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Colonial Cases


London Chronicle, 22 April 1780
Hereford, April 20.  On Saturday last an inquisition was taken at Walterstone, in this county, before Mr. Eynon, Coroner, on the bodies of John and Thomas Bowen, who had taken a large quantity of arsenic in milk; the Jurors having heard the evidence, returned a verdict of Accidental Death by drinking that poison to drive out the itch. They had unhappily mistaken it for flour of sulphur.


The Times, 22 December 1788
Hereford, Dec. 17.  On Monday last, as some workmen were cutting down an oak tree at Foye, in this county, the tree suddenly fell on the contrary side to that which it was expected, and killed one of the workmen on the spot.


Cambrian, 19 March 1814

   A few days since, a man who had resided in Monmouthshire several years, having become seriously afflicted with illness, sent for a neighbouring magistrate, and confessed that about 27 years ago he had murdered a young woman in Herefordshire, who was pregnant by him.  The unhappy wretch appears easier in his mind since his acknowledgment of the deed, but very little hope is entertained of his recovery.


The Observer, 17 October 1802

   On Sunday Mr. Whitehead, the owner of a lime-kiln at Wigmore, which had been burning a few days, inadvertently attempted to walk across the top of the pit, when the chalk giving way beneath, he sunk down, and in a very short space was literally burnt to a skeleton; his wife, who had accompanied him, ran and alarmed a neighbouring congregation, but too late to afford him any assistance.


The Observer, 12 December 1802

   On Wednesday an inquest was taken at Hinton on the body of S. Merchant, a waggoner, whose death was occasioned by the following circumstances:- The deceased returning in his waggon from Hinton, was overtaken  by a [???] with another waggon, who endeavoured to pass him, in consequence of which he desired the boy to drive faster.  All the horses were put into a gallop, when on going down [?]idford-Hill, he was precipitated from his seat with such violence as to dislocate his neck.  This unhappy man's wife was brought to bed of her sixth child the night after the accident.


The Observer, 27 February 1803

   A fine boy, about seven years of age, some days ago attempting to roll the root of a small tree into a pit at Mordiford, in Herefordshire, one of the ramifications caught his clothes, and precipitated him likewise into the pit, and crushed him to death.


The Cambrian, 17 March 1804


   Last week an inquest was held at Walford, in Herefordshire, on the body of John Bright, a pauper of that parish, and a common beggar, who was found dead near his own house.  He was supposed very poor, but on examining his house after his death, it appeared that he had contrived to amass a considerable sum, the greatest part of which was in cash, and sufficient to have enabled him to live comfortable and independent. - Verdict, Died by the Visitation of God.


Cambrian, 19 May 1804

Swansea, Friday, May 18.

Wednesday the body of a woman was found in the river Lug, at Lug-bridge Mills, near Hereford.  She was meanly dressed, in a man's coat, and appeared to be about forty years of age.  Several marks of violence were discovered about her body, which left no doubt as to the cause of her death; and the Coroner's Inquest, which was held on Thursday, returned a verdict of - Wilful Murder against some person unbeknown.  From the length of time the body had lain in the water, the features could not be traced; but she is believed to have been stranger in that neighbourhood.


Cambrian, 21 December 1805

Last Saturday an inquest was held at Morton, Herefordshire, on John Jay, servant to Mr. Goolding, of that place.  It appeared that the deceased had been in the habit of sleeping under the manger in the stable, after his work had finished in the evening, a most reprehensible practice, too common in the county, and that one of the horses had kicked him, whilst sleeping.  He languished a short time, and died of the injury he received.  -  Verdict, Accidental Death.


The Observer, 23 August 1807

   An inquest was lately taken at Hereford, on the body of Sarah Pugh, a child about 12 years of age, who had her throat cut by her mother on the preceding morning.  This act was perpetrated in a miserable dwelling in the Gaol-lane, in that city, while the child lay asleep; but the mother being observed sitting in bed with a razor in her hand, by two women, who lay in the same room, she covered the child, and attempted to cut her own throat: she did not however effect her purpose, being prevented by the woman.  While they were struggling to get the razor out of her hand, the little girl got up, and, holding her throat with her hands, ran naked into Bye-street, where her sister lived; but being unable to articulate a word, she returned home, and fell breathless on the floor.  -  The Jury brought in a verdict of Wilful Murder against Sarah Pugh, the mother.


The Observer, 27 December 1807

   An inquest was held, a few days since, at Bromyard, on Ann Davis and her infant child, both being found drowned in a brook near that place.  It appeared that the deceased, with her infant in her arms, went to the brook with a tea-kettle, to procure some water, and was supposed to have fallen in and perished, together with the infant. - Verdict, Accidental Death.


Cambrian, 2 April 1808
Thomas Cotes, Esq. one of the Coroners for Herefordshire, was found guilty of improperly influencing f the decision of a Jury at an inquest; but the Foreman of the jury (Col. Matthews), when delivering the verdict, strongly recommended the most lenient measures should be adopted against the defendant.


Cambrian, 18 August 1810

On Monday, a child about five years old, was burnt to death in a house near the Gorwall Hereford Well; it had been left in a room where there was a fire, whilst the person who had the care of it stepped out, and it is supposed that its clothes caught the flame by approaching too near, when it was so dreadfully burnt, that it expired soon afterwards in great agony.


Cambrian, 1 September 1810

Last week an inquest was held at Longtown, Herefordshire, on the body of Joan Gwilliam, of the parish of Clodock, who was found so dreadfully beaten and injured in her house on Thursday, the 16th inst. that she died on the Saturday following.  The Jury, after a patient investigation, found a verdict of wilful murder against some person or persons unknown.  From a variety of depositions it appeared that the deceased resided alone, and was supposed to have a sum of money in the house, which, doubtless, was the inducement for the perpetration of this horrid murder.  The entry was made either on the Tuesday night or Wednesday morning, by taking some tiles off the roof of the house, and forcing up the boards of a chamber, the bold woman sleeping on the ground floor, and having, doubtless, been alarmed, secured the doors and window, when, with a large stick, the cruel assassins beat her  till they conceived she was dead, as she was discovered by a neighbour, on the Thursday morning, near her bed, almost in a lifeless state, and ,lingered till the Saturday, when she expired, without being able to give any account of her murderers.  Three people are now in custody, a mother, son, and another woman, on strong suspicion of being the perpetrators.


Cambrian, 17 November 1810

Tremendous storm]  We regret to learn, by our correspondent at Brecon, that the effects of the storm in that neighbourhood have been the most melancholy, no less than six persons having fallen victims to its violence, all young men; two, a waggoner and a boy belonging to Mr. Turner, of Oparten, perished whilst returning with coal from Brecon, in the road; another waggoner to Mr. Matthews, of Wolten, was also with his team, and sunk under the cold; a young lad was found dead in the Parish of Clehonger, Herefordshire; and two young men, who were taking horses across Bromyard Down, were discovered under a bank, where doubtless they had crept for shelter, dead in each other's arms, the animals were standing near them, in a very weakened state.


Cambrian, 27 April 1811

   On Saturday an inquest was held at Nethertown, in the parish of Pencoyd, in Herefordshire, by W. Pateshall, Esq. Coroner, on the body of Joseph Lewis, servant to Mrs. Bennett, of that place.  It appeared the deceased had brought a bull to Hereford fair on Wednesday, and drove it back, but when at the fold gate, the animal suddenly attacked the unfortunate man, and so injured him, that he died in a few minutes. - The bull had not been known to attack any person before, and was immediately shot by order of Mrs. Bennett, who distributed the meat to the poor of the parish. - The jury returned a verdict of - Accidental Death.


