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Colonial Cases





The former British Mandated territory of Palestine,

[came into effect 29 September 1923]




When the Ottoman Empire ceased to exist after World War I and Britain became the mandatory power for Palestine and Transjordan, the Ottoman laws in force were supplemented by British statutes. In Palestine the 1858 criminal code was replaced by a new penal code and a code of criminal procedure patterned on those used in British colonies. The Palestinian courts, staffed by British and British-trained judges, used their power to apply English common law, and decisions could be appealed to the judicial committee of the Privy Council in London. The influence of English law was weaker in Transjordan, however, where there were no British judges, and common law was not applied in the courts. Instead, the laws that dealt with criminal behavior retained the European flavor of the Ottoman code of 1858.


For details of the Judges of this period, see 'In Our Image: Colonial Discourse and the Anglicization of the Law of Mandatory Palestine,' Assaf Likhovski. Tel Aviv University Law School; Tel Aviv University Law Faculty Papers;' Year 2008, Paper 81.


For a summary of Israeli & Palestine (Mandate) law, see: 'Development of the Law in Israel, The First 50 Years'; Shlomo Guberman, 19 June 2000. (Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs.)


The Palestine Post, Saturday 2 November 1932



The District Court sentenced Ahmed Ali el Yameni, a watchman, to seven years' penal servitude for the murder of Ahmed Ismail contrary to Article 174 (1).  The murder was the result of a quarrel which the accused had with the man who was collecting snails.  The accused asked the man to stop and when he refused, a quarrel broke out between them during which he stabbed him to death.


Young Man Sentenced to Death.

The Court of Criminal Assize sitting in Tulkarem on December 1, passed the sentence of death on Hussein Ali Abu Njeim, who was found guilty of murdering Hassan Khalil with the intention of robbing him.  During the course of the trial it was alleged that the prisoner was underage.  The Court, however, found as a fact that he had completed his twentieth year.


The Palestine Post, Friday 9 December 1932 (4)

Murder in Jaffa Prison.

Jaffa, Thursday. - Bader abu-Rissas, who was sentenced to six months imprisonment at Jaffa yesterday for attempting to shoot his second wife, to-day murdered her within the prison walls.

   Bader had sent for his second wife in order, as she thought, to take leave of her prior to being transferred to Jerusalem.  Upon her arrival he went quietly with her to a secluded part of the prison courtyard, while the warder kept him under observation.  Suddenly he drew a jack-knife from his bosom and within less than two minutes, inflicted 16 serious wounds on the woman, stabbing her to the heart, and caused her immediate death.  A policeman who tried to save the woman was also wounded.  It is thought that the act was one of revenge, as the woman had given evidence against him and his first wife the previous day.


The Palestine Post, Friday 16 December 1932 (4)

Beduin Murder Sister Surrender.

(From Our Correspondent)

Haifa, Thursday. - Musa abu Timam and his brother Khader, of the Arb'el Infiat tribe, gave themselves up on Wednesday to the Hedera police, confessing to having killed their sister Fatmah on account of her relations with a member of their tribe.

   The body of the murdered woman was found, on a search of the vicinity, at the encampment near Hedera.  She had been murdered with an axe and clubs on her return from the colony.  The brothers have been detained.


The Palestine Post, Thursday 22 December 1932 (4)



The Court of Appeal composed of 5 Judges confirmed the sentence of death, which was passed on Issa Haj Suleiman Battat by the Assize Court sitting at Beersheba.  The accused was convicted for murder for the purpose of robbing and was sentenced to death, but recommended for mercy.


Mohamed Abu Qamel and Mohamed Hamaidan were committed by the Magistrate Zaki Eff. Ousta on the charge of murder without premeditation of the mukhtar of Malha, Hussein Mahmud Najel.


The Palestine Post, Wednesday 28 December 1932 (4)


Death sentence was executed yesterday morning on Ahmad Musa el Aqra of Kalililiah, Tulkarem, in the Central Prison, Jerusalem, in the presence of the Medical Officer, Dr. Khaldi, the District Officer, Nasuhi Bey Beydun, and a number of Police Officers.

   Ahmad Musa el Aqra was sentenced to death for murder in order to facilitate the offence of theft.


The Palestine Post, Thursday 29 December 1932 (1)


  1. P. 500 REWARD.
  2. Whereas on the night of the 22nd December, 1932, an unknown person or persons murdered Joseph Yacoubi and his son David by throwing a bomb into their house in Nahalal Colony, Haifa Sub-District. ...


    The Jerusalem Post, Monday, 2 January 1933.


    Custom House Fatality.

    Yusef Abu Sadeh was injured last Friday, whilst working in the Customs enclosure of Haifa, by falling boxes which are alleged to have been knocked over by Amin Azam, according to a Police report.  The injured man was conveyed to the hospital where he died on the same day. Amin Azam was arrested and the Coroner informed.


    The Palestine Post, Sunday 8 January 1933 (4)

    15 Years Hard Labour for Jaffa Murderer.

    Sequel to Fatal Quarrel in Suq.

    (From Our Correspondent)

    Jaffa, Thursday. - Hassan Bannah, accused of the murder of Hafez Barakhat during a quarrel in the Salahi Market on September 30, 1932, was found guilty today after a trial lasting two days, and was condemned to 15 years hard labour by Mr. Justice Copland presiding over the District Court of Jaffa.

       Five others were accused of participating in the quarrel and of beating two members of the murdered man's family who appeared as witnesses.  Of the five two were discharged for lack of evidence.

    Quarrel Over A Woman

    It is quite clear, the President observed, that there was a long-standing feud between the families of the murdered man and the accused.  The reason is not entirely clear but as I so many of these cases, the case would appear to have been a woman.  It must be remembered that this was the fourth quarrel occurring that morning between the accused and members of the Barakhat family.  There had been one near the Police Station early that morning; another, with the brother of the dead man, had occurred in the Boustros Street.  A third had broken out in the Salahi market only a few moments before the final and fatal one.

       The evidence against Hassan el Bannah was clear.  There was no doubt that he had been in possession of a knife which he had used to inflict the three fatal wounds.  There was also no doubt that he himself had been wounded either before, at the time of, or after the murder.  The one question was whether the circumstances had been such that Hassan had needed to protect himself, or had he perhaps been provoked to attack.  There was a definite law justifying murder only when the murderer in protecting himself or somebody else from a lethal attack.  The case under consideration, however, had occurred on broad daylight and in the presence of hundreds of people.  In all, only one witness had stated that the accused had a knife in his hand; all the others had stated that he was carrying a stick.  A stick was not a lethal instrument but would serve for protective purposes.  It was therefore unnecessary to use a knife for protection.  In general three wounds, one entering the heart to a depth of four centimetres, and each requiring considerable expenditure of strength on the part of the person inflicting them, were more than was required for adequate protection.  Hence there was here a clear and simple case of premeditated murder without any extenuating circumstances.

       Judge Copland addressed the accused, and he was declared guilty of murder with premeditation, and there were no signs of any extenuating circumstances.  It was a case in which a knife had been used with fatal results.  The prisoner was therefore condemned to fifteen years hard labour.

       The other three prisoners, who were all relatives of the accused, were sentenced to fourteen weeks imprisonment each from the day of arrest.  As they have been in custody for 13 weeks already, they will be released in a week's time.

       A large crowd composed of relatives and friends of the murdered man and the accused, was present in the hall of the Courthouse and overflowed into the street.


    The Palestine Post, Friday 20 January 1933 (8)


    A LIFE -  LP. 250!

    To the Editor of the Palestine Post.

    Sir, - The killing this morning, on the Petah Tikva-Tel Aviv road, of a young man by a passing automobile, makes the second automobile "murder" in four days.  Several days back a young student at Mikvah Israel was killed on the road passing the school.  These killings, to say the least, warrant an immediate revision of our legal code and improvement of our traffic control system.  I would suggest the following measures: - [continues.]


    The Palestine Post, Monday 23 January 1933 (4)

    Honour killing case reported from Baghdad.


    The Palestine Post, Monday 3 February 1933 (5)

    Fatal Village Quarrel.

    Boy Killed, Woman Wounded.

    On Wednesday, at about midnight, a quarrel broke out in the Malha village, near Jerusalem, resulting in the death of a boy named Abdullah Musa Abdullah and the serious injury of his mother, Salha bint Odeh, both of whom received 3 bullet wounds, states a police report.  The injured woman was removed to the Government Hospital, Jerusalem.  Investigations are proceeding.


    On January 30, information was received by the Police from Herzlia that Suleiman Did el Jinn of Arab el Rish had discovered a war time Turkish bomb which in an examination had exploded.  The injured man was removed to the Jaffa Hospital where he died the following day.


    On Wednesday afternoon Said Mohamed Elias of Bittir village was thrown from his mule in the village and was killed instantly, says a Police report.


    The Palestine Post, Wednesday 8 February 1933.


    The Police at Nablus received a report that a 15 years old girl, named Esseh bint Lutfi Alout, died at hospital as a result of burns she received when her clothing caught fire while carrying a primus.


    Suleiman, a Transjordanian, was found dead at Jericho yesterday, according to a Police report which adds that the investigations had revealed that Suleiman had been killed by a roof falling on him.  The Coroner was informed.


    The Palestine Post, Wednesday 15 February 1933 (5)

    Three Killed at Ramleh Crossing

    Two persons were killed and two seriously when a ton truck driven by Tewfik Salem Salem collided with a steam engine at the railroad crossing near Ramleh, states a Police report.

       The dead are Hussein Ibn Mustaka Douken, aged 40, and Sleiman Sadek, both of Yebna village.  The driver and Abdul Rahman Daoud of Naaneh village were injured.

       Another Police report from Ramleh states that the two year old daughter of Mohamed Ibn Ismael Abu Abdullah, of Yebna village, was run over and killed by a train on Monday, about 1.30 p.m.


    The Palestine Post, Monday 27 March 1933.


    Shaker bint Naif el Mahmoud, 18 months old, of Safad, died from burns received through a pot of boiling water being spilt over her, according to a report sent by the Medical Officer to the Tiberias Police.  The Police referred the case to the Coroner.


    The Palestine Post, 15 March 1935 (7)

    British Constable Freed of Charge.

    (From Our Own Correspondent)

    BEISAN, Thursday. - A British constable who fired at an armed man in Toubas lands near here, causing injuries which led to the man's death was found by the Coroner to have acted in the exercise of his duty following an inquest held here yesterday.  Death was due to bullet wound and shock.

       A double mounted police patrol, consisting of one British and one Palestinian constable, was on duty in Toubas lands last Sunday, when the former who was ahead, noticed a man on foot carrying a rifle.

       He dismounted and challenged the man who was at a distance of thirty to forty yards.  The man instead of answering the policeman fired at him and turned to move away.  The policeman fired back once, hitting the man in the shoulder.

       The Palestinian constable then approached the man, who was found to be mortally wounded.  He was in possession of a British rifle and three rounds of ammunition.


    The Palestine Post, Thursday 16 March 1933 (5)


    The police Bulletin reports the murder of Ibrahim el Haejeh Karkoura, who had been shot in the Wadi Masseih, Pela Lands, Tulkarem District, on Sunday.

