died suddenly Thursday morning in the Kalihi district of heart disease.  Deceased went up there about 6 a.m. to commence work in a taro patch.  He had been subject to heart disease for a long time.  No inquest was held.  He was 56 years of age, and leaves a widow and two children.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 13 November 1884


L. P. Patten Shot and Killed on Fort Street by H. A. Bridges.

Particulars of the Tragedy and Inquest.

Shortly after five o'clock yesterday afternoon, a terrible deed was committed on Fort street opposite the Hawaiian Bazaar.  Mr. Patten, for several years a salesman at No. 10 store of J. T. Waterhouse, was seen suddenly run out of the store with a long stick in his hand, rush across the street and strike a man with the stick on the head.  The attacked man turned on his assailant, and drawing a pistol of 38 calibre from his pocket, fired two shots in quick succession.  Patten moved on a few steps, saying he was not hurt, but immediately after reeled and fell down.  The street in that vicinity was soon crowded with people, and as the news spread excitement ran high.  The man who fired the shot ran up the street, turned on to Hotel street, and into Horn's bakery.  His Ex. W. M. Gibson, who witnessed the affair, followed after the man in his carriage, and found him in the rear of the building and advised him with success to give himself up.  He asked whether Patten was dead, and was then taken to the Police Station, and afterwards moved over to Oahu prison.  The crowd assembled was very fierce over the affair, loud cries of "Hang him !" "Get a rope !" "Tie him to a telephone post!" being heard.  Deputy Marshal Dayton, who is coroner, at once empaneled a jury, and an inquest was held at half-past seven o'clock in Benson, Smith & Co.'s store.


The following jury were duly sworn:-- J. H. Paty, G. W. Smith, J. T. Waterhouse, Jr., J. H. Fisher, W. B. McAllister, Chas. Hasselman.  Mr. J. Brown acted as Coroner's Clerk.

   WALTER M. GIBSON (Minister of Foreign Affairs), being called and sworn, testified as follows:--- About half-past five this evening I was seated in my carriage near the door of Wenner & Co.'s jewelry store, and while there I observed Mr. Patten, whom I know very well, standing near Waterhouse's door.  I observed him particularly because I had been listening to a great deal of talk about him and other parties, calculated to attract unusual attention.  After watching him for some time, saw him enter the store and reappear shortly on the street, with a stick in his hand, which I noticed particularly because it was a stick of white wood. (Piece of stick produced and identified by witness.)  Saw him then run across the street, but did not think anything in particular was the trouble.  Saw him rapidly approach a short man; could not say it was Bridges.  Then saw Patten raise the stick to strike the other man, and called the attention of my family to what seemed to be a serious affair.  Saw Patten strike the man said to be Bridges on the back with the stick.  Then saw their hands up in a struggle, and shortly heard two pistol reports; heard distinctly two reports.  After the second report, saw Patten walk away as if nothing was the matter.  This struggle took place opposite the Ten Cent store.  When Patten got opposite Lycan's music store I saw his face change and saw him stagger, and friends carry him into the store.  Thought it was Bridges because he had been proposing to sell the Board of Health a house and lot in Hilo for a branch hospital.  Could not tell from seeing the affray that it was Bridges, but, on the strength of what I knew about him and Patten, went at once to Mr. Horn's shop, and said to Mr. Horn, "He is unquestionable inside this building, and had better surrender."  Looked through the building, and found him in the wood-shed, and told him he might as well surrender, as it would be futile for him to try to escape.  He came out then, asking, "Is he dead?"  After coming from the station house, I asked at the Ten Cent store if anything was found, and was given a hat supposed to be bridges'.  The affray happened within two minutes: bridges was arrested within ten minutes.  Could not say, without further knowledge beyond what I saw, that he was the man.

   By the Attorney-General - Within five minutes after the shooting I found him in Horn's place.  Was probably 30 to 40 paces from the affray when it happened.  Heard distinctly two shots, and saw the flash on one.  Immediately after the flash Patten, as it were, disengaged himself, and I said to my daughter, "He is not hurt."  After he walked about ten paces, I saw him change in countenance, stagger and fall.  When I saw Patten start first I did not know what he was going for until I saw the struggle.  Had I known nothing of the circumstances I should not have gone any further, but feeling satisfied that the man running away was Bridges I proceeded at once to Horn's Bakery.

