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Colonial Cases

Newspaper commentary and minor cases, Palestine 1929

Palestine Bulletin, 1929

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 1 January 1929

BOY-MURDERER.

Haifa. - Ahmed Diab Al Hassan, a boy aged 17, was found guilty of attempting the murder of his neighbour seven months ago.  He was sentenced to two years' hard labour in view of his being under age.

CATTLE THIEF GETS PRISON FOR ONE YEAR.

   Two villagers were tried by the Jerusalem District Court on Saturday on a charge of stealing cattle.  One was sentenced to one years' imprisonment, while the second was acquitted.  Two butchers who purchased the meat from them were sentenced to three months' imprisonment each.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 4 January 1929

POLICEMEN ACCUSED OF BRIBERY.

   The Jerusalem District Court tried the case of the two policemen of Ramleh who were charged with bribery.  Judgment was reserved.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 8 January 1929

THIEF TO BE DEPORTED.

   A thief who recently stole a golden watch from a visitor to the Jerusalem Post Officer has been sentenced to 8 months' imprisonment.  As he entered the country illegally, he will be deported after his term of imprisonment has expired.  The watch had been sold by him to a watchmaker at Haifa through a broker.  Both of these have been tried and sentenced to one months' imprisonment.

DEATH SENTENCE CONFIRMED.

   The Supreme Court has confirmed the death sentence imposed upon an inhabitant of Jericho whom murdered his neighbour. 

   Another death sentence (on a villager who shot a woman of his village) was commuted by the Supreme Court to 15 years' imprisonment.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 10 January 1929

WAILING WALL SENTENCE REDUCED.

   The District Court has reduced the sentence of the Moslem who was tried some time ago for disturbances at the Wailing Wall.  This sentence is now 7 days' imprisonment or L.P. 3 fine.  Previously the sentence was one months' imprisonment.

"RED HELP" MEMBERS TRIED.

Tel Aviv. - The case is now being tried here of three young men charged with belonging to the Communist organisation "Red Help."  Their active participation in this organisation has already been established by the evidence of the Police and by various documents.  The judgment of the court will be given shortly.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 15 January 1929

SENTENCE ON DAWD DAJANI CONFIRMED.

   The High Court of Appeal today confirmed the sentence passed on Dawd Dajani, former cashier of the Jerusalem Municipality.  He was sentenced by the District Court to six months' imprisonment for embezzlement.

 

 

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 16 January 1929

POLICEMEN SENTENCED FOR TAKING BRIBE.

    Two policemen of Ramallah were sentenced by the Jerusalem District Court to one and a half to two years' imprisonment respectively for taking bribes.

CARELESS DRIVER GETS YEAR'S IMPRISONMENT.

   A Jerusalem driver who recently ran over a child and killed him, was sentenced yesterday one year's imprisonment.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 18 January 1929

FLOGGING.

Haifa. - A boy who was found guilty of stealing "zifzif" at Bath Galim, was sentenced by the Magistrates' Court here to punishment by flogging.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 23 January 1929

PETACH TIKVAH DISTURBERS SENTENCED.

Tel Aviv. - Messrs. Afuri and Steinberg have been sentenced by the Magistrates' Court to one month's imprisonment and Geler to seven days' imprisonment, having been found guilty of breaking into the Employment Bureau of the Agricultural Committee at Petach Tikvah.  An appeal has been entered.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 27 January 1929

CUTS TWO FINGERS OF HIS DEBTOR.

   The Jerusalem District Court has sentenced an Arab to two years' hard labour for cutting two fingers of another Arab who owed him money.

   A man named Hirieh has been sentenced to 2 years' imprisonment for committing a shameful crime against a married woman.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 29 January 1929

EXECUTION OF DEATH SENTENCE.

   This morning at eight o'clock Abdel Rahman Muhamed Ali el Mughrabi has been hanged at the Central Prison, Jerusalem.  This is the punishment inflicted upon him by the Court for the murder of Haj Ramadan el Mughrabi of Jericho, in the month of May, last year.

 

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 3 February 1929

DEPORTATION ORDER IN ENGLAND AGAINST ALIEN BORN IN PALESTINE.

   "Why do you conquer Palestine if you don't give rights to Palestinians?" an alien, Berthold Emanuel Altman, 31 years of age, described as of no occupation or fixed abode, who claims to have been born in Palestine of Austrian parents, asked when he was sentenced last week in London to one month's imprisonment in the second division at Bow Street Police Court on a charge of being in England in defiance of a deportation order.  In passing sentence, the magistrate, Sir Charles Biron, pointed out that the deportation order remained in force.

   Detective Inspector Burnby of Scotland Yard informed the magistrate that some difficulty arose in connection with Altman's deportation, because the Czecho-Slovakian authorities would not recognise him.  He was formerly registered as a Czechoslovakian.  He was deported in 1924, following a conviction for failing to report a change of address.  He was arrested after paying a visit to the Home Office, and he then told the police that he had arrived in England two days previously. If he required a document of identity as a Palestinian, Detective Inspector Burnby said, it would have to be obtained in Jerusalem.

   The accused said that he had suffered a great deal in England.  He came there in 1923 as a merchant but lost everything he had during the Dock strike.  When the deportation order was served upon him he claimed that he was a Palestinian, and that as Britain held Palestine he was entitled to British protection.  He was, however, kept in prison for over five weeks without sentence and was then released because the authorities would not find a way of getting him out of the country.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 4 February 1929

ADVOCATES STRIKE AT DAMASCUS.                  [Lebanon]

Damascus. - The local lawyers were out on strike as a protest against the establishment of the Mixed Courts dealing with foreigners' cases.  The strike will last 15 days.  Owing to the strike, the Mixed Courts are now not in session.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 24 February 1929

NEGLIGENT BUILDERS SENTENCED.

Haifa.  - Sentence has been pronounced by the District Court in the case of Mr. Cohen, the P.J.C.A. engineer, and Mr. Segal, the contractor, who were tried in connection with the fall of the roof of the Yabneh synagogue last year, which caused the death of the worker Friedman.  They were sentenced to six months' imprisonment or payment of L.P. 100 each.  An appeal will probably be entered by both defendants.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 26 February 1929

INFIAT LAND CASE.

Haifa. - The Magistrates'' Court yesterday heard the case of several Bedouins who are claiming part of the Infiat lands belonging to Mr. Shneurson.  The latter presented his deed on the land.  The claim was dismissed by the Court.

...

   The Court has rejected the claim of Mr. Hermann Struck against seven barrack owners who reside on the land acquired by him at Hadar Hacarmel.  They refused to move, arguing that they had erected their barracks before Mr. Struck received the Kushan (deed) for the land.

   A similar judgment was given by the Court in the case of Mr. Rabinovitch against several barrack owners, also at Hadar Hacarmel.

FINED FOR KEEPING FIREARMS.

   The night guard of Talpioth was sentenced yesterday to the payment of L.P. 10 fine fore keeping in his possession a revolver loaded with bullets, and for wearing a police uniform.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 28 February 1929

OFFENDER GETS TEN YEARS.

   An Arab who committed a serious offence against a Jewish girl in Jerusalem several months ago was sentenced yesterday to ten years' imprisonment.  The Court in its judgment, stated that cases of offences against women had become very frequent of late in Palestine, and that they were a disgrace to the country.

KILLS COUSIN BECAUSE OF HER INDECENT BEHAVIOUR.

Jaffa. - Al Jabr Hassan Ramdan, a fellah of Jazur, yesterday murdered his cousin Myriam.  He gave as the reason for his act her "indecent behaviour." 

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 12 March 1929

DEATH SENTENCE UPHELD.

   The Supreme Court yesterday confirmed the death sentence recently imposed upon a brigand who robbed and killer two Arabs near Safad.

COLONIST APPEALS TO PRIVY COUNCIL  .

   Mr. Svatitsky, a colonist of Petach Tikvah, is submitting an appeal to the Privy Council in London against a judgment by the High Court of Palestine.  By this judgment the high Court established the Government's ownership of the swamp area of the Colony and also recognised that the Government acted legally in handing over that area to the Colony.  Mr. Svatitsky maintains that he is the owner of the swamps, as they were in his possession even under the Turkish Government.

MURDER OF WIFE GETS 15 YEARS.

Haifa. - The District Court here sentenced an Arab who killed his sister to 15 years' hard labour.

   Three Arabs were sentenced to one year's imprisonment each for burying a child without the knowledge and permission of the Authorities.

TREE UPROOTERS SENTENCED.

Ramleh. - Several villagers, neighbour of the Huldah settlement, uprooted some trees last week at the settlement's forest.  They were tried here on Sunday.  Several of them were sentenced to 10 days' imprisonment or the payment of a fine.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 20 March 1929

BNAI BRITH WIN CASE WHICH LASTED FOR 8 YEARS.

   The Bnai Brith, Jerusalem lodge, won the case which Mr. Strushkowsky brought against them and which was tried in several courts until it was definitely decided by the Supreme Court a few days ago.  The particulars are as follows:

   Mr. Strushkowsky's mother, of Canadian origin, died in Jerusalem in 1921.  She left all her capital, L.P. 2,000, to the Bnai Brith for the erection of an Immigrants' Home here, and only one shilling to her son.  Mr. Strushkowsky endeavoured to obtain a judgment considering the will invalid for certain legal reasons, but failed.  The case has lasted for 8 years.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, n26 March 1929

JUDGMENT OF DISTRICT COURT UPHELD.

   The Supreme Court yesterday upheld the judgment of the District Court in Tulkarem against Hassan Islan who had been sentenced to 15 years' imprisonment for murdering an Arab.

"BLACK HAND" CASE.

    The District Court yesterday tried the case of several Arabs who were charged with "Black Hand" activities.  Several months ago an Arab merchant of the Old City received a letter to deposit in a certain place a sum of L.P. 100.  The case was brought to the Police, and after investigations for several weeks they succeeded in discovering the authors of the letter.  Judgment was reserved until April.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 10 April 1929

MURDERER ADJUDGED INSANE.

Haifa. - Muhamed Hassan was tried by the District Court on Monday for murdering his nephew.  Two physicians gave evidence as experts that the murderer was insane.  The Court acquitted him and ordered that he be sent to an insane asylum.

3 ½  YEARS FOR THEFT.