       Abdullah el Amer of Deir Ghussein reported to Tulkarem Police that Wajeh Ibn Amer Abdullah el Amer had been shot on Tuesday and died one hour later.  He alleged that the murder had been committed by Icab Ahmad Abdullah and Abdul Latif Muhammed Khalil of Deir Ghussein village.  Police investigations are proceeding.


    Abdul Razaak Mustafa of Nablus was knocked down by car No. M 4973, and died one hour after his admission to Hospital, states a report by the Police.


    The Palestine Post, Friday 24 March 1933 (5)



    Tel Aviv, Thursday. - A memorial meeting last night to mark the thirtieth day after the death of Joseph Benyamini, the ex-soldier killed in Wadi Hawareth on February 22, brought together a large group of ex-servicemen and many others. [continues.]


    The Palestrina Post, Sunday 26 March 1933 (3)



    The Palestine Post, Thursday 30 March 1933 (7)

    New York.


    The Palestine Post, Friday 21 April 1933 (5)



    Jaffa, Thursday. - Bader Abu Rissas, a noted smuggler of arms and narcotics, was sentenced to death by the Court of Criminal Assizes here today, for having stabbed his wife to death in the Jaffa prison yard on December 8 last.

       The notoriety of the condemned man attracted a large crowd to the trial which lasted until 7 this evening.  The court was composed of Mr. Justice Baker, Mr. Justice Copland, and Judges Izzat Nimer and Dr. Mani.  Aouni Bey Abdul Hadi appeared for the defence.

       Rissas had been enraged against his wife for inciting his other wife against him.  A youth of 19, Abdul Kader Gorgwi, was accused of having supplied Rissas with the pen-knife with which he committed the murder, and with persuading the woman to visit her husband at the prison, but was acquitted for lack of evidence.


    The Palestine Post, Wednesday 3 May 1933 (1)

    Peru; assassination of President Cerro.


    The Palestine Post, Tuesday 9 May 1933 (4)



    Death Sentence For Rival's Murder

    A young man was sentenced last week at Acre to capital punishment by the Court of Criminal Assize for the murder of his beloved's father.

       Ahmed Haj Salem had married his late brother's widow, whose young daughter Hassna came under his protection.  In due course he married his niece to his son Ahmed despite the girl's objections that she did not love him but a youth "tall as the cedar" and named Naim.  Her mother supported her daughter's preference.  Naim was one day thrown out of Hassna's house and he vowed revenge which brought him to kill Haj Salem in his sleep.  [Part column missing.]


    The Palestine Post, Sunday 14 May 1933 (4)



    The sentence of death passed on Mohamed Bader Rissas, said to be a notorious smuggler of arms and narcotics, who was found guilty of stabbing his wife to death when she came to visit him at the Jaffa prison, was confirmed yesterday by the Court of Appeal composed of the Acting Chief Justice (Mr. Justice Corrie, Sherwell J., Khaldi J., Khayat J., and Mejid Abdul Hadi J.

       Auni Bey Abdul Hadi, who represented the accused pleaded that the murder was committed without premeditation.  He said that there was no evidence that the accused had the knife with him before his wife came to see him.  It was possible that his wife had the knife (which according to witnesses was of the kind used for peeling oranges).  Auni Bey referred to the evidence of the various witnesses to show that the accused while in prison could not have procured a knife.

       The Acting Government Advocate Mr. Fawzi Ghussein replied.

       The court after deliberating for half an hour, gave judgment that there had been enough evidence before the Criminal Assize Court on which to find the accused guilty of murder with premeditation.

       Auni Bey Abdul Hadi requested the Court to add a recommendation for mercy, because of the special circumstances of the case.  He stated that the man loved his wife and because of her bad conduct, had committed the murder for honour's sake.  He lived by the earnings of his wife, who was a singer.  The Court again deliberated and Mr. Justice Corrie announced that the Court would postpone their decision on this request.

       According to evidence produced before the Criminal Assize Court, the accused had been enraged against his wife Helalah for inciting his other wife against him.  He procured a knife and when his wife visited him in prison he stabbed her several times with a pen-knife and these wounds had caused her death.


    Baghdad; Ihtani ibn Marzook.


    The Palestine Post, Tuesday 23 May 1933 (1)



    (Press Communique)

    As a result of further investigation of the murder of Yacob Yacobi at Nahalal on December 28 last, the police made a further arrest at Saffourieh on the 13th and charged the accrued before the Magistrate at Nazareth with being concerned in the murder.

       On the 21st  inst., a further arrest was made, near Saffourieh.  These men are being brought before the Magistrate.  Both the above persons will appear in court on the 24th inst.

       The report that 15 arrests were made is not correct.


    The Palestine Post, 25 May 1933 (5)

    Murdered Constable

    How Brigands Forced Constables to Surrender

    Constable Hussein el Assali, who was killed by brigands on Monday whilst on duty at Wadi el Shandak, was buried with military honours in Jerusalem yesterday morning. The coffin, draped with the Union Jack, was carried by the constable's comrades to the Harem es Sharif, where a service was held.  Abdin Bey Husseini, Shawki Bey Saad and Inspector Hackett took part in the funeral.

       The circumstances in which this policeman was killed have not been made public, but it is learned that the attack took place at about 1 p.m. on Monday as Constable Assali and the other mounted constable, Mahmoud Ismail, were walking their horses at Wadi Shandak.

       Surrounded by a number of armed men, the constables were divested of their rifles and the brigands killed their horses.  The constables were then ordered to give up their money and valuables.  Assali is believed to have said he had no money, whereupon he was searched and three pounds were found on him.  One of the brigands, suspecting the searching look of Assali said: "You want to see me to make sure you'll identify me later," and fired at the constable from a few metres.  Mahmoud, the other constable, gave up his money and seems to have been terrified into obedience to the robbers' dictation.

       It was several hours before the news of the murder reached the Selfot police post, which is said to be without a telephone, and 8 o'clock that evening before the police at Nablus were informed.


    The Palestine Post, 26 May 1933 (5)



    Complete Police Account



    The Palestine Post, Sunday 28 May 1933 (1)

    Five Killed in English Rail Accident



    The Palestine Post, Sunday 4 June 1933 (1)

    English news.


    The Palestine Post, Monday 5 June 1933 (1)

    Paris and Beirut.


    The Palestine Post, Wednesday 7 June 1933 (5)


    Another Injured in Collision

    (From Our Correspondent)

    Haifa, Tuesday. - Austin Gadamp was killed, and Andrea Boubee seriously injured when, both riding motor-cycles they collided with 'bus number M 3526, driven by Yousef Jalloul of Shefr-Amr, near el Sa'adi and Jadjur on the road to Haifa.  The driver of the 'bus has been arrested, and an enquiry will be held by the Coroner.


    The Palestine Post, Friday 16 June 1933 (5)

    Murder Plots to Kill Prison Official


    Badre Abu Rusas, who several months ago stabbed his wife to death when she went to visit him in Jaffa prison, and is now in a convicted murderer's cell in the Jerusalem prison is reported to have obtained possession of a knife for the purpose of killing one of the prison officials.

       A search has been carried out and a knife found on Rusas' neighbour in prison.  Investigations are continuing.  A warder has been suspended on suspicion of having some connection with the admission of the knife into the cell.

    Commutation Plea

    A telegram was sent on Tuesday by Omar Bitor on behalf of the Moslem Christian Association to the High Commissioner pleading for the death sentence passed on Rusas to be commuted to penal servitude.  Friends have now written to Haj Amin al Husseini, in Karachi, asking him to intervene with the High Commissioner for the convicted man's pardon.


    The Palestine Post, Sunday 18 June 1933 (1)

    London; Murder of Dr. Ch. Arlosoroff.  [also 20 June (1)[blank?]


    The Palestine Post, Thursday 22 June 1933 (4)


    Prison For Man Who Murdered His Sister

    Before the Acting Chief Justice de Freitas, Mr. Justice Khaldi, Mr. Justice Frumkin and Mr. Justice Khayat.

    Khader Musa Taman v. Attorney General

    (Cr. Ass. App. No. 6/33.)

    Sentence of death was yesterday commuted to one of 15 years imprisonment by a court composed of five judges, including the President of the Jerusalem District Court.  Khader, the prisoner, was brought chained to the court and was wearing the red garments set aside for those condemned to death.

       Khader had murdered his sister, who was a widow with five children, because she was alleged to have had relations with a black man who wanted to marry her.  She had asked the accused and his brother for their consent to her marriage with this man, but they had refused.  She went to the Sharia Court and obtained permission to marry whom she liked.  She then lived with the man.  On August 8, 1932, the two accused were charged with assault.  On November 28, 1932, Abed Musa Tamam complained to the Police of the bad conduct of his sister, Fatmah.  She was murdered on the 14th December, 1932.  The accused and his brother came to the Police at Hedera where they were alleged to have made a confession.  Khader said he had come after the murder.

       The brother was acquitted but Khader was sentenced to death.


       We hold that there was not evidence before the Court of trial to support their finding that then about carried by the Appellant and used to commit the murder "was not ordinarily carried by the accused."

    No Premeditation

       The only evidence on this point was that of the prosecution witness, Mohamed Haj Ahmed, "They always carry sticks similar to the one produced."

       In the absence of evidence to support this finding and in the absence of a finding that the Appellant was lying in wait for the woman on the day of the murder and any finding with regard to the axe, other than it was carried by the Appellant; we hold that the finding of premeditation cannot be supported.

       The Appellant is therefore acquitted of the charge of premeditated killing contrary to Article 170 of the Penal Code and is found guilty of killing Fatmah bint Musa Tamam wilfully without premeditation contrary to the first paragraph of Article 174 of the Penal Code.  The Appellant will serve a term of fifteen years penal servitude from the date of conviction, the 23rd of May 1933.

       For the prisoner: Mahmoud Eff. El Mahdi.

       For the Attorney-General: The Government Advocate.


    The Palestine Post, Friday 30 June 1933 (1)

    Murder of Dr. Arlosoroff.


    The Palestine Post, Sunday 2 July 1933 (5)



    (From A Correspondent)

    Nablus, Saturday. - A murder in brutal circumstances was committed here before 10 o'clock on Friday night, when Yousef Abdel Karim, of Nablus, a well known land owner, was stabbed to death on the steps of his house by assassins who made good their escape.

       Karim was mounting the steps when he was accosted by two, or more, men of whom one ran a dagger into Karim's heart.

       The wounded man ran after and fired his revolver at his assassins, but after covering a short distance in the direction of the Suk, he fell dead in his own blood.

       Karim's revolver was found to-day having evidently fallen from the dying man's hand when he fell.

       No political importance is attached to this murder.  Karim, who owned extensive lands in the village of Tubas, had many enemies and singularly few friends. He was involved in land disputes with several people, among them his brother.


    Collapse of Two Municipal Employees

    Two men, Municipal employees, met their death on Friday in a Jerusalem sewer.  The two victims are Ali el Haj, about 25 years of age, and Rashid Eissa, aged about [line missing].

       They were both engaged in cleaning out a sewer, when Ali el Haj collapsed and died.  Rashid Eissa gallantly went to his colleague's assistance and also succumbed.  The bodies of the unfortunate men were removed by the police.


    Fatal Accident To Small Boy

    Shlomo Jaffe, a boy aged nine, was killed on Thursday afternoon whilst travelling with his parents in a motor bus from Tiberias to attend a wedding in Jerusalem.

