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Colonial Cases

1851

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 15 January 1851

FATAL ACCIDENT. - An accident of a fatal character occurred on board the British barque Bolton Abbey yesterday morning.  A gun in the hands of the mate was accidentally discharged, and the contents lodged in the head of David Almond, who was instantly killed.  Deceased was 21 years old, a native of England, and was attached to the Bolton Abbey, in the capacity of a seaman.  Coroner Gallagher held an inquest on the body of the deceased.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 20 January 1851

MURDER. - We regret to record the particulars of another murder, which was committed at the El Dorado Saloon, in this city, at 9 o'clock on Wednesday evening.  The deed was committed by a boy called "Little Joe," on a Mexican boy.  It appears from the testimony given at the coroner's inquest, that one of the witnesses remarked to Joe, immediately after the deed was committed, that he had killed the boy.  Little Joe replied, "That is what I intended to do."  In the confusion of the moment Joe made his

escape and up to the present time has not yet been arrested.  A reward of $200 has been offered by the Mayor, for the apprehension of the murderer.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 24 January 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - The police discovered in Sansome, near Pacific street on Wednesday, a man who had evidently but just died.  An inquest was immediately held, and a verdict rendered of death by intemperance and exposure.  "The wages of sin is death."

 

Sacramento Transcript, 24 January 1851

ANOTHER MURDERER AT LARGE. - The Coroner held an inquest yesterday morning on the body of a man, found floating at the Ferry, foot of J street.  The body was completely denuded, with the exception of a shirt, and a silk neckerchief around the neck.  The man was shot above the left collar bone, and must have died at once, as he still had a chew of tobacco in his mouth. - The wound was large, indicating the murderer to have been close at hand when he fired.  The deceased was about forty years of age, and from the condition in which the body was found, must have been killed several weeks ago.  No one could identify the murdered man; and the jury rendered a verdict, that he "Came to his death by a gun-shot wound, on the thorax, by some person or persons unknown."

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 26 January 1851

INQUEST. - An inquest was held yesterday upon the body of W. W. Richards, a native of New York, 38 years of age, by Judge Shephard.  He resided in Kearney street, and was found lifeless in his chair by his brother.  The jury returned for a verdict, that he died from congestion of the brain.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 30 January 1851

THE AFFAIR AT THE PARKER HOUSE. - At 9 o'clock yesterday morning Coroner Gallagher summoned a jury to hold an inquest on the body of Charles Bartley.  The jury consisted of the following gentlemen: J. F. Kimmel, Joseph Todhunter, Samuel A. Moore, E. Gould Buffum, and C. H. Myers.  After swearing the jury, the Coroner proceeded with the evidence.

   Ira Cole sworn. - I knew Charles Bartley, was with him last night in the Parker House.  I understood there had been a previous quarrel between him and Charles Barnett, last evening.  When I came into the Parker House they were talking together at the bar, very much excited.  Bartley had his pistol in his hand, Barnett's coat was off.  After talking a while in a loud voice, Bartley seized Barnett by the throat and called him a coward, and told him if he put his hand behind him to draw a pistol he would blow the top of his head off.  Barnett said he had the advantage of him.  They were neither of them much in liquor.  Barnett tried to pacify Bartley, and told him if he would wait till morning he would fight him with pistols.  I had seen Bartley previously on the [plaza, and he told me that Barnett had a pistol.  Bartley had one in his hand at the time.

   When Barnett told Bartley that he would fight him in the morning, Bartley drew his pistol and out it to Barnett's face.  It was a Colt's revolver.  Barnett said, "you have more friends than I."  Mr. Mulligan stepped in and said to Barnett, "I am your friend."  Barnett then said, "let me have a fair show; measure off five paces and I will fight you with pistols."  Bartlett hesitated as moment, and then said, "well measure off five yards, and I'll give you a pop or two." Bartley then stepped towards the coffee stand and Barnett near the stove; they were some six paces apart.  Bartley pointed his pistol towards Barnett and said, "Look out, I'm going to fire."  I looked and saw Barnett with his pistol in his hand.  Bartley fired first, and the ball went through the stove pipe, a little to the right of Barnett.  Barnett then instantly fired, and the ball passed trough the banister near where Bartley was standing.  I then jumped down into the bowling saloon, and soon heard two more shots.  There were probably half a dozen persons in the room during the firing.  I saw no officers present.

   David W. Roberts, sworn. - Barnett, Mr. Rynders, Mr. Mulligan and myself were drinking together at the bar of the Parker House, last evening.  Bartley came in and gave Barnett a little kick, in a playful manner.  Barnett turned round quickly, and, having some liquor in a glass, a portion of it went upon Bartley's vest.  Bartley said, "What's the matter with you?" Barnett said, "I wish you would let me alone."  Bartley replied, "If you give me any more jaw, I will give you a hit on the nose."  Barnett said, "You shall not hit me on the nose; if you do, I'll shoot you."  Mr. Mulligan and myself stepped in between them.  We talked to them and they became cool.  We then took Bartley on to the Plaza, and talked to him fifteen or twenty minutes, when he said he wouldn't say any more about it.  We went in again, and all drank together - Bartley and Barnett included. 

   Bartley made the remark while they were drinking that there "were a good many men in the country who bragged about fighting, that didn't dare to fight any way."  Barnett offered Bartley his hand, but the latter refused to take it.  Bartley told him he would bring him to account to=morrow.  Barnett replied that he would meet him as a gentleman and give him any satisfaction he desired.  Bartley said he wouldn't fight him in a duel, but would whip him any way.  They were then at the end of the bar near the safe.  Bartley seized Barnett by the throat, and presented a cocked pistol to his head, and said, "If you put your hands behind you, I'll blow the top of your head off."  Barnett said, "I have no chance here; I've no friends;" said he would fight him to-morrow. Bartley said, "I am not going to give you a chance."  Barnett said, "If you give me a chance, that's all I want.  I want you to give me a chance to go out and shoot with you."  Bartley said "Measure off the distance, and I'll give you a pop or two."

   Bartley went to the safe; Barnett to the stove.  Bartley cried, "Get out of the way, I'm ready and I am going to shoot."  Barnett said, "shoot away," and reached to take out his pistol, but before he could cock it, Bartley fired.  Barnett cocked his pistol and fired instantly.  Bartley then fired a second shot.  Barnett then fired just as Bartley was cocking his pistol.  The ball took effect on him; he threw up his hands, and he fell back.  Barnett was then seized by Mr. Turner.  He threw Mr. Turner down, and went out and gave himself up.  There were four or five persons in the bar.  I saw no officers; had there been any there, they could have stopped the difficulty. I have known both Bartley and Barnett from boyhood.  They had previously been intimate friends.

   Charles Charters, sworn. - I am bar-keeper at the Parker House.  Saw Rynders, Bartley and Barnett last evening.  Bartley called Barnett a low-lived puppy and coward; he drew a pistol and placed it at Barnett's breast.  Barnett opened his vest sand said "fire away."  Bartley said, "you are a coward and won't fight."  Bartley replied, "well, measure them off."  There were one or two policemen about previous to the actual firing, who endeavored to compromise the matter.  Mr. Williams was also present.  There were about a dozen persons in the room.  The pistols were both Colt's revolvers.

   The Jury returned a verdict "That the deceased, Charles Bartley, came to his death by a pistol-shot, fired by Charles Barnett, in the Parker House, on the evening of Jan. 28, 1851."

   The wound which killed Bartley was by a pistol-shot through the lower portion of the heart; the ball having passed through the body and lodged beneath the skin under the left shoulder blade.

 

Sacramento Transcript, 3 February 1851

SUICIDE. - The body of an Italian named Louis Pappi, was found a short distance this side of Willow Springs, about twenty-three miles from this city, on Sunday the 26th inst.  He had stopped at the Cincinnati House the night before, and from his manners and the tone of his conversation it was evident that he was in a deranged state of mind.  He was observed to pass the Willow Springs just as the inmates of the house were going to breakfast, and before they had all finished eating, a Wagoner came up, stating that a man was dead on the road side, a short distance from the house.  On going to the spot they found the man who had passed but a short time before, with his throat cut from ear to ear, and a pocket-knife with the large blade open, under his neck.  His body was yet warm.

   An inquest was held on the body and the jury rendered a verdict that he had committed suicide, whilst laboring under derangement.  There was $225 worth of gold dust in his pockets.  On examining his papers, his name was found to be Louis Pappi, an Italian - that he filed his intentions of citizenship in Albany, N.Y., in 1835, and received his papers in the city of New York, on the 10th of Oct., 1840.  He became a member of the Italian Guards (the commanded by Capt. Joseph Averana,) on the 13th of Sept., 1843.  His papers represented him to have been a glazier by trade.

 

Sacramento Transcript, 7 February 1851

AWFUL TRAGEDY AT SOMERSET. - Mr. John Barclay of New York, was stabbed by Alexander Hall of Missouri, on Sunday the 26th ult., at Somerset, eight miles this side of Coloma.  It appears that Barclay was engaged at a game of cards in the Missouri House, during which time Hall made some remarks in regard to the game, occasioning a dispute.  The victim was about to leave the house when Hall stabbed him with a spring dirk knife, a little below the heart. - Barclay lived until Wednesday the 19th. - Before his death he stated that he had a brother and sister-in-law at Sacramento or San Francisco.  We regret to learn that the deceased leaves a wife and two children in Patterson, New Jersey, to mourn over his untimely end.  An inquest was held on the body, Mr. J. Moore of Coloma, presiding, and a verdict of wilful murder rendered against Hall.  It is said that no provocation was given for the commission of the deed.  The murderer escaped and has not yet been arrested.

 

Sacramento Transcript, 10 February 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - The Coroner held an inquest yesterday morning on the body of a man, supposed to be that of a Mr. Renoux, (Frenchman,) late cook at the Sacramento City Hospital.  The body was found in the river, at the foot of P street, between two ships.  The body presented the appearance of having been in the water several weeks.  As no marks of violence appeared, the jury rendered a verdict that Mr. R. came to his death by accidental drowning.  His dress was that of a miner and no papers or effects found.  Several of the jury gave it as their opinion that it was the body of the person we have named.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 13 February 1851

A Coroner's Jury having heard testimony respecting the death of William Hamilton, whose murder was noticed some time since in the Alta, gave it as their opinion "that he was killed by a shot from a carbine, on the 7th January, 1851; and upon the evidence before us we believe the act was perpetrated by William Kendall."  Kendall fled immediately after the murder, but being closely pursued gave himself up.  After the finding of the Coroner's Jury a farther investigation for committal took place on Friday, before Justice Purdy, which resulted, of course, in his being committed to take his trial for the wilful murder of William Hamilton.  The same evidence was adduced as on the inquest, with this exception, that Messrs. McKinly and O'Reily both swore that they heard him publicly say, in Mr. O'Reily's store, about three weeks ago, that he was bound to take not only Wm. Hamilton's life but also John Hamilton's and Hiram Taylor's.  A petition is to be sent to the Legislative Assembly, praying to have a special trial at once.  So says the Western Star.

 

Sacramento Transcript, 13 February 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - The Coroner held an inquest yesterday on the body of a man found in the river opposite Sutterville.  The man was stout built, and had evidently been drowned about a week.  He was supposed to be about forty years of age, sandy hair, his nose somewhat flat, having the appearance of an indentation of having been broken.  He had on a check shirt, blue pants and a pea jacket.  The body was not identified, and the jury rendered a verdict of accidental drowning.

 

Sacramento Transcript, 20 February 1851

DEATH FROM A PISTOL SHOT. - A man by the name of Wm. Tearney was shot at Murphy's Rancho, about nineteen miles from this city, on Friday evening last.  The origin of the affair was a dispute in regard to the ownership of a mule, which is thus detailed by John Rochford, the principal witness in the case. 

   The name of the deceased is William Tearney from Newtown, Hamilton county, Armaugh, Ireland.  The deceased stated to Rochford before his death, that a man named Inglesby, (of the firm of Holcom, Scroggin & Ingelsby,) at Murphy's Old Rancho, on the Consumnes, shot him at his own (Tearney's) house, on Friday evening last with a pistol.  It seems that some difficulty had occurred between them in regard to who owned a certain mule.  Inglesby told Tearney that he was a scoundrel and a rogue.  Tearney answered him back that he returned the compliment, and at the same time, that he was never taken up for stealing property or stock.  Inglesby said to him, "take that back." Tearney said he would not take any thing back he had said.  Mr. Inglesby rode up to him (Tearney) to within a very short distance, and shot him in the neck.  After having fired, he rode off and left him.  Immediately after being shot, Tearney called for a pistol, to a man named James Hudson, who was close at hand, as well as on another person named Cahal.  It appears that no pistol was given to him, but that some one started immediately to this city for a physician.  Subsequently, Tearney was removed to this city, where he lingered until yesterday, when he died.

   Coroner Ewer held an inquest on the body of the deceased, and the verdict of the jury was that Tearney came to his death from the effects of a pistol shot fired by Inglesby, in the side of the neck, which proved fatal.

 

Sacramento Transcript, 27 February 1851

SUDDEN DEATH. -On Tuesday night about eight o'clock, a Chilian, name unknown, was seen to pass from the door of the El Dorado Saloon, exhibiting great faintness and sickness.  Several persons laid hold of the Chilian to support him, when they discovered that he was spitting up with great rapidity, large mouthfuls of blood.  In a few moments the poor fellow died, having doubtless burst a blood vessel.  An inquest was held and a verdict rendered of death by the visitation of God.

 

Sacramento Transcript, 28 February 1851

The Coroner's Inquest on the Body of Chas. H. Myers.

The Coroner held an inquest yesterday forenoon on the body of Charles Humphrey Myers, the gentleman who was shot by F. J. Roe.  The verdict of the jury was, that he came to his death by a pistol shot fired by Roe.