   By Jurors - When Patten was outside the door I did not see him conversing with anybody, but I recognized one face in the group which was familiar.  Do not recognize that hat as the one worn by one of the men, but believe it to be the same.

Q.  "What did Bridges say?"

A. Said I, "Bridges, you shot Patten."  He said, "Is he dead?"  "He is.  I saw him carried into a store.  You had better surrender yourself, as the people are threatening to lynch you."

(Aside - I heard a well-known citizen call for a rope to hang him, and told him he had better be careful or he would go to jail with this man.)

As he went along he made the remark, "What will this be called!" and the Deputy Marshal said it would be entered as murder.  Bridges came out of the wood-shed bareheaded.

   JAMES F. NOBLE, being sworn, testified as follows: --- Was on Fort street this afternoon about ten minutes past five.  Was standing directly opposite Williams' photograph gallery, on the sidewalk, and saw Patten and bridges struggling.  I know them both.  Patten was looking up the street and bridges down.  When I saw them first they were in a rough-and-tumble, Patten with a stick in his hand.  They had their hands on each other, and the stick was in Patten's right hand.  He had his left hand on Bridges's right shoulder.  This struggle lasted perhaps for a minute, neither getting the advantage.  Just then I saw Bridges put his hand behind him, draw a revolver and fire.  When I heard the first shot I ran across the street.  They were facing each other, very close together.  When I got half-way across the street the second shot was fired.  They were then standing at an angle toward each other, diagonally across the street, opposite Thrum's store.  Bridges was facing makai.  After the second shot, bridges ran up Fort street.  I noticed his hat on the ground before he fired the second shot, and I think before any shot.  It was a hat like the one produced. When Patten ran - in fact he walked down - I got hold of his arm.  Saw his waistcoat on fire and put it out with my thumb and finger, and said, "Ben, come with me to a physician; you are wounded."  His reply was, "Oh, I am not hurt."  I said, "You are; you are wounded on the side; your vest is on fire."  Just opposite Lycan's store he reeled and fell, and I had hard work to keep him from striking on a packing box.  Just then a gentleman was coming up street, and I said, ":Help me take this man up to Benson, Smith & Co.'s drug store; he's shot."  This gentleman assisted me, and we brought him up to this store where he now lies.

   Further questioned - I did not see anything in Patten's hands besides that stick.  There was no other scuffle on the street at the time.  Bridges ran up the sidewalk on Fort street.  I saw the pistol distinctly at the second shot.

   FRED. H. HAYSELDEN was called and sworn.  He was in the carriage with Mr. Gibson, and his evidence agreed with the latter's in every particular.

   E. W. JORDAN, being sworn, testified: --- Patten worked in Waterhouse's store, No. 10, Fort street.  I belong to the same store.  A little past 5 o'clock, Starkey, Patten and myself were standing at the door talking.  We were just about to close up.  Patten suddenly left us and went in and came back with a stick in his hand like the one produced.  It is used to roll American oil cloth.  I said, "What is up now?"  He made no reply but ran across the road and up the sidewalk until he overtook a short man, whom he struck over the head several blows.  Then they struggled.  The last I saw of them they had reached the street off the sidewalk.  Not wishing to be a witness in an assault and battery case against Patten, I turned to go into the store and heard a report as of a pistol-shot, and whilst again turning I heard a  second report and saw smoke blowing down the street.  The two men then parted, the shorter one running up the street and Patten walking down the sidewalk.  A moment afterwards I saw a man take hold of Patten and saw him as he fell.  Then saw Patten carried up the street and that was all.

   Further questioned - I saw nothing in Patten's hands except the stick.  The stick would be about a yard and a quarter long before it was broken.  Saw no one else in the struggle, would have known if there had been.  They seemed to have mutually drawn back before the shots were fired.

   T. M. STARKEY, sworn, testified: ---I belong to Waterhouse's lower store.  Was up to No. 10 this evening on my way to dinner, on business, about five o'clock.  After some conversation with Mr. Jordan, Mr. Patten disappeared in the store and came back with a stick like that produced.  Saw him go across the street to a shorter man whom I believe was bridges.  Saw Patten strike him over the neck with the stick, and after seeing one blow struck I returned to the store.  In a short time heard two shots fired.  Next thing I saw was Patten being helped up the street.  Recognized Bridges as the man Patten went after.