       Near Wady Harmich, the boy, standing in the vehicle by his mother's side, leaned out of the window of the bus just as a motor bus came from the opposite direction.  The boy received very severe injuries to his head and died of his wounds in the Hadassah Hospital, Jerusalem, shortly after his admittance.


    The Palestine Post, Wednesday 5 July 1933 (1)

    Dr. Arlosoroff.


    The Palestine Post, Friday, 21 July 1933 (1)

    Dr. Arlosoroff; Stavsky before Magistrate.


    The Palestine Post, Sunday 30 July 1933 (1)

    Dr.  Arlosoroff; questions in British Parliament.


    The Palestine Post, Thursday 3 August 1933 (2)



    (From Our Correspondent)

    Haifa, Tuesday. - Sentence of death was this morning executed at Acre Jail on Selim Muhamed Hamdan for the murder last September of a man of over 60 named Khalil Khafar, who lived near Hadar, Hacarmel.  Three men were implicated in the crime but on appeal one was acquitted and one, owing to his youth, had his sentence reduced to twenty years imprisonment.

       At 7.30 a.m. the condemned man was brought from his cell and in the presence of the District Commissioner, Mr. Keith Roach, Mr. Barker, the A.D.S.P, the Prison Governor and Doctor, the order of execution was read and fulfilled ten minutes later.  An hour later the body was surrendered to members of the family who came from Kublan, near Nablus.

       The last words of Muhamad Hamdan were: "I am innocent: the murder was committed by the other two men."


    The Palestine Post, Sunday 6 August 1933 (1)




    (From Our Correspondent)

    Haifa, Saturday. - Saleh Mohamed, of Shafa Amr, a Moslem leader and one of the wealthiest landlords in the country, was murdered on Friday morning whilst on his way at 3.30 to prayers at the Mosque.

       Saleh Eff. Was struck on the head with an axe by "unknown persons." Two men who were in the Mosque heard a noise and on going out to enquire found the man lying dead.

       Saleh Eff. Who owned vast stretches of land in the Acre district, was between 60 and 70 years of age.  His murder has caused the greatest excitement in the district and has already led to attacks by his followers and attempted reprisals in Moslem and Druse villages. 

       Superintendent Barker, of the C.I.D., and Inspector Halin Basta and other police officers have rushed from here to Shafa Amr to restore order and conduct investigations.

       As early as six on Friday morning, within little more than two hours of the murder, villagers from Al Makad, Saleh Mohamed's birthplace, armed with sticks and clubs, descended on Moslem and Druse inhabitants at Shafa Amr, and the disturbance might have ended seriously, but for the arrival of British police.

       The villagers are said to have taken advantage of the confusion and made away with 240 heads of sheep, of which some two hundred have since been recovered by the police.

       Druse villages, in particular, have been the scenes of attempted onslaughts by Saleh Mohamed's friends, and five have been wounded at Julis and Barka.

       Police investigations are proceeding, and it is as yet too early to assign a motive to the crime.  It is known, however, that the landowner had been involved in numerous litigations in recent years and that he had held a number of judgments for the eviction of tenants and squatters on his land.

       The crime caused excitement also at Acre, many of whose inhabitants headed by leaders and clergy, hurried to Shafa Amr.  The body was conveyed from the scene of the murder to Al Makad, near Acre.

       The dead man had been well known throughout the north and, to quote the "Falastin", "the murder has caused deep sorrow and mourning to all those who knew him."


    The Palestine Post, Friday 11 August 1933 (5)



    The police arrested yesterday at Shafa Amr three men, Ahmed Hattam Hussein, Kayed El-abd Khazim, and Said Khalil Sayed, all of Shafa Amr, and charged them with the murder of Saleh Mohamed.  The accused are to be brought before the magistrate within the next 48 hours.

       Saleh Mohamed was on his way last Friday morning at 3.30 to prayers at the mosque, when he was struck on the head with an axe.  He was between 60 and 70 years of age, a Moslem leader and the owner of vast stretches of land in the Acre district.

       The murdered man was known to be involved in numerous litigations in recent years and to hold a number of judgments for the eviction of tenants and squatters on his land.

       Mr. Basta, Assistant Deputy Superintendent of police, has been in charge of the case at Shafa Amr.


    The Palestine Post, Sunday 13 August 1933 (5)

    Arlosoroff [blank]??


    The Palestine Post, Thursday 17 August 1933 (7)

    Madrid wave of crime.


    The Palestine Post, Wednesday 23 August 1933 (6)

    Bombay, kidnap and death Shankerlal Himatlal.


    Shafr Amr Murder

    Six Accused Remanded

    (From Our Correspondent)

    Haifa, Tuesday. - The six persons arrested in connection with the murder of Saleh Mohamed of Shafa Amr, the noted landed proprietor of the district, were yesterday brought before the British Magistrate who in response to the request of the prosecution remanded them for a further fifteen days.


    (From Our Correspondent)

    A Jewish workman named Rosenthal was killed in Hadar Hacarmel, Haifa, yesterday morning, while demolishing a hut, one of the walls of which collapsed upon him.  He was taken to Hadassah Hospital where he succumbed to his injuries.  He was 35 years of age, and is survived by a widow and two children.


    The Palestine Post, Monday 8 September 1933 (1)

    Arlosoroff case.


    The Palestine Post, Tuesday 12 September 1933 (5)


    (From Our Correspondent)

    Tel Aviv, Monday. - The District Court yesterday sentenced to capital punishment an Arab named Hadidjeh, of the Manshieh quarter, Jaffa, who was found guilty of killing a woman with whom he had lived but not married last February.  Prisoner is a fellah who came one of the villages near Jerusalem.  His counsel argued that pre-meditation had not been proved, but his plea was not accepted.


    The Palestine Post, Friday 29 September 1933 (4)


    To Serve Sentence for Wife Murder

    Among the criminals whose appeals were heard yesterday sat Mohd. Suleiman el Kayyem, who killed his wife and disappeared for seven years.  He was subsequently found in Syria, extradited and charged with wife murder in Tiberias.  Having been found guilty, sentence of 15 years was passed upon him.  This sentence was yesterday upheld by the Court of Appeal composed of Mr. Justice Baker, Mr. Justice Khaldi and Mr. Justice Frumkin.

       El Kayyem had one morning in the year 1925, gone out into the fields to work.  He was accompanied by his wife, himself rode upon a horse.  The wife was later in the day found lying dead and the horse wandering about.

       Although nothing more was heard of the husband until the present year it is now known that in Syria he married a second time and settled down.


    Bandit Who Balked at Murder


    (From Our Correspondent)

    Jaffa, Thursday. - Abu Dawla, the member of the Abu Jilda brigand gang who a few days ago surrendered to Mr. Stafford, A.D.S.P. of Jaffa is said to have told the officer that he was "prepared to bring his (Abu Jilda's) head."

       Dawla is alleged to have left his fellow bandits because of differences of opinion, Dawla claiming to believe that brigands should stop short of murder.  When Abu Jilda killed Constable Husain Asali two months ago, Sawla resolved to leave the gang and give himself up.

       Upon receipt of information on Monday evening from a cousin of Dawla's that the bandit desired to surrender, Mr. Stafford, Khalil Shuhaiber and Rafiq Abdul Raziq motored to the house of the Mukhtar of Qalqilya.  Ombasho Rafiq, together with the Mukhtar and fifteen other men, proceeded to the outskirts of the village, and returned - to the Mukhtar's house about an hour later with Abu Dawla carrying his rifle, which he handed over to Mr. Stafford.


    Man's Body Hidden In Well

    Fatmeh Eisbeh Shalbak, of Kefr Ana, Jaffa district, is alleged to have killed her husband while he was asleep, and disposed of his body in a well.  The woman has been arrested and investigations into the crime are proceeding.


    The Palestine Post, Monday 2 October 1933 (4)



    Following the arrest in Syria of Mahmoud Abdullah Mansour, who is wanted on the charge of having taken part in the murder of the Afriat family during the anti-Jewish disturbances in Safad in August 1929, the necessary documents have now been sent from Palestine for his extradition.

       Mahmoud Abdullah Mansour was arrested soon after the riots of 1929, and charged with murder and loot.  He was committed for trial by the Examining Magistrate to the court of criminal Assize Court, but when the trial began, the Government Advocate announced that Mansour had absconded.  In the same case nine persons who were tried of the same charge were sentenced to death.  One of them Hejazi was hanged while the death sentences against the others were commuted.

       Soon after his escape, Mansour was arrested in Syria and the Palestine Government asked his extradition.  The Syrian Government refused on the ground that he was a political prisoner.  After the exchange of correspondence between the two Governments, the Syrian Government agreed that he was not a political prisoner.  He was re-arrested and steps have now been taken for his extradition to Palestine.


    The Palestine Post, Tuesday 3 October 1933 (1)


    (From Our Correspondent)

    Haifa, Monday. - The defence of the accused in the case of the murder of Yacobi, and his son, was closed to-day at Haifa.  The President of the court, Acting-Chief Justice Mr. Corrie, directed that two witnesses Taha Ahmed Taha, and Sheikh Saleh el Ashmawe, who had made opposing statements should reappear to-morrow, when they would be re-examined.

       When the trial was resumed this morning, Mustafa el Ali continued his evidence under cross-examination by Mr. Elliott.  The accused stated that police officers had told him what evidence to give, and after they had drawn up a statement in writing he signed it.  Before he appeared before the Examining magistrate he was also told what to say.  Though told that he would be King's witness, he did not know the meaning of the term.  At Nahalal he had shown the places to Inspector Miller which he had previously been told to point out.

       Mr. Elliott asked him why he did not complain about the alleged ill-treatment of his wife by a policeman (which he had previously given as the reason for his "telling what he knew" to the authorities, witness gave no reason.  In reply to the President of the Court, he repeated that he did not know what it meant to turn King's evidence.

    Sheikh's Denials

    Eleven witnesses were called for the defence of the three remaining accused, Galiani, Khalil Issa and Mustafa El Ali.  Sheikh Saleh el Ashmawe, referred to in the evidence of Taha Ahmed Taha, stated that he was a lecturer in the Haifa Mosque engaged by the Supreme Moslem Council.  He denied the statements of Taha, and repudiated the suggestion that he had made use of the phrase "Mohamed's Law is the Sword."   The Sheikh, an old gentleman with flowing beard, denied that he had any connection with a secret band or that he had taken any oath, stating that he only worked in the Mosque.  The prosecution also elicited that he also preached in the Mosque at Safouri but had been requested to desist by the Moslem Council, because there was constant friction among the people there.


    The Palestine Post, Wednesday 11 October 1933 (?)

    Arlosoroff hearing.  [Blank]


    The Palestine Post, Monday 16 October 1933 (4)

    Armenian journalist murdered in Beirut.


    The Palestine Post, Friday 20 October 1933 (5)



    The Palestine Post, Tuesday 14 November 1933 (4)



    The sentence of death was yesterday confirmed by the Court of Appeal (the Chief Justice presiding, with the Senior Puisne Judge, Mr. Justice Khaldi, Mr. Justice Frumkin and Mr. Justice Khayat) on Aref Barakaat who had been convicted by the Court of Criminal Assize, sitting at Nablus, of the murder of his brother Abdel Kader ed Damin, by striking him with an axe on the neck.

