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Macquarie Law School

Academic Staff

Law School Staff - Alexander Zahar

Dr Alexander Zahar

Position: Senior Lecturer
Tel: +612 9850 7077
Email: alexander.zahar@mq.edu.au
Location: W3A 441


Profile

Alexander Zahar, originally from Athens, Greece, completed his undergraduate studies in Philosophy in New Zealand, and his PhD in Philosophy of Science at University College London while on a British Council Commonwealth Scholarship. In Sydney, he studied law and worked at the Legal Aid Commission and the Department of Juvenile Justice of New South Wales. He joined the United Nations as a lawyer, first at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, and from 2003 to 2007 at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, in The Hague.

Dr Zahar's research interests are in international climate change law and international climate change finance. He is the founder and editor-in-chief of the international, peer-reviewed, journal Climate Law (published by Brill/Nijhoff). He serves as an Expert Reviewer of greenhouse gas inventories, National Communications, and Biennial Reports submitted by states pursuant to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. His most recent book, International Climate Change Law and State Compliance, was published by Routledge in 2015.

Qualifications

B.A. (Hons) (NZ), LL.B. (NSW) , Ph.D. (UCL), Prof. Cert. Arbitration (U. Adel.)

Teaching Responsibilities 

  • Law 560 - Environmental Law
  • Law 543 - Climate Change Law
  • Law 855 - Environmental Law and Sustainable Development
  • Law 851 - Climate Change Law

Research Interests

  • International climate change law and state compliance
  • Regulation and impact of international climate change finance
  • Environmental policy and law in China
  • "Lawlessness" and its effect on individual conduct, especially in civil war
  • Languages: Greek, French, Hebrew, Mandarin

Academic Journals

Dr Zahar is founder and editor-in-chief of the peer-reviewed journal Climate Law,  published by Brill. Articles for publication in the journal should be submitted online at the journal's submission portal.

Publications

Books and Monographs

  • Alexander Zahar, Climate Change Finance and International Law (Routledge Advances in Climate Change Research Monograph Series), Abingdon, UK: Routledge, forthcoming 2016.
  • Alexander Zahar, International Climate Change Law and State Compliance (Routledge Advances in Climate Change Research Monograph Series), Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2015.
  • Alexander Zahar, Lee Godden, and Jacqueline Peel, Australian Climate Law in Global Context, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
  • Bert Swart, Alexander Zahar, and Göran Sluiter (eds), The Legacy of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2011.
  • Alexander Zahar and Göran Sluiter, International Criminal Law: A Critical Introduction, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Refereed Journal Articles

  • Alexander Zahar (2015), 'Methodological Issues in Climate Law', 5(1) Climate Law 25-36.
  • Alexander Zahar (2014), 'Mediated versus Cumulative Environmental Damage and the International Law Association's Legal Principles on Climate Change', 4(3-4) Climate Law 217-233.
  • Alexander Zahar and David Freestone (2014), 'Introduction to the Special Issue: The State of Climate Law, 2014', 4(1-2) Climate Law 1-3.
  • Alexander Zahar (2014), 'International Environmental Institutions', in T. Carty, ed., Oxford Bibliographies in International Law, New York: Oxford University Press (14,480 words, online article).
  • Alexander Zahar (2010), 'Verifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Annex I Parties: Methods We Have and Methods We Want', 1(3) Climate Law 409-427.
  • Alexander Zahar (2010), 'Does Self-Interest Skew State Reporting of Greenhouse Gas Emissions? A Preliminary Analysis Based on the First Verified Emissions Estimates Under the Kyoto Protocol', 1(2) Climate Law 313-324.
  • Alexander Zahar (2009), 'International Court and Private Citizen', 12 New Criminal Law Review 569-589.
  • Alexander Zahar (2008), 'Legal Aid, Self-Representation, and the Crisis at the Hague Tribunal', 19 Criminal Law Forum 241-263.
  • Alexander Zahar (2005), 'The ICTR's "Media" Judgment and the Reinvention of Direct and Public Incitement to Commit Genocide', 16 Criminal Law Forum 33-48.
  • Alexander Zahar (2001), 'Command Responsibility of Civilian Superiors for Genocide', 14 Leiden Journal of International Law 591-616.