   The inquest was then adjourned to le Progres de l'Oceanic Lodge room, at half-past nine this morning, a post mortem examination to be held an hour earlier.

   This morning at ten minutes before ten o'clock the inquest was resumed.

   DR. ROBERT McKIBBIN, sworn, stated that he had made a post mortem examination with Dr. N. B. Emerson.  Found three external gun shot wounds.  Rigor mortis distinctly marked.  First wound 1 ¼ inches above navel on medial line.  Second wound over ninth left rib at the intersection of a line drawn perpendicularly from the axilla and a second horizontal line drawn from 4 inches below left nipple.  Third wound about 2 ½ inches distant from wound No. 2, upwards and backwards from it.

   Wound No. 1 in the abdomen allowed the introduction of the forefinger.  From this wound a large quantity of blood was found.  The wound on the side, No. 2, was marked by the skin being scorched, and passed along the rib and did not enter the cavity of the chest, meeting No. 3 as it passed out, distance 2 ½ inches from entrance to exit. 

   On opening the abdomen the peritoneal cavity was found filled with a large quantity of fluid and clotted blood.  The ball was found to have traversed downwards and backwards, passing a little to the right, about 6 inches.  It entered the abdomen and was found lodged in the soft parts (from which it was extracted) of the right internal surface of the ilium, making in its course a large wound in the right external iliac artery which produced death by causing profuse hemorrhage.

   By the Attorney-General - What is the nature of the wound.

   Dr. McKibbin - The nature of such a wound as No. 1 must necessarily prove speedily fatal.

   The pistol ball was here produced and identified by the Doctor as the one found by Dr. Emerson.

   DR. N. B. EMERSON, sworn, concurred in the above statement, adding that he found the bullet and handed it to Dr. McKibbin, and saw him give it to Coroner Dayton.

   The Jury after being absent about twenty minutes returned a verdict that the said Leonard Rowley Patten came to his death on the 12th of November in Honolulu, from the effects of a pistol bullet discharged at him by Hiram Alfred Bridges.

   Mr. W. R. Castle attended at the inquest and watched the proceedings on behalf of Hiram A. Bridges.

[Biographies of Patten and Bridges follow; Patten born 23 March 1838, Marriette, Atlanta, Georgia; Bridges a native of St. Louis, Mo., 29 years of age.]


SATURDAY PRESS (Honolulu, H. I.), 15 November 1884

Editorial comment on publication of details; "In the recent tragedy the coroner's jury had no right to - and did not - go into the details that led up to the shooting.  It is not for newspaper writers to hint at those details."


Summary of the Inquest, and details of funeral.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 19 November 1884

On Thursday morning last, about 5 o'clock, at Honuapo, Kau, Hawaii, a native woman named Ekekela killed herself by shooting with a pistol.  The ball entered her breast and penetrated to the heart.  A post mortem examination was made, and at the inquest the jury brought in a verdict of, "killed by her own hand."  The report of the pistol was heard by an old native woman, and on entering the house Ekekela was found lying on her left side, with a young baby on her left arm, the pistol near the right hand.  For the last three or four months she has been partially out of her mind.  Her husband was away at the time.  She leaves six children.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 19 November 1884

[A re-write of the previous long report of the Patten inquest, with extra details.] Continues ...

Hiram Alfred Bridges, the homicide, is a native of St. Louis Missouri, 29 years of age and has been a resident of Hilo, Hawaii, for 5 years past.  His first wife died at Hilo, last May leaving two children one age 7 months and the other 4 years.  Last July, Bridges came to Honolulu and renewed a previous acquaintance with the "woman in the case," Miss Lois Horn daughter of F. Horn the confectioner, finally marrying her.  Bridges is reported to have some relatives at present residing on Hawaii.