       In the Lower Court the accused pleaded that he committed the murder without premeditation.  (The charge was murder with premeditation).  The prosecution accordingly tendered evidence and included in the evidence, the police produced a voluntary statement given by the accused in which he admitted that he beat his brother with an axe and stating that he did that because of his immovable property while he (accused) was going about hungry.  Eye witnesses were also produced.

       The accused was not represented yesterday nor had he been represented in the Lower court.

       Mr. Kantrovitch appeared for the Attorney General.  He was not called upon to answer.


    The Palestine Post, Thursday 16 November 1933 (1)



    The appeal against conviction of the two persons condemned to death for their part in the murder of Jacobi and his son in Nahalal, by the throwing of a bomb, was yesterday adjourned to give the accused an opportunity of filing grounds of Appeal.  Under the Trial Upon Information Ordinance there is an automatic appeal in cases where the death sentence has been passed.

       Addressing the advocates for the accused H. H. The Chief justice said:

    "In a case of this kind which took 13 days for hearing and the proceedings of which run into 85 typewritten pages, there should be Grounds of Appeal.  It is not only inconsiderate to the Court, but you cannot do justice to your clients.  The Government Advocate is also at a disadvantage.  To put it at its lowest, in a case of this kind it was most injudicious on your part not to have filed grounds of Appeal.  In any event it is inconsiderate to the Court.  And it is not fair to the Respondents.  If the Government Advocate ask for an adjournment, because of a point sprung upon him in Court, we shall grant it to him.  The Court is not going to allow either side to snatch a victory from the other."

    Hanna Eff. Asfour undertook to file Ground of Appeal.

       The Chief justice said: "We shall adjourn.  The only persons who will suffer are the prisoners."

       The Court, with the Chief Justice presiding, was composed of Mr. Justice Baker, Mr. Justice Khaldi, Mr. Justice Frumkin and Mr. Justice Khayat.

       The prisoners were represented by Aouni Bey Abdul Hadi and Hanna Eff. Asfour, the Government Advocate by Mr. Elliott, Dr. Joseph for the Civil Claim.


    The Palestine Post, Thursday 23 November 1933 (4)



    Sentence of fifteen years penal servitude was passed yesterday by the Court of criminal Assize on Mohamed Abdul Fatah Abdul Nabi who was convicted of the unpremeditated murder of Mohamed Awdeh Zagzug on September 26, by stabbing him with a knife.

    Court Equally Divided

    The accused was originally charged with murder with premeditation.  At the close of the hearing of the witnesses for the prosecution, Counsel for the accused stated that the evidence did not establish that the murder was premeditated.  The Court retired for deliberation and on return to Court, His Honour the chief Justice stated that the Court was equally divided as regards premeditation and the accused would therefore be acquitted of the charges under Article 170 of the Ottoman Penal Code, (murder with premeditation), and a fresh charge of wilful murder under Article 174 (1) would be instituted.

       On the new charge being read the accused pleaded guilty and asked for mercy.

       Ibrahim Eff. Kamel, Counsel for the accused asked the Court to take into account the circumstances of the case.

       His Honour the Chief Justice then passed a sentence of fifteen years penal servitude on the accused and added that the murder was a brutal one.

    How The Quarrel Arose

    Witnesses testified that on September 25, the accused reported to the Police that the sum of LP 3.850 mils, all the money which he possessed, had been stolen from him and he suspected Awdah Zagzug, the victim.  The Police arrested Awdah, made a search but found no money on him and because of lack of evidence they dropped the case.  A Policeman gave evidence that when Awdah and the present accused were leaving the Police Station he heard the present accused say to Awdah, the victim: "If you are released by the Police, I will take vengeance on you and kill you."  The policeman said that he did not make a report of this conversation as such a conversation was frequent among the fellaheen.

    Bloodstained Dagger

    Witnesses also stated that they found the accused with a dagger stained with blood and the victim lying nearby.  The victim was [misplaced lines corrected] stabbed with a knife in the neck.

       The Court was composed of the Chief Justice, Judge Plunkett [part missing.]


    The Palestine Post, Wednesday 29 November 1933 (2)


    15 Years Penal Servitude

    For refusing to elope with him Muhamed L. Kissi [Quaisi], of Beersheba, shot and killed his sister-in-law and was yesterday found guilty of murder and sentenced to 15 years penal servitude by the Court composed of the Chief Justice and Judges Copland, Mani and Izaac Nimr.

       Accused (according to the evidence) entered the room of his brother's wife one night and attempted to persuade her to run away with him.  Upon her refusing, he fired a rifle at her with fatal consequences.


    The Palestine Post, Tuesday 5 December 1933 (2)

    Cairo Murder.


    The Palestine Post, Wednesday 6 December 1933 (1) and (5)

    1. Not shown

    (Continued from page 1,)

    Jadjur - On April 5, 1931 - Three killed and five injured.

    Kfar Hassidim - On March 5, 1932 - One killed.

    Needs checking.


    The Palestine Post, Monday 11 December 1933 (2)



    From Monday till Thursday last the Court of criminal Assize, sitting at Nablus, heard evidence in the case brought against Wajieh Abdel Hadj and three others for the murder of Wajieh's brother Yusef.  It is expected that the case will last at least another four days.

       Mr. Justice Corrie is presiding and no less than three lawyers - Messrs. Iliash, Goitem and Dajani - have been brought in from Jerusalem to defence three of the orisonbers.

       The case for the prosecution is that in order to have his brother killed Wajieh arranged with the other three accused to carry out the deed foe a money payment.

       While Wajieh denies all knowledge of the crime, the other prisoners are alleged to have confessed to have taken part in it.  Evidence so far has been mainly that of the police officers who were responsible for tracking down the persons accused.

       Evidence of the finding of a revolver near the house of a deceased on the morning following the murder has been given and of the finding of a dagger in a garden not far from the house of the dead man some eleven days after the murder.

       Objection has been taken to the admissibility of certain statements which the police state the prisoners have made and much of the time of the Court on the first four days of the trial was taken up in hearing legal argument.

       The prosecution is calling in all about thirty witnesses.


    The Palestine Post, Wednesday 27 December 1933 ()



    (From Our Own Correspondent)



    The Palestine Post, Thursday 28 December 1933 (1)


    Appeal Dismissed

    Pleading for mercy and claiming that he had not intended to murder Zagzug, the prisoner Abdul Fatah Abdul Nabi yesterday appealed to the Court of Appeal against a sentence of 15 years for the murder of this same Zagzug.  The prisoner was unrepresented.  Mussa Eff. El Alami, (who has returned to his work at the Courts), stated that he did not desire to address the Court.  After a short consultation the Court dismissed the Appeal.

       It is believed that the prisoner murdered Zagzug because the latter was supposed to have robbed Abdul Fatah of L.P. 3.850.  The police failed to find the money with Zagzug and accordingly released him.

       Abdul Fatah then took the law into his own hands.

       In the lower court the prisoner had pleaded guilty.


    The Palestine Post,


    Would Have Fled To Trans-Jordan If Guilty

    "If I had indeed killed the woman would I have stayed in Jaffa where there are many policemen and officers of the Government without number?  No! I would have run away to Trans-Jordan where there are no police and where there is no Government."

       This was the plea made yesterday in the Court of Appeal by Mohamed Ahmad el Qaisi who appealed against sentence of 15 years imprisonment for murdering his sister-in-law.  The man was in love with the woman and hoped to elope with her.  When her husband was away one night he came to her and said "Hafimeh, the camels are laden! Let us go away!"  She replied "I will not go until my husband returns."  Thereupon he shot her and she died.  The man stated that he was a scapegoat.  The real murderer had gone free.

       He was found guilty of murder without premeditation by the Court of Criminal Assize.

       The appeal was dismissed.


    The Palestine Post, Sunday 7 January 1934 (5)



    (From Our Correspondent)

    Acre. - One man was killed and another raised 8 metres from the ground and returned, uninjured, during a thunder and lightning shower in this area on Thursday.  The victim was Shakas Khahl Alanii of Mazzra's village, a fella who was ploughing when he was struck by lightning and burned to death.

       The other man, also a fellah, was working not far away from Alanii and after being raised from the ground, was returned still standing on his feet.


    The Palestine Post, Sunday 9 January 1934 (5)

    Broither's Murderer Escapes.

    A report was received by Police at nablus on Saturday alleging that Afif Mohamed Shehadeh of Azmout village had been shot and killled by his brother Ali Mohamed Shehadeh, who has made good his escape.


    Rashed Ahmed el Mustafa, 27 years old, of Sirtin village, was killed by earth collapsing on him whilst digging eartyh of the Rosh-Oina-Metullah road on Saturday, according to a report by the Police.


    Ismail el Abdullah, of Gifna village, a special police constable, died on Sunday evening from internal injuries sustained when he was thrown from his horse on the morning of that day.


    The Palestine Post, Wednesday 10 January 1934 (4)




    (From Our Correspondent)

    Haifa, Tuesday. - The Criminal Assizes Court presided over by the Chief justice, Sir Michael McDonnell, to-day heard the charge of premeditated murder against two men, Gazawi and Salah Aby Akel of Arara village near Zichron Jacob.  The first is both cousin and brother-in-law of the murderer man, Mustapha el Gazawi, of the same village.  It appears that there was a love motive for the crime.  The second accused, who is the employer of the first accsued, was in love with the deceased's wife Aisha, the second accused's sister.

       Both men are alleged to have committed the murder and to have conceakled the body on a hillock where it was found on February 16, two days after the crime.  The second accused had been twive before the examining magistrate and discharged, but after further investigation he was examnioned again and the committed for gtrial.

       The Mukhtar of the village giving evidence today mentioned that Aisha, the wife of the murdered man, congratulated the second accused when he was first discharged by the Magistrate.

       The prosecution is r epresented by the Junior Government Advocate Mr. Kantrowitch.  Hanna Eff. Asfour has been appopinted by the Court to defend the first accused owing to his poverty, and the second accused os defended by Mahmuwd el Madi.


    The Palestine Post, Sunday 14 January 1934 (5)


    (From Our Correspondent)

    Haifa, Saturday. - The two accused Mohamed Gazawi and Saleh Abu Akel charged with murdering Mustafa Gazawi the former's cousin, were yesterday sentenced to death by trhe Court of criminal Assize prfesided over by the Chief Justice.

       Asked why sentence should noit be passed it was urged that the first prisoner was entitled to clemency on account of his youth, and as he had confessed.  The Chief Justice said that pending the appeal prisoner would be examined with a view to ascertaining his real age.

       The judgment accepts the prosecutor's contention of the love motive of the crime.


    The Palestine Post, Tuesday 16 January 1934 (5)



    Iudeh el Abed Abu Radeh was killed and five persons were seriously injured, two of whom are [???] at the Government Hospital, Haifa, as a result of a quarrel which took place between the villagers of El Judeidah on Saturday, states a Police report.


    Mohamed Hassan, 10 years of age of Rehanieh village was shot in the chest with a revolver which was being cleaned by Safar [???] of Rehanieh, Safad District, Sa[????} Elias has been arrested and the revolver confiscated.


    A woman named Fatmeh bint El Eid Salameh was stabbed and killed in the village of Beit Hanina on Sunday, according to a report received by the Police in Jerusalem.  Police proceeded to the Beit Hanina village to investigate.

       [?]orris Karim Ammar was knocked down and killed by [car] No. M3532 on Sunday driven by [?]mo Yusif Batke.  The driver has been arrested.