   The principal testimony brought before the Coroner was that of Mr. Wm. C. Armstrong, who stated that the man now lying in the room, (place where the deceased died,) was named Charles H. Myers; his  family, it was believed, are residing in Columbus, Ohio.  On Tuesday last, Armstrong was on the Levee, at the foot of J street.  When near the corner of J and Front sts., he noticed a crowd of men rushing out of the Mansion House, apparently in a fight, on to Front street; there were two or three holding a man by the name of Frederick J. Roe - the man who was hung - when he broke loose, and ran on to J street.  Mr. Armstrong immediately walked round, and when he got there, Myers had Roe by the shoulders, apparently holding him, to prevent him from fighting.  Myers said to Roe, "If you want to fight, now have a fair fight, and don't three or four of you jump on to the poor devil and kill him in the street, because he has no friends."  Myers also said, deposed Mr. Armstrong, "I cannot stand and see such things going on, without lending my assistance."  We quote direct from the testimony of Mr. A.  "My opinion is, that Myers meant to convey, that he could not stand and see three or four men attacking one.  At that time a man came up to Myers while he was holding Roe, and says, let me take him away.  Myers immediately let go, and the man that took hold of Roe dragged him back some four or five feet, when Roe broke loose from the man and at the same time fell on the ground.  He immediately jumped up and looked around at the crowd, and saw Myers standing within two or three feet of me.  Roe spoke at the same time and said - "There is the d----d d-n of a b-t-h that held me," and immediately drew his pistol from in front of him.  Myers was standing from four to six feet from Roe, and discovering the pistol, ran apparently to get into the house.  Roe followed, and before Myers could get into the house, Roe shot him, when Myers immediately fell on his face, apparently dead. Immediately, after and for a few seconds, every one stood still, apparently amazed.  I (Armstrong) spoke up and said, "in the name of God kill or take that man."  Roe rushed for the door to get into the house, and a few by-standers after him. In coming out of the west door on Front street, the Marshal, who happened to be present, caught him and took him to the Station House.  These are all the facts I (Armstrong) know in the case."

   Roe is now dead - the ends of justice have been served - and we do not wish to bring up any old crimes.  We have been credibly informed, however, that this same Roe, whilst at Trinidad, shot Col. Butler (formerly of Lee's Exchange) in the arm, wounding him, though not dangerously.  Some months ago, on a slight provocation, he seized a bar of iron and struck a miner, laying bare his skull.  It seems that whilst under the influence of liquor he became wild and passionate.  Fearfully indeed has he accounted for this indulgence.  [Funeral report in previous column, with details of Myers.][re-printed 3 March.]

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 2 March 1851

On the morning of the 26th, at Los Angeles, a Mr. H. Nimmo, the confidential clerk of Wilson & Packard, was killed in a rencontre with a man named Bush.  The attack it is said was made by Bush, in front of the hotel; but the particulars are of such a character as to prevent their publication.  The affair created much excitement.  Mr. Nimmo was a highly esteemed and worthy man.  His friends have determined to bring the murderer to justice.  Bush was arrested and is now in custody.  At the very hour this murder was committed the Coroner's Jury were holding an inquest upon the body of another man murdered the day previous.

 

Sacramento Transcript, 3 March 1851

SUDDEN DEATH. - On Tuesday night about eight o'clock, a Chilian, name unknown, ... previously reported 27 February.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 4 March 1851

BURNING OF THE STEAMERS. - About four o'clock yesterday morning as fire was discovered bursting through the hatchway of the steamboat Santa Clara, as she was lying at Central wharf.  The alarm was given by the watchman of the boat Hartford which was lying near her, and to which the flames soon communicated.  The engines were promptly upon the ground, but the flames spread with such rapidity that they were obliged to cut the boat adrift, when she floated out some distance from the wharf.  Every effort was made to save the boats by the firemen, citizens, and hands of the surrounding vessels, and the fire upon the Hartford was finally suppressed, after she had been damaged about $8000, while the Santa Clara was burnt nearly to the water's edge.  The origin of the fire is unknown, and as is usual in such cases it is said to be the work of an incendiary.

   Four persons were asleep in the lower cabin.  John Roberts, the only man who escaped, says he was awakened by hearing the men who were burnt talking in the cabin, and seeing the smoke coming up he jumped out of his berth and escaped in his night-clothes, severely burnt about the head and feet.  Upon reaching the deck he heard the other three men crying for help, but the flames had gained too much power to allow him to attempt a rescue.  The names of the men who were burnt to death are Henry Chadwick, Daniel McCoy and Barney Divine.  An inquest will be held upon their bodies to-day. ...

 

Sacramento Transcript, 5 March 1851

We learn from the Stockton Times ... The same paper notices an inquest that was held on Sunday week on the remains of two bodies found in a dry arroyo, 8 miles from Camp Washington, in the direction of Tuolumne City on the plain.  The verdict of the jury states that the murder was probably committed some 3 or 4 months ago.  The skull of the young man had three balls passed through it, and was broken in.  That of the old man was entire.  Traces of animals having been staked near by were discovered.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 7 March 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - An inquest was held yesterday morning by Coroner Gallagher upon a body supposed to be that of Barney Devine, one of the unfortunate men who were burnt in the Santa Clara.

   An inquest had previously been held on the other two, but the body of Devine was not found till yesterday morning, while the boat was being pumped out.  The body, or what remained of it, was found way aft, where the poor fellow had forced himself into an aperture to avoid the excruciating heat.  He had probably first run for the hatchway, over which a sheet of flame was rolling, and despairing of escaping there, had wildly thrust himself where he was found, and the agonies he endured must have been beyond description.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 16 March 1851

CORONER'S INQUESTS. - How singular are the visitations of the destroying angel.  Sometimes for days and even weeks we are not called upon to record a single case of sudden or violent death, and at other times they come rapidly.  Yesterday no less than three inquests were held by Coroner Gallagher, and all of them upon the bodies of men who had passed from this world and left not even a name.

   The first inquest was upon a man who was brought on Sunday last to the station-house, having fallen from a roof of which he was walking while in a state of insanity.  He died on Saturday night, from the effects of intemperance and the wounds he had received from the fall.  The only marks about him by which he might be identified, are the letters on his arm, in India ink, J. M. C. M., and underneath a rose, on each side of which are the letters D. M., and below the rose M. C. He was a man about forty years of age, and was either an Irishman or a Scotchman.

   The next inquest was upon the body of a man who was brought to the city hospital on Saturday evening, and died a few hours after.  He was an American, respectably clad, aged about 38, and had on his arm the letters J. C. and below them a cross.

   The third was upon the body of a man supposed to be either a Mexican or Kanaka, which was found floating near Central wharf.  The head was entirely gone, and there were no marks upon the body by which it could be identified.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 23 March 1851

ACCIDENTAL SHOOTING AND DEATH. - Yesterday about noon, a man named William Warnecker entered the store of Charles Beer & Co., No. 5, Kearny street, and accidentally shot and killed one Theodore Cramer.  The facts, as elicited upon the Coroner's inquest, are these:  Cramer, who was a clerk of Mr. Beer, was standing behind the counter, when Warnecker entered.  A four-barrelled revolving German pistol, belonging to Mr. Beer, and which is always kept loaded in the store, was lying upon the counter.  This Mr. Warnecker picked up, and inquired the price of it.  Before Cramer could reply, the pistol accidentally went off, and the ball passed directly into Cramer's heart.  He reeled, and exclaimed, "My God, I'm shot; why are you so careless."  A number of officers hearing the shot, entered, and just before Cramer died, he said, ":My friend has accidentally shot me."  He lived about five minutes.  Warnecker was nearly crazy, and was taken in charge by the officers.

   It seems that Warnecker has been here but a few days, and having brought a letter of introduction to Mr. Cramer he had procured a situation for Warnecker in Coombs' Daguerrean Gallery, and Warnecker had come yesterday to thank Mr. Cramer for his kindness when the fatal accident occurred.  Cramer was a native of Saxony and has been in California about eight months, and has a brother in some part of the mines.  He was thirty-one years of age.

   The verdict of the Coroner's jury was that he came to his death by the accidental discharge of a pistol in the hands of William Warnecker.  This is another melancholy example of the danger of too common a use of fire arms.  Too much care cannot be exercised in the manner in which they are disposed, if kept at all, or in which they are handled.  In this case carelessness has been the cause of the death of a man who was in the very prime of his life. [Also an editorial note on the incorrect report in "the Picayune of yesterday."]

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 28 March 1851

DIED IN A FIT. - The body of a man named John Whittle, aged 25 years, a native of England, was found on the Mission road, yesterday morning.  Whittle had been to the races on the previous day, and is supposed to have died in a fit on his return to the city.  Coroner Gallagher held an inquest on the body.  Verdict, "died from the visitation of God."

MURDER AT THE MISSION. - Elijah M. Jarvis, was most basely assassinated at the Mission of Dolores, on Wednesday night.  Capt. Jarvis had been spending the evening at a neighbor's house, and was returning home with his wife.  He was within a short distance of his own door, when the assassin plunged a knife in his back, and he fell dead at the side of his wife.

   On Sunday last, during an altercation between two men, Capt. Jarvis endeavored to part them, and in so doing struck a man named Slater, one of the combatants.  Slater has since threatened that he would be revenged, and repeated these threats on the day of the murder.  On Wednesday evening, two persons were seen near Capt. Jarvis's house, one of them corresponding in appearance to Slater.  They went up to a person near Capt. J.'s premises, and scrutinized him carefully, and then retired, conversing in a low tone.  Slater has not been seen at the Mission since the murder.  Mrs. Jarvis although she does not know Slater, thinks she can identify the murderer.  [But see also 15 & 16 January 1852.]

   Coroner Gallagher held an inquest on the body yesterday afternoon, when a verdict was rendered "that deceased came to his death from a sharp instrument in the hands of one Slater."

   Capt. Jarvis was 50 years old, and has resided in this vicinity for several years.  He emigrated to this country from Texas.  Slater was formerly employed as a teamster in this city.

...

ARREST OF THE SUPPOSED MURDERER. - William Slater, the man who had the previous difficulties with Capt. E. M. Jarvis, (the man murdered at the Mission on Wednesday,) who had threatened his life and is supposed to be his murderer, was arrested last evening, about eight o'clock, by officer Robinson, in the Tontine house, at the corner of Montgomery and Commercial streets.  He is an American, and is said to be a desperate fellow.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 29 March 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - An inquest was held, yesterday afternoon, upon the body of an unknown man found in the bushes on the Mission road, opposite the residence of Ald. Wm. Greene.  He had on a hickory shirt marked J. P., and a white shirt was lying near him, with the same mark.  An empty liquor bottle was lying under him.  Verdict, that he came to his death by a fit.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 30 March 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST -  SUICIDE. - Coroner Gallagher held an inquest yesterday morning at the State Marine Hospital, upon the body of a man named Julius J. Hesselgen, who came to his death by cutting his throat with a razor.  Hesselgen was a Swede, and came to the hospital on Friday afternoon with a certificate from the ship Tarolinta, in which he was steward.  He acknowledged to Dr. Thorp at the time he entered, that he had been drinking very freely, and was suffering with such pains as usually follow an attack of delirium tremens.  His case was prescribed for by Dr. Thorp, and yesterday morning when he was seen by the physicians, he said he felt much better, and that the nervousness had left him.  This was about nine o'clock, and he then appeared to have no disposition to commit any such rash act as that of which he was afterwards guilty.  About ten o'clock Dr. Lamar was called, and found that Hesselgen had cut his throat, and was dying.  A white handled razor, one of his own, was lying near him, and he was muttering incoherently, saying that considering his past life, he was not sorry for its termination.  He appeared perfectly sensible before he died.

   The wound was a horrid one, the carotid artery, and jugular vein being severed, and the throat cut, so that scarcely an inch of the skin in the back of the neck was left whole.  The coroner's jury returned a verdict "that the deceased came to his death by having cut his throat with a razor, while laboring under the effects of delirium tremens."

 

Sacramento Transcript, 31 March 1851

[See previous column for the varying accounts.]

ANOTHER EXCITEMENT!

A ROBBER SHOT AND AN ACCOMPLICE BADLY WOUNDED.

...

It has been ascertained that the robber who was shot, together with his accomplice came out in the ship Ohio, and were either in the marine service or were in the corps under Col. Stevenson.  The name of the dead man is given as Joe Ogden, and his supposed accomplice, as George Morton, alias Smith, &c., son of Charles S. Morton of Valley Falls, Rhode Island.

Coroner's Inquest.

About eleven o'clock an inquest was held on the body of the person who was shot. - The jury consisted of N. C. Cunningham, J. G. Anderson, D. C. M. Rupp, J. D. Bradford, Alex. Williams, Samuel Colville, T. W. Browder, W. M. Zabriskie, James Denniston, and George V. Hight.  The verdict of the jury was, after an examination made by Dr. Zabriskie, that the deceased came to his death, from eight gunshot wounds which took effect in his left side, and fired from a gun or pistol, by some person unknown to the Jury.  On the left arm of the deceased were the initials J. E. and on his right E. M. There was also a good deal of India ink on his breast and arms.

   The only witness examined was Irene McCready, who made the following statement:

   "At present I am a resident of Sacramento City, State of California, being duly sworn this 29th day of March, 1851, says - that this evening about 9 o'clock I heard the report of a pistol at the back part of my house, when I immediately went to ascertain the cause, and found a man lying dead on the roof of the dining room. - I do not know who shot him, or how he came by his death - there was no person around to my knowledge who committed the act.  The man who now lies dead had not been in my house, but it is my belief that he was attempting to break into my house to steal. - He is a stranger to me.  I have seen him, but do not know his name."

Statement of J. Headington Ward.

Capt. Ward voluntarily appeared before Justice Sackett yesterday morning and made oath to a statement, the substance of which is as follows:

   "On Tuesday night last my cottage was broken open, previous to which I had made a trip through some of the southern mines.  Arriving here on the morning of that day, I had deposited my trunk in my cottage which had been in the charge of Dr. Bell during my absence.  On going home in the evening Dr. Bell met a man on the inside, who, on being asked, gave some unintelligible excuse for his presence there and was suffered to escape by running, the Dr. having no weapons."