Mrs. Lois Bridges the wife of the homicide was known to have had intimate relations with the dead man Patten, for several years past, and, although the friendship was marred by occasional disputes the current of their lives flowed in almost the same channel.  It was natural to seek for information relative to the unfortunate affair in that quarter and inquiry resulted in learning that the dead man and Mrs. Bridges were, as had been supposed, intimate friends, up to the time of her marriage with Bridges, "was clean gone," as Mrs. B. characteristically expressed it.  Mrs. B. had hoped to have been enabled to effect a marriage with Patten, she stating that she had loved "not wisely but too well," and after five years of billing and cooing discovered at the eleventh hour, that Patten was a married man and had a wife and child.  Then her maiden dignity was roused (so she states) and she charged Patten with being a deceiver and declared the engagement broken off, marrying Bridges, a widower with two children.  Patten calmed down after mature consideration and as a token of his good wishes obtained certain premises for the couple to live in.  The furniture which was contained in the dwelling was also bought by the infatuated man and presented to Mrs. Bridges.  Two months rent was also paid by Patten on the score that the newly wedded pair could not afford the expense.  All these presents of furniture and rent were made to the "woman in the case" and she says without her husband's knowledge.  Patten wrote a lengthy letter covering some 28 pages in which the language used was too fervid and familiar to be appreciated by any husband.  This letter Mr. Bridges captured and had his weather eye open for any bad actions on the part of the writer.  His vigilance was however several times eluded by the "woman in the case," and matters went smoothly until from some untoward cause, Patten cut up rusty, demanded the return of moneys paid by him as rent and also the furniture, engaging the services of a rising young lawyer of the city to advance his wishes to obtain possession.  Patten's behaviour had so

 Affected the nerves of the couple and Mr. Bridges coinciding with his wife's views that the man "was clean gone" it was decided to leave for San Francisco.  Patten, so Mrs. Bridges states, swore that she should not leave the country alive, and although he wrote nothing to that effect he yet made similar threats in the presence of her father, mother, and Mrs. Sexton, to each separately.  The passport of Bridges was stopped at the Custom House.  The dead man was so much in love with her that she was afraid of her life and told her husband.  The revolver which bridges had was his own.  After he committed the shooting, she met him in the bake-shop of her father whither he (Bridges) had fled for refuge, she counselled him to give himself up; after giving her his private papers, revolver, and a parting kiss he did so, and she saw him go with an officer.


Hiram Alfred Bridges was arraigned before Judge Bickerton, in the Police Court, on the 15th inst., charged with manslaughter in the first degree.  W. R. Castle, Esq., appeared for the prisoner and waived examination.  Judge Bickerton then committed the prisoner for trial at the January term of the Supreme Court.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 7 February 1885

By the courtesy of Marshal Soper we have particulars of a shooting accident which took place at Waihee, Maui, on the afternoon of the 4th.  A young boy named Kolia was handling a pistol when it went off, and struck his sister Kaili in the abdomen, from the effect of which she died the following day.  She was between eight and nine years of age.  An inquest was held, the jury bringing in a verdict of accidentally killed.  The boy, however, has been held by the sheriff for examination before the district judge.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 24 February 1885

IT appears that the decomposed body found at Hanalei, Kauai, last week, was that of a Chinese who had been missing for several weeks previous to Chinese New Year.  His friends on Kauai thought he had gone to Honolulu. ... An inquest was being held when the Steamer Planter left.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 9 March 1885


Kamaka is the name of a native who lives at the head of Kahili valley.  He was very fond of drink, and also awa.  Sometimes he would start from the town chewing awa-root, and would fall from his horse from the effects of it before he got home.  Last Saturday he was drinking all day, and went home about 10 o'clock.  He slept in a bed with a little boy, who missed him about 7 o'clock in the morning.  About 10 o'clock another little boy ran and told his mother that Kamaka was lying asleep in the stream.  Some natives went to the spot and found him lying in the stream had down, with outstretched arms, and quite dead.  Deputy Marshal Dayton soon afterwards went to the spot, and after making the fullest investigations, found it was not necessary to hold an inquest, there being no suspicion of foul play.  He evidently fell into the stream while attempting to cross it, and under the strong influence of liquor.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 11 March 1885

Critical editorial about the Kamaka case, and the decision not to hold an inquest.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 23 April 1885

THE young woman Akahi, who died in the hospital, Tuesday afternoon, was buried from her home yesterday, her remains being interred in the Kawaiahao cemetery.  This afternoon Coroner Dayton is holding an inquest at the Police Court before a native jury, and it looks as if it would be rather late before a verdict is brought in.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 24 April 1885