       A woman was run over yesterday in [??]aby road, in Tel Aviv, near the railway crossing and died from her injuries.


    The Palestine Post, Tuesday 23 January 1934 (1)

    Murder Near Mosque.


    (From Our Correspondent)

    Haifa, Monday. - The case opened this morning at the Criminal Assize Court over which Mr. Justice Baker is presiding, of the five men committed for trial on the charge of murdering with intent and inciting to murder Saleh Muhamed el Shibel, a wealthy landowner of Shefa Amr, on his way of the Mosque at the crack of dawn last August.

       The accused are: Ahmed Husseini el Sayed; Kayed el Abed Khassem; Haj Khalil Taha; Neami Shefa Amr; and Haj Khalil Taha, a well known man of property of Haifa.

       The first three men are charged under Article 170 of the Penal Code, with carrying out the murder and the latter two under Article 3 of the criminal Law Amendment Ordinance, with inciting the crime.

       The prosecution is in the hands of Fauzi eff. Husseini, Asst. Junior Advocate.  Counsel for the defence of prisoners 2, 3, 4 and 5 are Hanna Eff. Asfour, Salim Eff. Kiblawi, Muhamed Ali Tamimi, Ibrahim Eff. Yusef and Sheikh Said Kassab.  Prisoner number one is undefended.  The civil claim is represented by Advocate Elias Koussa, Advocate Kaiserman, and the son of the murdered man Abdel Khader Shibel.

       The principal witness to-day was the Government doctor who gave an account of the shocking wounds inflicted upon the deceased, seven in number, and which he said might have been caused with the axe and bayonet which were produced in Court.  Death came a few seconds after the blows were inflicted, most of them when Saleh [continued on page 5, Col. 3.]


    The Palestine Post, Wednesday 24 January 1934 (1)




    The Palestine Post, Thursday 25 January 1934 (1)




    Fatmah bint Issa Shalbak, a middle-aged peasant woman of the village of Ana, in the Jaffa district, was yesterday brought by a woman warder to the Court of Appeal where her case was to be gone into, sentence of death having been passed upon her by the Court of Criminal Assize sitting at Jaffa.

       She had been found guilty of premeditated murder, in that she had killed her blind husband by striking him with an axe.

       Previous to the murder the woman had once let go of the rope when her husband had been standing at the edge of the well, with the result that he had been thrown in and injured.  There were quarrels after that between the two and the murder man would say, "I am your lord: I am your God.  If you do not do what I tell you, I will pluck your eyes out."

       The accused, in her statement to the police, which she repeated before the magistrate, declared, "I was deceived by the Devil.  The accused Satan deceived me.  That demon struck me to kill my husband.  Therefore did I take an axe and give him two blows upon the head.  Then I took his body and flung it in the well."

       The daughter had also given evidence and stated that after the murder her mother had struck her a blow on the head and forced her to carry the body of her dead father to the well.

       The woman, who was unrepresented in the Court of Criminal Assize, had pleaded guilty.  She was advised to withdraw the plea by the Court and this she did.

       In the Court of Appeal Mr. Cattan, who had been asked by the Court to appear for the condemned woman, submitted that this was not a case of premeditated murder and secondly that the woman at the time of the murder could not have been in her right mind.  He accordingly asked that she might undergo medical examination and have her mental capacity tested.

       This Court granted and ordered the woman to be examined by the medical officer in charge of the mental Hospital in Bethlehem.

       It is believed that this is the first occasion since the Occupation when a woman has had the [END COLUMN CLIPPED.]



    (From Our Correspondent)

    Haifa, Wednesday. - After conducting the examination of four fellaheen the Chief Magistrate Mr. Curry, committed three for trial on the charge of murdering a cattle dealer of Ramleh, Abdul Madi Faizal, near Kerkur last August.  The fourth man was discharged.  The accused will be charged under Article 174 of the Penal Code, clause 2, - murder in order to commit another offence.


    The Palestine Post, Friday 26 January 1934 (1)




    (From Our Correspondent)

    Haifa, Thursday. - Judgment was given to-day in the case of the murder of Saleh Eff. Muhamed of Shefa Amr.  The two prisoners who confessed, were sentenced to death, while Sayed, who was charged with participation in the murder and Haj Khalil Taha, the Haifa notable, and Neami el Asad, the Mukhtar of Shefa Amr, were acquitted for lack of evidence.  The latter two were charged with having incited the murder.

       The two men sentenced to suffer the last penalty are Ahmed Hassan Hussein and Fayed Abd Kassam.  Neither of them went into the witness box but the father and the mother of the latter testified in their favour.  Both submitted that their children were born during or at the close of the war.

       Faiz Hussein briefly summarised the case for the prosecution submitting that the evidence was adequate for a conviction and that the murder had been committed intentionally.  The defence asked for a change of indictment to the charge of unintentional murder and also pleaded the youth of accused.


    Judgment was delivered after a three-quarters of an hour consultation, by Judge Baker who said that the two guilty men had committed a particularly savage crime, killing an old man when he was unable to defend himself for they attacked him from behind.  The only sentence he could pass was, therefore, the death penalty.  As to the age of prisoners they would be examined before their appeal by a medical officer.  The condemned men received the verdict unmoved.

    Arrests in Court

    The Court directed the prosecution to arrest two men who gave evidence in the case, relatives of those found guilty, and to charge them with being accessories after the fact and giving false witness. They had testified that they hid the hatchets with which the murder was committed and they varied their statements in Court from those made to the Police.

       The two wanted men were in the body of the Court among the spectators and were immediately taken into custody.


    The Palestine Post, Friday 13 February 1934 (1)



    The Court of Appeal spent the whole of yesterday morning hearing further arguments on behalf of the accused charged with murdering Yusef Abdel Hadi in Nablus and hearing the opening speech of the reply of the Government Advocate.

       The Chief Justice is presiding.

    On behalf of the accused Jamil, Mr. Goitein submitted that the evidence against him was insufficient and he likened it to a house built on columns which appear to be made of concrete but on investigation prove to be of cardboard filled with sawdust.

       Mr. Rafaet Dajani, who had been asked by the Court to appear for Abeid, the second accused, submitted that it was contrary to justice to find a man guilty on confessions wrung from him by force and terror.

    Inadmissible Confession

       Mr. Cattan, who had also been requested by the Court to appear for the accused Ali, submitted that the confession of Ali was inadmissible.  It was for the prosecution to prove affirmatively that the confession was voluntary and not for the defence to prove that it was involuntary.

       He further submitted that a statement made by the accused a week before the murder was inadmissible as not being a part of the res gesta and statements made to the police should not have been heard because they were made without previous caution.

    (Continued on page 8, col. 1.)



    (Continued from page one.)

    Attorney-General's Reply.

    Musa Eff. El Alami was replying for the Attorney-General when the Court adjourned.  He submitted that Wajih Abdel Hadi, the brother of the murdered man, was on the evidence before the Court of Criminal Assize proved guilty and it was not for the Court of Appeal to enter into questions of credibility.  He also contested the legal submissions made on behalf of Wajih could not be substantiated.

       The hearing will be continued this morning.


    The Palestine Post, 15 February 1934 (5)

    Conviction for Fratricide Upheld


    After hearing legal arguments for four days the Court of Criminal Appeal yesterday, after a short deliberation, upheld the judgment of the Court of Criminal Assize which condemned to death Wajih Abdel Hadi and his three accomplices for the murder of Wajih's brother, Yusef Abdel Hadi.

       The Court delivered the following judgment:

       "The Court is satisfied that the confession of Obeid and Ali were properly admitted by the Court of trial and that such confessions were corroborated by evidence which was properly admissible.  In the case of Wajih and Jamil were are satisfied that the evidence upon which the Assize Court convicted them was in every case properly admitted and, being believed by the Court of Assize, constituted sufficient evidence to justify this conviction.

       The appeal are therefore in every sense dismissed and the conviction and sentences are affirmed."

       After judgment had been delivered the Chief Justice complimented Counsel engaged in the case and the Government Advocate for the manner in which they had conducted the Appeal and placed their arguments before the Court.


    The Palestine Post, 21 February 1934 (8)

    Arlosoroff case


    The Palestine Post, 23 February 1934 (8)

    Arlosoroff case.


    The Palestine Post, 6 March 1934 (1)

    Arlosoroff case.


    The Palestine Post, 22 March 1934 (1)

    Brothers Charged with Lutfi Murder

    Abdul Majid and Abdul Hamid Committed


    (From Our Correspondent)

    Jaffa, Wednesday. - At the conclusion of the preliminary examination in the Lutfi murder case before the Chief Magistrate, Commander Bodilly, here today, the brothers Abdul Majid and Abdul Hamid were committed to the District Court for trial on a charge of premeditated murder, while Issa el Darwish was released for lack of evidence.

       A sister of Lutfi, the murdered barber, testified that on the night of the murder she and her mother had heard shots near their house, had run out and had found Lutfi lying in a pool of blood.  He managed to tell them that the brothers Abdul Majid and Abdul Hamid had attacked him.  The sister stated in Court that she knew that her brother Lutfi had been afraid of the brothers Majid and Hamid, and he had told her that several times they had pursued him to his house.


    Inspector Izat Tabara, who had charge of the investigation of this crime, testified that, in his pres

    [Continued on page 5]


    The Palestine Post, 23 March 1934 (2)

    Shefa Amr Murderers Appeal Dismissed


    The Court of Criminal Appeal has heard the appeal of Ahmad Hussein As'ad and Kayed el Abed Khazen, who were condemned to death for the murder of Saleh Eff. Muhammed Shibl, a well-known landowner of Shefa Amr, and have decided with the conviction and sentence of death passed upon them.

       Hanna Eff. Asfour for the accused argued that there was no premeditation and referred to the Cyprus case of R v. Sharan, and to the Palestinian case of A. G. v. Hinkis, which arose out of the 1929 riots.

       The Court, the Chief Justice, the Senior Puisne Judge, Judge Sherwell, Mr. Justice Khaldi and Mr. Justice Khayat - in giving judgment said:


       Here, as the confessions show the intention to kill was arrived at sunset, the two accused went away, had their dinner, fetched their weapons, came back, talked together; the second accused went to sleep; they then took up their positions and lay in wait for the deceased for an hour before the morning prayer.  He was killed by them, on the way to the Mosque.

       An all the circumstances we hold that there was ample time after the intention was formed for the accused to reflect upon it and relinquish it and for this reason we are of opinion that the Assize Court was correct in finding that there was premeditation and we consequently in each case dismiss the appeal and confirm the conviction and sentence of death.


    The Palestine Post, 8 April 1934 (2)

    Thieves Who Killed Fellow-Thief


    The hearing of the preliminary investigation of the Montefiore Quarter murder case was continued before the Chief Magistrate, Jerusalem on Tuesday.  The accused Salim el Shiekh, aged 25, and Muhamad Salman el Sheikh, aged 25, both of Hebron, are charged with attempted murder together with Ali Tafish, the murdered man, on the 9th of March 1934, at 4.14 a.m. in the old Montefiore Quarter, Jerusalem.

       The two accused are alleged to have broken into the shop of one Shifra, together with the murdered man, and to have stolen goods from the shop.  Joseph Perse, a beadle, saw them running away from the shop and hailed them.  It is further alleged that they thereupon shot at the beadle but killed their accomplice, Ali Tafish, instead.