Carmarthen Journal, 30 November 1811

  On the 26th ult. an inquest was taken at Brock Hampton, Herefordshire, before W. Pateshall, Esq. Coroner, on the body of Richard Jones, who was drowned in endeavouring to pass over the river Wye, at Carey, but the boat being driven with violence against a tree, which caused it to break to pieces.


Carmarthen Journal, 4 January 1812

   An inquest was held by W. Pateshall, Esq. Coroner for the county of Hereford, on Thursday se'nnight, on the body of R. Burton, who was assisting in cleaning a deep well, and being at the bottom, the chain of a bucket filled with water, which his companions were drawing up, unfortunately broke, and falling on his head, killed him instantly.  Verdict - Accidental Death.


Carmarthen Journal, 22 February 1812

   On Monday an Inquest was held by J. Aston, Esq. Coroner for Hereford, on the body of Mr. Baynton, of Wormhill, in the parish of Madley, which was taken out of the river Wye, near the bridge.  It appeared that the body was seen floating to the surface of the water, by a man near Beinton, who followed it down the river till he met with assistance to get it out; that it kept the middle of the current all the way, and was carried down the stream with the hat just above the eater. - The jury returned a verdict of found drowned.  There is little doubt but that the deceased, in a state of mental derangement, had thrown himself into the river.


Carmarthen Journal, 4 April 1812

   On Friday last an Inquest was held at Bromyard by W. Bath, Esq. one of the Coroners for the county of Hereford, on the body of Jos. Brookes, who was burnt to death in the night of the preceding Wednesday. - It appeared that the deceased, being a very old man, and afflicted with a dreadful disease, which prevented his lying down in bed, was in the habit of reclining on two boltings of straw,  placed the comer of the fire-place, without any protection except the band-irons. - It is supposed that the deceased rolled off the straw, as he was found in the middle of the fire.  The negligence of the family of the deceased was much lessened by proof of the obstinate disposition of the deceased, in continuing such a practice, contrary to advice.  Verdict - Accidental Death.


Carmarthen Journal, 4 April 1812

  Of the prisoners in the calendar for Hereford, who were not reported in our last publication, ... The trial of F. Wheeler, on an indictment for contriving and compassing the death of Matthew Jones, by drowning him in the River Wye, occupied the attention of the court from eight o'clock until three on Wednesday.  ... After a short deliberation, a verdict of not Guilty was returned. ...


Carmarthen Journal, 30 May 1812

Last week, an Inquest was held by W. Bach, Esq. one of the Coroners for the county of Hereford, on the body of Peke Powell, of Hereford, carpenter, who, being at work for Richard Cook, Esq. of Wintercott, near Leominster, on returning from work for dinner, apparently in perfect health, fell down and expired instantly. Verdict - Died by the Visitation of God.

   On Sunday, as a boy was descending a tree from taking a bird's nest, at Dipper's Moor, Herefordshire, he frock caught by a branch at the moment he lost his hold, and, slipping over his head, he remained suspended by the neck-band, and was found quite dead.


Cambrian, 8 August 1812

   On Thursday a fire broke out in a cottage occupied by Richard Builth, labourer, in the parish of Abbey-Dore, Herefordshire, during his absence at work, and that of his wife who was engaged in baking at a neighbour's house, by which the whole cottage, and every article of household furniture and wearing apparel not on their persons, were totally consumed, and dreadful to relate, four fine children, being their whole family, and including an infant at the breast, and three others, of whom the eldest was only five years old, perished in the flames!  An inquest was held on the remains of the sufferers by W. Pateshall, Esq. Coroner, on Monday last, when the Jury returned a verdict of Accidental Death.


Cambrian, 31 July 1813

   On Saturday last an inquest was held in Hereford on the body of Thos. Taylor, a young man who was in the service of Col. Matthews, of Belmont, and had died in the Infirmary in consequence of a severe injury he had received on his head, from blows given him on the Thursday night proceeding by a fellow servant with a stick.  The Jury after a long investigation, the whole of which took up more than six hours, at length returned a verdict of Wilful Murder against Francis Bayley.


Cambrian, 16 September 1815

   Last week a most barbarous and atrocious murder was perpetrated at Leominster, by a blacksmith, of the name of Cadwallader, who after a series of ill-treatments strangled his wife by holding her throat till life was extinct, and then threw the body of the unfortunate victim of his cruelty on a hedge adjoining his garden; an inquest was held, and he stands fully committed for the murder.


Cambrian, 16 December 1815

  On the 1st inst. an Inquest was taken at Kington, before Wm. Pateshall, Esq. Coroner, on the body of Mr. J. Price, a respectable farmer, of Bryngwin, Radnorshire, who fell from his horse on his return home from Kington market, and instantly died of fracture and other injuries of the head. - Verdict, Accidental Death.

   On Tuesday last an Inquest was held by Wm. Pateshall, Esq. Coroner, at the Callow, Herefordshire, on the body of Edward Bannister, waggoner to Mr. Stokes, carrier, of Hereford, who on Sunday night had left his master's yard with the waggon, and it is supposed proceeded as far as the Callow where he entered a stable, and hung himself by a small cord to the cratch; it appeared in his struggles the unfortunate man had broken the cord, and on Monday morning was found extended near the manger, dreadfully mangled by some pigs that were in the stable, which had devoured part of his face, and were driven from their prey by the parson who discovered the body.  No cause could be assigned for the rash act, and the jury returned a verdict of Lunacy.  The unhappy man was lately from the hay, and has left a wife with a family of three children entirely destitute, in Hereford.


Cambrian, 2 May 1818

   An inquest was taken on Monday se'nnight in the parish of Madley, Herefordshire, on the body of Elizabeth Morgan, who destroyed herself by taking arsenic.  The jury having returned a verdict of Felo de se, she was directed by the Coroner's warrant to be buried in a public highway in that parish.


Cambrian, 17 July 1819

   A truly melancholy occurrence took placed at Ross last week; a man whilst in a state of inebriety was quarrelling with his wife, and his mother interfering, in a moment of passion he struck his parent with a candlestick on the head, which occasioned her death.  The unfortunate man has been in a dreadful state of agitation and remorse since the horrible act his intemperance led him to perpetrate.  The Coroner's inquest, after a patient investigation, returned a Verdict of manslaughter.


Cambrian, 16 October 1819

   Capt. W. H. Jones, of the 67th regiment, eldest son of Phillip Jones, Esq. of Cleeve, Near Ross, was unfortunately drowned last week, in crossing the river Wye, at Sellack Ford, on his return home from Poulstone, the seat of his uncle.  The current being very strong, his horse by its force was upset when near the shore, by which the caption received a blow on the head, which stunned him, or he would have easily reached the land, being an excellent swimmer.


The Cambrian, 9 August 1823


AWFUL OCCURRENCE ! - A mist awful and signal visitation of God occurred in the Cathedral Church of Hereford, on Thursday week.  As the Rev. Mr. Gretton, nephew of the late Dean of Hereford, was officiating at the marriage ceremony of the Rev. Henry Hopkins, to Mrs. Smith, a widow, late of Byford, near Hereford, on the bridegroom opening the paper and producing the ring, he suddenly dell backwards on the floor, and notwithstanding very prompt medical aid and was procured, in less than ten minutes the vital spark was extinct !  A Coroner's Inquest was held the same evening on the body, when it came out in evidence, that, altho' the deceased was extremely infirm, yet he was first at Church, where he waited with great anxiety and perturbation of mind the arrival of the bride, who did not appear till a considerable lapse of time after the appointed hour, which, it is supposed, caused the rupture of a blood vessel, and subsequent death.  The jury brought in a verdict accordingly. [Biography.]