   Capt. W. was impressed with the belief that some organization existed among burglars to rob himself and other friends, and in order to accomplish this, the robbers would go prepared with slung-shots and knives.  Under this impression Capt. W. waited on the District Attorney, M. S. Latham, Esq., and informed him that he (Capt. W.) intended to protect his property to the extent of taking the lives of the robbers if should become necessary.  Capt. Ward armed himself and repaired to the room from which he fired, when he killed the robber on Saturday night.

   Capt. W. says: "About ten o'clock there were two men who ascended the roof of the back building, and one of them approached the window, near which I was stationed, and raised it some four inches.  I had in my hand a double-barrelled gun, but unfortunately had left my knife in my own house, and being accordingly unwilling to let them in to close quarters, I shot him through the body.  I then discharged the second barrel at the second man, but, aiming a little too low, hit him on the legs, and I saw him pitch from the roof.  The man who was killed had raised the window, had his foot on the edge of the sill, and had turned his head as if to speak to his accomplice, at the moment that I shot him."  The defendant's cottage is near the end of Starr, Bensley & Co.'s warehouse, and not far from the house known as the "Palace," on 2nd street. ...

The District Attorney's Statement.

The statement of Mr. Latham confirmed in every particular that made by Capt. Ward, in regard to their interviews, &c. ...

Judge Sackett's Decision.

After the testimony had been concluded, Judge Sackett both properly and promptly discharged Capt. Ward from custody. [Editorial follows.]

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 1 April 1851

Cutting from the Placer Times: ATTEMPTED BURGLARY - TWO MEN SHOT. ... A coroner's inquest was held on the body of the dead man, who was recognized as one Joe Ogden, a man of bad character, and a verdict returned of "died from gun-shot wounds, inflicted by some person or persons unknown." 

   The apparent mystery was all cleared up yesterday morning, by the testimony of Capt. J. Headington Ward, of Arkansas, who made affidavit before Judge Sackett, ...

 

Sacramento Transcript, 1 April 1851

Inquest on Julius J. Hesselgen.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 6 April 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - Coroner Gallagher held an inquest yesterday afternoon upon the body of a boy named John Wood.  This boy shipped in Valparaiso on board the brig Gilbert Jennison, and came here in her.  A week ago last Monday he jumped overboard from the vessel's side with the intention of swimming on shore, after which he was not heard of till his body was found floating near the foot of Jackson street.  The boy was 17 years old, and was a native of Liverpool.

 

Sacramento Transcript, 9 April 1851

An inquest was held, says the Alta, on Monday morning, on the body of Albert S. Hobbs, formerly of Philadelphia, who had taken an overdose of morphine, being sick.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 11 April 1851

BODY FOUND.  - The body of a man was found, yesterday, on the beach of the Pacific Ocean, about ten miles outside the harbor.  The lower limbs were fleshless, and the hands entirely gone.  He had on a green net short and an oil cloth coat.  It was supposed that he had been in the water a long time.  No inquest was held, but he was decently buried on the beach under the superintendence of Coroner Gallagher.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 12 April 1851

BODY FOUND. - The body of a drowned man was found yesterday morning, at the foot, of Jackson street.  Being unable to find the Coroner, we could not get the particulars of the inquest.  We would suggest that the Coroner should keep a record book at his office, in which should be kept a list of the inquests held, with the particulars in relation to them.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 16 April 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - Coroner Gallagher held an inquest, on Mon day evening, on the body of Capt. David Oliphant, late of the barque Justine, who was found dead in his berth on board that craft.  Verdict that deceased came to his death by intemperance.

 

Sacramento Transcript, 21 April 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - The Coroner held an inquest yesterday on the body of a deaf and dumb man named Almond Dennison.  It appears that for some time past there have been two deaf and dumb men living in a tent at the foot of S street.  They have been in extremely poor circumstances, and have been subjected to many of the severest trials of life.  After an examination, the jury rendered a verdict that Dennison had come to his death from exposure to the night air and rains, and from the want of medical attendance.

   Dennison had a partner named E. J. Mann, and the two have been living as brothers, sharing each others troubles and anxieties, and the loss to Mann is very great.  The deceased was about 38 years of age, and has a wife similarly afflicted, who lives at Lowell, Mss., and two children, the latter of whom can hear and talk.

  

Sacramento Transcript, 3 May 1851

BODY FOUND. - We published an account a week or so since, that a young gentleman by the name of James R. Morris, had probably fallen overboard from the steamer Linda, on her upward passage between Plumas and Hock Farm.  A reward was offered for the body.  Yesterday morning, Mr. Henselman found the body in the river, and brought it ashore.  Mr. Morris was a young man some twenty-two years of age, and formerly resided in New York, where he leaves a wife and children, and came out here as one of the Linda company.  A Coroner's inquest was held over the body.  One hundred and fifty dollars in County Scrip were found upon his person.  The verdict of the jury was in accordance with the above facts, and the body will be delivered into the hands of his friends.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 5 May 1851

An inquest was held by the Coroner on the body of a man about thirty-two years of age.  He was badly disfigured.  Came to his death from over exertion.

 

Sacramento Transcript, 7 May 1851

MURDERS. - The Sonora Herald of May 4th, says: ---"About two o'clock on Monday morning a young man named Wm. Bowen, from Providence, Rhode Island. Was stabbed with a sword or knife, and died near daybreak.  He appeared to be about 22 or 23 years of age.  His name, together with an anchor, were pricked with India in k on his arm.  It has not yet been discovered who committed the deed, but it may be traced to his own folly.  As far as we can learn he was flourishing a sword in a Spanish house, just behind Maj. Barry's office, where men were drinking and woman were dancing at a late hour of the night.  The place, the company, and the hour, were all against him; and we trust the unhappy result will be a warning to others. Maj. Barry held an inquest, and learned the above particulars, which he has kindly furnished."

   "On the next morning a man by the name of Dorleres Ruez was shot dead in his tent, a short distance from Columbia, by another named Senimio, without provocation that would not justify the latter for being offended.  The most diligent exertions have been used by both officers and citizens, but so far the perpetrators of both outrages have escaped detention."

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 8 May 1851

BURNED TO DEATH. - The Coroner yesterday held an inquest at the City Hospital upon a view of the body of William Lindsley, a native of New York, who was brought into the city during the late fire.  He stated before his death, that he had been drinking and went into a house to sleep, and was awakened by the crackling of flames.  He endeavored to make his escape by the door but was foiled in the attempt by the intense heat which enveloped the building.  He then made his escape by way of the window, but unfortunately burned badly his face and hands.  The Coroner's jury returned a verdict to the effect that he came to his death by burns received at the fire on the 4th of May last.

DROWNED. - John Williams, forty years of age, who recently arrived here in the brig Fame, fell between two ships yesterday, and after being severely crushed, was drowned.

DEATH. - This morning a small child was found dead on the corner of Dupont and Sacramento streets.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 13 May 1851

CORONER'S INQUESTS. - The Coroner held two inquests yesterday.  One upon the body of William Lowry, whose death at the City Hospital we noticed yesterday morning.  Verdict, "Death caused by a pistol shot wound in the head, inflicted by himself."

   The other inquest was upon the body of a Frenchman, whose name is supposed to be Laidues.  Verdict, "Died from injuries received by the falling of the walls of Delmonico's Hotel."  This is the same person who remained in one of the new houses on Washington street for several hours after he received the injuries which must have ultimately caused his death.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 14 May 1851

CITY INTELLIGENCE.

DEATH. - It seems that the terrible results which have occurred from the falling of the walls in the burnt district have not the slightest effect upon the laborers of the city.  Yesterday, Michael Gorman met with his death by the falling of a wall on Sacramento street, between Kearny and Dupont.  He, with some others, was employed in the work of tearing down a wall in that street, and instead of working about the old and shattered adobe wall with care, they commenced deliberately undermining it from the inside.  They prosecuted their work diligently and industriously, and not only succeeded in reducing the wall, but brought about the death of one of their co-laborers.  Most of them had deserted the foot of the wall, thinking it unsafe; but Gorman, more foolish - it would be wrong to call it brave - than the rest, started in towards the wall, and it fell.  He was recovered from his untimely tomb with many of his bones broken, and with such internal injuries as resulted in his death in a few hours after he was removed to the City Hospital.  The Coroner held an inquest upon the body, and a verdict was rendered in accordance with the above facts.

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 15 May 1851

An inquest was held says the Marysville Herald, on Sunday last, on the body of a person found in the Yuba River, near the hermitage.  The body was that of a German, about five feet six inches in height, brown hair, small dandy whiskers under the chin; it had on a blue shirt, moleskin pants, and one boot, on the left foot.  There was a cut on the forehead with a knife, and the nose had been broken in several pieces. - The jury returned a verdict in accordance with the above facts.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 19 May 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - An inquest was held, yesterday, upon the body of a child who was killed in Pacific street, on Saturday by the falling of some timbers.

   Not being able to find the Coroner, we could not learn the particulars.  As Coroner's inquests are matters of interest to the public, we would suggest to Coroner Gallagher that he should keep a record book at his office, in which the name and particulars connected with the deceased should be recorded, so that they can be properly stated.  The lack of some such arrangement as this often causes confusion and mistake.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 20 May 1851

INQUEST. - An inquest was held yesterday by Justice Philip W. Shepheard, upon the body of John Manuel, a native of Macao. Who died suddenly on Sunday night from a disease of the heart.  The Coroner's jury delivered a verdict in accordance with the above facts.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 21 May 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST - MYSTERIOUS AFFAIR. - An inquest was held yesterday by Justice McGowan, upon the body of a man, under the following mysterious circumstances.  He was found yesterday morning early by a boatman, tied to a stake with a rope round his neck, floating in the water near Rincon Point.  He was completely dead, but appeared to have been killed only the night before.  His skull was broken in at the right temple, and his jaw was broken and his head and face severely beaten; no other marks were found upon his body.  He appeared to have been killed by a slung shot, and doubtless there has been a foul murder committed.  He is a man five feet six inches in height, about thirty years of age, had on a red shirt, green pants, woolen stockings, and no boots.  On his right arm were marked in India ink the letters M. F., it was stated by several that he was a man named Foster, who esc aped from the prison brig where he had been confined for burglary, some ten days since, but his face was so bruised and blacked that it was impossible fully to recognize him.  The verdict of the jury was - that he came to his death by blows inflicted by some person or persons unknown.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 3 June 1851

CORONER'S IN QUEST. - An inquest was held yesterday morning by Coroner Gallagher, on the body of a colored man named Frank Brewer, who was found lying at the side of a fence on Montgomery street, near Pacific.  By the evidence before the jury it appeared that he was from Sag harbor, just returned here from the mines, and that he started out from his boarding-house on Sunday afternoon with considerable money in his pocket and did not return to his residence.  He was seen during the afternoon in company with a white man.  There were no marks of violence on his person, and the jury returned a verdict of "death from some cause unknown."

   From the appearance of the body, and the sudden manner in which death ensued, there is but very little doubt of foul play, and after the body had been buried, Dr. Ziele and Coroner Gallagher proceeded to the cemetery, where a post mortem examination, the result of which is not yet known, was made by Dr. Ziele, who gave as his opinion, however, that poison had been administered.  During the day, two men named Richard Hall and George Spicer, were arrested on suspicion of being concerned in the matter, the woman near whose house the body was found, having stated that she would swear she had seen them with Brewer, and seen one of them kick him out of her house on Sunday evening. [See 19 June 1851.]

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 5 June 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - Coroner Gallagher held an inquest yesterday morning upon the bodies of the two men killed by the explosion on board of the New Worlds, and after an investigation of the facts returned a verdict in the following words:

   "The undersigned, jurors empaneled to enquire into the cause of the death of Peter Marks and an unknown person, now lying dead on board the New World, Capt. Hutchings, on the 4th of June, 1851, we find that these two persons came to their death from injuries received by the explosion of the steam chimney of the steamboat New World, on the afternoon of the 3d June, and by the evidence before the jury, which is very satisfactory, that the accident was totally beyond the control of the officers of the boat, and uncontrollable."

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 12 June 1851

CITY INTELLIGENCE.

CORONER'S INQUEST. - An inquest was held by Coroner Gallagher yesterday upon the body of the man known as John Jenkins, who was hung on the Plaza yesterday morning.  The following are the names of the jury empaneled: T. M. Leavenworth, foreman; Wm. M. Eddy, W. J. Sperry, John Gott, E. Blair, A. W. Comstock, John O. Griswold, Frank Turk, E. Kingsbury.  The inquest was held in Judge McGowan's room, the body having previously been examined by the jury in the dead house in the City Hall yard.

   The first witness sworn was Capt. Ray, of the Second District Police, who stated that on Tuesday evening he was informed that a safe had been stolen on Long Wharf, and started down there to make the arrest.  When arrived he was informed that he had been taken away, and went up to the house of S. Brannan, at the corner of Bush and Sansome streets.  Capt. Ray knocked at the door.  Mr. Brannan came and opened the door.  Capt. Ray demanded the prisoner.  Mr. Brannan requested him to wait a minute.  In about half an hour he knocked again, and was again requested by Mr. Brannan to wait.  He waited an hour longer, then collected a force, but saw it was useless to attempt to make a rescue.  The next he saw of Jenkins was on the Plaza.  He had a rope around his neck; did not recognize any one who had hold of the prisoner; I proclaimed to the crowd that the man was my prisoner, when I was threatened by the crowd; I was seized by six or eight men, and held till I heard the pully creak; I know who some of the men were; I decline stating who they were, unless the question is insisted on.

   [Here a question arose among the jury, as to whether it was not proper to learn the names of the men, and Mr. Turk requested Capt. Ray to give the names.]

   Mr. Thomas McCahill was one of the men who seized me; a pistol had been held to my head, and a man had threatened me with a slung shot; I think Mr. McCahill seized me in a friendly manner to save me from harm; I had previously seen Jenkins several times; I did not recognize any one who had hold of the rope; the noose of the rope was thrown over my head; I was close by the prisoner; I can name witnesses who know who had hold of the rope; David C. Broderick is a witness who knows some of the parties; I have never seen the block and tackle before.