    Evidence of Deceased's Brother

    Yacoub Ishak Tafish, the brother of the deceased, in his evidence stated that he heard the two accused ask his brother, on the day before that on which the theft is alleged to have taken place, to burgle a shop and rifle the safe.  They came to the house an hour after sunset on the night of the crime.  The next morning the witness, on the request of the police, identified his brother's body.

    Evidence of the Deceased's Son

    The second witness, Achmed Ali Tafish, aged 12, a son of the deceased, stated that he remembered that the two accused came to the house and he heard the second accuser, Muhamad Salman el Sheikh, say that he wished to bring a revolver and that soon afterwards he saw him bring one to the house.

       Two other witnesses were called and they identified the shoes worn by the accused.

       The hearing was then adjourned till April 18.


    The Palestine Post, 11 April 1934 (1)



       "I killed my wife Hamdah because I saw a person sleeping with her."

       This was the statement which Ahmed Bader yesterday told the Court of Criminal Assize, Jerusalem, had been made by Muhammad Awad (who was charged with the premeditated murder of his wife) shortly after he had given her ten stabs in the neck.

    Killing Admitted

    Asked whether he pleaded guilty the prisoner told the Court that he pleaded guilty to having killed but not with ore meditation.

       Mr. F. David Goitein, who appeared for the accused, said he would save the time of the Court by freely admitting that the accused had in fact stabbed his wife and that the dagger produced by the police was the on e with which the wounds in the woman's neck had been caused.

       Witnesses for the prosecution, including the mother-in-law of the accused, gave evidence that for the last four years husband and wife had lived happily together.  The husband has intended marrying a second wife but, said the mother-in-law, her daughter had agreed and had says, "May you be blessed."  Husband and wife had been seen on the day of the crime leaving their house together in order to have their corn ground.  Some hours later the husband went to the police and declared that he had killed his wife because he had seen her committing adultery with a man who, on his approach, had run away.  "Had I seized the man I would have murdered him," he declared in his statement.  The woman died three weeks after she had been stabbed.

    No Evidence of Premeditation

    At the close of the case for the prosecution Counsel for the defence submitted that there was no case to answer as there was clearly no evidence of premeditation.

       The Court declared that the charge of murder with premeditation could not stand and that the accused would have to answer the charge of murder without premeditation.


    The Palestine Post, 13 April 1934 (5)


    The High Commissioner has confirmed the sentences of death passed on Ahmad Hussein As'ad and Kayed el Abed Khazen, who were condemned to death for the murder of Saleh Eff. Mud. Shibl, a well known landowner of Shefa Amr.

       The two accused had lain in wait for their victim in the early hours of the morning near the Mosque of Shefa Amr, where Saleh Eff. Had been accustomed to pray, and on his approach to the Mosque, he was struck a fatal blow by an axe.  The Court of Appeal confirmed the death sentence on March 22, 1934 (reported in the Palestine Post of March 23, 1934).

       The High Commissioner has also confirmed the sentence of death passed on Mustafa Mohd. Ghazal of Azoun village, in the District of Jaffa.


    The Palestine Post, 16 April 1934 (1)

    Arlosoroff case.


    The Palestine Post, 23 April 1934 (8)



    The Palestine Post, 23 April 1934 (8)



    The Palestine Post, 24 April 1934 (8)



    The Palestine Post, 25 April 1934 (6)

    An Execution In Jerusalem


    The death sentence passed on Mustafa Mohamed Abu Ghazel of Azoun village, Tulkarm, who was convicted of murder, was carried out yesterday at the Central Prison, in the presence of a medical officer, and other authorities.

       His accomplice, Abu Khadijeh, who is not yet eighteen years of age, was sentenced to 20 years penal servitude.

       The men were found guilty of murdering the man they had robbed of 130 mils.

       The case was remitted twice by the Court of Appeal to the Court of Criminal Assize.  The third time the appeal was brought before the Court of Appeal, the conviction was confirmed.


    Counsel Objects To Manacles

    Abu Jilda and his comrade, Al Armeet, were committed on Monday for trial by the Examining Magistrate, Sheikh Muhi Al Din Al Malah at Nablus, charged with the murder of the police constable, Hussein Al Asali.

       The commitment was made on clause 174 and clause 221 of the penal code.  The prosecution was conducted by Police Inspector Shawki Bey Saad and the defence by Hasan Sidky Eff. El Dajani.

       A large crowd gathered around the court and a number of police were present to maintain order.

      The evidence of fifteen witnesses was heard and two British rifles were produced as exhibits.

       The fact that the prisoners were manacled drew an objection from the advocate who claimed that this action was contrary to the law.  The police Inspector Hasan eff. Al Kateb maintained that because the prisoners are dangerous offenders and were being accused of murder, the circumstances demanded that they be in chains.  The magistrate ruled in favour of the defence and the prisoners' fetters were removed, after the police guard had been increased.


    The Palestine Post, 26 April 1934 (1)

    Arlosoroff trial.


    The Palestine Post, 29 April 1934 (1)

    Arlosoroff trial.


    The Palestine Post, 3 May 1934 (1)

    Arlosoroff trial


    The Palestine Post, 8 May 1934 (1)

    Arlosoroff trial


    The Palestine Post, 10 May 1934 (8)

    Arlosoroff trial


    The Palestine Post, 13 May 1934 (1)

    The Arlosoroff trial


    The Palestine Post, 18 May 1934 (9)

    Death Sentence Confirmed.

    Haifa, Thursday. - The Appeal Court to-day confirmed the death sentence passed upon Sala Abu Aki who with Mustapha Gazawi of the village of Araro, near Haifa, was sentenced for the murder of another villager.  The cause of the crime was the illicit relations with the wife of the murdered man.  Gazawi's sentence was varied to twenty years penal servitude.  During the trial he confessed the crime and implicated his fellow prisoner.


    The Palestine Post, 21 May 1934 (a)

    Arlosoroff trial


    The Palestine Post, 1 June 1934 (2)

    Petty Quarrels End In Murder

    Jaffa, Thursday. - Three petty quarrels in this district each of which ended in the death of one of the parties, were brought up in the District Court here on Tuesday when the three individuals, who were assailants, were each sentenced to long terms of imprisonment.

    For A Gramophone Record

    Mahmed Hamad quarrelled with Halil Guda over the changing of a record on a gramophone in a local cafe.  Halil wanted to repeat the record that had just been played, (one by a popular Egyptian singer) while Mahmed wanted another more to his liking.  In the quarrel that ensued he stabbed and killed Halil.  Mahmed was sentenced to 12 years imprisonment.

    For A 25 Mil Ride.

    A taxi owner, Mavruk Nimr, got ten years for having stabbed and killed a competing car driver, Rawdan Shafik, when they quarreled over a passenger on a store journey, for which the tariff was only 25 mils.  Mavruk's partner and relative, Inrahim Nimr also attacked the deceased but only used his fists and so was sentenced to two months imprisonment.  Mavruk in court denied everything, even his evidence before the Examining Magistrate.

    For A Plot Of Land

    Mahmud Gubrin, an old fellah, killed a fellow villager, Muhamed Sabti about two months ago, in a quarrel over a plot of land, which the former was plowing and from which the deceased had tried to dispossess him.  The accused pleaded that Sabti had attacked him with a heavy club, and he was forced to defend himself with a club as well, but the prosecution succeeded in proving that death was caused by dagger wounds.  The accused was sentenced to twelve years imprisonment.


    The Palestine Post, 3 June 1934 (5)


    (From Our Correspondent)

    Petach Tikvah, Monday. - Following a plea for mercy by his advocate, Ramadan Badour of the Sajar village near Petach Tikvah, who had been found guilty of the murder last August of a fellow villager, was to-day sentenced to fifteen years hard labour.

       Part of the evidence against the accused was that of the police tracker, Abu Rassas, who has given footprint evidence against Stavsky in the Arlosoroff case.  The murderer is a well known bedu who to prove his innocence had attempted to establish an alibi.  Impressions of his footprints attested to by Abu Rassas and an empty cartridge shell helped to establish his guilt, as well as fragments of the discharged bullet.

      His advocate's plea was that the murder had been done for reasons of family honour.


    The Palestine Post, 5 June 1934 (5)


    (From Our Correspondent)

    Haifa, Monday. - Tamim Jarus was committed on a charge of murder without premeditation, under Article 174 (1) of the Ottoman Penal Code, and Nicola Kallush was acquitted of the same charge when Jamil Eff. Habiby, the Examining Magistrate, completed the preliminary inquiry to-day into the death of Bishara Marina, a chauffeur, whose body was found on Mount Carmel some weeks ago.


    The Palestine Post, 19 June 1934 (1)

    Arlosoroff case; Judgment.


    The Palestine Post, 20 June 1934 (8)



    (From Our Correspondent)

    Haifa, Tuesday. - The rare occurrence of a woman being sentenced to death for murder marked the termination  today of a trial by the Court of Criminal Assize of a Beduin woman, Sabkha Abdul Ghanni aged 30, of Manshieh village in the Acre district, who had poisoned a village woman whom her husband had successfully courted for his second wife.

       The Court of Criminal Assize here under the presidency of Mr. Justice Baker heard nineteen prosecution witnesses.  The woman was charged with having poisoned her rival on August 29 last.  A young boy, who she had sent with a jug of water in which the poison had been mixed, gave evidence against her.

    Fumigation Material

    An I.C.I. expert and an analyst from the central Laboratories at Jerusalem, who had examined the dead woman's organs, established that material from a fumigation plant in an Acre orange-grove, employed against black-scale disease on citrus fruits, had been used.

       The other woman, Muna Haj Selim, was of the neighbouring village of Kuweikat, and the nuptials were to have been held shortly after her death.


    (From Our Correspondent)

    Acre, Tuesday. - Saleh Abu Adel, of Arara village near Zichron, went to the gallows at 8 a.m. this morning as a sequel to his murder of a fellow villager in February, 1933, whom he wanted to remove so that he could marry the man's wife.

       Sentence of death was pronounced in January of this year, and confirmation by the Court of Appeal delivered a few weeks ago.

       The body of the man was given to his relatives following the execution.

    Accomplice On Penal Servitude.

    Mohamed Gazawi, a relative of the dead man, who had been an accomplice to the crime, had also been condemned to death, but upon its being proved before the Court of Appeal that he was under age, his sentence was commuted to twenty years' penal servitude.  At the close of the trial, Gazawi confessed and implicated the first accused by strengthening the prosecution evidence.


    The Palestine Post, 27 June 1934 (8)

    Abu Jilda trial continued from page 1.  TBC


    The Palestine Post, 28 June 1934 (5)

    In Brief

    The hearing of the appeal of Abu Jilda and el Armeet who have been condemned to death for the murder of Police Constable El Assali, has been fixed for July 24.


    The Palestine Post, 4 July 1934 (5)



    Sentence of fifteen years penal servitude was passed yesterday by the Court of Criminal Assize on Ahmad Mohamed  Awad, who was found guilty of having killed his wife without premeditation.

       Mr. Justice Baker, who presided, told the accused that the Court was not satisfied with the evidence as regards premeditation and that he was lucky to esc ape the sentence of death.

       The Court stated that it was satisfied that the accused had killed his wife while he was with her alone and that there was evidence that he threatened to kill her four years ago.

       The Court did not believe the statement of the accused that he killed his wife when he saw her with a stranger.