Yesterday afternoon Coroner Dayton held an inquest at the Police Court before six native jurymen to determine the cause of the death of the girl Akahi, who died at the Queen's Hospital Tuesday afternoon.  Dr. G. L. Fitch was sworn and stated he was called to the girl first on Monday night between 9 and 10 o'clock.  Her left leg was fractured just above the ankle, and gangrene was already extended half-way to the knee.  He told those in attendance she must be taken to the hospital.  He went to Dr. McKibbin and obtained admittance for her, and she was carried to the hospital about half-past ten o'clock.  Saw her again the next morning at the hospital, the gangrene had extended about three inches above the knee.  At one o'clock it had reached nearly to the body.  Did not see her afterwards.

   Thomas Davis testified that the horse she was thrown from belonged to him.  It was tame and not a bad animal.  I knew her, that is why I let her have it.

   Kahuakai stated he picked the deceased up after falling from the horse, put her in an express, and drove her to Dr. Brodie's office.  The doctor was not in, so he took her home.

   Dr. Robt. McKibbin, sworn, said: Dr. Fitch came to him about the woman and he gave an order for her admission into the hospital, and she was brought there between half-past ten and eleven o'clock on Monday evening.  Mortification had then extended nearly to the knee.  At six o'clock next morning it was above the knee, at 12 o'clock up to the thigh.  At that time told the parents there was no hope for her.  She died at 4 o'clock in the afternoon of gangrene.  The mortification was caused in my opinion by the leg being too rightly bandaged.  The girl told me herself it was bandaged very tightly.  If they had left the leg alone the girl would have been alive yet.  I believe when she was first picked up, it was a simple fracture.  She was in too weak a state to have borne the operation of amputation.  In my opinion her death was owing to tight bandaging.

   Hehiku stated he was the foster father of Pahele, the younger sister of deceased.  She was brought to my house.  I got some brandy and bathed the leg with it.  I put a loose flannel bandage around, and a towel outside of that soaked with brandy.  Bathed it again several times next day.  Did not send for a doctor because the girl was afraid.  Several other witnesses were called, whose evidence was pretty much the same.

   The jury found that the girl came to her death by being thrown from a horse, Saturday evening, April 18th, breaking her left leg, and that she died through the ignorance of those attending her.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 4 May 1885


At 11 o'clock yesterday Coroner Dayton held an inquest over the body of Edward Gatrell, the young man found on the ruins.  The following jury was empanelled: Fred. Wundenberg, M. Grossman, J. H. Bruns, Jr., F. J. Higgins, Henry Davis, and H. Zerne.  United States Consul David A. McKinley was present during the inquest and watched the proceedings.  After the body (which was lying in a coffin) had been viewed, the following evidence was taken: ---

   ROBERT DONNOLLY stated: Three man-of-war's men came to my house Saturday evening at 7:30 o'clock, and I let them have rooms.  They went out and returned at 11:30 o'clock. The man who occupied the room where this body was found was one of them.  I did not hear when he came back.  The room had a verandah.  The other men had a room next to mine in the main building.  When they came they were perfectly sober.  They said they had been to the theatre, and had come from there.  Did not take their names.  Cannot identify any of the men.  The man in the room was the man that went out after the three had come back.  When I awoke the Enterprise Mill was burning.  There was plenty of time for anyone to escape after the alarm.  The door of the room was closed to where the body was lying.

   CHARLES DIRENGAR and EDWARD BUTLER, seamen of the U. S. S. Hartford, testified to being the two men who, in company with another named Edward Gatrell, engaged and occupied the rooms at Rose Cottage.  The deceased was an apprentice on board the Hartford, English by birth, and 17 or 18 years of age.  He was perfectly sober when they saw him alive at the Rose lodging house at 11:30 o'clock last night.  He then went out.  On awakening with the fire alarm, one of them ran and awoke Gatrell, calling, "For God's sake turn out; fire!"  He replied, "All right."   The fire was then within five feet of his room, and a dense smoke was about it.  Had no drink during the night.  None of them were drinking men.  Were on good terms with deceased, who was their "chum."