   Capt. S. C. Harding, of the 3d District Police, sworn - I saw a man named Jenkins hanging on the end of the adobe building this morning; I have seen him a number of times in this city within the last few months; he used to keep the house known as the "Uncle Sam" in Dupont st., has recently been living on Clarke's Point; I have seen him lately in Sydney valley, at the foot of telegraph Hill; I saw him this morning about 2 o'clock on the Plaza, within about 100 feet of the liberty pole; I had hold of his collar from this distance till the time he was hung; I should know the man who put the rope round if I should see him again; the prisoner was under a guard; I cannot call the names of any of the guard; when he got to the liberty pole, a number of persons were grabbing at his neck handkerchief; he said to me, "for god's sake take off my handkerchief!"  I untied his handkerchief, but did not succeed in getting it off; I know who put the tope round his neck; I do not wish to tell; (the Coroner here insisted upon the witness's informing the jury.)  It was Captain Wakeman; I do not know his first name; I was within two feet of Jenkins when Capt. Wakeman put the tope around his neck; I am acquainted with Capt. Wakeman; Ira Cole was with me at the time; I saw a man by the name of Ward just as the body was going up; Mr. Ward had his pistol out, and said if any man attempted to cut the prisoner down he would shoot him;  Mr. Ward is a short man; he was on the Grand Jury a short time ago; I told him to put up his pistol; he held it to my face; while I was trying to take Mr. Ward off, a crowd jumped upon me; Mr. Cole had hold of Jenkins at the same time I did; he volunteered to go with me and render me assistance in taking the prisoner; at the time the rope was put round the man's neck, the knot was on it; I had hold of the man when he was hoisted up; I should think about twenty-five men had hold of the trope; I did not know any of them; Wakeman when he put the rope on was aided by a large number, who cried "heave it on;" the majority of the crowd appeared to be aiding; I heard dissenting voices; I did not see the persons who put the rope over the beam; when the hoisting first began he was some 8 or 10 feet from under the beam; I was struck by a man who was with Mr. Ward; I tied to take him and was pitched upon just as the prisoner and the crowd were crossing it; I rushed in near the prisoner, and declared myself an officer; I was hit and my arm knocked out of joint; the prisoner was under a guard; I was within seven feet of him; my arm pained me and I fell back; I recognized a number of persons there; saw Mr. Brannan, and a number of others whose names I do not know; Mr. Brannan was doing nothing; this was after the man was hung; after he was hung he was hoisted higher, and the rope was fastened to the railing; don't know who made the rope fast; the prisoner was dead at the time.

   Hanpton North. - Am a police officer; I was present in the Plaza last evening when Jenkins was brought up; when I saw him I ran in, took hold of him, and tried to rescue him from the crowd; he was under a strong guard; T was taken away by some of my friends; Mr. Ward, a tall, pale faced, slender man' leveled a pistol at me, and said he would shoot if I interfered; I afterwards went up, after he was hung, and saw three or four persons hold of a rope; son not know who they were; they were standing on a cart; I think I should recognize them if I should see them again; I think I have seen Jenkins before.

   J. M. Van Bokkelen.  I claim the constitutional privilege of refusing to answer any question that may tend to criminate myself.  I recognize the corpse now in the City Hall as a man who has been pointed out to me several times as one of the Sydney gang of thieves; I am on the special police; belong to a company that act on special occasions; I think the deceased came to his death by hanging; I saw a body hanging on the adobe building; I refuse to say what time I saw the body hanging, on the ground that it might criminate myself; I understood from public rumor last night that a man had been arrested and tried; I have no knowledge of my own that the man was tried; I don't know any one named Captain Wakeman; there was a Captain Wakeman here, but he has been gone three months; I know Samuel Brannan; I saw him yesterday morning; I refuse to say whether I have seen him since, on the ground that it may tend to criminate myself; I have every reason to believe that the man was tried; I refuse to say whether I was present when the man was tried, or hung; I refuse to say whether I know any of the parties who participated in hanging him.

   J. P. Norris, sworn. - I am a police officer.  I refuse to answer any questions; I have every reason to believe that there is a secret committee or an inquisition formed in this city, and believe that were I to tell all I saw last night I would be in danger of my life.

   [Mr. Leavenworth, foreman of the jury, moved that the room be cleared, to hear the evidence of the witness.  Mr. Platt, District Attorney, stated that the only reason a witness had for refusing to answer questions was that the answers might criminate himself, and not because it rendered him liable to personal danger.]

   After some further argument the room was cleared for the purpose of hearing the evidence of Mr. Noyes, after which the jury adjourned to meet at seven o'clock.

   The jury met again at 8 o'clock, at the office of Mr. Platt, District Attorney.

   Ira Cole sworn. - I was present on the Plaza this morning, when a man was hung.  The first I saw of the man was near the liberty pole; he was handcuffed and in the hands of a policeman named Winrow, who was trying to take him from the crowd; I was within three feet of him; others took hold of him and rushed toward the adobe building; I was close by him when the rope was thrown over his neck; the only person whom I recognized as having had hold of the rope, was Captain Wakeman, formerly captain of the New World; he was hauling on the rope nearest to the man that was hung; the man was hanging at the time, and Capt. Wakeman was pulling on the rope, and held on to it till I suppose the man was dead, when Wakeman made the rope fast to the railing; I saw the rope put over the man's neck; did not see who put it on; I heard Capt. Wakeman call for a belaying pin to make fast with; I saw ten or twelve others have hold of the rope, but do not know their names; Mr. Foley was near me at the time; he was a spectator; I saw Capt. Harding trying to get near the man; Capt. Wakeman was about ten feet from me; I saw several men who had Colt's revolvers; I had hold of the man; Mr. Winrow called on me to help take him to the station house; I held on to him till he was hauled away by the tope; the man asked me to loosen the handkerchief on his neck; it appeared to me that most of the people on the square were in favor of hanging the man; I should think about one-fifth of the people were in favor of rescuing him and taking him to the station house; I heard many cries against hanging him; I saw Mr. Ward; did not see him have hold of the rope; I saw Mr. Brannan; both Mr. Ward and Mr. Brannan appeared to be encouraging the execution.

   Col. John Geary was sworn, but stated he knew nothing of the circumstances except hearing two taps of the bell, when he retired to his room.

   Wm. Divier, sworn - I have seen the man who was hung in the square, saw him this afternoon for the first time.  Heard the Monumental bell tap on the plaza last night, ran over and saw a man tapping the bell; two men guarding the door.  The man who was tapping the bell was named Buckler, to the best of my knowledge.  I took hold of him and forbid him tapping the bell.  After I went to bed I was awakened and told the bell was tapping again.  I ran down and found him tapping the bell again.  His name was Washington Bromley.  This was between one and two o'clock.  I told him he must not tap the bell.  I am captain of the Monumental Company.  I put him out of the engine house.  Bromley told me they were going to hang a man who had stolen a safe.

   David C. Broderick. - I saw a man hanging in the Square this morning; I saw the man brought on the Square about two o'clock; I was standing near the liberty pole when he was brought up; I was there to aid the authorities to prevent the execution; I attempted to go into the crowd, and told the police to take the man to the station house; Wm. H. Jones and another man caught hold of me and held me back; I had a conversation with Mr. Jones; I saw a crowd with a rope, which was thrown over the cross-piece; Jones had hold of the rope; the prisoner had no rope on his neck when I first saw him; I saw a man who was giving orders, rush down to put the rope over his neck; he had on  a dark coat with brass buttons, was a stout man; I was told it was Capt. Wakeman; John Eagan had hold of the prisoner; he appeared to be desirous of having him hung; immediately after the prisoner was hoisted, I saw a man named Derby, who was encouraging the party who pulled the rope; another man very prominent was Capt. Edward A. King; I saw several with pistols in their hands.  Eben Niles came running up to me, and asked me if I saw the men who pulled the rope; I told him no; he said he saw Battelle and Hyatt; I cried out several times for the Marshal and Sheriff, but could hear nothing of them; after the hanging, I saw several persons at the Union, who appeared very anxious to have it known they had participated in the affair; among these was Samuel Brannan, also Wm. J. Jones; I am not sure I saw young Mr. Howard on  the Plaza, think I did; Mr. Jones appeared to be in favor of hanging everybody that didn't belong to his party; I spoke to him about the courts, and his reply was, "to hell with the courts"; from all I saw, I think the hanging was the work of an organized band, who conducted it by a previous arrangement; Mr. Jones stated that he was one of the committee, and that they were going to take things into their own hands; I did not see Col. Stevenson.

   The jury then adjourned till 11 o'clock to-day, for the [purpose of bringing other evidence before it.

PUBLIC MEETING.

Pursuant to a call in some of the morning papers, a large number of persons assembled on the plaza, yesterday afternoon, about half past four o'clock.  There appeared to be no arrangement or plan of organization, and after some time Capt. J. Hutton was called to the chair.  Capt. Hutton thanked the meeting and proceeded to state that he was a law abiding citizen, but considered that Lynch law was the only law adequate to the necessities of this city.  When Capt. Hutton had concluded a gentleman in the crowds made a motion that the meeting should sanction the action of the committee and the people in hanging Jenkins.  When the question was put by the chairman, an almost unanimous "yes" arose from the crowd, and when the contrary opinion was called for, a single "no" was heard.  Loud cries of "put him out," accompanied by hisses and groans arose, when Mr. H. K. W. Clarke mounted the balcony, and said: "Almost alone I said No, when this meeting was called on to sanction the cold-blooded murder."  Here he stopped, for the noise, hisses and groans were too great to allow him to proceed.  He tried to continue but was seized and hustled into the crowd, who at one time threatened to lynch him.  When order was restored an adjournment was moved, and Capt. Hutton stated that the committee would meet in the evening, and that some proposition of importance would probably be made by it to the people.  The meeting then adjourned to meet to-day at four o'clock.

   After the adjournment a crowd surrounded Mr. Clarke and followed him down to the bottom of the Plaza, some shouting, others proposing to cut off his ears, and others to give him thirty-nine lashes.  Mr. Clarke remained perfectly cool, although he was a little bruised and his coat was badly torn in the scuffle.  Finally he was prevailed upon by his friends who surrounded him to retire to his room, where he looked out of the window, the crowd below giving him three groans.

THE EXECUTED MAN.

The body of Jenkins, the man hung on Wednesday morning, remained hanging till seven o'clock in the morning, when it was cut down and taken to the dead house in the City Hall yard, where it was seen by a large number of persons.  The neck was not broken, death having been produced by strangulation. 

   Rarely have we seen a finer formed, more muscular frame than his.  It is said that his real name was Simpton, that he was a native of London, and has been in California about one year; and has for many years past in the English colonies been known as a notorious villain.  When cut down he had $218 in his pocket.  He will be buried to-day.

...

HORRIBLE DEATH. - The body of a man named Martin Schmidt was found yesterday morning coiled up in a well, in the yard of a German eating house in Balance street, where he had been boarding.  He was dressed merely in his shirt and drawers.  He had been laboring under an attack of delirium tremens for some time, and on Wednesday night had asked the proprietor of the house for a pistol, stating that he wished to kill himself.  He went to bed, however, but soon arose and appeared to be laboring under the idea that some persons outside the door were desirous of taking his life.  He was again sent to bed, and yesterday was missing - and it is supposed that during the night he went to hide himself under the planks with which the well was covered, and fell in.  The well was about forty feet deep.  This is another sad example of the evils of intemperance.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 13 June 1851

Another public meeting on the Jenkins lynching.

CORONER'S INQUEST. - An inquest was held by Justice Shepheard yesterday morning, upon the body of Martin Schmidt, whose body was found in a well in Gold street.  The verdict of the jury was, that "the deceased came to his death from the effects of a fall into a well in Gold street, while laboring under an attack of delirium tremens." The well was also presented by the jurors as a nuisance, and the owners accused of gross negligence in allowing it to remain so exposed.   [Also editorial comment on criticisms of Coroner Gallagher.]

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 13 June 1851

Letter from Samuel Brannan re the Jenkins lynching.

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 13 June 1851

INQUEST ON THE BODY OF SIMPTON [Jenkins]

From the Picayune we take the following:

HORRIBLE MURDER AT SHAW'S FLATS. - The following is an extract of a letter from a gentleman in Sonora, dated June 10 - "This morning, near Shaw's Flats, there was a most foul and cold-blooded murder perpetrated upon an American by two greasers.  The circumstances were these, as near as I can learn: Two greasers having a tent near Shaw's Flats, bargained with an American for a long tom, sent for him to call at their tent this morning and get his pay.  Accordingly he went to their tent, and while weighing out the dust, they set upon him with their knives, stabbing him in various places.  He managed to get to the door and cry "murder!" which was heard by some Americans, who started to his aid; but before they arrived the greasers had escaped, and up to this hour; (10 o'clock, p.m.,) I have not heard of their arrest, although it is said that a hundred men are on their track.  To show that the murder was premeditated, in the tent of the greasers, under their bed, was a newly made grave, which was probably intended for their victim.  At six o'clock the American was still alive, but the doctor days that he cannot survive.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 14 June 1851

VIGILANCE COMMITTEE. - The following resolution has been handed to us for publication:

   Resolved, That we, members of the Vigilance Committee, remark with surprise the invidious verdict rendered by the Coroner's Jury after their inquest on the body of Jenkins, alias Simpton, after we have all notified the said jury and the public that we  were all participators in the trial and execution of said Jenkins.  ...  [Long list.][Following column, Verdict of the Jury; also letter from Broderick.]