       The trial was begun on April 10, 1934, when the accused was charged with the premeditated murder of his wife.  He pleaded guilty to having killed her without premeditation.  At the close of the case for the prosecution the Court declared that the accused would have to answer a charge of murder without premeditation.  The case was then adjourned for a defence witness from Trans-Jordan to be called.  This witness did not appear in Court yesterday.

    Accused's Story

    The accused, yesterday gave evidence on his own behalf without taking the oath.  He stated that he had killed his wife because he found her in adultery.  Had he caught the man he would have killed him.  He was at a disadvantage that no witness was present during the murder.  He would not have lied by saying that he had seen her with a man as that would have impaired his honour.

       Evidence was given that the husband and wife were seen on the day of the crime leaving their house together in order to have their corn ground.  Some hours later the husband went to the Police and declared that he had killed his wife because he had seen her with a man who, on his approach, had run away.  The woman died three weeks after she had been stabbed.  There was evidence that the husband intended to marry a second time.


    (From Our Correspondent)

    Tel Aviv, July 2. - Wolf Goldes, who came to Palestine a year ago from Bukovina, Roumania, and conducted a carpentry shop here was found dead to-day of an overdose of morphia.  He was 40 years of age.


    The Palestine Post, 9 July 1934 (2)


    (From Our Correspondent)

    Haifa, Saturday. - The Examining magistrate yesterday committed for trial Ibrahim Jedi Hakirat Fuad Idha, a labourer in the factory of Mabrouk, on the charge of murder without premeditation his friend.  A quarrel had broken out between him and Nagid Mukhlis three weeks ago outside Hadar Harcarmel.  The accused was hardly hurt in the struggle and was treated in hospital.


    The Palestine Post, 18 July 1934 (1)

    Arlosoroff case; Appeal


    The Palestine Post, Wednesday 18 March 1936 (2)

    Three Deaths in Haifa.

    Three deaths were reported in Haifa over the weekend, two being the result of persons falling from buildings.  One of the victims, a one year old infant, Sarah bint Hassan Abu Shamot, fell from a balcony in Harat el Yahood and died from her injuries on Saturday.

       The other, a labourer, Hana Khalil, 35, fell from the new Khayat Building in Kingsway and died on Sunday.

       A woman, Asmah bint Hassan el Bouheri, was found strangled in her house at Wadi Nisnas on Sunday.  Her brother, Khalil Abu Haswash, has been detained by the police.


    The Palestine Post, Monday 31 January 1938 (2)


    Coroners responsible for holding inquests upon the bodies of dead persons are empowered, by an amendment to the Emergency regulations, 1936, published in the Palestine Gazette, to dispense with the holding of an inquest of they are satisfied that the deceased has been killed as a result of operations by His Majesty's Naval, Military or Air Forces or the Trans-Jordan Frontier Force or the Palestine Police Force for the purpose of suppressing disturbances.


    The Palestine Post, Wednesday, 23 March 1938 (6)

    Readers' Letters.


    (To the Editor of The Palestine Post.)

    Sir, - Would it be possible for you to devote a little of your space to a brief reporting of the public inquests from time to time held in this country?

       So often one reads of cases of death by accident, but never, as far as I remember, of the inquests which follow.  In this country, where violent death from one cause or another is unfortunately so common, any publicity given to official inquiries held with a view to fixing responsibility and preventing recurrence could do nothing but good.  I imagine, too, that coroners would welcome attention being drawn to their investigations.urs, etc.

  3. C.

Jerusalem, March 20, 1938


The Palestine Post, Tuesday, 29 March 1938 (1)

The bodies of two young men, afterwards identified as Erwin and Ernst Traube, brothers, were discovered at 6 o'clock yesterday morning on the roadside near the Nashashibi Quarter by a driver a bus conveying workmen to the new hospital building on Mount Scopus.

   The Magen David Adom was summoned and during a search of the men's belongings for evidence of their identity, a gold cross was found in the pocket of one of the victims.  The bodies were removed to Government Hospital.

   This discovery immediately gave rise to the report that two German Christians had been murdered during the night.  Further investigations, however, showed that the two men had come to Palestine about two years ago as Jews with other emigrants from Germany.

Recent Convert.

The elder brother, aged 24, was admitted into the Catholic Church only two weeks ago.  He had been living at the Ratisbon School, near Rehavia, at the time of his death.

   The younger man, aged 19, came to Jerusalem on Sunday from Tel Aviv to visit his brother.  He had come to Palestine as a member of a Jewish youth group from Germany.  Their father, it is said, is a Rabbi in Germany.

   Seeking work, they visited the Jewish Agency on Sunday morning, and in the afternoon went to the Benedictine Monastery on the Mount of Olives, from where they were last seen returning at about 56 in the evening by the path used as a short cut.

   A priest at the Monastery stated that he had invited the men to spend the night there, but they insisted on returning to town saying they did not look like Jews and would meet with no trouble.

   The inquest was opened yesterday morning by the Coroner, Mr. J. Kisselov, M.B.E.

   [Funeral report.]

   When Police investigation at the scene of the murder were opened in the morning it was found that all tracks had been obliterated by over-curious members of the public.


The Palestine Post, Wednesday, 30 March 1938 (6)

Rely to 'Readers' Letters, (23 March above); "the daily press is unaware of when an inquest is to be held, ..."


The Palestine Post, Tuesday, 24 January 1939 (1)(2)

Long report of trial.


The Palestine Post, Friday, 5 January 1940 (1)



A family tragedy occurred in Jerusalem yesterday when Temporary Additional Constable Abi Knopp killed his wife and then committed suicide, under circumstances which were still not clear last night.

   It appears that there had been an estrangement between the husband and wife.  Knopp returned from Affule on Wednesday, and yesterday morning at about seven o'clock saw his wife in her room in Menahem street, Mekor Barach, and after a quarrel fired three shots at her.  He then shot himself in the right temple.  He died on the operating table of the Hadassah Hospital.

   The wife, Meta Alter, who came from Danzig, worked as a waitress at the Tuv Taam cafe in King George Avenue, Jerusalem.  She and Knopp were married in Jerusalem six months ago.  Later the husband was transferred to Affule, and the wife lived in Tel Aviv.  She returned to Jerusalem a fortnight ago.  Both were about 25 years of age.  {Funerals.]

   The inquest will be held this morning by the Coroner, Mr. Kisselov.


The Palestine Post, Wednesday 17 July 1940 (6)

Lift accident?  Page 5?


The Palestine Post, Monday, 25 August 1941 (3)



The funeral took place yesterday in Jerusalem of Aharon Menahem Ashkenazi (3) and Rhahmim Yehudah Levi (42) who were killed by burglars in their flat early on Saturday morning.

   Two unknown men who forced their way into the flat, in Agrippa's Way, about three o'clock on Saturday morning, attacked Levi and his wife with iron bars.  In response to their cries for help, a sub-tenant, Menahem Ashkenazi, entered their room but was shot and stabbed by the two burglars, who also fired shots at the Levis.

   The Levi Couple managed to stagger down the stairs to get help, and were taken to the Hadassah Hospital by a [Red] Shield ambulance.  An operation and a blood transfusion failed to save Mr. Levi, who died at [4] o'clock yesterday morning.

   It was only when a daughter of the Levis remarked that Ashkenazi had apparently not come out to help her parents, that the police learned of his presence in the flat.  His body, which was found in a pool of blood, was taken to the Shaarei Zedek Hospital.

HAIFA, Sunday.

The body of Netty Koresch (21) was found early this morning in a garden on Mountain Road here.

   The body, when found, was lying prone near the fence of the garden, opposite the Abbas Eff. Garden.

   A long trail of blood had flowed from a wound in the girl's head, and death is thought to have occurred in the early hours of the morning or during the night.  It was dressed in working clothes.

   The body was taken to the Government Hospital mortuary.  The District Officer, Mr. B. Binah, in his capacity of Coroner, will hold an inquest tomorrow (Monday).

   The deceased who was employed at the Haifa Bay factory, came to Palestine from Poland about six months ago.


The Palestine Post,

Bible Prelude to Lawyer's Petition.


Reading aloud the first 10 verses in Chapter 38 of Ezekiel, Mr. L. David Ketter petitioned the High Court in Jerusalem yesterday for an order nisi calling upon the District Officer, the District Commissioner and the Attorney general to show cause why a Coroner's Court and a Coroner's Inquest should not be held into the "immature" death of Izhak Aisik Gerhard at the age of 79 at the United Aged Home in Jerusalem on March 21, 1940.  The Court, Their Lordships Mr. Justice Gordon-Smith and Mr. Justice Edwards, granted the order.

   In his petition, Mr. Ketter stated that on January 20 he visited the Aged Home, where he was told of the alleged murder of Gerhard.  The following day he received a copy of the death certificate from the registrar of Deaths, and on January 22 asked the District Officer to hold an inquest, which was refused.

Maltreatment Alleged.

In the petition, which was accompanied by affidavits alleging maltreatment of the inmates of the Home, Ketter asked also that three persons should be called upon to show cause why inquests should not be held into the deaths of Abraham Cohen and Dr. A. Ginsburg as well as Gerhard.

   Chapter 37 of Ezekiel describes the vision in which the prophet pictures the revivification of dry bones in a valley.


The Palestine Post, Tuesday 21 April 1942 (3)


The inquest into the death of Michel Kattani (14) which was to have been held before the District Officer, Mr. I. Chizik, in his capacity as Coroner in Jerusalem yesterday, was postponed until next Monday because of the illness of the dead boy's mother, the main witness.

   The boy was found injured on a road in Taibieh Quarter about three weeks ago and died later at Government Hospital.  He is believed to have been hurt while trying to alight from a moving bus.


The Palestine Post, Thursday, 7 May 1942 (3)


Death by misadventure was the verdict at the inquest into the death of Michel Kattani (14) by the Jerusalem District Officer, Mr. I. Chizik, sitting as coroner this week.

   The boy had alighted from a moving bus as it turned a curve in the Taibieh Quarter.

   Other verdicts gave the cause of violent deaths as accidental:

   Yatta Frankel, who escaped from a mental home in the Givath Shaul Quarter by cutting through a screen over a window and fell into a quarry, fracturing her skull; Jamila Mohammed Jima (5), who was stung by a scorpion; and Mohammed Ali Ishwari (20), of Ishwar village, who was burnt when a tin of benzine exploded as he was brewing tea for his wife ion a primus stove.


The Palestine Post, Sunday 17 May 1942 (3)



DAMASCUS, Saturday. - After shooting his wife, whom he loved dearly, when she refused to accompany him to the village where he worked as she wanted to live in town, Wajih el Mutawalli (25) committed suicide here last week.

   Wajih could not afford either to come to Damascus every night from Dammar village; but neither was he able to reconcile himself to being away from his young and beautiful wife Kahdijeh.  He decided upon death as the only alternative.

   The wife was fatally wounded and died in hospital the next morning.

   The husband left a note explaining the motive for his act and asked his relatives not to part him from his wife, but to bury him in the same grave.



Death by misadventure as a result of an accidental explosion of a bomb was the verdict given on Friday by the District Officer in Jerusalem, Mr. I. Chizik, sitting in his capacity of Coroner, in the inquest into the deaths of seven boys and one girl who met their deaths during the excursion near the Western shore of the Dead Sea on April 9.