Sh. Gabai and M. Cohen have been sentenced by the District Court to 3 1/2 years imprisonment each for committing many thefts.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 11 April 1929

NEW ORDER IN INFIAT DISPUTE.

   The Government has issued a new order in regard to the lands of Infiat, Hederah Colony, where a dispute between the colonists and the neighbouring Bedouins has been going on for several weeks.  In the order the tracts are fixed where each of the parties may plough and plant.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 16 April 1929

GETS 4 MONTHS FOR ROBBING 300 MILS.

   Two intoxicated Moslems assaulted a third Moslem in the Old City last week and robbed him of 300 mils.  They were sentenced to 4 months' imprisonment each.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 19 April 1929

ANOTHER LAWYER DISBARRED       .

   The Disciplinary Court has suspended from the bar for one year the lawyer Husni Anebtawi for contravening Article 22 of the Bar Regulations; he received a remuneration from a client but failed to act as his counsel.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 23 April 1929

SENTENCE OF MURDERER CONFIRMED.

   The High Court of Appeal has confirmed the sentence imposed upon Muhammed Al Sheik, who was sentenced to six years' imprisonment for murdering his wife who was false to him.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 26 April 1929

HASHISH AND TOBACCO SMUGGLER GETS TWO YEARS.

Haifa. - Tahar Soliman and Kemal Yasin were tried by the District Court for keeping hashish and smuggled tobacco.  The former was sentenced to one year's imprisonment and also to L.P. 200 fine or a second year of imprisonment.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 29 April 1929

A CASE DATING . . . 1911 .

Haifa. - The claim submitted by the heirs of the late Dr. Schumacher against the Haifa Municipality is now being tried by the District Court here.  They claim the repayment of the sum of L.P. 650 which, they insist, is due since 1911, although there are no traces of this debt in the books of the Municipality.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 6 May 1929

COURT OF DISCIPLINE.

   His Honour the Chief Justice has confirmed the decision of the Court of Discipline constituted by him under sections 15 (1) and 16 (1) of the Advocates Ordinance, 1922, to enquire into and report upon a charge of disgraceful and unprofessional conduct against the advocate Abdel Ghani Eff. Nahawi by which the said Abdel Ghani Eff. has been suspended from practice for a period of three months as from the 10th February, 1929.

SENTENCE REDUCED IN EMBEZZLEMENT CASE.

   This morning the Court of Appeal heard the case of Abdul Fatah and Sides, who were sentenced by the District Court to 5 years and 3 ½ years imprisonment, respectively, for embezzlement of funds and forgery at the Law Courts.  The Court reduced the sentence of Abdul Fatah to 9 months imprisonment and of Sides to 6 months imprisonment, and charged them with the payment of the costs of the appeal.

 

 

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 15 May 1929

 SUPREME MOSLEM COUNCIL BEFORE SUPREME COURT.

   On Monday the Supreme Court gave its judgment in the case brought by Sheikh Hassan Sidki-Dajani against the Supreme Moslem Council for stopping the monthly payment of L.P. 4 which the Sheikh had been receiving since Turkish times.  The Supreme Court ordered the Moslem Council to continue the payments.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 19 May 1929

THREE YEARS IMPRISONMENT FOR ATTEMPT TO KILL FATHER.

Haifa. - A local Moslem was tried by the District Court on Friday for an attempt to kill his father.  He was sentenced to three years' imprisonment.                                          

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 27 May 1929

... The District Court of Jerusalem on Saturday tried the case of three villagers of Bithonia, among them the mukhtar, who were charged with beating a co-villager in a family quarrel.  One of the offenders was sentenced to one month's imprisonment while the other two were acquitted.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 3 June 1929

REFUSES TO SWEAR IN COURT.

   The magistrates' Court under Muhammad Yussef El Khaledi yesterday continued the trial of Sapir, the young student whose bicycle recently collided with the High Commissioner's car.  Among the witnesses was a student named Shalow who refused to be sworn in according to the usual formula, declaring that he is an atheist.  The Magistrate became aroused over this declaration and dismissed the witness.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 5 June 1929

GETS 12 YEARS FOR DISGRACEFUL CRIME.

Gaza. - The District Court has sentenced a local Moslem to 12 years' imprisonment and payment of L.P. 100 fine for committing a disgraceful crime against a Jewish girl six years old.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 6 June 1929

JUVENILE CRIME.

Tel Aviv. - The Magistrates' Court tried on Tuesday the case of two boys aged 11, each of whom was charged with theft.  The Court ordered their parents to deposit a certain sum as guarantee of their good behaviour for one year.

COMMUNIST TO BE DEPORTED.

Haifa. - The District Court yesterday tried the case of Abraham Stockstuhl who was charged with disseminating leaflets instigating the population in connection with the Hederah land dispute.  He was sentenced to four months' imprisonment and deportation.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 11 June 1929

SENTENCE IN  RAILWAY CASE.

Jaffa. - The District Court yesterday gave its judgment in the noted railway case in which 19 persons were involved.  The reading of the sentences lasted, with a small interval, from 10 a.m. to 1.30 p.m.  Mr. Neumann, the merchant, was sentenced to 4 years' hard labour for bribing railway officials and giving false information which caused a financial loss to the Palestine Railways.  Three railway officials, Volppert, Berzon and Pilzer were sentenced to 12 months' imprisonment, while two others. Pomeranz and Jabri, were sentenced to six months' imprisonment.  The rest were acquitted.              

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 12 June 1929

LAWYER MISTREATED BY POLICEMAN.

Jaffa. - One of the local lawyers was mistreated by a British policeman when, desirous of learning the sentence in the railway case, he entered the Court Room on Monday morning.  The Policeman kicked him and threw him downstairs.  The incident has aroused indignation among the public, and it is said that a lawyers' deputation will interview the President of the District Court about the matter.

The Palestine Bulletin, 13 June 1929

THE CASE OF THE MISTREATED LAWYER.

Jaffa. - A delegation of lawyers of Jaffa and Tel Aviv yesterday interviewed the President of the District Court in regard to the mistreatment of an advocate by a British Policeman.  Mr. Justice Copland stated that he had asked the Superintendent of Police to investigate the case.

DEPORTATION.

Tel Aviv. - David Goldrich and M. A. Arbuz were deported this week because of Communist propaganda and theft, respectively.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 19 June 1929

LABOUR EXECUTIVE APPLIES TO COLONIAL OFFICE.

Tel Aviv. - The Executive of the General Jewish Labour Federation in Palestine has applied to the Colonial Office in London for permission for Mr. Alexander, a proof-reader of the "Davar," to remain in the country.  His deportation was ordered by the Government, because he entered the country as a tourist, five years ago, and has continued to remain.  He married here and has a daughter.

L.P. 1200 INDEMNITY FOR DISMISSED OFFICIAL.

Haifa. - The District Court has ordered the payment of L.P. 1200 indemnity to Mr. Oku, the Sanitary Engineer, who was dismissed recently by the Municipality.  The latter is lodging an appeal with the High Court.

The Palestine Bulletin, 28 July 1929

DISPUTE BETWEEN MUNICIPALITY AND MR. OCKEY SETTLED.

Haifa.  - The dispute between Mr. Ockey, former City Engineer who was dismissed by the Municipality, has now definitely been settled.  Mr. Ockey will return to the post for another three years and will receive his salary for the past four months less L.P. 100 court costs.  The long continued conflict was settled as a result of the energetic intervention of the Authorities, both Central and local.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

The Palestine Bulletin, 5 August 1929

MR. OCKEY RETURNS TO HIS POST  .

Haifa. - Mr. Ockey has accepted the terms of settlement as proposed by the municipality and has returned to his post as sanitary Engineer of the city.

The Palestine Bulletin, 6 August 1929

THE AGREEMENT WITH MR. OCKEY.

Haifa. - The agreement made between the Municipality and Mr. Ockey, the Sanitary Engineer, contains among others, the following clauses: the Municipality pays L.P. 104 to Mr. Ockey as Court costs and advocate fees; Mr. Ockey resumes his post on his previous terms; he will be entitled to one month's leave annually, or to six weeks' leave if he spends his vacation in England; the Municipality may dismiss him for sufficient reasons after giving him three months' notice, and he, likewise, may resign after giving the municipality similar notice.  His salary will be paid as from April 1st.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 21 June 1929

DEPORTATION OF THIEF.

Tel Aviv. - Muhamed Dib Kassem, of Syria, was sentenced here for theft to one month's imprisonment and deportation.  He entered this country illegally.

EAR-RING THIEF GETS 5 YEARS.

Haifa. - A boy 12 year old has been sent by the District Court to the Reformatory School for five years for stealing ear-rings.

   A 7 year old boy has been sentenced to five rods for stealing a watch.  

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 23 June 1929

JEBEL DRUZE COURTS SEPARATED FROM SYRIA.                         [Syria]

BEIRUT, (M.E.N.A.) - Complete separation of the law courts in the Jebel Druze is provided in a new ordinance issued by the French High Commissioner, separating all connection with the judicial machinery of the rest of Syria.  This was done, it is believed, in deference to the wishes of the turbulent tribes in the mountain fastnesses who have given so much trouble to the French Mandatory and who wish to liver under laws based on the peculiar traditions of the esoteric sect.  A further step towards separation of the Druze territory from Syria is seen in the approaching issue of special postage stamps.

                               

The Palestine Bulletin, 25 June 1929

TOWNSHIP'S RIGHT OF TAXATION BEFORE HIGH COURT     .

   As a sequel to the action brought against the Tel Aviv Town Council by Mr. Denenburg, a local houseowner, the High Court in Jerusalem yesterday gave its judgment that garbage removal from the houses is the duty of the Township, which is not authorised to levy a special tax for this service.  The High Court further announced that the house rent tax should be paid by the houseowner unless it is expressly stated on the contract of lease made between the landlord and the tenant that the latter is to pay the rent tax.

FORGER OF DOCUMENTS GETS 3 MONTHS.

Haifa. - Louis Abdoun, a former post office clerk, has been sentenced to three months' at hard labour for forging a receipt.

THIEF TO BE DEPORTED.

Tel Aviv. - Michael Feldman, who was found guilty of keeping stolen objects, was sentenced yesterday to six months' imprisonment and deportation.  He is not a Palestinian citizen.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 28 June 1929

POLICEMAN SENTENCED FOR ABSENCE WITHOUT LEAVE.