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 14 June 1851

The Jenkins Lynching.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 16 June 1851

DROWNED. - A man fell from the side of the ship Eugene, lying off Market Street Wharf, yesterday afternoon, and was drowned.  An inquest will be held to-day.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 17 June 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - Coroner Gallagher held an inquest yesterday upon the body of a man named Ebenezer Crocker, who fell overboard from the ship Eugene on Sunday afternoon, and was drowned.  Crocker was about thirty years of age, a native of Barnstable, Mass., but more recently a merchant in Brooklyn, where he has a wife and children.  The verdict of the jury was that he died from accidental drowning.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 19 June 1851

THE CASE OF BREWER. - Our readers will recollect the case of Brewer, the Gay-head Indian who was found lying dead at the head of Montgomery street.  An inquest was held upon the body, and it was buried without any post-mortem examination being held.  It was afterwards disinterred however, opened and the stomach and contents, submitted to Dr. Matthew P. Burns for examination.  Two men, Hall and Spiers, were arrested and examined on the charge of murder, and are now awaiting trial.  It is said however that the only witness whose evidence could convict them left here in the last Steamer.  The following is the report of Dr. Burns:

 

Report of Dr. Matthew P. Burns on the inquest of the Coroner of San Francisco on the body of Frank Brewer, found dead on Montgomery street on the 4th day of June, 1851.

   On the 5th day of June, 1851, Edward Gallagher, Esquire, Coroner of San Francisco, submitted to me the stomach and a portion of the small intestines of Frank Brewer, with a view of analyzing their contents and reporting to him my opinion as to the cause of death in this case.

   The stomach and such portions of the intestines as I received presented an appearance of acute inflammation, extending over their surface.  The mucous and submucous coats were disinjected, thickened and softened, and in some places large spots of extravasated blood were to be seen under the same.  At the pyloric orifice of the stomach a large quantity of grumous blood, with thick, ropy, tenacious mucous, was found adhering.  Such substances as the stomach contained consisted of half digested animal and vegetable matters, and did not at the time I examined them possess the odor of any alcoholic liquors.  On the supposition that the above morbid appearances were produced by some corrosive substance, I proceeded to wash the stomach and intestines before applying any chemical re-agent, when I perceived a white crystalline powder adhering to the surface of the same.  About eleven inches from the pyloric orifice of the stomach the small intestines were perforated from the intense inflammatory action of the poison on that portion of the alimentary canal.  I then submitted the same white crystalline powder that was found in the stomach and small intestines to a series of chemical tests, which proved its nature to be arsenious acid.  When we take into account the insolubility (or nearly so) of all the salts of arsenic, more particularly when mixed with organic matter, I come to the conclusion that the arsenic found in the stomach and small intestines must have been administered to the deceased, Frank Brewer, in his food, which, from all the indications observable I should infer must have been received into the stomach three hours previous to death.

   In addition to the arsenious acid I also found a quantity of morphine in solution, which accounts for the fact that the stomach was able to retain the arsenic so long without its rejection.  The morphine acted on the brain and nervous system as a sedative narcotic, while the arsenic did the work of death on the other internal organs.  I then boiled the stomach and a portion of the small intestines along with their contents.  I afterwards boiled and filtered the remaining liquid which was then in a proper state for investigation.  The analysis resulted in finding arsenic and morphine in solution, the latter in considerable quantity.

   From the above result there can be no doubt that Brewer came to his death from the poisonous effects of arsenic and morphine combined.

MATTHEW P. BURNS, M.D.

Some vials were found about the premised near where the man was found, which were also sent to Dr. Burns for examination, with the following result:

Says Dr. Burns,

"I have analysed the contents of the vials you submitted to me for that purpose on the 4th inst., and I have to report as follows: Vial No. 1 contains arsenious acid combined with morphine, being the same combination which was found in the stomach of the deceased, Brewer.  Vials No. 2 and 3 contained sulphuric acid and strychnine." [Daily Alta, 1 August.  Hall guilty.]

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 23 June 1851

Charles S. Lyons was found burned to death on Jackson street, between Dupont and Kearny.  No particulars could be obtained concerning the manner of his death.  The Coroner will hold an inquest upon the body to-day.

   Mr. Bach, of the firm of Bach, Burnett & Co., was burned to death in endeavoring to save his store-room.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 24 June 1851

CORONER'S INQUESTS. - Justice Shepheard held an inquest upon the body of a man at the County prison yesterday morning.  From the evidence it appeared to be the body of a Frenchman, about 40 years of age, who belonged to the ship "Monte Lambert," by the name of John Baptiste Durand.  He went into Pacific street, for the purpose of assisting a friend to remove his goods during the fire, and some persons who were about him at the time, believing that his intention was to steal, made an attack upon him and bruised him badly.  He died in a few hours afterwards at the County Prison.  The Jury brought in a verdict that the deceased had died from an inflammation of the brain, caused by injuries received during the fire on the 22d.

   Coroner Gallagher held an inquest upon the body of a man by the name of George Herbert, published yesterday Charles Hubbard.  He was a native of Scotland, about 40 years of age, and had come down from the mines a few days ago.  He had been lying sick at the Stadt Hamburg House in Pacific street, and died in being brought to the Plaza.  The jury rendered a verdict according to these facts.

   Coroner Gallagher also held an inquest upon the body of Charles S. Lyons, merchant, formerly of New York City, and about 33 years of age.  He was burned to death on Jackson street, near his store-room.  His remains were identified before the Coroner's Jury by means of the gold watch and ring found upon his body.

   Mr. Henry Bache, of the firm of Bache, Barnett & Co., was burned to death in the same building, for the safety of which Mr. Lyons sacrificed his life.  The remains of Mr. Bache have not been recovered from the ruins.

SAMUEL GALLAGHER.

This man was kept in the room of the Vigilance Committee during Sunday night, and yesterday morning was delivered over to the authorities and confined in the County Jail.  He will be examined to-day before the Recorder.

THE COURTS.

... In the Recorder's Court, Sam'l Gallagher was brought up for examination, on the charge of murdering a man by the name of Lewis Pollock.  Owing to the absence of witnesses, the examination was postponed until this morning at 10 o'clock.  S. Haydenfelt and T. B. Van Buren, Esqs. Appeared as counsel for defendant. ...

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 25 June 1851

REVOLTING MURDER. - We are informed by Mr. Jacob D. Clark, just down from the place. That the body of a man was found floating in the water on the South Branch of the North Fork of Feather river, near the American Ranch, by Mr. Moses Greener, one of the firm of Montgomery, Roberts & Co., at that place. There was no Coroner's inquest held, there being no Coroner there, but the body was examined by twenty five or thirty persons.

   They found the throat cut from ear to ear, in fact, as far as the bone would allow the knife to go. - The skull was also badly fractured, a blow having been given in the forehead above the right eye, apparently with a pick.  There was a deep cut, about four inches in length, on the right side of the body, below the ribs.  The front part of the body was cut open from the breast bone downwards, the perpetrators of the murder doubtless thinking to sink the body under water by this means.

   The man had apparently been dead about 15 or 20 days.  He had a Roman nose, black hair, sparse beard and mustache, was about six feet in height, and it was supposed that he would weight about 180 pounds.  He appeared to be a man about 25 years of age.  The body had no clothing on whatever, except a cravat. ... The parties there, supposing that the body had been thrown in from the opposite side of the river, went over and discovered a place where they supposed it had been done.  There were tracks of two persons, one barefoot and the other with light shoes or boots.  A rude walking stick was also found, with the letters H. B. cut upon it, and it had blood upon it.  The stick, and the cravat found upon the body, may be found at the American ranch, and may furnish some clue to this no doubt horrid butchery of a fellow mortal. - [Marysville Herald.]

JUDGE LYNCH IN CALAVERAS. - On Monday last, a man, name unknown, was arrested at Mokelumne Hill, charged with the robbery of Mr. Hoteling, an old Missourian, who lives at the second crossing of the Calaveras, about four miles from the Double Springs.  The Missourian had about $1200 on his person, which the robber seized and fled with.  St Mokelumne Hill he gambled off the greater part of the money, and was arrested before he left town.  His identity as the robber of the Missourian was clear and satisfactory, and was further made certain by the latter's instant recognition of him, and the offender's subsequent confession.

   The prisoner was an Irishman, and said he had deserted from the British army.  He requested to see a priest, and one was sent for who resided at the diggings at San Andreas.  Four hours were allowed him to prepare for death.  The priest arrived, and to him the prisoner confessed that he had two wives - one in Manchester, England, and the other in Ireland.  He said that he had emigrated from Liverpool to New York, and from there to St. Joseph, Mo., at this place he stole some money.  On his arrival at Nevada, in this State, he committed another robbery, and at Mariposa another.  The last offence he confessed to perpetrating was the robbery for which he was executed.

   Having been duly tried by the Lynch code, and found guilty, beyond the possibility of a doubt, he was hung by the jury near the spot where he committed the offence, and after dangling in the air about five hours, was taken down and put into that narrow prison house from which he will never escape to offend against human laws.

   The people throughout the mining region have firmly resolved that the dame fate shall be meted out to all robbers caught and convicted in the interior.  We are well assured that a number of the San Francisco gang of outlaws have fled from the latter place to the mines, and we hope that they have only changed the scene of their exit from California, and not the means of conveyance. - [Stockton Journal.]

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 3 July 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - A man named Charles Hillman was taken to the Station House two or three days ago, having been found drunk in the street, and laboring under an attack of delirium tremens.  During Tuesday night he died, and an inquest was held upon his body yesterday.  The jury returned a verdict of death from intemperance.  He was thirty-three years of age and a native of Boston.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 8 July 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - Justice McGowan held an inquest yesterday on the North Beach, on the body of a woman about 37 years of age, named Susan Farrell.  The verdict of the jury was that she died from neglect and destitution.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 10 July 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - Coroner Gallagher held an inquest yesterday upon the body of a young man named Norman Maughn, who went on a shooting excursion a few days since over to Goat Island.  While firing at a bird he fell off the rocks and was killed, and his body was found terribly mangled.  He was a native of Scotland, aged twenty-three years, and was a clerk in the employ of McKenzie, Thompson & Co. of this city.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 13 July 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - An inquest was held yesterday morning, by Coroner Gallagher, upon the body of James Stuart, and after examining the witnesses, the Jury returned a verdict "That the deceased came to his death by strangulation, by hanging, at the hands of a body of men styling themselves the Vigilance Committee of San Francisco."

   It is said that life was not extinct in Stuart for several hours after he was brought to the Station House, and an intelligent physician has stated that had the proper means been employed he could have been resuscitated.  Three hours after he was cut down, an incision was made in his arm, from which the blood flowed freely.  The expression of his features was calm and composed, and there was none of that distortion which is usually observed upon the countenances of men who have met with a violent death.  He had on the whole, a fine appearance, with a broad, high and intellectual forehead.  Pity for him was it, that his talents had not received a better direction.

   The grave has closed over the cold form of the robber, of the probable murderer.  It is to be hoped that another terrible example like his will never be required to be made amongst us.

...

MELANCHOLY ACCIDENT. - Last week, four men, three Frenchmen and one Englishman, went over to the Contra Costa for the purpose of burning lime, and having remained there till last Tuesday they embarked for the purpose of returning to San Francisco.  When just outside of San Pablo bay a flaw of wind struck the boat and capsized her.  Two of the Frenchmen were drowned, and the Englishman and one of the Frenchmen being good swimmers, succeeded in reaching the shore.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 15 July 1851

THE MURDER OF GUERRERO. - A coroner's inquest was held on Sunday evening at the Mission, upon the body of Francisco Guerrero, the particulars of whose death were published yesterday.  The man le Bras, who was arrested in the afternoon by the Vigilance Committee, was taken out to the Mission under a guard, and was present at the inquest.  The following is the evidence, from which our readers may draw their own conclusions. Certain it is that a foul murder has been committed, and that Guerrero's death could not have been the result of accident.  What motive could have induced the murder, it is almost impossible to imagine.  It is well known, however, that he was most intimately acquainted with land titles in this portion of California, and many parties were interested in having him out of the way.  It scarcely appears possible, however, that this could have been the motive.

   The man Le Bras is said to have exhibited signs of insanity for several days past.  He is now in the hands of the Vigilance Committee who will doubtless give him a fair and impartial trial.  If guilty, no punishment will be too severe for him.  He is in the hands of sensible men, who will not allow prejudice or an excited state of feeling to influence their decision.

   Guerrero was buried yesterday at the Mission.  The following is the evidence on the Coroner's inquest, and the verdict as taken before Justice Brown, acting as Coroner:

   Charles J. Moorfield, swoon. - I was acquainted with the deceased.  I was here yesterday; I was on the plank road between this place and town, a little beyond Ald. Greene's; I was going into town and saw a couple of men on the top of the hill beyond Green's; as I saw them there appeared to be some trouble or controversy between them; the one on the bay horse turned it towards Guerrero; at that time I turned my head towards Green's; I heard some harsh words from the hill and I turned and saw the man looking away from Guerrero; and then Guerrero started his horse for him; the other man started into a run and Guerrero after him, plying his spurs and whip; Guerrero had not gone far before his hands dropped down at his side; he then began to learn forward, and continued to do so until he dropped from the horse; being at a run all the time the horse did not stumble or dodge when he fell; he was distant from me about fifteen feet; I ran to him and saw it was Guerrero, and spoke to him; he did not open his eyes or stir; I left him there with three or four Frenchmen, and went over the hill to where the other man was, about a road and a half  ahead; I asked the other man several questions but he did not make any answer; I then asked him if he knew Guerrero, Norris and brown. And he said he knew them all; I told him to come into the Mission and tell Norris or Brown that Guerrero was out there and dying; he asked me several times what was the reason I thought he was dying; I told him he appeared to be hurt so badly that I did not think he could live; I took the horse and carried him down to Green's; he was a thinnish formed man; he had considerable beard, whiskers and a half moustache; I think he had on a  fur hat; when I got to the body his ear was full of blood, and blood was all over his coat and arm; I do not think the blood could have got on his coat from the fall; I think he fell on his right shoulder, and partially on his left shoulder and neck; I have since been out there and found blood on the top of the hill where I first saw the parties.

   Peter S. Van Winkle sworn. - I reside on the Mission road, a very little beyond Ald. Greene; I was in my house, when some one came to the door and asked for water to put on the man's head that had fallen from his horse; I went out there and saw a man lying on the side of the plank road, as I supposed nearly dead; I traced back a little distance from there and found blood on the planks, something like a rod beyond where he lay, towards San Francisco; the only persons that I know who were present were Ald. Greene and one of his men; I stopped there about a minute, when the omnibus came along, and they placed him in it.