Book Chapters

  • Alexander Zahar (2014), 'Pluralism and the Rights of the Accused in International Criminal Proceedings', in E. van Sliedregt and S. Vasiliev, eds, Pluralism in International Criminal Law, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pp. 225-250.
  • Alexander Zahar (2013), 'Trial Procedure at the British Military Courts, Hong Kong, 1946-1948', in S. Linton, ed., Hong Kong's War Crimes Trials, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pp. 13-69.
  • Nina Jørgensen and Alexander Zahar (2013), 'Deliberation, Dissent, Judgment', in G. Sluiter et al., eds, International Criminal Procedure: Rules and Principles, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pp. 1151-1201.
  • Alexander Zahar (2012), 'The Climate Change Regime', in S. Alam et al., eds, Routledge Handbook of International Environmental Law, Abingdon, UK: Routledge, pp. 349-373.
  • Alexander Zahar (2011), 'Civilizing Civil War: Writing Morality as Law at the ICTY', in B. Swart, A. Zahar, and G. Sluiter (eds), The Legacy of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pp. 469-504.
  • Alexander Zahar (2010), 'The Problem of False Testimony at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda', in A. Klip and G. Sluiter (eds), Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, Vol. 25: International Criminal Tribunal For Rwanda, 2006, Mortsel, Belgium: Intersentia Publishing, pp. 509-522.
  • Alexander Zahar and Göran Sluiter (2010), 'Genocide Law: An Education in Sentimentalism', in A. Dirk Moses (ed.), Genocide, Vol. VI, Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2010, pp. 116-165.
  • Alexander Zahar (2010), 'Witness Memory and the Manufacture of Evidence at the International Criminal Tribunals', in C. Stahn and L. van den Herik (eds), Future Perspectives on International Criminal Justice, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press/TMC Asser Press, pp. 600-610.
  • Alexander Zahar (2009), 'Perpetrators and Co-Perpetrators of Genocide', in P. Gaeta (ed.), The United Nations Genocide Convention: A Commentary, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pp. 139-161.
  • Alexander Zahar (2009), 'Superior Orders' and six other articles on various topics, in A. Cassese (ed.), The Oxford Companion to International Criminal Justice, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pp. 525-27 (and 245-6, 260, 446-8, 514-15, 537-8).
  • Alexander Zahar and Susan Rohol (2005), 'The United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR)', in S. Totten (ed.), Genocide at the Millennium; Genocide: A Critical Bibliographic Review, New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, pp. 209-239.


Book Reviews and Conference Presentations

  • Alexander Zahar (2001), 'Focus on Rwanda [Review of several books on Rwanda and genocide]', Journal of Genocide Research, Vol. 3, pp. 293-300.
  • Alexander Zahar (2009), 'How Judges Think: Strengthening Defence Approaches to Joint Criminal Enterprise and Closing Arguments', Annual Conference of the Defence Bar of the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo, 12 December 2009).


Institutional Reports

  • Alexander Zahar, et al. (2011), Report of the Individual Review of the Annual Submission of Sweden Submitted in 2010, UN Doc. FCCC/ARR/2010/SWE, United Nations, March 2011.
  • Alexander Zahar, et al. (2011), Report of the Individual Review of the Annual Submission of Iceland Submitted in 2010, UN Doc. FCCC/ARR/2010/ISL, United Nations, March 2011.
  • Alexander Zahar, et al. (2011), Report of the Individual Review of the Annual Submission of the Netherlands Submitted in 2010, UN Doc. FCCC/ARR/2010/NLD, United Nations, February 2011.
  • Alexander Zahar, et al. (2011), Report of the Individual Review of the Annual Submission of the Czech Republic Submitted in 2010, UN Doc. FCCC/ARR/2010/CZE, United Nations, February 2011.