   A Moslem policeman of Jerusalem has been sentenced to seven days; imprisonment and the forfeit of fourteen days pay for having been absent without leave during the time of the preparations for the demonstrations in Jaffa which were held on the first of Moharrem.  The evidence showed that he had been armed and had clearly intended to participate in the demonstrations.

ORDERED TO VACATE PREMISES FOR VIOLATION OF SABBATH.

Tel Aviv. - The Magistrates' Court here has ordered the keeper of a soda-water stall in the Rosenfeld Quarter to vacate his premises, for having kept his place open on the Sabbath.  He had violated the terms of his lease, according to which he was obliged to keep his premises closed on Saturday.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 3 July 1929

COUNTERFEITERS SENTENCED TO HARD LABOUR.

Haifa. - Two counterfeiters of Palestine currency have been sentenced by the District Court here to three and two years' imprisonment respectively.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 4 July 1929

"MATATE" TRIED FOR ATTACKING DUFF.

   The entire cast of "Matate," the Palestine Satirical Theatre, was tried yesterday by the Tel Aviv Magistrates'' Court for its attack upon Police Inspector Duff in one of its popular songs.  The cast was required to deposit L.P. 50 bond for one year.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 10 July 1929

MURDERER OF FIANCÉE SENTENCED TO 7 YEARS.

Jaffa. - Mahmed Jaber Abdul Hadi, a youth aged 18, of the Yazur village, was sentenced by the District Court here to 7 years' imprisonment for having murdered his fiancée.

 

JUVENILE THIEF GETS FLOGGING.

Tel Aviv. - Moshe Schriber, a youth of fourteen, has been sentenced by the Magistrates' Court here to flogging (14 rods) for committing theft.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 12 July 1929

MURDERER OF BROTHER GETS FOUR YEARS.

   The Court of Assizes of Jerusalem yesterday tried the case of Philip Hadoub who murdered his brother Joseph several months ago, while in a state of drunkenness, and as sequel to a quarrel.  The father of the brothers, called to the Court as a witness, begged for forgiveness for the murderer who, he said, is now the only means of support of the family.  The Court sentenced Philip to 4 years' imprisonment at hard labour.

THIEVES TO BE DEPORTED.

Tel Aviv. - Hayim Struck and his wife, members of a thief gang, have been sentenced to two weeks' imprisonment and deportation.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 16 July 1929

BREACH OF PROMISE CASE AT HAIFA.

Haifa. - The District Court has sentenced Shukri Al Berichi to the payment of L.P. 25 to an Arab woman, Aliza Baba, an American citizen, for breaking his engagement with her.  He argued that the engagement was broken because he did not like the bride's parents.

THIEVES SENTENCED TO 9 MONTHS.

   Two thieves were sentenced yesterday to 9 months' imprisonment each for committing thefts in the house of Mr. Lubetzki.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 17 July 1929

MURDERER OF COUSINS GETS 15 YEARS.

Nablus. - Hassan Ibn Abas has been sentenced to 15 years' imprisonment for murdering his two cousins in a family quarrel.

COMMUNISTS ACQUITTED.

Haifa. - Three Communists on whose persons proclamations against the Labour Government in England were found, were acquitted by the magistrates' Court, which considered that the dissemination of Communist leaflets by anyone does not necessarily mean that he belongs to the Communist Party.

DEPORTATION.

   Ben Joseph and Babinioff, two Iraqi immigrants, are being deported for illegally entering the country some time ago.  They both have permanent employment here.  All endeavours to secure the cancellation of the deportation order have failed.

   Barnash, Schuster, and their wives, of Tel Aviv, were deported yesterday for Communist activities.

JUDICIAL INCIDENT.

Tel Aviv. - The following incident between the magistrate and the local advocates occurred here on Sunday.  During the procedure, the Judge heard loud voices and laughter from the lawyers' room, which disturbed his work.  He ordered the Police to send away all advocates, and only then continued the session of the court.  No lawyer appeared yesterday before the Magistrates' Court, in protest against the Judge's action.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 23 July 1929

DR. DAJANI ACQUITTED.

Jaffa. - Dr. Fuad Dajani, the Medical Officer, has been acquitted of the charge that he beat Mrs. Bielannsky who came to him in connection with the examination if the body of her brother-in-law.  (The latter had been found drowned in the Auha river several months ago.)

HASHISH SMUGGLER SENTENCED.

Haifa.  - Three hashish smugglers were tried by the District Court here.  One was sentenced to six months' and the second to three months' imprisonment, while the third was acquitted.

   A local Moslem was sentenced to one year's imprisonment for stealing a carpet.   

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 28 July 1929

TOBACCO SMUGGLER GETS HEAVY SENTENCE.

Tel Aviv. - The District Court here has sentenced a tobacco smuggler to payment of L.P. 329 or one year's imprisonment.  V329 kilos of smuggled tobacco were found in his possession.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 29 July 1929

... A. Z. C. v. AFULEH LOCAL COUNCIL.

   The American Zion Commonwealth has brought an action against the Afuleh Local Council before the High Court in Jerusalem.  The Commonwealth, which is the owner of large tracts of land at Afuleh, is complaining against the rates established by the Local Council.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 5 August 1929

UPROOTERS OF TREES GET ONE YEAR.

Haifa. - The District Court tried the case of the Moslems, who were charged with uprooting trees in the garden of Nassich Shadid in Mount Carmel.  One of them was acquitted while two were sentenced to one year's imprisonment each.

                            

The Palestine Bulletin, 9 August 1929

HASHISH SMUGGLERS GET TWO YEARS.

Jaffa. - The District Court lately dealt with several hashish smuggling cases.  An Egyptian and 2 Syrians were sentenced to two years' imprisonment, tom payment of L.P. 50 fine and deportation, while two Moslems of Hebron and Gaza were sentenced to 18 months' imprisonment and L.P. 50 fine.                                                                                                                                                                                 

                                   

The Palestine Bulletin, 19 September 1929

TWO YEARS IN PRISON AND DEPORTATION FOR LOOTERS.

   Found guilty of having been engaged in extensive robberies during the attack on Haifa, three Arabs were given sentences of two years' imprisonment.  Two of the prisoners hoping to get a lighter sentence or no sentence at all pleaded that they were foreigners.  Upon hearing this admission, the Judge ordered them to be deported immediately upon expiration of their sentence.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 20 September 1929

ONE YEAR FOR POSSESSING LOADED FIREARMS.

   Judge Kermack has passed terms of one year's imprisonment upon three Arabs who have been found with loaded firearms in their possession.

SEVEN YEARS FOR LOOTING.

   Furniture, prayer-books, and other looted property was to be seen all over the Haifa Court this morning when two Arabs were charged with having looted property from Jewish houses.  The evidence was too flimsy against one of the prisoners and he was discharged.  The other prisoner, however, was sentenced to seven years' hard labour.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 23 September 1929                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

KHALIL AL ESMAR GOES TO GAOL.

The Attack That Failed.

   Three years' hard labour was the sentence passed by the court on Khalil al Esmar when all the evidence had been heard.  The police tracked him down as the instigator of the Jaffa riot.  Five learned counsel acted for the defence but were unable to win a verdict for their client.  They intend to lodge an appeal.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 24 September 1929

THREE YEARS FOR INCITING.

Man Who Wanted Raid on Tel Aviv.

   The Jaffa District Court passed a sentence of eighteen months' imprisonment upon an Arab of Yavne who was found in possession of firearms.

   Another Arab who was found guilty of having incited other Arabs to make an attack on Tel Aviv was also found guilty and has been sent to prison for three years.

TWELVE MONTHS FOR WOUNDING POLICEMAN.

   Mustafa Amid of Haifa has been sentenced to one year's imprisonment for taking part in assaulting several police-constables and for wounding one of them.  He is also charged with murder but this charge will be taken separately.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

The Palestine Bulletin, 26 September 1929

EVERYONE ELSE LOOTED - SO DID I

   An aged Arab who tottered into Court between two well-built policemen, was charged with having taken part in the looting at Motza.  He caused some laughter in Court when he said, "Every one else went there to loot, so I did the same, why should I lose my share?"  The judge said that he should be ashamed of himself for speaking in this way.  Having regard for his old age, the judge sent him to prison for only six months.

YEAR FOR YEMENITES.

   The two Yemenites who were arrested on the charge of being in possession of firearms in Rehoboth have been sentenced to none year's imprisonment each.  For the defence it was said that there was every danger of an attack on Rehoboth, and that therefore the prisoners were entitled in self defence to protect their homes.  The plea, however, was not accepted.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

The Palestine Bulletin, 30 September 1929

THIRTY-TWO VILLAGERS GO TO PRISON FOR FIVE YEARS.

   After a trial lasting three days before Judge Litt, the District Court of Haifa has  sentenced                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    thirty-two Arabs of the village of Tireh to five years imprisonment.  Five other villagers have been found guilty and have been sent to prison for two years.  The persons were arrested for their attempted attack on Haifa.  A large crowd armed with clubs were advancing on Bat-Galim when they were dispersed by a British aeroplane.  Mr. Matson, the Prison Superintendent was the first to sight the armed crowd advancing.  He took his motorcycle and went to warn the police.  A special train with soldiers was sent to the spot.  At the same time an aeroplane was dispatched to the scene of action.  Judge Litt himself was in the aeroplane and he realised how grave would have been the condition of Haifa had the crowd succeeded in entering the town.  ]

   His Honour paid a warm tribute to the officer in charge of the aeroplane.  He also congratulated Mr. Matson who risked leaving the prison in order to warn the police.

   The prisoners themselves, said the Judge, ought to be grateful to these officers.  Had the prisoners succeeded doing the devilish work they intended they would themselves now be standing before the court charged with murder, a charge involving a death penalty.

   Amazing scenes were witnessed outside the Court during and after the trial.  Fifty soldiers kept watch around the Court with fixed bayonets.  An armed car faced the enormous crowd which was waiting outside to hear the verdict.  When the prisoners were marched out in chains and their friends knew that sentence had been passed upon them, a hideous howl arose.  The women shrieked and tore their hair, while the men shouted as loudly as they could against the verdict and against the Judge who passed it.