   Michael Kelly sworn. - I reside in Happy Valley; I knew Francisco Guerrero; I saw him yesterday; I was standing by Mr. Kearney's when Guerrero came along, riding a large bay horse and leading a lighter gray; I stopped him a moment; a man who looked like a Frenchman, wearing a lightish hat, brown frock coat and light pants, and lightly built, came up and asked him to let him ride his horse; he took the light horse, and they rode away together.

   Henry Booth sworn. - I know the prisoner by sight; I saw him in Sacramento City last summer; I saw him last Wednesday or Thursday; I again saw him yesterday afternoon just before Mr. Guerrero was brought up; I can swear that this is the man that I saw on one of Guerrero's horses yesterday afternoon; I followed him, but could not take him.

   Mr. Moorfield, recalled. - I think that the man now in Court is the man who was on Guerrero's horse yesterday at the time of the accident; his countenance appears to be the same, but he looks smaller off the horse than on it; when Guerrero fell he did not attempt to stop, or render any assistance to him; when the body was moved, I was moved right straight off the road.

   Thomas Harper, sworn. - I have seen this man, Francis le Bras, about four days since, and also yesterday afternoon; yesterday he was on horseback, on Guerrero street, between the Mansion House and the Eighth Ward House; he did not stop at either of those houses; he was on one of the horses belonging to Francisco Guerrero; he was going north; I have not the slightest doubt that this is the man.

   Dr. P. Smith, sworn. - I have examined the body of Francisco Guerrero.  He received five blows, either of which would cause death.  Two of the blows were on the back of the head, driving in the bones of the skull, and one on each temple, producing extensive fracture of the cranium.

   Dr. Hitchcock fully coincided in this statement; the injuries could not be inflicted by a fall from a horse.

   The Jury, after a short consultation, brought in the following verdict: "We, the undersigned, a Coroner's Jury, summoned to hold an inquest, this 13th day of July, 1851, over the body of Francisco Guerrero, deceased, do find that the said Guerrero came to his death in consequence of blows inflicted on the head with some deadly weapon by one Francis Le Bras, in the city of San Francisco, between the hours of three and four o'clock, P.M.

S. E. Teschemaker, FitzHenry De Wolf, James Greaves, D. M. Chauncey, W. P. Humphreys, Clement Humphreys, I. N. Thorn, Jno. J. Combs."

  

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 15 July 1851

Brief report of the Stuart (Lynching) Inquest; also a very detailed description.

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 16 July 1851

As the Senator was crossing Pablo Bay, on Monday evening, a small sloop, called "The Sweetheart," ran against the Senator, striking her on the starboard bow, about half way between the forward gangway and the wheel, and was instantly drawn under the wheel of the steamer, staving her into a thousand pieces, - There were four persons on board, three of whom were saved.  The name of the man lost, was John Davis of Martinez.  One other man, John Sturges, also had a rib broken.  The accident was caused by the man at the wheel turning the helm the wrong way, so as to bring the craft across the steamer's bow.

   Judge Campbell, in his charge to the Grand Jury, in relation to the hanging of Stuart, told them that all who aided and abetted in that "murder," whether as one of the Vigilance Committee, or as a looker on, should and must be indicted for MURDER!

...

Brief report of the verdict from Guerrero inquest.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 28 July 1851

DEATH FROM INTEMPERANCE. - Coroner Gallagher held an inquest yesterday upon the body of a man named Newell, who came to his death under the following circumstances:  He came into the Montgomery House, on Montgomery street, on Saturday afternoon, appearing to be under the effect of liquor; said he was sick and went to bed.  He was soon after heard vomiting, and Dr. Mabry being called in, gave him some morphine and some other medicine.  Yesterday morning about 7 o'clock he was found in his room, lying on the floor near the bed where he had been sleeping, dead.  He was 55 years of age, and was a native of Boston, Mass., having been in the country two years, a portion of which time he was in the Custom House.  On his left arm were marked, in India ink, a heart, a female figure, cross and crescent, surrounded by stars.  The jury returned a verdict of "Death from the effects of intemperance."

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 29 July 1851

UNFORTUNATE ACCIDENT. - A Frenchman named Jean Pierre de Bargue, while taking his luggage from a cart on Central wharf yesterday, to place it on board the Jenny Lind, was killed by the accidental discharge of a gun which was in the wagon.  A Coroner's verdict in accordance with the above facts was rendered.

DIED IN A CELL. - A man named Breades died in one of the cells in the station house on the afternoon of the 27th inst., at about 6 o'clock, of delirium tremens.  He was taken to the station house on the 25th instant in a very miserable condition, and gave his name, and stated that he was from New Bedford originally, but had been at Sonora.  He had evidently been better off in the world, but was reduced to a common vagabond by drink.  He received medical attention.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 30 July 1851

DROWNED. - The Coroner held an inquest last evening upon the body of a man named Lewis Smith, who was taken from the water at Broadway wharf.  It appeared from the evidence that the deceased was a native of Boston, and ship carpenter on board the ship Arcole, of Philadelphia, lying at Broadway wharf.  On the night of the 22d inst., while attempting to get on board, in a state of intoxication, he fell overboard, striking his face upon a bolt or a portion of the pier.  All efforts to get him up proved unavailing.  The jury returned a verdict according to the facts.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 1 August 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - Justice Shepheard held an inquest yesterday afternoon, upon the body of a Mexican named Alvarado Alvers, found dead upon Long Wharf.  He had been remarked to be in a very weak condition and was taken charge of by two persons, who walked a short distance with him, when he commenced shivering, and laid down and died.  It was at first supposed that he might have died of starvation, but this was disproved by some little money being found upon him.  He was a middle sized man, of dark complexion, and was supposed to be on his way to the mines.  The jury returned a verdict that he came to his death from some old disease.

...

A correspondent of the Marysville Herald, writing from Downieville, under date of July 27th, states that a young man named James Shrive, from Nottaway county, Missouri, was digging in a ravine about the roots of a tree; the tree fell upon him, fracturing his skull and spinal column so that he died in about an hour.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 11 August 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - Justice McGowan held an inquest yesterday, at the house of Norman Assing, upon the body of a Chinaman, called John Kingheng, aged 57 years.  Verdict, "Death from general debility."

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 12 August 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - Justice P. W. Shepheard held an inquest yesterday, upon the body of a man named William Brown, more commonly known under the cognomen of Bill Nobbler, who was found dead at the Apollo Saloon, on Long Wharf.  Brown was a Scotch sailor, and was discharged a few days since from the barque Lanark, in which he came here from Sydney.  He was sick with the dysentery, and applied, when first discharged, to the Marine Hospital, but as he had lost his certificate, was refused admission.  An order was given for his admission yesterday morning, and when taken to him he was found beyond the reach of human assistance.  The verdict of the jury was, that the deceased came to his death from dysentery and lack of medical attendance.  It exhibits a serious state of affairs, that here in this land of gold, a man should die for want of the commonest medical assistance, which ought to be given to a sick fog by somebody.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 13 August 1851

SUSPECTED MURDER. - An inquest was held by Coroner Gallagher on Saturday, on the body of a man found lying out beyond the Mission road, near the house of a gardener named Robert Frankish, situated near the bridge that crosses the salt marsh.

   The body lay face downwards, the throat cut and a shot wound in the head.  The body was in an advanced state of decomposition, so much so, in fact, that some of the jury sickened on inhaling the stench.

   A small sized Colt's revolver was also found, three barrels of which had been discharged, lying near the body.  A number of sealed letters, dated Salmon river, and directed to parties in the States, were found in his coat pockets, among them was one to S. H. Sawyer, Appanose Co., Iowa, and another to Miss Laura Hubbard, Troy, Walworth Co., Wis.  The first person sworn was the man Frankish, who testified that he first saw the body on last Saturday afternoon, when he thought that it was some drunken man who was asleep.  On Thursday, having gone to shoot a coyote, he saw it again, and thinking it strange he went near enough to see that the heel was exposed, when, becoming timid, he returned to the house and told his companions about it.  They advised him not to touch it but to inform the authorities, which he did not do until Saturday.  No other person could be found knowing anything of the deceased, and the jury returned a verdict "that the deceased came to his death by a pistol shot in the right temple, at the hands of some person or persons unknown."

   The body was dressed in a blue and black monkey-jacket, slate colored pantaloons and a whitish California hat. - [Morning Post.]

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 14 August 1851

Brief report on the Inquest on William Brown.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 20 August 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST - PROBABLE MURDER. - Coroner Gallagher held an inquest yesterday on the body of a negro found in the bushes near the ridge on the plank road to the Mission.  He appeared to have been dead about ten days, was about thirty-five years of age and had a severe fracture on the back part of his scull, which was sufficient to have killed him.  There were no marks upon his clothing or person by which he could be identified.

...

Two bodies of persons reported missing from the wreck of the steamer Fawn, were day before yesterday found floating in the Sacramento river, terribly disfigured.  The coroner's inquest was to have been held yesterday.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 25 August 1851

CITY INTELLIGENCE.

Rescue and Hanging of the Prisoners Whittaker and McKenzie !

THE RESCUE !

Yesterday afternoon about half-past two o'clock, the bell of the Monumental Engine Company commenced tolling in a very rapid manner, and a cry of fire was raised, which however was corrected in a few minutes by the statement that the prisoners Whittaker and McKenzie had been taken out of the county jail by some members of the Vigilance Committee.

... the coroner was admitted to hold his inquest.  But two or three witnesses were examined at the inquest.  The physician present decided that the necks were not broken, and the jury returned the following verdict:

   In accordance with the testimony, the jury, after deliberate consideration, have come to the conclusion, and accordingly render their verdict, that Samuel Whittaker and Robert McKenzie came to their death by being hanged by the neck, thereby producing strangulation, by the act of a body of citizens styling themselves the Vigilance Committee of San Francisco, on the afternoon of Sunday, August 24th, at about 3 o'clock, in front of the Vigilance Committee Rooms, on Battery street, near California street, from the 3d story thereof."  (Signed) Theo. Payne, Jas. Hagan, J. Slocum, Jno. C. Griswold, Wm. M. Moore, Jas. H. Wingate.  E. Gallagher, Coroner.

...

SINGULAR AFFAIR - A MAN DROWNED. - Yesterday morning, about one o'clock, a man named John R. Lowe, alias Red Dick, a boatman in this city, went off in a boat to the brig Hallowell, of Maine, lying in the harbor.  As he approached the brig, the captain, who happened to be on deck at the time, hailed him and asked him what he wanted.  He made no reply, but continued to approach the vessel, and when he reached her side, started to go up.  The captain forbade his going on board, but he still persisted in the attempt, when the captain seized a pump-handle which was lying on deck and struck him over the head.  He fell into the eater, and his body has not been found.  The captain came on shore and delivered himself to the Marshal, and will probably be examined to-day.  What the object of Lowe was it is difficult to tell, although it is said that he has been in the habit of assisting seamen in deserting from their vessels.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 27 August 1851

CITY INTELLIGENCE.

CORONER'S INQUEST. - Coroner Gallagher held an inquest yesterday morning, upon the body of a man named Phillips, who was found floating in the harbor. - It appeared by the evidence, that the deceased came here in the schooner Napa, from the Sandwich Islands.  About a fortnight since, having heard some bad news from his wife, whom he left in the islands, he became partially insane, jumped overboard, and was drowned.  His body was recognized by the dress he wore, and the jury rendered a verdict in accordance with the facts.

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 27 August 1851.

Cutting re Lynching of Whittaker and McKenzie.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 10 September 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - Justice Shepheard held an inquest yesterday morning upon the body of a colored man, found floating in the bay, off Law's Wharf.  The body was very much decomposed.  He had on a pair of kerseymere pants, striped shirt, and a belt around the waist.

SUICIDE OF A WOMAN. - A melancholy case of suicide occurred in Happy Valley yesterday.  A Mrs. Gill, an Irish woman, who lived there, had been observed to be deranged slightly for several days past.  She thought that the Vigilance Committee were in pursuit of her, and had requested that she should be sent back to Belfast, where she had stolen some goods from a store.  Yesterday morning she started out from the house unperceived, and, taking a razor with her, went alongside of a fence a few yards from the house and cut her throat.  She died in a few minutes.  The jury returned a verdict in accordance with the above facts.

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 11 September 1851

FOUND DEAD. - An inquest was held on the body of John D. Ives, near Auburn, on the 8th day of Sept., before Wm. Gwynn, Justice of the Peace.  Dr. S. P. Thomas examined the body, and gave it as his opinion that the deceased had died some five or six fays previous to the examination, and that he had no marks of violence on his body, but died by the visitation of God, in a natural manner, and not by the hand of man.  The jurors returned a verdict that the deceased came to his death "by the visitation of God."  It appeared from papers found in the cabin, that the deceased was from Rome, N.Y.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 13 September 1851

'BY THE VISITATION OF GOD."  - The Sacramento Union states, as 11 September.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 14 September 1851

SACRAMENTO INTELLIGENCE.

MURDER. - We take the following from the Times and Transcript:

   Elias Holmes, a colored man, came to this city on Thursday, from Auburn, and took lodgings at the Warren House on I street.  Yesterday morning between  five and six o'clock, another colored man by the name of J. R. Garrabranch, went in to the house in a partial state of intoxication, and proceeded up stairs declaring that he would "shoot a nigger."  He went to the room where Holmes and a number of others were lying, and after some words with one of them who was awake, he discharged a pistol at Holmes, the ball entering his head and causing immediate death.