   MR. DONNOLLY, re-called, stated that there was n o lock on the door.  It opened in, and had a bolt and thumb latch, with a drop.  The window was large enough to admit of a man getting out.

   After all the evidence was heard the jury, after a short consultation, returned a verdict that Edward Gatrell, an apprentice on board the U. S. S. Hartford, came by his death by being b urned b y the fire in the Rose Cottage, which was destyroyed on the morning of May 3d.

   It may be added that the deceased bore an excellent character on board ship, the Admiral and officers speaking of him in very high terms.  The untimely death of one of our visiting man-of-war's men has elicited much sympathy on all hands in the community.  [Funeral report.]


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 4 June 1885

YESTERDAY, while David Humphreys, a half-white man about forty-five years of age, was on board the new steamer Jas. I. Dowsett, he was noticed to fall down in a faint, and in a few minutes was dead.  Dr. Webb was called and found it was one of his patients whom he had been treating for disease of the heart.  Under the circumstances no inquest was held.  He is a nephew of Judge Humphreys, of Ewa.  The remains were buried in the afternoon.


THE DAILY BULLETIN (Honolulu, Hawaii), 5 June 1885


This morning Deputy Marshal Dayton received a telephonic message from Waimanalo to the effect that the dead bodies of a Chinaman and his son, a half Chinese and native boy, had been found in the river about a mile below the plantation.  The man, whose name is Ah Kui, lived alone with his two boys, Pika, aged ten years, and Iaone, who is about five years old.  He obtained his living by raising ducks.  Ah Kui was married to a native woman by the name of Waiauwin, but they have not lived together for several years.  She is residing in town and has gone to the bad.

   Last evening the younger of the two boys went up to the Waimanalo plantation, and from what could be learned it was evident there was some trouble with his father and brother.  It was a very difficult matter to get a word out of him.  However, this morning some men went down to the house and in the river close by, which is very deep, they saw the two bodies floating on the surface.  The boy had no clothing on, while the father was dressed, and from this it is supposed that the boy while bathing was in danger of being drowned, and the father jumped into the water to save him, the result being that both were drowned.

   The leading Chinaman over there is perfectly satisfied that the deaths were caused by accidental drowning, so there is no need of an inquest.  Hon. Asa Kaulia, the District Judge there, was soon at the spot to render any assistance.  The grandmother of the drowned boy was at the Station-House this morning, and feels the little fellow's death very much.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 10 June 1885

David Humphreys, a half caste, while sitting on board the steamer James I. Dowsett, on the morning of the 3d inst., was noticed to fall to the deck, apparently in a faint.  Assistance was immediately given and the man conveyed to the Police Station where it was discovered that he was bleeding from the mouth and nose, and fast sinking.  Medical assistance was sent for but before arrival, the man had breathed his last.  Investigation proved that he was subject to heart disease and an inquest was deemed unnecessary.


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 22 July 1885

Unavailable again 1/10/2012


THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE (Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii), 29 July 1885


THE NATIONAL HERALD, 13 January 1890 (2)

As go to press we learn of a successful attempt at suicide of a person whose identity is yet in doubt.  The victim was found about 2 o'clock in a salt pond beyond Kakaako, with his arm shockingly cut in two places.  The Deputy Coroner, C. L. Hopkins, immediately impaneled the following gentlemen as jurors: H. M. Dow, B. Bergueson, J. W. McDonald, A. Brown, Palmer Quinn and Jas. Welch.  Inquest met and adjourned till tomorrow morning at 10 o'clock.


THE INDEPENDENT (Honolulu, H.I.), 30 March 1899.

A Coroner's Inquest.

THE INDEPENDENT called the attention of Minister Cooper to the propriety of a coroner's inquest being held in regard to the death of the Japanese who lost his life a few days ago at the Pacific Fertilizer Co. at Kalihi.  Acting upon our suggestion an inquest was held yesterday by Mr. Chillingworth and the following verdict rendered:

"We, the jury, find that the said Kawamoto, a Japanese, came to his death at Kalihi, in the district of Honolulu, island of Oahu, from a fracture of the skull, the result of an accident caused by the arm of the Japanese being in the belt of a pulley."

Published by Centre for Comparative Law, History and Governance at Macquarie Law School