COUNSEL FOR THE DEFENCE PUTS UP NOVEL PLEA.

   A Jerusalem Arab was found with looted property on his person.  Asked what he had to say in his defence he looked sheepishly at his counsel.  The lawyer was quite ready with a reply.  He jumped up from his seat and said "May it please Your Honour, it is quite impossibly for the charge against my client to succeed.  This was a case of revolution.  During the time of a revolutionary outbreak every man is entitled to take what he can.  He is not liable to punishment."  His client was sentenced to 6 months' imprisonment.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 7 October 1929

 TWO MONTHS' IMPRISONMENT FOR CARRYING FIREARMS.

   Abraham Jikar and Gershon Ioedclevitch, a driver, were sentenced to L.P. 25 fine or two months' imprisonment each.  Revolvers were found on them on one of the first days of the disturbances in Jerusalem, when they were arrested late in the evening in the Rehavia quarter.

 HARD LABOUR FOR WOUNDING AN ARAB.

   Shlomo Eleazar charged with wounding an Arab during the disturbances at Jaffa was sentenced yesterday to 4 years' hard labour.  The counsel for the defence is lodging an appeal.

TWO YEARS FOR LOOTERS.

   Two Arabs who were arrested on the 24th of August in the home of Mr. Samuel Radwisky in Baith Wegan were brought before the District Court, and charged with looting.  Two Arab sergeants gave evidence that they arrested the two accused in Baith Wegan in the house of a person named Samuel.  They found bon one of them a wrist watch, a purse in which there was a lottery ticket, a key and a ring.  The police officer said that shots were coming from the direction of the houses where the two accused were.  When they arrested the prisoners they searched them and the one had on him the watch, the ring and the purse.  The prisoner declared that the objects were his and that he had brought the watch from Jaffa.  When asked why they had been there, they answered that they were frightened as shots were being fired and hid themselves in the house.  Samuel Aaron Radwisky, the owner of the house, gave evidence that he left his house on Friday and when he returned all his house was looted.  He recognised the lottery ticket as his and gave its number.  Rebecca Radwisky gave evidence that she came from Tel Aviv to live in her father' house and she pout the watch and the ring and L.P. 20 on the sewing machine and on Friday she left the house.  When the police informed her that they had found a watch she proved that it belonged ton her.

   One of the accused gave evidence that on the 24th he was going to Lifta to see his uncle and near Baith Wegan shots were fired, so he went and hid himself in the house.  The Judge passed a sentence of two years' imprisonment on both prisoners.  The looted property was ordered to be given back to the owner.

HARD LABOUR FOR LOOTING.

   Two Arabs were tried for looting during the riots in Haifa.  One was sentenced to three years and one to five years' imprisonment.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 11 October 1929

AMAZING SCENES IN CASE OF SAFED MURDERERS.

(From Our Special Correspondent.)

JUDGE'S STERN REBUKE TO COUNSEL.

Counsel Throw Up Briefs.

HAIFA, October 10.

   The trial of the three Safed Arabs accused of the murder on August 29 of Isaac Mamaan, mechanic at the Hadassah Hospital, took a sensational turn this morning when the Chief Justice adjourned the case till next Tuesday following the withdrawal of the second lawyer, Hanna Asfour, after the Chief Justice had described his cross-examination of a State witness as "bad advocacy."

   The unusual scene occurred during the cross-examination of the cook of the Hadassah Hospital, who testified he had heard Mamaan repeat to his wife five times that the accused had attacked him.  He was at the patient's bedside a few hours, the witness said, had helped to undress the wounded man and has asked the victim what had happened and was told, that two sons of Ranein, and Ahmed Jabour, besides another who has since absconded, had attacked him.

   Mr. Asfour asked the witness whether the preceding witness had lied when he testified that he heard, before falling asleep, the victim mention the assailants'' names only three times.

   The prosecution objected to the question and the Chief Justice sustaining him, said, addressing Mr. Asfour.

   "It is bad advocacy, Hanna Effendi, to belabour a simple witness.  You don't help your case.  It would be better if in your speech, you called our attention to any discrepancies in the evidence."

   Upon this, the counsel sat down, murmuring, petulantly, like Mr. Maughanam who threw up his brief the day before, that he was doing his best for his clients.

   "What difference is there between one witness saying he heard q certain statement three, another five, times?" asked Judge Litt.  "It only goes to show the witnesses did not agree in advance to tell the same story."

   Obviously paling under this rebuke, Mr. Asfour, compressing his lips said, addressing the Court, "I am unable to go on with this case."

   "You are undertaking a very responsibly action." said the Chief Justine, "You are defending three men on trial for their lives.  Your conduct will be coupled with the gravest criticism.

   Then, after a pause, the Judge asked,

   "Will you state why you wish to withdraw?"

    "It is very difficult for me to proceed, I feel it," said Mr. Asfour.

   "No other reason?" queried the chief Justice.

   "No," said Mr. Asfour, "But if you wish me to continue until other counsel is appointed, I will your honour."

   The Judges were surprised to learn that this counsel held a brief for only one of the accused, whereas it had been stated the day before that each of the counsel represented all three prisoners.  The Chief Justice addressing Mr. Asfour, said, "I shall very seriously consider whether action should be taken against you for professional misconduct."

   The Court was adjourned for fifteen minutes, but the sitting was not resumed for an hour, when Sir Michael McDonnell announced an adjournment of the case till Tuesday next to enable the defendants to secure other counsel, since Sheikh Kassab of Haifa, supposedly another counsel for the defence declined to carry on.

   The other trial, of four  people of Safed accused of the murder of a Jewish woman of sixty, was also adjourned as the same counsel who abandoned their clients in the one case, were supposed to appear for the defendants in the other.

   During the proceedings, the Chief Justice objecting to Mr. Asfour's remark that this was not an "ordinary" murder trial, said:

   "There is nothing extraordinary about this case except the extraordinary conduct of Mauganam Effendi and yourself.  The only unusual thing is the atmosphere surrounding these crimes, but this is no reason why calm and decorum should not be observed in court."

 

SHAMEFUL SABOTAGE.

   The above report from Haifa of the proceedings during the first of the murder trials arising from thru Moslem attack on the Jews of Safed at the end of August makes very depressing reading.  First one, then another of the Counsel for the defence threw up their briefs.  This is itself a very serious matter, leaving as it does the accused without the chance every prisoner is entitled to in every civilised court.

   What makes it more serious is that the throwing up of the briefs was meant as a deliberate insult to the Judges.  What is the meaning of these melodramatic antics by members of the Bar?  Can it be their intention to intimidate Judges so that none will dare to check the abuses of cross examination when they reach a point of mere obstructionism?

   Whatever their secret intention, Messrs. Maugaman and Astour have displayed a petulance which ill becomes lawyers defending these tried for their lives.  All who witnessed these proceedings could not fail to marvel at the endless patience shown by the Chief Justice and Judge Litt, in spite of the pointless tine-wasting gruelling of innocent witnesses and not the men in the dock were on trial.  When an exasperated Judge at last rebuked politely if not firmly, one of the counsel for conducting a "fishing cross-examination" the lawyer withdrew from the case, showing the way to his junior when similarly restrained on his progress the next day by having it pointed out to him that he was furnishing an example of "bad advocacy."

   Unless we are greatly mistaken, the Judge had the duty to protect witnesses from personal abuse at the hands of counsel and this is precisely what the Chief Justice tried to do.  The two lawyers who have exposed themselves to grave criticism will undoubtedly have to answer for their conduct as the Chief Justice made quite clear.  What should interest the public at large is the possibility of sabotage on the part of these and other Arab lawyers.  The insane talk of an Arab lawyers' walk-out, which will, it is feared, be enormously bolstered up by the disgraceful incidents in the Haifa Assizes, shows a recklessness which even in the present tenor of the country is as amazing as it is futile.  No one stands to gain by this form of sabotage.  British Judges will not be impressed let alone intimidated by them.  It is only the unhappy prisoners who are left defenceless, who suffer.

   The time has come to make it clear that there are some things that cannot be boycotted like shops in the bazaar.  British Justice cannot be boycotted, and the Palestine public is entitled to expect no further delay in the trial of capital cases. The ill-temper shown at Haifa by the lawyers has caused the adjournment of two important Safed cases until the middle of next week, a waste of the Court' time involving the postponement of the Hebron trials.  Against this and the authors of this scandalous procedure the public is entitled to protest.     

                                     

The Palestine Bulletin, 15 October 1929

ARAB LAWYERS' PROTEST.

   The Arab lawyers have submitted a memorandum to the Government protesting against the atmosphere now prevailing in the Courts.  They allege that Arab convicts are beaten; Arab complaints are not taken into consideration; Arab officials are being dismissed because of complaints on the part of Jews.  They also allege that the Examining Magistrates are not professional judges, and this is endangering the life of hundreds of Arab convicts.  They express dissatisfaction at the fact that the District Court is everywhere composed of one judge only, and the Court of Appeal of two judges only.  They finally protest against the strong military guards placed in the Courts.    

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 17 October 1929

TRANSFER OF VENUE OF SAFED TRIALS.

   The Arab lawyers have submitted a demand that the trial of the Safed murder cases be transferred from Haifa to another place.  The Supreme Court has not yet announced its decision.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 17 October 1929

JEW ARRESTED ON EVIDENCE OF ANGRY WIFE.

   A Jew named Nahum lost his temper with his wife and foolishly struck his father-in-law in the face.  Both the father-in-law and his daughter grew very angry with Nahum.  When the riots broke out and Arabs were charged with looting the idea struck Nahum's wife that she would charge her husband with having looted goods belonging to Arabs.  She therefore laid a charge against him.  The unfortunate man has been a week in prison.  Yesterday, he was brought handcuffed before the court of the examining Magistrate.  Before the case was called the prisoner explained to an advocate that the real reason why he was arrested was because oven his wife's anger.  Attempts will be made to-day to secure bail for the henpecked husband.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 20 October 1929

JEW CHARGED WITH LOOTING A FRYING PAN.

   The young Jew who was charged with looting, partly on the evidence of his wife with whom he has not been living on good terms has been released on bail.  He is charged with having stolen a frying pan.  An Arab lady gave evidence that the frying pan belonged to her and had been stolen from her house.  The hearing is adjourned till Wednesday.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 18 October 1929

SHEIK TALEB GIVES EVIDENCE.