The Observer, 11 August 1823

   The following affecting circumstance occurred at Hereford, on the 31st ult.- The Rev. Mr. Hopkinson late curate of Byford, was to have married a Mrs. -----, a widow, at the cathedral church of this city.  The parties attended at the customary hour, and proceeded to the altar.  The solemn service commenced, and was proceeded in till the bridegroom took the ring out of his pocket to place it on the finger of his bride - but just at that moment when she extended her hand to receive the token of the union, he suddenly fell back, and after a convulsive fit, which lasted but a moment, he lay on the ground a corpse.  To attempt to describe the alarm which prevailed, would be only to fail; the half-wedded bride was conveyed home in a state of grief that is not to be expressed, and the body of the bridegroom was carried on a bier to a neighbouring tavern, when an inquest was held the same night by the Coroner, and the Jury returned a verdict of "Died by the Visitation of God."  The reverence gentleman was a person possessing considerable property; he was 70 years of age, his intended bride 37.  His property, by this event, goes to his poor relations.  It is an extraordinary fact, that the late husband of the intended bride dropped down dead.


The Cambrian, 13 September 1823


   Friday, at Eaton Bishop, Herefordshire, Mr. Lewis, of Watley.  As he was returning home on horseback from his son's house, his horse started at some donkeys belonging to people hawking sand, and ran against one of them, when a bull fog belonging to the sand men, seized Mr. Lewis's horse by the nose, and in consequence he was thrown, and so dreadfully injured, that he died.


The Cambrian, 28 August 1824


HEREFORD ASSIZES. -At these Assizes, G. Turner was indicted for killing Maria Morgan, wife of John Morgan.  The prisoner, a laborer, resided with his mother at Meobly, where she received deceased and her husband as lodgers.  On the 14th June the prisoner came home in liquor, and insisted on smoking a pipe with Morgan before he went to bed.  Deceased violently opposed this - a quarrel ensued, and Mrs. M. struck the prisoner and threw him on the ground.  As the prisoner went out deceased followed him - he let fall his stick, and asked his mother for it, as he could not walk without it.  She gave it to him.  Mrs. M. was heard to scream out that she was killed, and soon after was brought into the house, complaining of blows.  The prisoner fell down on his knees, and begged her to forgive him and shake hands.  At first she seemed to refuse, but afterwards she forgave him and shook hands with him.  At this time she was far advanced in pregnancy.  She languished in great pain fort two days, and then died, expressing that she entirely forgave the prisoner, and showing great anxiety that no proceedings should be instituted against him.  The prisoner was a man of weak intellects, and had received a concussion of the brain, which rendered him easily affected by liquor, and destitute of all self-government, and even knowledge of his acts, when under its influence.  The Jury found the prisoner Guilty, but recommended him to mercy.  Mr. Justice Little dale, earnestly entreating the prisoner to abstain from liquor, which he was so little able to bear, sentenced him to imprisonment for one month.


The Cambrian, 23 October 1824

   On Tuesday se'nnight at Leominster, a little girl about five years old, was left by her mother who was going out to work, in the care of an elder sister; whilst the latter was lighting the fire of a neighbour, the younger sister set her clothes in flames while playing with some straws that lay about the house.  The neighbours heard her cries, and gave the alarm; but when they discovered her she was burnt in a shocking manner, and lingered till Thursday, when death relieved her sufferings.


The Cambrian, 11 December 1824

[Tuesday se'nnight.] On the same evening, three other persons, two women and one man, lost their lives by being drowned in the overflowing waters between Ledbury and Bosbury, but the particulars of the accident have not reached us.

   On the 30th ult. an inquest was taken at Whitchurch, before Wm. Pateshall, Esq. Coroner, on the body of John Ballinger, the only one of four persons yet found, who were drowned by the sinking of a boat as they were attempting to cross the river at a ferry in that parish.  Verdict - Accidental Death.

   On the 2d inst. an inquest was taken at Tunsley before the same Coroner, on the body of T. Walker, late of Hereford, who was found lying partly covered with water in a ditch by the side of the road leading to Lugwardine, into which he is supposed to have fallen in a fit. - Verdict - Found Drowned.

   On the 3d inst. an inquest was taken at Bosbury before the same Coroner, on the body of Mrs. Anne Cale, who on the Tuesday evening previous, was returning from Ledbury Market to Bosbury, and in attempting to ride through the water at a part of the road leading  from the turnpike road to the village of Bosbury, where it had become deep and rapid by the overflowing of the Leadon brook, her horse was forced off the road by the current, when she was thrown and carried a considerable distance by the stream before she sunk, in the presence of several persons who made great though fruitless exertions to save her.

   On the same day an inquest was held by the same Coroner, on the body of John Ward, whose death was occasioned at the same place and under like circumstances, excepting that the deceased had no occasion to ride through the water, but insisted upon doing so in opposition to the solicitations of persons present, as he said for a frolic, notwithstanding he was apprised of the death of Mrs. Cale, which had happened half an hour previous.  Verdict in each case, Accidental Death.


The Cambrian, 30 July 1825

   The effects of the heat during the early part of last week, we regret to state, has proved fatal in a great many instances.

   A carpenter, while at work, in Longtown, died suddenly.


The Cambrian, 28 April 1827

   On Thursday evening, the wife of Joseph Thomas, of Mansel, Herefordshire, after a violent quarrel with a neighbour, on entering her own house, suddenly dropped down dead.


The Cambrian, 8 December 1827

FATAL ACCIDENT. - It is with heartfelt regret we communicate the following distressing accident:- On Thursday week, Mr. T. A. Knight, only son of Mr. T. A. Knight, Esq. of Downton Castle, Herefordshire, accompanied two of his visitors pheasant shooting in the woods near Downton, and in a cover about a mile from the Castle the dreadful catastrophe occurred which deprived society of one of its most valuable ornaments.  A pheasant rose up, and one of his companions, his most intimate friend, brought up his gun to fire at it; the instant he pulled the trigger, Mr. Knight advanced from behind a tree, within the line of the shot, received part of the fatal charge, and fell.  The unfortunate and innocent author of the calamity, in a state of distraction flew to his fetid, and his feelings may be better imagined that described - he has been ever since in a frenzy of mental agony and sorrow, truly distressing.  The shot had entered the eye, and penetrated the brain. .  .  .  .  he was conveyed home, and about ten o'clock on the following morning, surrounded by his relatives, he expired, having been many hours in a state of insensibility, apparently quite free from pain. .  .  .  . 


The Cambrian, 15 December 1827

   Early in Sunday morning, as Mr. Jos. Thackway of Hereford, was assisting in taking a barge down the Wye, owing to the fog, the vessel ran foul of Wilton bridge, when Thackway was forced overboard by one of the oars, and it is supposed his head struck against the bridge, as he sank immediately, and the body has not yet been found.  .  .  .  .   Thackway has left a wife and three children to lament his loss.


The Cambrian, 18 October 1828

   Two labourers lost their lives on Monday last, whilst opening an Ice Mound at Whitfield, Herefordshire, from the calamitous effects of the carbonic acid gas that had accumulated at the bottom of the well, which was only nine feet deep, and constructed in February last  [Editorial comment.]