   Mr. Ewer, the Coroner, being summoned, an inquest was held upon the body, but nothing material was elicited, beyond what we have stated.  The parties who saw the negro before the fatal act, deemed him under the influence of liquor. But had no idea he would carry his threats into execution.  It does not appear that the person thus strangely and horribly dealt with, had any acquaintance with the murderer.  The act was one of brutal excitement, such as in the dissolute and abandoned state of society among the denizens of a certain quarter of the town, is not to be wondered at.  There are scenes transpiring daily among this unlicensed and degraded population, which are a disgrace to a civilized community, and a complete purgation is demanded of so pestilential a neighborhood.  Garrabranch was taken to the station house awaiting his hearing before the Recorder.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 23 September 1851

DROWNED. - Geo. Humphries, a colored man, fell overboard from the steamer Yuba, on Thursday last, a few miles above Sacramento.  The body was found yesterday morning, and an inquest held by Mr. Ewer.  Verdict, accidental drowning.

ACQUITTAL OF JUDGE SMITH. - We are informed that Judge Smith, of Calaveras County, who shot Col. Collier a few days since, while engaged in a personal altercation, has since had a trial, and been honorable acquitted.  The jury returned a verdict of justifiable homicide.

..

We find the following in the Union:

   DEPLORABLE ACCIDENT. - We have just been shown a letter which Geo. Hutchinson has just received from Gold Hollow, Matheny's Creek, detailed an account of a dreadful accident which befel a party of miners at that point on Wednesday, 178th inst.  While they were at work, the bank caved in, and buried two of their number, Alva True, and John White, both of Galena., Ill.  Their bodies were soon after recovered and decently buried.  Mr. True was 24, and Mr. W. 22 years of age.

...

John Shrinier, a German, who was very badly hurt by a fall of forty feet down a shaft at Grass Valley, on the 14th, has since died of erysipelas.  He left a family in Illinois.

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 23 September 1851

CORONER'S IN QUEST. - An inquest was held at Ophir, on the 20th inst., by Wm. Gwynn, Justice of the Peace, and acting Coroner, on the body of Robert Gazzell.  The jury returned a verdict that the deceased came to his death by the hand of G. W. Anderson, said Anderson stabbing the deceased with a large knife, inflicting three wounds.

   The friends of the deceased state that he was not an Irishman, as we were told  by the informant who first gave us an account of the murder, which we published on the 19th.  He is represented to have been a man of excellent moral character.  He was from Boonville, Mo., and has left three children.  Warrants for the arrest of Anderson have been issued, but the murderer is still at large.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 24 September 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - It will be recollected that there has been for several days past an advertisement published, asking information of a little boy, named Robert Willett, who disappeared from his home on Thursday last.  Yesterday morning, a gentleman who is erecting a stable on a portion of the old City Hall lot, at the comer of Kearny and Pacific streets, proceeded to drain a privy sink on the lot, and when it had been lowered about two feet, a hand appeared above the surface.  It was pulled up, and a boy answering the description in dress of the boy advertised drawn out of the sink.

   Justice Shepheard was immediately sent for and an inquest held.  The appearance of the body had so changed that he could not be recognized by it by those who knew him, and the chemical action of the contents of the sink had changed the color of the hair from dark to nearly white.  A portion of the pantaloons and blouse of the deceased were cut off, and sent to his distracted mother, who immediately identified them as being a part of her son's clothing.  The evidence of some boys who were with the deceased on the evening of his disappearance was taken, by which it appeared that they had started out together to buy some cakes or candies, and on their return, the deceased had left the other boys. Saying that was not the way they came, and that they never saw him afterwards alive.  The poor mother is said to be nearly distracted.

   The verdict of the jury was that the deceased came to his death by accidentally falling into the sink where he was found.  The probability is that he became bewildered in trying to find his way home, and after dark, and crossing this lot, had fallen in.

   It is a very reprehensible and too common practice in this city, that of leaving these places exposed and open.  Almost every lot which has been burned over, and has either a well or a privy sink on it, thus becomes a perfect pit fall and trap.  There should be an ordinance immediately passed providing that all such places, whether used or otherwise, should be kept covered.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 25 September 1851

MURDER. - On Sunday last, the coroner held an inquest on the body of a Mexican, found near the river.  On examining the body, two wounds were discovered in the region of the abdomen, wither of them sufficient to produce death.  Upon the neck were numerous wounds, which appeared to have been inflicted by a small knife.  There were upwards of twenty wounds upon different parts of the body.  No evidence was elicited touching the circumstances of the murder, and the jury rendered the usual verdict of "death produced by persons unknown."  The body was not recognized.

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 26 September 1851

MELANCHOLY. - From S. F. Herald, reporting inquest on Robert Willett.

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 30 September 1851

Report of inquest on unknown murdered Mexican, from the Los Angeles Star.

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 6 October 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - We learn from the California Gazette that the body of a man was found on Saturday last near the mouth of the Straits.  It was supposed to be the body of a man who jumped overboard from the steamer Senator about a week since, but the corpse was so much disfigured that it could not be recognized.  A verdict was rendered, "Found drowned."

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 7 October 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - Coroner Gallagher held an inquest on the body of the unfortunate man who walked overboard from the steamer New Worlds on Monday evening of last week.  His name was Hugh King.  He was a native of Roscommon, Ireland, and has a wife and three children in this country.  He resides in the interior, and came down on the New Worlds to purchase goods.  The verdict of the jury was to the effect that the unfortunate man was intoxicated, and in attempting to leave the boat had walked overboard.  His wife is now in the city.  Several charitable individuals collected for her on Saturday last about a hundred dollars.  Yesterday almost a hundred and fifty were raised.  This, together with the one hundred and sixty-one dollars which were found on the person of the deceased, will place the family at last above actual immediate want.

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 10 October 1851

BODY FOUND - MAN MURDERED. - The dead body of a man, whose name we have not been able to learn, was found on Leavenworth street, on the North Beach, at 6 o'clock yesterday mourning.  It was that of an intelligent looking and well dressed man, undoubtedly murdered night before last, as it was covered with blood apparently proceeding from a wound from a knife in the breast.  The poor fellow was found on the spot where undoubtedly his murderer or murderers had dragged him after death, as the earth about him was not in the least disturbed, and he was stretched out upon his back with a monkey jacket drawn over his face.  The vigilance of our citizens should be put in play, to discover and punish the perpetrator of this dark deed.

Later - Justice Bailey, this noon, held an inquest on the body.  It was not recognized.  Eighteen wounds were found in the breast and left arm, some of the former having penetrated the lungs. - [Picayune.]

ANOTHER BODY FOUND. - The dead body of a man was found, to-day, in the rear of Rassette House.  It appears that the deceased and another person, together, drank four bottles of brandy, and it is probable, therefore, that excessive intoxication killed him.  The rats had eaten his nose off. - [Ibid.]

SUPPOSED MURDER. - Last evening the body of a man, exhibiting signs of having been poisoned, was found at a house near the corner of Sansome and Bush streets, having but recently died from appearances.  Owing to the fact that he had been seen all day in company with two men by the name of Combe and Leevy, as we are informed, they were arrested by the police.  They were, or pretended to be, drunk. - [S. F. Courier.]

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 13 October 1851

From the Interior.

SUDDEN DEATH. - R. T. Clark, of Connecticut, went to bed on Tuesday night last, at Mud Spring, under the influence of liquor.  In the morning he was found dead, and in the course of the day was buried.  In a day or two after, some persons became dissatisfied and had the body disinterred, and a coroner's inquest held.  The jury returned a verdict that "the deceased came to his death by the too free use of ardent spirits."

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 16 October 1851

POISONED. - An in quest was held yesterday morning by Justice Shepheard, on the body of a Mexican, who died from the effects of poison taken on Tuesday evening at a dance-house on Pacific street known as the Golden Rule.  The evidence of Dr. Lamar of the Marine Hospital, was taken.  Deceased, who was known by the name of Paustino, accompanied by two women, came to the hospital yesterday morning, laboring under the effects of virulent poison; he was unable to speak, from retching and vomiting blood.  From other evidence adduced it appeared that the deceased had taken poison on account of a Mexican girl who would have nothing to say to him.  He asserted that he had taken four ounces of arsenic but no positive proof could be adduced as to the quantity.  He was quite young, and was acting ad cook for some Mexican women in the immediate neighborhood of that delightful spot called Murderer's Alley.  The Jury returned a verdict that deceased came to his death by poison, administered by himself.

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 17 October 1851

Brief mention of poison case, Daily Alta, 16th.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 27 October 1851

Body found. - The remains of a man were found on Saturday last on the Harro Rancho, a few miles from town.  From appearances, the person had been dead about two weeks.  He was dressed in satinet pangs, black satin vest and calico shirt, with blue spots on it.  The inquest was held by Justice Gorham, and a verdict was rendered to the effect that the deceased came to his death by some means unknown the the jury.  Such was the decomposed state of the body that it was impossible for any one to recognize the features.  The only article found in the pockets was a penknife, which is now in possession of Mr. J. S. Lee, County Constable.

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 5 November 1851

A correspondent of the "Herald" writing from Shasta, details the proceedings of the Court of Sessions in that county. ...A special grand jury was called to inquire into a cased of murder committed on Wednesday last, at Mad Mule Gulch, in Shasta county, and found a true bill against Jacob Frederick Gross for wilful murder.  The circumstances were these.  Frederick Oberman and Gross were former partners in mining, and Gross became dissatisfied and left Oberman, who afterwards succeeded in making a small pile, and Gross was jealous of his success.

   On Wednesday, the 15th inst., Oberman and Gross went up to the gulch to prospect, and Oberman sunk a hole and wass panning out gold, when Gross stepped up, seized Oberman's pistol, that lay on the bank, and shot him in then back part of the head, the ball taking effect on the left side of the spine and coming out of his mouth, causing instant death to all appearances.  After committing the horrible deed, Gross seized his own knife from his belt and inflicted a severe wound on his own throat, nearly severing the thorax, and then tried to hang himself with a grape vine, but failed in this effort also.  He then proceeded to camp, obtained a pistol, applied the muzzle to his head, and discharged it, but dodged the shot in time to escape unharmed.  He then went for another pistol, but those about the camp succeeded in disarming him, and he was placed in custody until an inquest was held on the body of Oberman.  The prisoner is now in charge of D. Consart, Sheriff, and awaits his trial in the District Court, which sits this week.

   There is strong talk in the town of the people taking the prisoner Gross and executing summary punishment on him, without a regular trial.  They say that if prisoners are liberated by granting new trials, they will take the law into their own hands, and let newspaper laws stand aside.

...

The Herald gives an account of the murder on Thursday last of Mr. Edward Gifford, formerly of New Bedford, while he was returning from Downieville.

Mr. Gifford had stopped at the Negro tent for dinner, after which he proceeded on his journey, mounted on a mule.  The animal returning to the tent late in the afternoon without a rider, suspicions were excited, and several men went out for the purpose of obtaining information, but returned unsuccessful.

   On Friday the search was renewed, and the mule in question being used, stopped at a certain place on the road, smelt the ground, and showed evident symptoms of unwillingness to proceed.  Upon this the party halted, and examining an adjacent ravine, the remains of the unfortunate man were discovered.

   On Saturday a man was arrested on suspicion, and taken to Nugent's Ranch, where he is to undergo examination.

   An attempt was made last week upon the life of a partner of Mr. Cummings, of Plum Valley, on a public road.  The rascal fired at the gentleman in question, the ball passing through his coat sleeve.  Upon receiving it, Mr. C.'s partner drew a revolver, and discharged four balls, upon which the assailant retreated.  The robber was tracked by his blood, but he having stopped to staunch his wounds the pursuit was abandoned.

   A day or two afterwards, parties prospecting in that vicinity, came upon the body of a genteely dressed man, with three bullet wounds on his person.  He was recognized as the man who made the assault.  Eighty dollars in dust was found in his possession.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 12 November 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - Justice Shepheard held an inquest yesterday on the body of a man who was murdered early yesterday morning, on board the store ship Edwin.

   The facts of the case, as elicited from the witnesses, appear to be about as follows:  Between twelve and one o'clock yesterday morning, a dispute arose between two men, one of whom is named Conteras and the other Clemente Seguel.  During the dispute the former inflicted with a kniofe a mortal wound on the latter, from the effects of which he died almost immediately.  Contreras then attempted to escape, but was stopped and arrested by private watchman F. W. Chambers, who delivered him into the hands of the police.  Contreras when first taken declared that it was not he that had done the deed, but as soon as opportunity offered he dropped a knife overboard, not, however, without having been observed by one or two bystanders.  The testimony as elicited before the Recorder will be found in the appropriate column.

Another. - An inquest was held by Justice Shepheard yesterday on the body of Greenfield, the man who was stabbed at the dunking house on Pacific street a few evenings ago.  The verdict was in accordance with the facts as published by us.

LAW COURTS.

DISTRICT COURT. - Before Judge Lake.

People vs. Samuel Gallagher., charged with the murder of Lewis Pollock. - Six jurors having been obtained in this case on Monday, the Court proceeded yesterday to obtain the remainder; and after challenging sixty or seventy for cause, and sixteen peremptorily, the following jurors were obtained: George Beckford, R. J. Preston, Thomas Janson, W. S. Mason, W. N. Collier, N. Lecompte.  The last juror was referred to tiers after he had stated under oath that he had formed an opinion, and had expressed yesterday morning, after he had been summoned, the opinion that the prisoner was not guilty of murder.  The triers decided that the juror was qualified, and he was therefore sworn.  The panel being completed, the jurors consist of the following persons: Francis De Long, H. Casebault, F. E. Pinto, Hiram Pierson, George W. Cassery, Wm. H. Devallon, ... [others as above.]

RECORDER'S COURT. - Before Judge Waller.

The Stabbing Case.  - Frank M. Pixley, counsel for the prosecution in the case of Charles Brown, appeared in court and stated that Greenfield, the man stabbed, had died, and moved that an order be issued for the arrest of Brown and his confinement, without bail, on a charge of murder.  An order was accordingly issued for the re-arrest of Brown.