Counsel demands Citation Of Palestine Bulletin For Contempt.

   When the case against Sheikh Taleb Marka, who is charged with being responsible for the Hebron outbreak, was to have been resumed yesterday it was found that prosecuting counsel was not present.  The case could not therefore be proceeded with and it was adjourned for some time.

...

THE PALESTINE BULLETIN CRITICISED IN COURT.

   When the afternoon session on the previous day was opened, Counsel for the defence made an application to the Court that The Palestine Bulletin be cited for contempt of court on the alleged ground that The Palestine Bulletin had referred to Asst. Superintendent Cafferata's evidence as "wonderful" which is a term which might prejudice the Court and also on the ground that the prisoner had been referred to as a ring-leader and not as an alleged ring-leader.

   The Court failed to find the word "wonderful" in The Palestine Bulletin (the word was not used) and therefore could not arrest the editor of The Palestine Bulletin on that score.

   With regard to the word "alleged" which was alleged to have been omitted in w headline, His Honour pointed out that newspapers often omit the word.  At the same time he advised responsibly editors to use the word more in future when a prisoner has not been convicted.        

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 20 October 1929

L.P. 500 DEPOSIT AS GUARANTEE OF GOOD BEHAVIOUR.

   Kasmel Eff. Dajani of Jaffa has been ordered by the Court to deposit L.P. 500 as guarantee of good behaviour for the period of one year.  Communist and other revolutionary literature and appeals were found on him.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 20 October 1929

LAWYER SUMMONS BRITISH JUDGE.

   The Arab advocate, Abd. Altir Bey Saleh, has brought an action against Nr. W. J. Farrel, who is now acting as Examining Magistrate at Nablus.  He alleges that Mr. Farrel turned him out of Court when he wished to appear as Counsel for the defence.

COW STEALERS GET SIX MONTHS.

   Two Arabs were sentenced to six months hard labour for stealing a cow during the attack on the colony of Hulda.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 20 October 1929

THREE SAFED MURDERERS CONDEMNED TO DEATH.

   The Chief Justice and Mr. Justice Litt on Friday passed sentence on the three Arabs charged with murdering Isaac Mamaan, a member of the Hadassah staff in Safed.  The prisoners were found guilty and condemned to death.

   In his final speech to the Court the Public Prosecutor said that the witnesses for the prosecution were evidently speaking the truth.  Their evidence was convincing.  The alibi which the prisoners attempted to set up was certainly not satisfactory.  The prisoners contradicted one another in the evidence which they put before the Court.  The Judge in summing up pointed out that the evidence proved sufficiently that the accused with premeditation killed the unfortunate man without any provocation on his part.  They were among the chief instigators of the Safed rioters.  They conspired one with the other to carry out their crime.

   Sentence was accordingly passed upon the three prisoners.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 20 October 1929

IN COURT.

CHARGE AGAINST JEWS DISMISSED.

   Of the three Jews charged with arson and looting, two were dismissed on the ground that there was no evidence against them.  The case of the third prisoner was adjourned until Thursday.

JEW CHARGED WITH LOOTING A FRYING PAN.

   The young Jew who was charged with looting, partly on the evidence of his wife with whom he has not been living on good terms has been released on bail.  He is charged with having stolen a frying pan.  An Arab lady gave evidence that the frying pan belonged to her and had been stolen from her house.  The hearing is adjourned till Wednesday.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

ALLEGED MURDERER OF JAFFA JEW TO BE TRIED UNDER ARTICLE 170.

   The Examining Judge has stated that Bader-Al Din who is charged with the murder of B. Rosen, the aged Jaffa Jew who was the first to be killed during the riots on August 25, will be tried under Article 170 of the Penal Code.  The sons of the murdered man were wounded in the riots.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 22 October 1929

10 YEARS HARD LABOUR FOR SAFED PRISONERS.

   The trial has begun of the alleged accomplices of the assailant who fired at Lula Farjoun, a lady of 60, and killed her.  The assailant has escaped.  Four Arabs, all of Safed, are charged with the murder.  The case is being heard by Judge Litt who is sitting in the District Court as Judge of Criminal Assize.

   The grand-daughter of the murdered woman identified the prisoners.  She herself had a miraculous escape.  She hid under the bed and was not discovered while the slaughter lasted.

(Later).

   When evidence had been completed in the case of those charged with the murder of Lula Farjoun, the Court asked the prisoners whether they wished to say anything, but they made no reply.  At 6 o'clock in the evening the Judges left the court, returning half an hour later ton give their verdict.  The judgment of the Court was that the prisoners were not guilty of the murder of Lula Farjoun, but it had been clearly proved to the Court that the four prisoners had conspired together and went out for the purpose of killing and looting Jews.  The Court, therefore, passed sentence of ten years hard labour upon each of the prisoners.

CRYING WOMEN GATHER ROUND HOUSE OF SAFED MUFTI.

"Why Did You Lead us Into This Misery?"

   Pathetic scenes were witnessed round the house of the Mufti in Safed when relatives of the murderers who have been condemned to death, gathered there and started threatening the Mufti for having lead the unhappy men to their destruction.  One tragic-looking woman, the wife of one of the condemned men, wailed and shrieked, beat her breast and cried out, "Why have you brought us to this misery?"

   Others shouted, "We are innocent, you are guilty."

   All through the night the piercing cries against the Mufti were heard.  Nothing could silence the woman, and at one time it looked as if they might try and break into the house of the man whom they consider the cause of all their trouble.

NOMINAL FINE IN CASE OF SELF DEFENCE.

   The magistrate at Safed fined the holder of firearms without a licence one Pound.  The prisoner was immediately discharged.  In inflicting the nominal fine, the magistrate said that where a man is attacked by a fanatical and frantic mob he cannot be blamed for holding firearms.  There was no suggestion but that the prisoner was a perfectly peaceful citizen.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 23 October 1929

MUFTI OF SAFED PROMISES 40,000 ARABS FROM ARABIA.

   As reported in yesterday's Palestine Bulletin, crowds of people gathered round the house of the Mufti of Safed.  Among them were the wives of the men condemned to death.  They called out to him that he was responsible for the misery which had befallen them.  According to one report, the Mufti, in order to quieten the excited people, came outside his house, held up both his hands and said, "In the name of Allah, peace be above you.  You have naught to fear, soon there will come from Arabia more than thirty thousand armed men.  They will bring prosperity to us, and peace to our country."  When the woman called out, "What about our husbands?"  He replied, They will come, those thirty thousand brave Arabs, and rescue your husbands before a hair of their head is touched."

FOOTBALL LEADS TO COURT ACTION.

(Exclusive to The Palestine Bulletin)

   The Court on Jerusalem was yesterday crowded with a number of happy little urchins with smiling faces who had been brought to Court to answer the charge of an old Yemenite Jew.  The Yemenite complained that the children all of them Jews, had ceased playing a legitimate game of football and had kicked their ball into his house in order to annoy him.  The only witness the Yemenite could produce was a young child whom the magistrate could not hear.  The charge was dismissed.  The children swarmed out of the Court laughing and talking at the top of their voices obviously having enjoyed their first public appearance in Court.

   To the law reporter of The Palestine Bulletin one of the children said, "Of Course we did not kick the ball into his house purposely.  I tried to score a goal, along came Shimon and kicked the ball as hard as he could and it went into his house."  Another said, "The Magistrate was awfully nice to us, at first we thought we were all going to prison, my dad was terribly worried."

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 25 October 1929

TWO YEARS FOR SHEIKH TALEB MARKAH.

Close of Historic Trial.

   About 5 last evening the historic trial of Sheikh Taleb Markah who was charged with inciting the people of Hebron to murder the Jews there came to an end.   Mr. Justice Corrie giving the verdict of the Court said that the evidence tended to show not that the prisoner had incited the Arabs of Hebron to murder the Jews of Hebron, but that he had incited them on Friday to attack the Jews of Jerusalem.  He passed sentence on the prisoner of two years imprisonment together with a fine of L.P. 50.  He ordered the prisoner to pay the costs of the prosecution.

   It is understood that Counsel for the defence will appeal against the sentence.  The appeal will have to be lodged within the next ten days.

RIOTS DRAMATICALLY RECALLED ON JAFFA GATE MURDER CASE. ......

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 25 October 1929

DISAPPEARANCE OF CONSULAR COURT FROM EGYPT.                      [Egypt]

   An agreement for the abrogation of the Consular Court in Egypt has been signed by Austria.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 27 October 1929

SEPHARDI JEW CHARGED WITH SHOOTING AT ARABS ACQUITTED.

   Seventeen witnesses came into court to give evidence against the Sephardi Jew Itshak Awadish of Jaffa.  H was charged with firing at and wounding four Arabs during the riots.  After cross-examination by Mr. Henningham it appeared that the detailed evidence that was given was quite unreliable.  The Arab landlord of the prisoner proved that the prisoner was not in the house at the time of the riots.  The Judge in summing up pointed out that it was perfectly clear that the prisoner could not have been guilty of the offences charged against him.  He was therefore acquitted.

   The case had aroused immense interest in Jaffa and in Tel Aviv particularly among the Sephardim with whom it was the sole topic of conversation throughout Saturday. Ha'aretz, the Hebrew daily, which went to press before the news of the acquittal was received wrote up the verdict and pinned it on the door of the Haaretz building.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 28 October 1929

SAFED RIOTER SENTENCED TO 7 YEARS.

   Ali Abdel Rahman, of Safed, was sentenced at Haifa to 7 years' imprisonment for attempting to assault Police Inspector Cohen on the day of the riots.  He was carrying a hammer with him.  Several policemen gave evidence against Ali.  One of the witnesses who contradicted what he had stated before the Examining Judge, was arrested in the Court and will be tried for perjury.

ASSEMBLING ILLEGALLY IN STREETS.

   It is reported from Nablus that 28 youths have been sentenced to 600 mils fine each and 2 to 15 days' imprisonment each for assembling illegally in the streets.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 30 October 1929

MARRIAGE IN COUNTRY ONCE UNDER TURKISH RULE.             [Cyprus]

   The following case may not be without interest to Palestinians.

Papadopoulos, S.G., v. Papadopouls, A. E. L.