Carmarthen Journal, 17 April 1829

   On Friday evening, the body of Mr. Croft, of Merryhill, near Hereford, was found in the River Wye, a short way above the bridge.  Mr. Croft had left the city a little after twelve o'clock on Wednesday night, having spent the evening with some friends, and doubtless had dismounted from his horse, at no great distance from his home; when, probably owing to the confused state of his mind, in consequence of the liquor he had drunk, he wandered a considerable distance towards the river, into which he had fallen, as he was discovered near the bank in deep water, with his money in his pockets, and without marks of violence.


Carmarthen Journal, 29 May 1829

   On Thursday evening, as Mr. Thomas Bowen, of the Mear, near Kington, was returning home with his cart from that town, with iron bars in it, the horses took fright at the rattling of the iron, and ran off, when in attempting to stop them Mr. Bowen was thrown down, the wheel went over his body, and he was killed almost instantly.  He was a very honest industrious man, and has left a wife and twelve children, the youngest not a year old, to lament his loss.


Monmouthshire Merlin, 5 September 1829

MELANCHOLY ACCIDENT. - The own and neighbourhood of Ross have been thrown into general gloom by the following lamentable accident:- Mr. Samuel Philpot Brookes, surgeon, of that town, was crossing the Wye at Goodrich Ferry on Saturday evening last, and the boat had reached the bank on the Goodrich side, but bowing to the flood was pushed off again to get a better landing for the horse, when it was unfortunately drawn into the current and driven under the rope, by which Mr. B. and the horse were forced out, and the boat by the w eight of the horse upset. Mr. Brookes clung to a plank and floated a considerable distance down stream - he then quitted it, apparently to gain the shore, and was observed to be swimming with strength, but, in a moment almost, he was drawn into what is called a whirlpool, and sunk to rise no more.  His horse, and a man and girl who managed the boat, gained the shore. .  .  .  He was in the 40th year of his age, and has left a disconsolate widow and an infant daughter to lament their sudden and lamentable privation. - Owing to the flood in the river the body of Mr. Brookes was not found till Tuesday morning, when it was picked up within a few yards of the place where he had been seen to sink.


Monmouthshire Herald, 20 March 1830

   Francis Wellington, the poor old pensioner who was robbed and ill-treated on the highway near Hereford, in the month of November, and for witch three men were apprehended and await their trials, died in the Infirmary last week.  An inquest has been held on the body, and the following verdict returned: - The death of Francis Wellington was hastened in consequence of the injuries he received on him 3d of Nov. last, from Robert Floyd, John Roberts alias Fletcher, and James Williams.

   On Saturday evening the body of a female infant was found in the river Wye, at Putson, near Hereford, sewed in a flannel envelope, lined with coloured woolen.  The body, which was nearly in a state of decomposition, was examined by a surgeon, and it was found that a quantity of cinders had been forced into the mouth and throat of the infant.  An inquest held on the body on Monday and Tuesday, was adjourned to Friday.  At present the cruel and unnatural parent remains undiscovered.


The Cambrian, 3 April 1830

   Hereford Assizes commenced on Thursday se'nnight, and .  .  .  True bills were found against Robert Floyd, James Williams, and John Roberts, for the murder of Francis Wellington, and also for assaulting and robbing him on the high-way, in November last.  The prisoners were to be tried on Wednesday last.


Monmouthshire Merlin, 17 April 1830

   James Williams, convicted with Floyd and Roberts, at the last Assizes at Hereford, for assaulting and robbing Francis Wellington, is to suffer this day, at the front of the county gaol at Hereford.  Floyd is respited till the 15th of May, and Roberts is to be transported for life. .  .  . 


Monmouthshire Merlin, 24 April 1830


James Williams, for assaulting and robbing Francis Wellington, ... at Hereford county gaol.


Monmouthshire Merlin, 22 May 1830

   On the 11th instant an unfortunate occurrence took place at Bredwardine, Herefordshire, in consequence of some disagreement having arisen between M. Joseph Powell, he landlord of the Lion there, and a man named Benjamin Lewis.  The latter struck Mr. Powell with his fist in the face, which caused him to fall with his head against the stone floor, by which he was so severely injured, that he died shortly afterwards.  Mr. Powell has left a large family to lament his loss.  On Friday an inquest was held on the body before W. Pateshall, Esq. Coroner, and a verdict of Manslaughter returned against Lewis.


Monmouthshire Merlin, 10 July 1830

INQUESTS, before William Brewer, Esq. coroner:-

   On a boy unknown, who was killed by the bursting of the boiler o a locomotive steam-engine, belonging to the Tredegar Iron Company, on the 30th day of June, as it was bringing down to Newport trams loaded with iron.  Verdict - Accidental Death.

   On the body of Ann Williams, at the parish of Marshfield, on the 1st of July, who suddenly died of apoplexy.  Verdict - Died by the visitation of God of apoplexy.


Monmouthshire Merlin, 10 July 1830

MELANCHOLY OCCURRENCE. - Yesterday se'nnight a melancholy accident took place at the Half Moon Inn, Hereford. - M. J. Farrington, who had been drinking there, disagreed with a man named Jones, and when the parties were in the gallery of the Fives-court, Farrington rushed on Jones from a bench above him, and they fell together into the court, when Farrington, pitching on his head, was so severely injured, that he died a short time afterwards, and Jones was also dreadfully hurt.  The dying man was conveyed to his residence, where his wife and a large family had to endure the afflicting spectacle of an expiring husband and father, who has left them totally unprovided for. - Jones was taken to the Infirmary the next day.  On Monday an inquest was held on the body of Farrington, and after a full investigation, a verdict of accidental death was return ed.  A subscription is commenced for the destitute widow and six children of he deceased, to enable the poor woman to continue the cook's shop which she occupies, and maintain her family; and few cases have occurred in which the benevolent and humane can better exercise their charity in favour of the widow and fatherless.

   It is very remarkable that a brother of Farrington was killed about five or six years since in a pugilistic encounter with a person of the name of Jones; another brother also lost his life by being thrown from a coach; and a sister was either killed or died from the effects of a fall from a horse. 

   Mr. J. Farrington, whose melancholy death is recorded above, was for some time in the situation of book-keeper to Mr. Bosley, the coach proprietor, and latterly foreman and manager of the boot making business, in which Mr. Bosley is very eminent.


Monmouthshire Merlin, 24 July 1830


On the 14th instant, at the Green Dragon Inn, Hereford, Mr. Robert Hughes, of Marcle, in that county.  His death was awfully sudden.  He was attending the cattle market, when he fell, owing to an apoplectic seizure, and shortly afterwards expired.


Carmarthen Journal, 3 September 1830

HORID MURDER NEAR LEOMINSTER. - On Thursday, a most brutal murder was discovered to have been committed on an old man named Cooper, between 70 and 80 years of age, living at Stockton, near Leominster.  The old man lived by himself, and his neighbour not having seen him in the course of the day, went in the afternoon to his cottage, and on entering, discovered the corpse of the old man on his back in bed, his hands tied behind with a cord, the sheet stuffed as tightly as possible in his mouth, and his head and face bearing the marks of the assassin; the skull  fractured, and blood protruding from both eyes, nose, and mouth.  The body was cold, as no doubt he had been murdered on Wednesday night.  It is supposed the deceased was possessed of property to the amount of 2000 Pounds or 3000 Pounds.  Two men were yesterday taken up on suspicion, and officers are in search of a third.