   The affidavit of the deceased was taken shortly before he died, in which he states positively that Brown struck the first blow.  He says he had seen Brown at the Mission during the day, and when brown came in to the "Repose," in the evening, Greenfield said, "There is the scoundrel or rogue that run down my countrymen today."  Brown came up and said, "Who called me a scoundrel?"  Greenfield replied, "I did, but I did not expect you to hear it."  Brown then flew at him, and attempted to strike.  The parties were parted, and deceased recollected no more - felt a curious sensation of growing weakness, and heard two or three sing out, "he's got a knife - beware of him."  Deceased said he was sitting down when defendant jumped at and attacked him.

   Defendant came into court at 2 o'clock, and b y his counsel moved to be released on bail, which was opposed by Mr. Pixley on the ground that all the evidence showed this to be a case of murder, which is not bailable.  The recorder increased the bail to $15,000.

    A Murder Case. - Jose Contreras was charged with the murder of Clemente Seguel.  Both parties were Chilenos and the murder was committed yesterday morning on board the storeship Edwin, at the foot of Jackson street.

   F. W. Chambers, sworn. -  Reside in  Jackson street; was standing at the foot of Jackson street this morning between one and two o'clock; while standing there two gentlemen passed me by; they were gone about a dozen steps when I heard a noise and a shriek, and these two gentlemen over in the direction of the noise; they ran into a narrow passage where the ship Edwin lies; I run in after them; one of them took hold of the prisoner b y the shirt, ands let him go again; when I came in to the passage-way saw the prisoner going along in a still manner; I seized him and turned him toward the ship; as I was bringing him along to the ship he sung out twice in Spanish, "It was not me."  He put his hand under his pantaloons and drew out a long knife; he stooped down and dropped the knife into the water, between the ship and the wharf; carried prisoner on board the vessel; gave him in charge of the two gentlemen, who received him while I went for the police; saw a man on the deck of the Edwin lying in his blood; he was a  Chileno; he was then alive, but appeared to be dying; afterwards saw wounds in his back, apparently inflected by a sharp weapon; saw blood on the prisoner's shirt.

   Anthony Easterly, sworn. -  Am owner of the storeship Edwin; about one o'clock this morning was awakened by a disturbance and rushed down to the deck of the vessel; I room over head; found deceased lying on the deck in his blood; examined him and found him wounded; sent for a doctor and before he arrived the man died.

   Manuel Marcela, sworn. - Live on board storeship Edwin; at seven o'clock last night myself and four othetrs were alseep on board; the defendant and deceased went ashore together to take a walk; they came back at half-past 11 or 12; they came down to the forecastle and wanted to fight; the prisoner went on deck; deceased said he would go to his house to sleep; he went on deck and they commenced fighting; deceased called me by name twice; I went up with the others; the prisoner  was not there; saw the deceased lying in blood; called the captain and mate; soon after the prisoner was brought on board; the deceased lived but about five minutes after I reached the deck; the prisoner has on the same dress he wore last night. [The shirt of the prisoner at the waist where the knife would be carried and on the sleeve was covered with blood.]

Charles Brown, sworn. - Was passing along Jackson street wharf this morning, between 1 and 2 o'clock, and heard a cry of murder, apparently from the ship Edwin; a moment after, saw the prisoner running from the ship; the prisoner was seized by Chambers; saw him drop something between the ship and the wharf; saw the deceased, he had three cuts in his back.

   Wm. Smith testified to the same as Marcela, and added. That when he went on deck, he saw the prisoner jumping over the gangway.

   Officer Hull arrested the prisoner; on his way to the station house he offered him $1,000 to let him escape, and as near as the officer could understand him, said he had killed the man.

   No evidence was offered on the part of the defence, and the prisoner was committed for trial on the charge of murder.

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 14 November 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - From the Alta, the reports on Seguel and Greenfield.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 19 November 1851

INQUEST. - Justice Shepheard held an inquest yesterday on the body of Milo Hill, of Vermont, late a coal passer on board the Independence.  Hill came ashore night before last about 5 o'clock, and was taken into "The Old Strand" on Long Wharf, where he died yesterday morning.  No doctor attended him, and the verdict was in accordance with the above facts.  He had nearly $200 on his person.

SACRAMENTO INTELLIGENCE.

The name of the man murdered near the Miners' Ranch, this side of Bidwell's Bar, is not Gallagher, but "C. Miller," as was ascertained by an India ink mark on his arm,

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 24 November 1851

CORONER'S INQUEST. - An inquest was held by Justice Gorham on Saturday, on the body of William Getchy, who was found dead near what is called De Frees's Creek, about three miles beyond the Mission.  The deceased was from Cheshire, Eng., and was a young man about 21 years of age.  He had been dissipating for some time, and had been insane from the effects of liquor.  When found he had on nothing but a flannel jacket.  The jury returned a verdict that deceased came to his death from the effects of intemperance and exposure to the weather.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 3 December 1851

INQUEST. - Justice P. W. Sheppard held an inquest yesterday, on the body of a colored man, who came up in the Golden Gate in the capacity of a waiter.  This was the man who, as we stated yesterday, attempted to commit suicide night before last.  The facts of the case which transpired during the examination, were simply as follows:  He went into a store on Dupont street and asked for a glass of brandy, the storekeeper stated to him that they did not retail liquor there, by the glass, whereupon the man, who subsequently gave his name as Edward Depew, went towards the door, seized a cheese-knife and plunged it into his breast.  He was immediately taken to the Hospital, and in reply to the question why he did the deed, answered incoherently, that he had been brought up a gentleman, did not want to disgrace the people that had brought him up, and warned white people to take care how they insulted colored men.  The verdict of the jury was in accordance with the above facts.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 3 December 1851

The following correspondence of the Times furnishes further particulars of the recent murder on Bear river:

OPHIR, November 2d, 1851.

The name of the man who was murdered on Bear river last week, was Scobey.  He was in bed at the time, and his murderers struck him six blows with an axe, one of which entered the skull three or four inches, making a frightful gash on the right side of the face, through the eye and cheek, and also severing the lower jaw from the head.

   It appears by further evidence, that the outrage was committed on Monday night, and the body was not found until Wednesday.  The three men who are under arrest acted very suspiciously; had taken charge of the store, (especially the liquor department,) and when arrested, charged the deed on one of their number.  Although the evidence, as yet, is only circumstantial, it nevertheless is believed to be sufficient to find an indictment by the Grand Jury, which is now in session.  The Coroner's inquest charged the murder upon two of them, and it may be that the third one will make a clean breast of it, by turning State's evidence.  I have but imperfectly heard the names of the men in custody, which are - William A. Ogg, American; "Banian Billy," foreign; and Michael Moran, California.  They all appear to be hardened villains, and if guilty of the crime alleged, will most assuredly suffer the penalty of death.

   After the discovery of the murder, the miners in the vicinity assembled in large numbers, and the above named persons were particularly officious in charging the crimes upon the Indians, a number of whom were put under arrest.  In the investigation, circumstances raised suspicion against two of the men now in custody, and at one time there were strong demonstrations to being "Judge Lynch" and "Jack Ketch" into immediate requisition; but the "sober second thought" consigned them into the hands of the authorities, to be dealt with according to law.  Should the Grand Jury find an indictment, I will endeavor to give further particulars of their trial, &c.  LONG TOM.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 12 December 1851

MELANCHOLY ACCIDENT. - Yesterday forenoon about eleven o'clock, a most melancholy accident occurred on City street, by which the life of a human being was sacrificed almost instantaneously.  The flag on the roof of Wells' building, at the corner of Montgomery street, having caught in a stovepipe near, and being lifted by the wind, dislodged the pipe, which together with some bricks, fell, striking on the head of a man who happened at the time to be walking past.  His skulk was shockingly crushed by the glow, and he fell and expired almost immediately, the blood issuing from his nose, mouth and eyes.  The scene is described as most sickening and awful.  The unfortunate man was lifted from the ground and taken to the Monumental engine-house, where an inquest was held by Justice Shepheard.  The following is the verdict of the jury: "We, the jurors, find that the deceased, whose name to us is unknown, came to his death by the accidental falling of a brick or bricks and stovepipe from the house known as Wells' building, and we the jurors also believe the owners or occupants guilty of great carelessness in leaving the bricks in the position that they must have been to have caused the accident."

   The body is at the engine-house on Portsmouth Square, and will remain there until four o'clock this afternoon, for recognition.  We are requested to state that the brick work and stove pipe which fell was entirely disconnected with the observatory or flag staff, and was not put up by Messrs. Barrett & Sherwood.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 13 December 1851

RECOGNIZED. - We are informed by Justice Shepheard that the unfortunate man who met with such a sudden death, on Clay street, day before yesterday, has been recognized.  His name was Geo. M. Lockwood, and he formerly resided in Wakeaka, Wisconsin Territory.  It seems that he was about going down to San Jose to endeavor to obtain some employment in the Legislature.  In his baggage was found a letter from his wife.

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 13 December 1851\

HORRIBLE ACCIDENT.  Another report of Lockwood death, see above.

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 18 December 1851\

On the 6th inst., a dead body was found on Moccasin creek, some eight miles from this place, supposed to have been the victim of some vile assassin.  I am informed that a jury had been appointed to hold an inquest over said body.  Report says that there was a band of robbers routed somewhere in the vicinity of said body sometime last week.  They were armed with Colt's revolvers.

   A man was shot accidentally a few days since by his messmate, at the store of Dr. Carnduff, on Rattlesnake creek.  I did not learn the particulars.

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, 19 December 1851

MURDER BY INDIANS.  - The Nevada Journal gives the following particulars of another murder by the Indians, on the Yuba:

   A man from Indian Hill Ranch, near the South Yuba, called on us yesterday, and stated that the day before, as he was on the road this side of the river, about nine miles from this city, at noon, he heard a cry of distress, and immediately saw two Indians run into the bushes ahead of him.  He raised his rifle to fire, but thinking at the instant the Indians might not be guilty of any mischief, he did not shoot.  A few rods ahead, he found a young man nearly dead, with several arrows in his body.  Our informant recognized him as a man who has passed his house on that day.  There were several letters and a bundle of blankets laying on the ground.  The wounded man was speechless, and the other, hoping to get assistance in time to save his life, ran to the nearest house, about two miles off, and mustered several men.  On his return the man was dead, his pockets rifled and his blankets gone.  What light the letters would give us as to the identity of the murdered man, we are not informed, save that one of them was directed to Marysville.  Judge Dougherty left this morning to hold an inquest on the body.

...

LYNCHING. - We presume the details of a strong case of lynching, near the Yuba, will be at hand to-morrow.  A party of men left this city on horseback yesterday noon, to assist in the hanging of some men who had stolen $1800 from their partner.  The names of the parties, and other circumstances, we have not been able to obtain. - [Nevada Journal.]

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 20 December 1851

Repeat from the Sacramento Daily Journal of the Indian murder and the lynching.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 23 December 1851

CARMAN DROWNED. - Yesterday morning the body of a man, which had drifted up among the wharves and lodged at the foot of Clay street, was picked up.  It was immediately recognized to be that of a drayman, named King, who had his stand at the corner of Clay and Sansome streets.  He is supposed to have fallen through an opening in the wharf, where several planks had been removed, and to have been drowned during the storm last night.

    It is also reported that another body was discovered in the water, near the same locality, but which was washed out of sight, and has not yet been reached.

   An inquest was held yesterday on the body of King by Justice Weed, and a verdict rendered in accordance with the above facts.

 

DAILY ALTA CALIFORNIA, 31 December 1851

FATAL AFFRAY. - It becomes our painful duty to record another unfortunate affray, during which the life of a human being was sacrificed.  It occurred yesterday afternoon, about two o'clock, at the Milk Punch House, this side of the Mission, on the plank road.  It seems that Mr. Ad. Bartholf had rented of Mr. Alfred Green, some time since, the public house known as the Pavilion.  He was, however, unable to pay the rent, and was sued for it by Mr. Green.  The latter got judgment and proceeded to sell Bartholf's effects in payment of the rent.  A dispute then arose between Green and Bartholf, in which epithets were pretty freely used.  It is stated that the latter had threatened to take Green's life several times previously.  At last Green gave Bartholf the lie when, as the bystanders say, Bartholf placed his hand on his pistol, and Green drew first and fired.  The ball struck Bartholf in the breast, and he dropped and expired almost immediately.  Mr. Green then gave himself up to Constable Elleard.  Bartholf had formerly been barkeeper at the Bowery Theatre, New York, and at the Empire, of this city.  He had also kept a shooting gallery at Bloomingdale, N.Y.  A Coroner's inquest was held on his body and a verdict arrived at in accordance with the above facts.

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SACRAMENTO INTELLIGENCE.

There is a report that a man named Beatty was killed at Grass valley by the falling of a tree, this forenoon.

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FOUND DROWNED. - The body of a man was found laying on a bar at the American Fork, opposite the Fourteen Mile House, on Saturday evening last, by Mr. Henry Desendorf.  Mr. D. was gathering drift wood, when his attention was called to an object laying on the bar, by the buzzards which had congregated upon it.  On examination, it was found to be the body of a man, who from appearances had been dead some time.  Scarcely any clothing was found upon the body, and it was so decayed that it would be difficult to give a description that would lead to a recognition of it.  He was about five feet seven or eight inches in height, and the hair was black, judging from a small tuft which remained on the scalp.  There was a buckskin purse containing one hundred and eighty-four dollars in fine dust, found upon the body.  Mr. A. B. Hawkins, of Brighton township, acting as Justice of the Peace, in the absence of the regular Justice, summoned a coroner's jury, who rendered a verdict of death by drowning.

   The money found upon the body, was brought to this city and deposited with the County Treasurer, subject to the order of his legal heirs.  These facts were communicated to us by Mr. A. B. Hawkins. - [Sac. Union.]

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PROBABLE MURDER. - A gentleman residing at Shasta, writes that no trace of the three men who have been missing since the 8th inst. from one of the mining camps in that region, have been found, and it is feared that they have been murdered by the Indians.  They left camp in the morning at seven o'clock, for the diggings, two miles distant.  Their names are Lewis Williams, Capt. J. L. Vigurs and James Thompson, the two former of Baltimore, and the latter from New York.

Published by Centre for Comparative Law, History and Governance at Macquarie Law School