   Dr. Stylianos George Papadopoulos, of Lancaster Gate Terrace, appealed from a considered decision of Mr. Graham Campbell, the Bow street Magistrate, that a decree of the Court of Nicosia, Cyprus (then a foreign possession), on May 14, 1912, at the Holborn register Office, was invalid in English law, and therefore, that the marriage was still subsisting.

   The magistrate ordered the husband to pay L. 2 a week maintenance to his wife, Mrs. Annie Eugenie Lonie Papadopoulos, the respondent to the appeal.   Mr. Schiller, agruing against the magistrate's decision, said that Dr. Papadopoulos was a native of Cyprus, and until it was annexed by us he was a Turkish subject.  He had come to England to study medicine.  The woman was a French woman, and at the time of the alleged marriage, was living temporarily in England.     

   Later, the wife took proceedings in Cyprus for a declaration that her marriage was valid, but the court declared the marriage null and void, and grated her in lieu of the declaration L. 380 damages for breach of promise.

   Mr. Schiller contended that the wife agreed to the judgment and consented to give up whatever rights she had for the payment of L. 380.  Having compromised her claim for L. 380, she was bound by the judgment.  The hearing was adjourned.                

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 1 November 1929                                         [Salonica, Greece]

ATTEMPT TO POSSES SULTAN'S PROPERTY.

   Major John Godolphin Bennet, of the Anglo-Hellenic Finance Corporation, has been acquitted by the Salonica High Court of all charges of forgery in connection with attempts to secure possession of the property of the late Sultan Abdul Hamid of Turkey.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 8 November 1929

TWO CONDEMNED TO DEATH FOR MURDER OF RABBI KASTEL.

Two Prisoners Acquitted.

   The Court was crowded for one hour and a-half before the Judges sat when the last scene in the Kastel drama was enacted yesterday morning in Jerusalem.

   MacDonnel C.J., in giving judgment, finding two of the prisoners guilty and two of them                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               not guilty said:

With regard to the prisoners Abdul Jawad Farrah Zakhan and Mohamed Abdul Hadi Abu Zakhan, although we do not believe their alibi we are not satisfied with the evidence of the prosecution.  Therefore we decide that these two prisoners be acquitted on both charges.

   Abdul Jawad Farah and Atta Ahmed el Zeer are guilty of the first charge i.e., under Article 170 of the Ottoman Penal Coder and paragraph 3 and 4 of the Criminal Amendment of 1927.  Both persons are acquitted on the second charge of wounding Sara Kastel with intent to kill her.

   A Civil Claim was lodged by Mr. Freidenberg on behalf of Sara Kastel and her daughter.  Counsel for the defence pleaded leniency because, he said, the accused were not the only persons there.  Mr. Justice MacDonnel ordered both the accused to pay L. 250.

   The judge asked the accused if they had anything to say.  Their lawyer on their behalf said, "I leave it to the hands of the Court."  Everyone in Court was ordered to stand up when the Death sentence was read.   

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 10 November 1929

EDITOR OF OMER FINED.

   The responsible editor of "Omer," a paper which appeared in Tel Aviv on Tuesday, containing information on current events, local and foreign, was tried in the magistrates Court yesterday.  He was sentenced to L.P. 5 fine.  The judge found that under the Press Law a leaflet needs to be registered with the Government.  This the editor failed to do.  The Counsel for the defence is lodging an appeal.     

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 13 November 1929

COMMUNISTS TO BE DEPORTED.

   Six Communists were brought before the Jerusalem Magistrates' Court yesterday.  Three of them were sentenced to two months' imprisonment or L.P. 10 fine, and one to one month's imprisonment to be followed by deportation.  Two were acquitted.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 20 November 1929

THREE JEWS CHARGED WITH MURDER ACQUITTED.

   Three Jews, Nathan Levy, Zweig and [Kimerman], who were charged with the murder of an Arab woman were yesterday discharged by the Examining magistrate, Mr. Camp, for lack of evidence.

THREE APPEALS HEARD.

   In the High Court, Jerusalem, before R. C. Tute, Abdul Aziz Yusef, who was sentenced to one year's imprisonment for possession of a revolver.  The Court reduced the sentence to six months.

   The second appeal was that of Kemal El Taheb, a student, who was sentenced to one year imprisonment for possession of explosives.  The student was order to deposit a security of L.P. 100 and be under the supervision of the District Superintendent of Police of the North for three years.

   The third appeal was of three Arabs who were sentenced to two years' imprisonment each, for looting at Beit Vegan.  The sentence was confirmed, and it will begin from yesterday.  The sentence was given about two months ago.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 21 November 1929

JEW SENTENCED TO DEATH FOR MURDER.

   Joseph Orphali, of Jaffa, charged with shooting at and murdering two Arabs during the disturbances, was yesterday found guilty and sentenced to death.  He has also to pay L.P. 250 to members of the family of the murdered men.  The case will come before the Court of Appeal for its decision.

   This is the first instance in which a Jew has been found guilty of murder in connection with the riots.  A Sephardi Jew of Jaffa was, it will be remembered, charged with murder, but was found not guilty and acquitted.

JEW ACQUITTED OF MURDER CHARGE.

   In the District Court, before Mr. Justice De Freitas, the case of a Jew who was charged with attempted murder of an Arab was heard.  The complainant said that he was assaulted by three Jews on Saturday.  He could identify them but he does not know their names.  A porter said that he was about twenty metres away when the complainant was assaulted.  He recognised the prisoner as one of the assailants.  Three witnesses for the defence were called and they gave evidence that they saw the prisoner in his home between the hours of four thirty and five p.m., the time when the Arab was assaulted.  The accused pleaded not guilty.  He stated that at four thirty he was in Police Barracks and then he went home and slept.  Mr. Justice De Freitas discharged the prisoner for lack of evidence.

FIVE YEARS TO THREE MONTHS.

   The villagers of Tireh, who were sentenced to five year's imprisonment by Mr. Justice Litt, in Haifa, yesterday brought their appeal before the Court.  The courtroom was packed and visitors could not possibly find room.

   The Court held that the sentences of five years could not stand.  The prisoners had been found guilty of attempted murder under Article 58 of the Ottoman Penal Code.  It was necessary, however, in order to prove that the prisoners intended murder, that there should be some overt act.  In this case there was none.

   The Appeal Court, therefore, found the prisoners guilty under Article 32 of the Police Ordinance; that is to say, of illegal meeting.  The sentence was reduced to one of three months for each of the prisoners.  The time is to run from the date of the original sentence.

TWO JEWS ACQUITTED.

Judge Visits The Site.

   Before Mr. Justice De Freitas, in the District Court, the case of the two Bukharian Jews, who are charged with looting, was heard.  They are alleged to have stolen sacks of straw from an Arab's house in the Bukharian quarter.  Complainant gave evidence that he saw the two Jews carrying sacks on their backs.  He saw them he said, at a distance witch is equal to that between the Court and the Post Office.  The daughter of the complainant also gave evidence that she saw them from the same distance.  Before hearing any further witnesses, the Judge went to the site where the incident was supposed ton have taken place.  The daughter of the complainant was ordered to stand in the same place, and people who she knew were asked to walk past the house from which she saw the Jews. V She could not recognise any of those who were passing.

   The Judge returned and told the Bukharian Jews that he did not desire to ask them whether they pleaded guilty or not.  He said, "I have seen the place, I discharge you."      [See The Palestine Bulletin, 12 & 30 March 1930.]

NIGHT GUARD OF JEDDAH ACQUITTED.

   He night guard of Jeddah was charged in the Haifa Court with having assaulted an Arab.  He was found not guilty and discharged.

   The Magistrate of Nazareth dismissed the charge against Moses Gruber and Samuel Ifan, who were charged with assaulting an Arab on September 8th.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 26 November 1929

FIVE YEARS FOR ATTEMPTED MURDER.

   Before Judge Webb, Judge Ali Effendi and Judge Mustafa el Khalid the appeal was heard of Hassan Khalid Abase and Ismail Ali Humid who were sentenced to five years hard labour for attempting to murder Khalid Hassan and for killing his horse.  The Court of Appeal confirmed the sentence, and the appeal was dismissed.   This case has nothing to do with the disturbances, it was an attempted murder before the riots.

ONE YEAR FOR STEALING FOOD.

   The sentence of one year for stealing two baskets of food was confirmed in the Court of Appeal when Hassan Ali Jasser and Abdul Aziz Gahabi brought their appeal against sentence.

 

The Palestine Bulletin,   27 November 1929.

Macleff Case Opens.

The Palestine Bulletin, 28 November 1929

The Macleff Case.

The Palestine Bulletin, 29 November 1929

The Macleff Case.  

The Palestine Bulletin, 2 December 1929

Survivor Of Macleff Family Arrested On Charge of Murder.   

The Palestine Bulletin, 4 December 1929

The Macleff Case. 

The Palestine Bulletin, 5 December 1929

The Macleff Case.                                  

The Palestine Bulletin, 8 December 1929

The Macleff Case.                                                                       

The Palestine Bulletin, 11 December 1929

The Macleff case.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                The Palestine Bulletin, 12 December 1929

The Macleff Case.

The Palestine Bulletin, 13 December 1929

The Macleff Case.

The Palestine Bulletin, 17 December 1929

The Macleff Case.

DISCREDITABLE AND DISHONOURABLE ADVOCACY.

...

Faiz Haddad: Would you be surprised if a Government Officer should come here and state that he gave cartridges into your keeping? - Let him come here.  I would like to see him.

MacDonnell C.J. What is the name of this Government Official?

Faiz Haddad: There were certain arrangements made by the Government to distribute arms to the Jewish Colonies, but I do not know the name of this officer.

Mr. Justice De Freitas: This is not a proper way of conducting a defence.

Faiz Haddad: I have definite information that arms were given to Jewish Colonists while Sir Herbert Samuel was here.

 MacDonnell C.J. (angrily): If you do not know the name of the officer you have no right to put this question.

Mr. Justice De Freeitas: The question you asked was this: Would you be surprised if an officer should come here and affirm that he gave arms? - This is discreditable and dishonourable advocacy.

Mr. Fiaz Haddad: I withdraw the question.

McDonnell C.J. I should hope so.

...                                    

The Palestine Bulletin, 18 December v1929

The Macleff Case.