The Cambrian, 9 April 1831

HYDROPHOBIA. - Another melancholy instance of the fatal effects of this terrible disease, has occurred in the vicinity of Hereford.  On the 12th of last February, a respectable person named Thomas Lloyd, who occupied a farm under Sir Robert Price, M.P. whilst passing through the village of Mansel, saw a dog attack a boy, whom the animal had thrown down, and was endeavouring to bite.  Mr. Lloyd instantly attempted to rescue the child, when the dog, whilst he was occupied in his humane endeavour, suddenly bit him in the hand, and ran off. Although fully apprehensive that he had been wounded by a rabid dog, Mr. Lloyd yielded to the foolish and extraordinarily vulgar prejudice which cannot be too soon dispersed, that "dipping" in the sea would prevent the consequences to be apprehended, and proceeded with the boy he had rescued to undergo the senseless operation of immersion in  salt water.

   However, he returned satisfied; and no symptoms appeared to create alarm till Wednesday the 23d ult. 40 days after the injury, when his hand became painful, and all the symptoms of Hydrophobia rapidly followed in succession; medical assistance was procured; but the terrible malady continued its course until the Sunday following, when happily he was rescued from his pitiable state of misery by death. .  .  . 


The Cambrian, 30 April 1831

SUSPECTED MURDER.  A most serious enquiry commenced at Hereford on Thursday into the case of a supposed murder, alleged to have been perpetrated under the following circumstances.

   A person named Carwardine, an extensive and affluent farmer, who resided at Pembridge, left home to attend the last Hereford Assize as a witness, and from which period until the discovery of his corpse in the Wye, at Eign, near that city, on Tuesday last, no tidings could be obtained of him by his friends.  On Thursday an inquest was held upon the body, and from what transpired, there are grounds for the conclusion that the unfortunate deceased was enticed into a brothel in Hereford, there robbed and murdered, and his body afterwards thrown into the Wye.

   The mistress of the brothel at the time of the transaction, was a woman named Connop, and who it appeared, had gone over the Hereford to ply her miserable calling there during the Assizes, accompanied by a girl named Manners.  A man is already in custody in Hereford charged with being a participant in the guilty deed; and on Tuesday two officers arrived at Worcester from Hereford, and apprehended Connop and Masters to convey them thither to await the verdict of the Coroner's inquest. - The temple of the deceased presents the appearance of a dreadful blow, and which, it is conjectured, must have been the cause of his death.


Carmarthen Journal, 6 May 1831

THE SUPPOSED MURDER AT HEREFORD. - At the inquest on the body of the unfortunate Mr.,  Carwardine the following verdict was returned:- "That the said Walter Carwardine, on the 12th day of April, was found dead in the river Wye, at Eigh - that a bruise appeared on the left side of his head, but by whom, or in what manner inflicted, no evidence appeared before the Jurors; no does it appear to the Jurors whether the said bruiser occasioned the death of Walter Carwardine, or in what manner the said Walter Carwardine came to his death."

   The deceased, it appeared, had come to Hereford, not as a witness, but as a principal in a law-suit; and he was last seen between one and two o'clock on Friday morning, leaning against a house.  It was proved during the enquiry, that he had previous to this visited the brothel in Quaker's-lane, kept by the woman Connop; that he was heard about one the same morning calling on her to open the door, and accusing her of having robbed him; that a scuffle and fighting, in which hard blows passed, followed, but not sufficient to attract particular attention, and that early in the morning Susan Connop, with two girls who accompanied her from Worcester, left the house for that city; the hat of the deceased was found in the Wye below the bridge, on the Saturday following, and taken to his brother.

   The body was very carefully examined by two medical gentlemen, who sated to the Jury, that no marks of violence appeared on it sufficient to justify a conclusion that death could have ensued from them; there was a bruise on the left side of the head near the eye, and the brain had an appearance that indicated the deceased had died from suffocation.  The general belief is, that the deceased was murdered; and the mayor and magistrates of Hereford are making every effort to develop the mysterious circumstances of the case.

   The apprehension of the woman Connop and a girl named Manners, was mentioned in a former paper.  They are continued in custody, and also two men and another female, since taken up.  The Worcester police officers have been to Wolverhampton, in search of a girl of bad character named Sarah Colley, who changed a Kington 5 Pound note at Worcester after Carwardine's disappearance; such a note, it is known, Carwardine had about him, pinned in his breeches pocket.  There is reason to believe that Colley was at Hereford during the Assizes, and the circumstance of her changing the note has therefore excited great suspicion, which has been strengthened by a confession made by Manners.  Colley is not yet in custody.

   It is singular that, on the Friday, the law-suit Carwardine was engaged in was decided in his favour, and by which he would have some property.  Colley was charged at the last Worcester Assizes with robbing a countryman, but the bill was thrown out by the Grand Jury.


Monmouthshire Merlin, 23 July 1831

  An inquest was lately held at Leomnster, before W. B. Tanner, Esq. coroner for that borough, on the body of a man who was booked at Jolley's Waggon Office, in London, in the name of Richard Stokes, from thence to Kington.  It appeared from the evidence of another passenger, that he seemed ill when he got into the wagon in Aldersgate-street, and continued getting worse the whole of the way to Leominster.  On his arrival at the latter place he was unable to get out of the wagon, when medical assistance as immediately procured; he was taken from the wagon and died almost instantly.  He seemed to be about 60 years of age, of respectable appearance, and had with him in a bundle a new suit of clothes, and two books in the Welsh language, and in his pockets 14 or 15 shillings.  Every attempt to trace the relatives or connexions of the unfortunate deceased has failed, though it is supposed they must reside in Radnorshire.


Monmouthshire Merlin, 13 August 1831

The Hereford Assizes commenced on Wednesday s'ennight. .  .  . 

   In the case of Susan Connop and Joseph Pugh, who were indicted for the murder of Walter Carwardine on the 25th March last, after hearing considerable evidence Mr. Justice Patterson again interposed, observing that he thought it useless to pursue the inquiry further.  He had read the depositions, and it did not appear from them that there was any distinct evidence of the cause of death.  Neither of the medical men who had examined the body stated that there were any marks of violence.  Besides which there was no proof that the deceased returned to the house after he had been see4n outside between twelve and one o'clock.  Under these circumstances therefore he (the Learned Judge) thought there was no case to go to the Jury.  [Discussion.] The Jury then, under the direction of he learned Judge, returned a verdict of Not Guilty. - Mr. Justice Patterson advised the prisoner Connop to be careful how she conducted herself in future.  She said she would, and protested her innocence of the crime imputed to her by this indictment.


Monmouthshire Merlin, 3 September 1831

SUDDEN DEATH - On Thursday, as Mr. Wood, of the Rough Farm, in he parish of Cowarn, Herefordshire, was talking to a person near the Canal at Ledbury, he suddenly sunk on the earth, and immediately expired.


Monmouthshire Merlin, 10 September 1831

   On Monday, Joseph Pugh, William Williams, and John Matthews, were fully committed by the Magistrates of Hereford, for trial at the next assizes, charged with the willful murder of Walter Carwardine, on the 26th of March last.  Our readers will recollect Susan Connop was tried at the last assizes for the crime, and acquitted. One of the witnesses, a girl named Williams, received the usual allowance for attending and giving her evidence on the trial, and with others indulged in excessive drinking till all became intoxicated, when Joseph Pugh, who was committed and tried on suspicion of being implicated in the murder, but acquitted, beat her in a most brutal manner; during the quarrel, the girl used certain expressions, which were communicated to Mr. Howels, Sword Bearer, and one of our active police officers, who immediately proceeded to investigate the matter with his usual judgment, and the result was the apprehension of the prisoners, who were all residents in Hereford.