The Palestine Bulletin, 19 December 1929

The Macleff Case.

The Palestine Bulletin, 22 December 1929

The Macleff Case.

The Palestine Bulletin, 24 December 1929

The Macleff Case.

The Palestine Bulletin, 26 December 1929

The Macleff Case.

The Palestine Bulletin, 31 December 1929

The Macleff Case.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 28 November 1929

NINE ARABS CONDEMNED TO DEATH.

GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL AMONG THE CONDEMNED.

   After a trial lasting nearly three weeks, nine Arabs have been condemned to death.  They were charged with having murdered during the riots in Safed, Mr. Alfiat, a teacher in a Jewish school in Safed, his wife and his mother.  The Court was composed of Litt J. and Corrie J. Among those condemned to death is a Clerk in the Health Department.  Among those charged, was a teacher in the Government School of Nazareth.  He was yesterday found not guilty and was discharged.  Two others were acquitted of the charge of being concerned in the murder of the Afriat family, but one of them was condemned to death in a previous case.  One of the prisoners has been sentenced to a term of fifteen years hard labour.

   Of the fourteen who were originally arrested one made good his escaper before the trial.  There have been two cases arising out of the Safed disturbances, in which death sentences have been passed.  Death sentences have also been passed in the Hebron case of the murderers of Rabbi Kastel.  All these cases will be brought before the Court of Appeal for its final decision.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 1 December 1929

SHEIKH TALEB'S APPEAL TO-MORROW.

   The appeal of Sheikh Taleb Marka, who was charged with having incited the people of Hebron to murder, and who was sentenced for a term of imprisonment of 2 years, is appealing against his sentence to the Court of Appeal.  The case will be heard to-morrow.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 3 December 1929

FIRST DEATH SENTENCE TO BE UPHELD.

Case May Be Taken To The Privy Council.

   The first appeal from a death sentence arising out of a murder committed during the riots, was heard yesterday in the Court of Appeal.  The Court was composed of McDonnel, C.J., De Feitas J and Copland J.  Mr. Sherwell appeared for the prosecution; Abcarius Bey appeared for the defence.  The prisoner is Mustafa Ahmed Derbes.  He was sentenced to death for having with premeditation murdered advocate Toledano in Safed during the disturbances.

   The prisoner was brought into the Court chained.  His hand-cuffs were removed during the hearing, but the chains were left on his legs.  He was wearing dull red prison garb.  Counsel for the defence, in presenting the appeal, asked the Court to allow him to call Mr. Faraday, whose evidence in the Inquiry Commission as, in the opinion of Counsel, relevant to the case.  Mr. Faraday knew of the situation on the days when the riots occurred.  The defence only became aware of this evidence after the trial.  Counsel urged that as the death sentence had been passed on the prisoner, every opportunity should be given to him to bring forward what evidence he could.

   The Public prosecutor raised no objection to the witness being called.

   The Judges consulted together for a few moments.  The Chief Justice then said that in the opinion of the Court it was not necessary for [any] witness to be called.

   Counsel for the defence then asked the court whether a report had been made by the Judge of the first instance as to which of the witnesses were believed and which not.  Such a report, said Counsel, would greatly facilitate his case.  The Chief justice said that there was no such report in the case.

   Counsel for the defence then raised a third point.  He argued that for the crime of premeditated murder, it was necessary to prove that the prisoner had actually entered the house where the murder had taken place.  In this case none of the witnesses had seen the prisoner inside the house.  One of the witnesses, it is true, had given evidence that he had seen the head of the prisoner in the entrance of the house, but nothing more.  It cannot be presumed from this that there was actual entry.

   Counsel then quoted a number of cases which had been decided under Article 170 of the Ottoman Code in the Turkish Courts at Constantinople. 

   The Public prosecutor in reply, said there was no need to prove that the prisoner actually entered the house.  The amendment of the Code by an ordinance of 1927 made entry unnecessary.  Mr. Sherwell continued that there was evidenced that the prisoner was in the act of entry.  It is a question of fact which has to be decided and nothing more.

   In reply, Counsel for the defence said that the Amendment ordinance was not intended to educe the minimum evidence required.  There must be corroboration, which was lacking in this case.  When Counsel for both sides had stated their case, the Court was cleared and the judges considered their verdict.

   After a quarter of an hour, the bell rang, the Court refilled, and the chief Justice gave his decision.  He said, "The Court holds that there is sufficient evidence for a conviction.  The Court finds the accused guilty.  The sentence is affirmed."

   Counsel for the defence asked that a note might be kept, in the event of the case being taken to the Privy Council.

SIX STROKES OF THE CAT FOR ASSAULT.

   Before an Arab magistrate two Arabs, who were found guilty of assaulting a Jew in the Old City, were ordered, in one case, six strokes of the cat, in the other L.P. 2 or in default twenty days in prison.  The two prisoners were also ordered to pay the Jew his wages for five days at the rate of thirty piastres a day.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 4 December 1929

THREE MORE MEN CONDEMNED TO DEATH APPEAL AGAINST SENTENCE.

   The lives of three men are hanging in the balance.  Three Arabs, who have been condemned to death for murder committed during the riots in Safed, are appealing against their sentence.  Most of yesterday morning was taken up with the pleading of Counsel for the defence for the three prisoners.

   The Court consisted of Corrie J., Copland J., and Tute J; For the Prosecution: Mr. Sherwell; for the Defence: Abcarius Bey.  Prisoners: Ahmed Jaber; and the brothers Naim and Gani.

   The prisoners were wearing the red garb of those condemned to death.  They were heavily chained and a strong police guard kept watch over their slightest movements.

   Counsel for the Defence argued that the charge should be specific. As it stood, there was a charge under Article 170 paragraph 4.  The two charges, said Counsel, were distinguishable.  Counsel further asked the Court to exercise its discretion and allow him to call Captain Faraday, berceuse the evidence which he had given to the Commission was not known to the defence at the time of the trial.

   Counsel quoted from the evidence given before the Commission the statement that on August 28th Safed was quiet, but that suddenly on the receipt of news from Haifa, Safed was disturbed.  It was therefore impossible to allege premeditation.

   The defence further produced a certificate to show that one of the prisoners was still under 18 years of age.

No identification of all Prisoners.

   There was no complete identification of all the prisoners by any one witness.  One witness who was 78 years of age admitted that he knew the prisoners and their fathers and grandfathers but he was not able ton identify the three by name.  This same witness gave no evidence whatever against two of the prisoners.  Further, the deceased man before he died, told his wife the name of one of his aggressors but failed to name the other two.  There was also a discrepancy between the evidence given by the wife and that given by a witness who heard the conversation between the husband and wife.

   Counsel then proceeded to criticise judgment that was given in the case.   The Court would not allow Counsel for the defence to recall Captain Faraday.

   Mr. Sherwell, in reply, said that it was quite usual to have alternative charges.  The Court might find the prisoners guilty on both charges or one of them.  The Arabs on the 29th gathered in the Moslem quarter and went to the Jewish quarter and there is evidence that the murder was with premeditation, wither direct or indirect.  The only alternative is to suggest that the crowd were mad.

   The decision of the Court will be given today at 9.30.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 5 December 1929

 TWO MORE DEATH SENTENCES UPHELD.

WOMAN'S MURDERERS TO DIE.

   The Appeal was heard yesterday in which four Arabs were charged with the murder of Lulu Farjoon.  Two of the prisoners were sentenced to death, and two to ten years' imprisonment.

   The Court consisted of Corrie, J., Copland, J., and Tute, J., ; For the prosecution : Mr. Sherwell; For the Defence: Abcarius Bey.  Abcarius Bey said that the demonstration in Safed was a peaceful one in which the prisoners had taken part.  There was only one witness who said that some of the demonstrators carried sticks and rifles.  Others said that they saw them carrying sticks and knives.  Abcarius Bey further argued that two of the accused were sentenced under Article 58 of the Ottoman Penal Code and Part. 3 and 4 of the Amendment Ordinance, although a different charge was brought against them originally.

   Mr. Justice Corrie: IF the new charge does not include elements of the one under which they were originally tried, the accused were given no chance of defending themselves.

   The Defence said that it was not proved that the accused killed the woman in order to facilitate the looting.

   The Court, after an adjournment of 40 minutes, gave its decision.

Sentence Upheld.

   "The Court finds no reason to modify the death sentence passed on the first two accused, and the sentence is upheld."  

   Concerning the two who were sentenced to ten years hard labour, the Court remitted the case to the Criminal Assize Court so that the accused may have a chance of defending themselves against the charge under which they were sentenced.  The Defence asked for a note to be taken, in the event of the case being brought before the Privy Council. 

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 6 December 1929

APPEAL OF KASTEL MURDERERS FAILS.

   The murderers of Rabbi Kastel who were condemned to death for the murder of the Rabbi in Hebron appealed against sentence.  The appeal was dismissed.

   The appeal of the three condemned men, found guilty of murdering Mr. Manaan, was dismissed as to two of the prisoners.  The defence have alleged that the third prisoner was under 18 years of age.  The Court of Appeal ordered that inquiries should be made as to the age of the third before giving judgment. [See Palestine Bulletin, 16 February 1930.]

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 9 December 1929

IN COURT.

HEBRON MURDERERS CONFESS THEIR CRIME.

   The Arabs who, as reported in yesterday's Palestine Bulletin, were sentenced to 18 years' imprisonment for murdering two Jews of Hebron, pleaded guilty on the advice of their Counsel, when the case was brought before the Court.  In this way they obtained a less severe punishment than would otherwise have been meted out to them.

   Charged with looting in Hebron, an Arab was given ten months.  An instigator was given nine months.  An Arab found in possession of firearms was given five months.

INSTIGATOR REPENTS.

   Ismael Tubasi, son of the well known Jaffa Sheikh has been charged with delivering a speech of an inciting nature in the Jaffa Mosque on August 25.  There was a surprising turn when the case was brought before the District Court.  The first witness for the prosecution gave evidence and left the box.  Upon this, Counsel for the defence stood up and said that it was superfluous for the Court to hear any further evidence.  His client admitted guilt, wished to apologise for what had taken place and asked the Court to pardon his offence.  He promised good behaviour in the future.  The Court sent him to prison for six months

SUMMONED FOR PERJURY.

   Said Muhamed Halil of Lifta and his daughter are summoned by two Bukharian Jews for perjury.  Halil and his daughter gave evidence against the Bukharians alleging that they saw the latter burning and looting Halil's house.  This proved to be false evidence, and the Bukharians were acquitted. [See Palestine Bulletin, 21 November, above.]

COMMUNIST OBJECTS TO TIBERIAS.

   Isaac Hofshi, of Tel Aviv, found guilty by the District Commissioner of having taken part in Communist activities, was ordered to go to Tiberias for one year and report daily to the police.  He was also to deposit L.P. 60.  Hofshi (whose name means Freedom) is now in jail because he refuses to carry out the order of the District Commissioner.

CHILDREN ARRESTED.

Playing at Horses Leads To Court Charge.                                                  

   Two little Jewish boys, one ten and one a little older, were yesterday brought before the magistrate, Muhammed Youssef.  They were tatterdemalions with torn shoes, rather dirty coats and looking as if they had just come from a mud bath.  The child then told the Magistrate that he had no father and no mother.  They were charged with having stolen, or with being about to steal a broken chair.

   The younger one gave evidence first.  He spoke in Arabic.  "I was going with this one here" - he pointed to the other child - "in the street and when we got to the cafe I saw a broken chair, "give me a ride," I said.  "We decided ton use the chair as a cart to ride on.  I sat on the chair and he drew me along and gave me a ride.  Then he sat in the chair and I gave him a ride.  Just then a man came along and wanted to buy the chair.  I began bargaining with him, but before we finished bargaining with him, we were caught."

   The Magistrate ordered the two of them to be given two strokes of the cat.  The boys did not appear to be very troubled about the sentence.  They ran, laughing, after the burly policeman as if they really wanted to know just what the cat might feel like.

FISH THIEVES SENT TO PRISON.

   Four Arabs of Haifa have been sent to prison for six months for stealing fish.

THREE MONTHS FOR POSSESSION OF HASHISH.

   An Arab, found in possession of hashish, was yesterday sentenced to three months and six days imprisonment by the Magistrate Muhammed Youssef.                                                                          

                                                              

The Palestine Bulletin, 11 December 1929

ATTORNEY-GENERAL'S APPEAL FAILS.

   The appeal of the Attorney-General against the judgment given in the case of Leon Horlitz, who was found in possession of a revolver when there was an attack on Shaare Hessed, and who was fined L.P. 3 was dismissed.

SAFED INCENDIARIES' SENTENCE REDUCED.

   The appeal was heard yesterday of 12 Arabs of Safed, who were sentenced to 15 years hard labour for burning the house of Nachman Segal during the disturbances.  The Court reduced the sentences from 15 to 5 years hard labour.                        

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 12 December 1929

IN COURT.

ARAB WINS APPEAL.

   The appeal of an Arab who was sentenced to two and a half years imprisonment by Mr. Justice De Freitas for stabbing a Jew named Kapliuk, was heard yesterday.  The appeal was allowed and the prisoner was released.

SEVEN YEARS SENTENCE REDUCED TO THREE MONTHS      .

   The appeal of an Arab who was charged with being in an armed crowd, was heard yesterday.  The prisoner was first sentenced to seven years imprisonment. The Court of Appeal reduced the sentence to three months.

HEAVY SENTENCES QUASHED           .

    The appeal of two Arabs who were sentenced to two and a half years imprisonment for being fund guilty of looting durrah, was allowed and the prisoners were discharged.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 13 December 1929

APPEAL OF INSTIGATOR FAILS.

   Ibrahim Khalil, found guilty of inciting Arabs to attack Tel-Aviv and sentenced to three years imprisonment, appealed against sentence.  The appeal was dismissed.  The case may be taken to the Privy Council.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 16 December 1929

SENTENCE ON MEMBER OF ARAB EXECUTIVE UPHELD.

   Salim Abdel Rahman, a member of the Arab Executive, who was found guilty of instigating Arabs to attack the Jews and the Government, and who was sentenced to six months imprisonment, appealed against sentence.  The Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal and Salim Abdel Rahman will serve his sentence.

   The appeal of Derwish Makdadi of Tulkarem who was also sentenced for the same crime has been dismissed.

LOOTERS OF ROSH PINAH SENTENCED      .

   Of the right Arabs tried in Haifa for looting the colony of Rosh Pinah during the disturbances, three were acquitter while the rest were given sentences of imprisonment varying from two months to one year.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 17 December 1929

IN COURT.

POLICEMAN'S MURDERER CONDEMNED TO DEATH.

   Nasr Sharia, of Nablus, has been sentenced to death for murdering an Arab policemen by firing at him when the policeman attempted to arrest him for carrying a firearm.  An appeal is being lodged.

PERJURER'S SENTENCED TO FINE AND PRISON.

   Bishara Marina was ordered to deposit L. 100 for three years with the Court in Haifa when he was found guilty of perjury.

   Salim Shachar of Safed was sentenced to four months' imprisonment and hard labour on the same charge.

   Both gave evidence in cases connected with the recent riots.

SIXTY YEAR OLD OFFENDER.

   Mr. Asher Cohen of Hedera was sentenced at Haifa yesterday to L. 100 fine or 9 months' imprisonment for wounding two Jewish workers.  This mild punishment was meted out because of the age of the offender, which is over 60l

SMUGGLER OF HASHISH IMPRISONED.

   An Arab chauffeur of Jaffa was sentenced to 4 months imprisonment for smuggling Hashish into the country.  The Court ordered his car to be confiscated.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 18 December 1929

MAGISTRATE ON PERJURY.

   The Examining magistrate has discharged the two Jews of Mekor Hayim who were charged with wounding the son of the Sheikh of the neighbouring village.  The magistrate in giving his verdict said that the authorities will have to take the strongest measures against perjurers who are flooding the Courts of Palestine.   

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 23 December 1929

ONE YEAR'S IMPRISONMENT FOR MURDER.

   JENIN. - Said el Masterihy, of the Bashweh tribe, was brought before the District Court on a charge of murdering another member of the same tribe.  The decision of the court was given bin which it was said that the crime had been committed during a quarrel with the dead man.  The Court, therefore, came to the conclusion that the prisoner had killed the dead man in self-defence.  A sentence of imprisonment for one year from today was passed.  The prisoner has already spent seven months in prison.

MURDER WHILE PROTECTING PROPERTY.

   Khadir and Mohd were charged with murdering Hassan el Shrin.  The defence was that the man had been murdered while he was trying to steal ten heads of cattle belonging to the prisoners.  The Court in giving its decision, stated that as the prisoners had murdered Hassan in order to protect their property, they would be discharged.

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 24 December 1929

IN COURT.

JEWS SUSPECTED OF MURDER.

   The case of the five Jews of Baith Vegan who are alleged to have murdered an Arab was brought before the Examining magistrate, Mr. Camp.  The first witness, for the prosecution gave evidence as to how he had seen from a roof where his family and he were sitting Jews shooting at Arabs.  When he was asked by the magistrate to give the names of those who were with him, the witness refused because he did not want these people to be called to court.  The magistrate asked him, angrily, to give the names otherwise he would be charged with contempt of court.  The witness then said his wife, sister, and his children were there.  The magistrate asked him whether his wife and sister had no names: after this the witness hesitated a long time before mentioning their names.

  Other witnesses were heard and they also stated that they saw the Jews shooting at the Arabs.

The Witness Who Should Be In Prison.

   The fifth witness said that he had never heard of the attack on Baith Vegan till a day or two previously though he slept at Ain Karim on the 23rd of August.  He didn't hear any shots during that night.  The magistrate remarked during the cross-examination that he had never heard a witness give such false evidence in all his life and that the withes should be in prison.

   The witness said that he only informed the policy that he saw the Jews shooting at the Arabs at the identification parade.

   The next witness called was the police officer Mr. Shitreet.  Heb submitted the report of the identification parade which was held by him, in the presence of Ahmed Effendi

   The last witness who was called to give evidence was a policeman who arrested one of the accused after an Arab had informed him that he saw the prisoner shooting his father.  The case is adjourned until Friday.

THE POLICEMAN WHO TOLD A SHEER LIE.

Innocent men Kept In Prison for Eight Months.

(From Our Correspondent)

JENIN. - Two men charged with stealing from a cafe and having fired at two policemen, both of whom were injured, were yesterday acquitted after having been kept in prison for eight months pending trial.  One of the policemen swore that he recognised one of the prisoners.  The same witness had given evidence before the Examining Magistrate that he had merely suspected the prisoner. The judge in giving his decision, said, We have no doubt at all that the evidence of the police constable was a sheer lie and a false accusation,

 

The Palestine Bulletin, 25 December 1929

ANOTHER COMMUNIST SENT TO PRISON.

   Barouch Kerzman and Jona Vigosin have been ordered to deposit L.P. 100 as a guarantee of their good behaviour.  The former has refused and has been sent to prison.  It is believed that Kerzman has passed the course in Russia in the Communist Institute for Propaganda in the East.  Vigosin was the unsuccessful Communist candidate in the last Municipal Election in Tel Aviv.

LOOTED CANDLESTICKS.

   An Arab woman of Haifa has been sentenced to three months imprisonment for stealing candlesticks during the riots.  One of the witnesses for the defence, who declared that he had seen the candlesticks five years ago in the house of the prisoner, has been arrested on a charge of perjury.

CUSTOMS OFFICER REFUSES TO TAKE AN OATH.

   Near Arrabeh is the village Yamour.  Mohammed of the village had been found in possession of a kilogram of Turkish tobacco.  At least it was alleged to have been Turkish, but, as the sequel will show, its nationality was open to question.  Mohammed, of Yamour, was brought before the Court charged with having the tobacco in his possession.  Mohammed said nothing to those who arrested him,, but his case came before the Court and the case was going very black against him, then up got Mohammed and said, "May it please Your Honour, this is not Turkish tobacco, but Palestinian tobacco."  The the magistrate called the Customs Officer and told him to swear on the Quran that this was indeed Turkish tobacco.  At the same time, he warned the officer that if he lied about the tobacco he would go to jail for perjury.  The Customs Officer thought better of it, and decided not to take the oath. The prisoner was discharged.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

Published by Centre for Comparative Law, History and Governance at Macquarie Law School