Monmouthshire Merlin, 18 February 1832
  The election of a Coroner for the county of Hereford, is fixed to take place on Monday next, the 29th inst., at the Shire-hall. There are now only two candidates, Mr. Evans and Mr. Coke.   .  .  .   From all that we hear, there can be little doubt but Mr. Evans will be the successful candidate.

Monmouthshire Merlin, 25 February 1832
  On Thursday se'nnight as a poor man named Prosser was occupied in raising gravel at Hollerton, in the parish of Hom, in consequence of his undermining the bank a quantity of earth fell upon him, by which his thigh was broken, and he was otherwise injured.  He was conveyed to the Hereford Infirmary, where he is doing well.

Monmouthshire Merlin, 3 March 1832
  An inquest was held yesterday se'nnight, at the Plough Inn, near Hereford, on the body of Mr. John Joskins, aged 60, of Lyonshall.  It appeared in evidence that the deceased, on his return home from Hereford Market, on Wednesday, felt so ill that he was obliged to stop at the Coach and Horses Inn, Kingh's Acre, where he was put to bed.  He was attacked with violent purging and shivering, and died on Thursday evening.  The jury returned a verdict, that he died from the effects of a disease called the English cholera.  There is little doubt, if the unfortunate man had resorted to medical advice and assistance in time, that his life might have been spared.

Monmouthshire Merlin, 10 March 1832
  On Monday se'nnight, an inquest was held before Thos. Evans, Esq. at Woolhope, Herefordshire, on the body of Thos. Jones, who on the preceding Friday, while enjoying the diversion of dancing at a public house, after going down five or six couples, dropped down, and instantly expired.  He was perfectly sober and in apparent spirits previous to his sudden dissolution, but had been some time afflicted with water on the chest, and was about 64 years old.  The jury returned their verdict Died by the visitation of God.

Monmouthshire Merlin, 28 April 1832
  On the 10th instant an inquest was held at Ross, on the body of Charles Powell, who on the preceding Saturday morning was driving a wagon loaded with coal down the Dock pitch at Ross, having locked only one of the wheels, and owing to the abrupt declivity of the hill, the wagon pressed on the shaft horse, which the deceased attempted to guide, when unfortunately he fell, the fore wheel of the waggon passed over him; he was so severely injured that he died shortly afterwards. Verdict, Accidental Death. The deceased was servant to Mr. William Bonner, of Penhall, King's Caple, and was a most respectable man in his station of life. .  .  .  

Monmouthshire Merlin, 28 April 1832
FATAL ACCIDENT. - (From our correspondent). - On Wednesday evening last, as a man, named John Edmunds, boots at the City Arms Hotel, in Hereford, was backing a restive horse into the river Wye, near the bridge, in the above city, the animal, by a sudden lunge, slipped beyond its depth, and threw the unfortunate man, who could not swim, into the water.  We regret to add, before assistance could be rendered, he sunk to rise no morĂ©.  On the following morning an inquest was held on the body, before R. Johnson, Esq., Coroner for the city of Hereford, when the above facts being detailed in evidence, the jury returned a verdict of Accidental Death.

The Monmouthshire Merlin, 2 June 1832  
On Sunday morning last, aged 35, Mr. John Pain, of Mordiford; he was thrown from his horse the night before on his way home, and received such severe injury as to occasion his death in a few hours.

Monmouthshire Merlin, 8 September 1832
ACCIDENT. - On Monday morning as Charles Hoskins, a bargeman, was employed in assisting to stack deals and take them from the crane on Mr. Eaton's quay, at Hereford.  On part of the planks being removed from the crane, the deceased attempted to keep the remainder up, till his companion  returned, but they overbalanced, and in attempting to avoid them the unfortunate man fell upon his back on some steps leading to the river, and the deals fell upon him.  He was so severely injured that he expired in a few minutes after the accident.
  On Saturday an inquest was held at Lydes Cross tree, in the parish of Homer, before Thomas Evans, Esq. coroner for this  county, on he body of a boy 13 years old, named William M. Hollings, who on he preceding Thursday had been left to take care of his sister, a little girl, in the absence of his parents, and was found about one o'clock on that day, on his knees,  suspended to a walnut tree near the house, quite dead, with a cord round his neck, and the little girl with him.  It appeared the deceased had been the previous Saturday witnessing the execution of James Gammon, at our county gaol, and observed to his mother that hanging seemed a very easy death. When alone with his sister, he had taken a cord used to draw a bucket from the well, and said he would show her how he man was hanged on Saturday, and fastened the cord to the tree and round his neck, for which purpose it is supposed he got up the trunk of the tree, and leaped off.  The jury returned a verdict that the deceased had accidentally hanged or strangled himself. - Hereford Journal.

Monmouthshire Merlin, 29 September 1832
  On Monday last an inquest was held at Walford, near Ross, before Thomas Evans, Esq., Coroner, on the body of James Hughes, waggoner to Mr. Wenn of the Park, who had been with his master's wagon and team of horses on the previous Saturday for a load of lime from the kiln at Walford, and on returning, when about to descend Cobden pitch, as the boy was putting the drag-chain to secure one of the wheels, the horses started off, when the waggoner, in attempting to stop them, fell, and the fore wheel passed over the poor man's head - the boy followed he wagon, and when he overtook it the horses had stopped, and the waggoner was lying dead in the road.  Verdict, Accidental death.  Hughes was an industrious and sober man; he has left a wife and three children to lament their bereavement.  The deceased was a native of Dixon, but for the last three years resided near Foy.

Monmouthshire Merlin, 3 November 1832
  On Saturday an inquest was held before T. Evans, Esq, coroner for Herefordshire, at Jones Hill, in the parish of Fownhope, on the body o a male infant, which was found buried in the ground, near the farm house, on the preceding Thursday.  Geo. Jenkins, who discovered the corpse, stated that he was making cider and went to dig for some clay to stop the cider press, when, on removing the earth, he saw the hand of a child, and he immediately proceeded to a field to Mr. Howells, the occupier of he farm, and told him of the occurrence; he seemed greatly surprised and hurt, and said he must inform the coroner of the circumstance, and send for the constable. The witness then returned to the place, where he threw some earth over the body, and went on with his work.  The evidence of other witnesses proved that a young woman named Elizabeth Saysell had been engaged as a servant by Mrs. Howells, before she left home on the 25th of Sept. to visit some friends in London, to assist in her absence, but none of the family suspected her to be enceinte; nor did any occurrence during the period she remained in the house create suspicion that a child had been born.  She was ill one day and confined to her room for a few hours, but afterwards went on with her work, attending to the domestic affairs of the family.  Till the body of the child was discovered no suppositions to her having given birth existed.  One of the witnesses stated that Jenkins had said he or his little boy who was helping him make cider, had seen the girl put something into a hole, in the spot where the child was found, but the boy, who is nine years old, denied having seen her do so on his examination, though he acknowledged having observed her sweeping leaves with a besom about the place; this occurred about the 3d October, on which day Mr. Howells went to Hereford.
  Mr. John J. Jones, surgeon, stated he had examined the body, but it was in a state of decomposition, and it was impossible for him to form any opinion whether it was born alive, or whether it bore any external marks of injury - from appearance, he thought the child was born without proper assistance.  It was a full grown child, and appeared to have been buried mealy a month.  
  Elizabeth Saysell, who had been brought before the inquest on the coroner's warrant, and during the examination of he evidence behaved with great propriety, declined calling any witnesses; but, after a caution from the coroner not to say any thing to criminate herself, voluntarily confessed that she was the mother of the child, but strenuously denied having murdered or intentionally injured it.  She gave the coroner the key of a box, which was sent for from her grand-mother's with whom she resided, and in it were found several articles of baby linen, which she had prepared for the child against its birth.  She had lived at Madley before she was engaged to go to Mr. Howells.
  The jury, after the coroner had ably commented on the evidence, found a verdict, That the child was still born, and that Elizabeth Saysell was the mother; that after the  child was born the said Elizabeth Saysell did in the earth bury, hide, secrete, and conceal he body of the said child.
  Elizabeth Saysell was immediately bound over to appear at the next petty sessions, for a misdemeanor, in concealing the birth of her child.

Monmouthshire Merlin, 10 November 1832
HYDROPHOBIA. - A distressing case of this dreadful and fatal malady was taken to Hereford Infirmary on Wednesday se'nnight, the patient, a little girl six years old, whose parents reside at Kentchurch, was bitten nine months ago, over the eyes and through the lip by a strange dog, near the residence of her parents, and as there was reason to suppose the animal was in a rabid state, it was pursued and killed.  The wounds on the child's face soon healed, and after some time no apprehensions were entertained - but on Sunday the 28th ult. she manifested great restlessness, and on the Monday some of the symptoms appeared that precede the disease, which increased on the Tuesday, and the next day she was conveyed to the Infirmary.  When admitted, she appeared in health, and perfectly collected, but on a small portion of liquid being placed to her lips, the usual convulsive shudder and rejection of the liquid took place, and the symptoms peculiar to this terrible disease gradually increased till twelve o'clock on Thursday night, when the poor child expired.

Monmouthshire Merlin, 24 November 1832
INQUEST AT GANAREW. - (From a correspondent.) - On Wednesday, the 14th instant, an inquest was held at Ganarew, on the body of a little girl named Ann Roberts, whose death (s0 said a rival practitioner) was caused by the unskillful treatment of her medical attendant.  This report of course created great excitement in the neighbourhood, and the result of the inquest was looked for with anxiety.  Several medical gentlemen attended from Monmouth, Ross, &c., but after a lengthy and minute inquiry, in which nothing was elicited to the prejudice of the medical gentleman, (Mr. Salter) the jury returned a verdict - Died by the visitation of God," and some of he jury expressed their opinion that "the inquest was wholly unnecessary, and that the demand for inquiry appeared to have originated more from private pique than from a sense of public duty."
  Thus has the county been put to an unnecessary expense, and a deal of excitement occasioned, to gratify a feeling certainly very far from amiable.  Mr. Millard endeavoured to persuade the jury that Mr. Salter was not legally qualified to follow the profession of a surgeon; a  question, of course, which the jury had nothing to do with, and which was left for the parties to arrange elsewhere. - [A communication from Mr. Millard, on this subject, will be found in another column.]

Monmouthshire Merlin, 22 December 1832
Another letter re the Ganarew Inquest case.

Monmouthshire Merlin, 20 April 1833
SUICIDE.- On Monday last an inquest was held at the Lamb Inn, Hereford, on the body of Miss Mary Ridler, who on the preceding Sunday night was found drowned in the Castle Mill-pond.  It appears the deceased, who was a lively amiable young woman, most exemplary in conduct, and deservedly respected, had left the Lamb, where she resided with her brother, on Sunday night, whilst he was from home, and when her brother returned, as his sister had told the servant she left the house for the purpose of going to the place where he was engaged, he became alarmed, and caused immediate search to be made of for her.  After some time, two of the servants discovered the cloak and bonnet of the deceased, folded up, near the flood-gated at the end of the Mill-pond, by the path from the Castle Green to the Infirmary, and on further search the body was found, close to the same gates.  It was immediately removed to the Lamb, and Mr. Tully, apothecary to the Infirmary, was called, who instantly attended, and was joined by Mr. Price and Mr. Gilliland, surgeons; but notwithstanding the most persevering and skilful endeavours, they failed to restore animation.  The deceased, some time since, accidentally fell down the cellar stairs, when she injured her head, and afterwards some symptoms of mental aberration had been observed in her conduct, but not sufficiently to excite apprehension in the minds of her friends.  She was about thirty years old.  Verdict, Insanity.

Monmouthshire Merlin, 18 May 1733
  DEATH FROM FIGHTING. - About four o'clock on Sunday morning last, a pugilistic encounter took place between two young men, Thos. Arnold and Benjamin Jones, in a field at the back of a beer shop called the Coopers' Arms, at Widemarsh-gate, Hereford.  At the close of the fifth round, Arnold fell senseless, and expired before he could be removed, without uttering a word.  An inquest was held on Monday and a verdict of manslaughter returned against Jones, who appeared deeply affected the deceased was a tailor, about 22 years of age, and stated to be very quarrelsome when in liquor; and on this occasion insisted upon fighting contrary to the wishes of Jones and the persons present, all of whom attempted to dissuade him.
 At an inquest held on Thursday se'nnight, at Almeley, Herefordshire, on the body of Ann Jones, a verdict of manslaughter was returned against Martha Higgins, midwife, for neglect and mis-usage of the deceased; and she was committed upon the coroner's warrant to Hereford goal.

Monmouthshire Merlin, 22 June 1833
DREADFUL AND SINGULAR ACCIDENT. - (Yesterday se'nnight as some men were attempting to back a waggon in Marden, Herefordshire, a boy who was assisting, put his head between the spokes of one of the wheels, for the purpose of trying to heave the wheel with his shoulders, when at the moment the horses started forward, and the wheel going round, the poor boy's head was forced against the bed of the wagon, and severed from his body.

Monmouthshire Merlin, 24 August 1833
  On Wednesday se'nnight, as Mr. Daniell, who kept the Volunteer public House, at Marden, Herefordshire, was returning home with a cart, when near Moreton, by some accident the horse knocked him down, and the cart wheel passing over his head, caused his instant death.

Monmouthshire Merlin, 28 September 1833
Early on Sunday morning, as Mr. Jeremiah Bosley, of Hereford, was proceeding with two waggon loads of barley to Worcester, when descending a pitch within seven miles of that place, whilst holding the shaft horse of one of the waggons, he fell, when the wheel unfortunately went over his legs, fracturing one, and severely lacerating the other; and so dreadful was the injury, that he died within eight hours, notwithstanding medical assistance was procured as soon as possible.  He was a very respectable man; and has left a wife and family to lament his sudden and melancholy death.  An inquest was held on the body and a verdict of Accidental Death returned.

Glamorgan Gazette, 30 November 1833
  FATAL ACCIDENT. - On the 14th inst. as Joseph Taylor, servant to Mr. Gwillim, of How Caple, was superintending a thrashing machine, his smock-frock accidentally got entangled in the machinery, which was immediately stopped, but the poor fellow's arm was dreadfully shattered.  He was conveyed to our Infirmary, and the arm was amputated, but from the injuries he received, he died soon afterwards.  An inquest was held on the body before J. Cleave, Esq., Coroner for the city, when the Jury returned a verdict that he died from the hurts he received, and assessed a deodand of 5s. on the machine. - Hereford Journal.


Monmouthshire Merlin, 11 April 1840

FATAL ACCIDENT. - On Wednesday evening, a boy named James Chadduck, while walking in the tram-road near Allensmore, requested permission of the driver of a team of four horses and seven trams laden with coal, to place some turnips which he was carrying, upon one of the vehicles; leave was given to him, and he received a caution to keep out of danger.  The boy himself got up, and kept moving from one tram to another; the consequence was, that he fell off, and one of the wheels pushing him against the iron plate of the road, a rupture of the stomach took place.  There was about 30 hundred weight of coal in each tram.  The poor boy was carefully conveyed to this city, but he died in the yard at Wyebridge. - On Thursday an inquest was held before P. Warburton, Esq., at the Saracen's Head, and the jury returned a verdict of Accidental Death.


Monmouthshire Merlin, 16 May 1840


DREADFUL OCCURRENCE. - On Monday morning an inquest was held before P. Warburton, Esq., coroner, on the body of Mr. Paul Jones, gardener, of Church-street, Hereford, who was killed on Saturday night, in Packer's lane, in a scuffle with Thomas Pugh.  Deceased was 51 years old, and his opponent, who is in custody, and was present at the inquest, about 25.  The facts of this deplorable occurrence, which shows the consequence of ungovernable passion, will be gathered from the following evidence: - William Prosser stated that he knew the deceased, and saw him about half-past seven o'clock on Saturday night, in Packer's lane, at the corner of Harley Court.  Thomas Pugh was with him; the deceased said to Pugh, "How came you to take my potatoes out of the stable?"  Pugh said, "I did not take them."  Jones replied that he did, when Pugh exclaimed "You are a liar;" the deceased told Pugh that he was a liar, when, after further angry words, the latter struck Jones, who returned the blow; witness, who was about twenty yards from them, went up and tried to separate them, but before he could do so, Pugh tripped up the deceased, and struck him as he fell.  Jones came heavily to the ground on his back with his head in the gutter; witness raised him partly up, and bathed his temples with cold water; he groaned once or twice and then expired, before he could be taken to an adjoining stable.  Pugh ran away immediately.  The jury consulted together, and then returned a verdict of Manslaughter against the prisoner Thomas Pugh, who has been committed for trial at the assizes. - The deceased has left a widow and two children upon whose behalf a subscription has been commenced. - Herefordshire Journal.


Monmouthshire Merlin, 13 June 1840


A WOMAN KILLED BY HER HUSDBAND. - On Friday last an inquest was held at Avenbury Mills, Herefordshire, before T. Evans, Esq., coroner, and a respectable jury, on the body of Martha Ick, wife of J. Ick, waggoner, Little Froome, who on the previous morning was killed from the effect of a blow given to her b y her husband.  The man came in from his stable at half-past six o'clock in the morning, and complained of his being late in getting his horses out to work, and finding that his breakfast was not quite ready, he quarrelled with his wife, who began to cry, that that she was heard by the people in the next dwelling house, and who also heard a c hair fall down, and a noise resembling a blow, upon which the neighbour Mrs. Barrett (who spoke to good terms of the general conduct and  temper of Ick And his wife), rushed into their kitchen, and found Ick fastening his shoes, and his wife prostrate on the ground, with her head lying against the back of the wide kitchen chimney, and the fire close by her fright side.  Mrs. Barrett then observed to Ick, that he had killed his wife, upon which he remarked that he had only given her a gentle tap in fun.  Mrs. Barrett then observed the deceased heave three heavy sighs, and she never moved or spoke after the fatal blow.  At the top of the chimney piece was the porrage which deceased had prepared for her husband's  breakfast, and which was running down the side of the wall towards the broken basin which lay at her feet.  Had Ick waited half a minute, it seemed, from the timely preparations made by his wife, that his breakfast would have been ready.  It came out in evidence that deceased had previously complained of her husband's savage conduct towards her; but what makes the case still more melancholy is that they are the parents of four children, two of whom are now obliged to seek refuge in the workhouse, and deceased was found by the surgical examination which took place to be enceinte.  Mr. Shelton, surgeon, opened the deceased's head, and proved that great force must have been used to produce such a concussion of the head and brain.  The diffused bruise which appeared under the scalp, and the great extravasation of blood on the brain, accompanied by the fact of the deceased having an unusual head of hair, showed that great violence must have been used.  Ick did not attempt to escape, and appeared prepared for the worst.  The jury returned a verdict of Manslaughter against John Ick, who on Saturday last, was committed to gaol under the coroner's warrant.


Monmouthshire Merlin, 15 August 1840


[Long address on the Ick case.] MANSLAUGHTER. - John Ick was indicted for killing and slaying his wife Martha Ick, at Avenbury, on the 4th of June. -

   Mr. Shelton, surgeon, of Bromyard, saw the body of the deceased on the 5th, and the next day attended the inquest and examines the body; there were bruises on the back of the head quite sufficient to cause death; he was of opinion that the injury must have been occasioned by a very heavy blow; a fall could not have caused such an appearance as the head presented; there was no bruise on the face or chest. [Guilty, ... to be imprisoned and kept to hard labour  for six months.]


Monmouthshire Merlin, 19 December 1840


DUSTRESSING SUICIDE. - On Thursday evening an inquest was held at the Infirmary in this city, before Peter Warburton, Esq., on the body of James William Patrick, a very well-behaved and respected young man, who drowned himself in the Castle-mill Pond.  Dr. Bleeck Lye stated that the deceased had been in his employ for five years, in the capacity of footman; that he was a sober, steady, honest, good-tempered lad.  He (Dr. B.) did not believe there was any attachment between deceased and his fellow-servant, Ann Davies, but since the event, he had inquired among the other servants, which stated that such attachment did exist, although she herself denied it, at least on her part;  he (Dr. B.) had seen Ann Davies and deceased walking arm0in-arm about a fortnight since, out of St. Owen's Gate; he should have thought the death had been accidental, had he not subsequently heard of circumstances which led him to the conclusion that it was the effect of an impulse.

   Richard Hill, constable of the Castle Green, deposed to having, in company with Dr. Lye's servant, searched for and found the body in the Castle mill pond., close to the lock at the head of the pool, where the water is six or eight feet deep; he was found with all his clothes and gloves on.  Louisa Watkins, servant to Mr. Fosbrooke, stated that she had known Patrick  for two years, during which time he had been keeping company with her; she saw him the last time on Monday last, between seven and eight o'clock in the morning; she observed nothing particular then, but he had for the last month been very low spirited; a month back he told her that his friends spoke against her, and that his father forbade him the house, if he continued to keep her company; they both, therefore, then agreed to part, but he told her that if they separated it would be to meet again, as he would never forsake her; and that if she forsook him he would give up all; nevertheless he continued to visit her up to Monday last; she had perceived a visible alteration in his manner from the time he spoke to her about his friends; rather more than a month ago he and she were talking, and he said he had been to the Bartonsham, and as he passed the Castle Pool, he thought if some one had not been with him he should have jumped in; a little before that, on a Sunday, he and she had been weakling there, and on passing the pond he said - "Let us jump in."  Witness thought he was joking, and replied, "If you will fetch me tomorrow, I will;" he rejoined, "No, let us do it now, on a good day let us do a good deed;" witness never had any angry words with him so as to part bad friends.

   The evidence of the young woman closed the inquisition; and the jury after consulting a few minutes, returned a verdict that the deceased drowned himself in a fir of temporary insanity. -[In the course of the inquest some remarks were made on the dangerous state of the mill-pond, where occurrences of this nature have before taken place, and although some alteration was made, passengers still incur a risk of falling in upon a dark night.] - Hereford Journal.

Published by Centre for Comparative Law, History and Governance at Macquarie Law School