   The organizers of the expedition were censured in the verdict for allowing it to be undertaken without proper precautions, or seeking the advice from the civil authorities as to its desirability.

   The verdict also pointed out that although the majority of the 150 hikers to Massada and Ein Gedi, members of the Hashomer Hatzair Youth Organisation were little more than children, neither the police, parents or teachers were consulted by the organizers before the hike set out.


The Palestine Post, Tuesday 16 June 1942 (3)

The inquest into the death of Mrs. Vita Kaminer which was begun before the District Officer Mr. I. Chizik in his capacity as Coroner in Jerusalem yesterday was adjourned as the bus driver who was charged with manslaughter and later released on bail is in hospital.

   The body of a fully-clothed Polish soldier was washed ashore on the beach near Jaffa yesterday.

   Four-year-old Yussef Tarsud was instantly killed when he fell from the roof of his parents'' house in Haifa in the dark on Sunday evening.


The Palestine Post, Tuesday 23 June 1942 (3)



The inquest into the death of Mrs. Vita Kaminer, who died after she was struck by a bus in Rehavia on May 28, was completed in Jerusalem yesterday before Mr. I. Chizik, the District Officer, acting in his capacity as Coroner.

   The Coroner stated that in his opinion her death may have been caused by the negligence of Alfred May, a Hamekasher bus diver, in turning his bus in the street.  The immediate cause of death was shock and fractured ribs as well as other injuries.

   May was detained following the accident and charged with manslaughter, but was later released on LP. 150 bail.

   The Coroner also held an inquest into the death of an unidentified infant girl, whose body had been discovered by scavengers early on the morning of June 12 in a dustbin on a courtyard near the German Hospital.  The infant, who was about a week or ten days old, had been burnt about the face, chest and body.  The verdict was murder by unknown persons.


The Palestine Post, Monday 4 January 1943 (7)


TEL AVIV, Monday. - The death of David Mizrahi (55), whose body was found in a wadi last Saturday was due either to an accident or suicide, there was no suggestion of foul play, the corner's inquest has established.

   The burial, which was held up at the request of the authorities, pending an autopsy, took place today.

   The deceased, who was unemployed for some time, had had a fire in his house a fortnight ago.


Two appeals against death sentences were dismissed yesterday by the Supreme Court of Jerusalem sitting for the first time since the court vacation.  The Chief Justice, Mr. F. Gordon-Smith presided, sitting with Mr. Justice Copland, and Mr. Justice Khayat.

   The first appeal was against the sentence of death passed upon Hassan Hussein Farraj, charged with the murder on October 15 of British Constable Henry Rowland in the "Lydda" District.  Hussein Farraj, according to Constable Frank Winter, a witness, heard before the Examining Court, was discovered with a knife in his hand standing over Rowland, who was later found to have 15 wounds in the head, chest and back.  Rowland died the following morning.


Mr. Shukri Salami, appearing for appellant yesterday, pleaded unreliability of evidence, due to the exciting circumstances.

   The appeal was dismissed.

Killing on July 30.

The second case was that of Abd el Bayer of Arab el Saqr, who was sentenced to death at the Court of Criminal Assizes sitting at Nablus under Mr. Justice Rose on December 14, for the premeditated murder of Police Inspector Sameh Idrissi.

   Abd el Bayer was identified by Nimr Yussef el Baba, as the leader of a gang which on July 30 waylaid a police vehicle in Nablus District and in the subsequent fighting killed Inspector Idrissi, while three constables met their death at the hands of his followers.  On being arrested on September 23, Abd el Bayer was found to be wearing Inspector Idrissi's wrist watch and to be in possession of a rifle belonging to one of the constables.

   The appeal was dismissed.


The Palestine Post, Wednesday 30 June 1943 (3)

Shot in the chest by an unknown assailant, Sayh bint Abdullah of Arab Sawaid was admitted on Monday to the Government Hospital in a serious condition.

   Alleged Infanticide is charged against an 18-year old girl of Jerusalem Old City, who is stated to have permitted her day-old infant born out of wedlock to bleed to death after birth.  The grand mother faces charges of complicity.


The Palestine Post, Thursday 6 January 1944 (3)


Tel Aviv, WEDNESDAY. - It was phobia of number "27" which drove a 27-year old night watchman, Joseph Danishensky, to axe his 27 year old wife in bed on the night of September [2 lines missing] before the Chief justice, Mr. F. Gordon-Smith, in the Court of criminal Assize here today.

   His Lordship found the accused guilty of murder but insane and ordered his detention at the direction of the High Commissioner.

   'The medical expert," Dr. M. S. Malouf, told the Court that the accused had suffered at the age of 24 from obsessional neurosis, and had a phobia of number "twenty-four."  He was cured by the late Dr. A. Benyamini, but had a relapse at the age of 27.  He had no control over his emotions, as when faced with the feared number his heart contracted and the blood rushed to his head.

Special Treatment.

His lordship rejected the plea by the defence counsel Mr. Max Seligman, for a conviction on the lesser charge of manslaughter, but consented to recommend the prisoner for special treatment.

   Mr. I. C. C. Rigby, the Crown Counsel, prosecuted.

   At the close of the trial, Mr. Seligman bade farewell to the retiring Chief justice.  His Lordship thanked him for his good wished and the police for their assistance.

Death Sentence for 70-Year Old Murderer.

HAIFA, Wednesday. - One death sentence and another of 14 years' imprisonment were pronounced today by the Court of Criminal Assize.

   The trial of Muflah Shahalan, who gave his age as 70, ended this morning when he was found guilty of the premeditated murder of his former wife, Naifa, at Manshieh Village, on July 30, by striking her over the head with an iron bar.  He was sentenced to death.

   After the verdict, Shahalan appealed for mercy.  Judge Edwards (sitting alone) said that he would pass the plea to the proper authority but that he expressed no opinion whatsoever on the application.

Border Line Case.

Finding that it was a border line case between manslaughter and murder, Judge Edwards gave the benefit of the doubt to Ibrahim Said Abdullah who was charged with the premeditated murder of his cousin, Wafilkha at Umm es Zinat village on August 13 by stabbing her in the back.  He was sentenced to 14 years.

   The prosecution in both cases was in the hands of the Junior Government Advocate, Mr. E. Salant.


TEL AVIV, Wednesday. - The inquest was held today into the fatal shooting of a taxi driver, Zaiman Schuster (32) at a Polish Military Camp on the morning of December 20.

   After recording the evidence of an eye-witness, Dov Blumenstein (39), an Army shoe repair contractor, the Coroner, Mr. A. Epstein, decided to pass the papers to the civil [police.


The Palestine Post, Sunday 12 March 1944 (4)

Readers' Letters.


The Editor, The Palestine Post.

SIR, - The pronouncements of the Jerusalem Coroner at the inquest held by him last week into the death of the barber Zvi Abramoff, give cause for public concern.  From the report in your paper it appears that the Coroner, after hearing evidence of the Police, gave a sort of judgment exonerating the policemen responsible for the killing on the ground that the homicide was "in the circumstances" justifiable, and he went on to explain the justifiable circumstances as consisting of the fact that the victim had been called upon by the police three times and had heard and was aware of the "order" but had failed to obey it.

[Continues with comment on what is or is not the law; refers to the "Mansell" Case, and the 'limited powers' of the Coroner in Palestine.]


The Palestine Post, Tuesday 14 March 1944 (4)

Not showing; reply to letter above.


The Palestine Post, Sunday 3 December 1944 (4)

The Abramoff letter again?


The Palestine Post, Saturday 2 March 1946 (3)

Inquest Begun on Orderly's Death

Palestine Post Staff.

The inquest in to the death of Avraham Shvili, the Senior Medical Orderly at Jerusalem prison, who was fatally injured in a riot at the prison on January 28, was held in the District Commissioner's Office on Friday by the Coroner Jamal Bey Toukin, the District Officer.

   Inspector Z. Finkel testified that as a result of the riot, which began between 7.30 and 8 a.m. on January 28, Shvili was injured and admitted to the Government Hospital, where he died about 12.15. the same day.  A criminal case has been registered and is still under investigation.

   Dr. Salim Khouri, Medical Officer at the Government Hospital, stated that Shvili was brought into the hospital in a dying condition about 11.45.  He was given treatment but died at 12.15.  Dr. Khouri said he carried out a post-mortem on Shvili.

   The hearing was adjourned until March 24.


TEL AVIV, Saturday. - A poultry merchant here was murdered in his flat in front of his wife, who is expecting a child shortly, at 11 o'clock last night.

   Meir Singer (28) was already asleep at his home in Tehov Said in the Yemenite quarter when two armed men entered his room and demanded money.  When Singer and his wife cried out for help the robbers opened fire.  Singer was killed instantly.

   Neighbours who arrived on the scene a minute later found Mrs. Singer unconscious.  The room had been rapidly searched for a sum of money about which the robbers had apparently known.

   Singer had brought LP 900 home during the day but had given it to his brother in the afternoon.


The Palestine Post, Sunday 1 September 1946 (2)


The Inquest into the deaths of the 87 victims of the King David bombing was set aside on Monday by order of the Supreme Court sitting as a High Court of Justice.  The inquest had been held by the Jerusalem coroner.

   The order was made following the application of the Attorney-General under an amendment to the Coroners regulations enacted last week.

   The object of the application was to receive additional medical and other evidence which was unavailable at the original somewhat hurried inquest.


RAMAT GAN, Saturday. - A nineteen year-old youth, Mohamed el Halabi, committed suicide in Sheikh Mowannes village last night, following a quarrel with his mother.  He was taken to the Dajani Hospital in Jaffa with knife wounds in his abdomen, and died shortly after admittance.


The Palestine Post, Friday 6 September 1946 (1)

Story of Explosions Told in Court.

New Inquest on K. D. Victims.

The Palestine Post, Wednesday 11 September 1946 (3)

Ramat Gan Searched.

Forty-Seven Men Detained.

Third Search at Sdoth Yam.

The Palestine Post, Thursday 12 September 1946 (3)

King David Alarm Given to Police.

No Confusion over Identification.

Bodies Carefully Examined

Photographs Taken


To prove that a match would not ignite benzine, Mustapha Hadid yesterday lit a cigarette near an open can in a garage in Nazareth St., Haifa.  Hadid was rushed to the Government Hospital in a critical condition, and a boy, Benyamin Mizrahi, who watched the demonstration, was taken to the Rothschild Hospital.


The Palestine Post, Friday 20 September 1946 (3)


Palestine Post Reporter.

Finding the evidence so far produced insufficient, the Coroner in the Inquests into the deaths of the victims of the King David Hotel outrage, Judge L. A. W. Orr, has decided to hear further evidence and has postponed his verdict until next week.

   Yesterday Mr. Orr heard evidence as to the identification of one of the victims, a member of the Trans-Jordan frontier Force.

   Hearings will be held today and tomorrow.


The Palestine Post, Tuesday 15 October 1946 (3)

Shortly after midnight on Sunday, Meyer Botsnick (33), of Hanita was found shot, dead.  He had been temporarily in charge of a rifle belonging to a T.A.C. 

The inquest on Moshe Yemini (16) who was found dead on the railway track near Jerusalem on October 2 will be resumed before the Coroner, Mr. A. Bergman, District Officer, tomorrow.


The Palestine Post, Friday 6 December 1946 (3)

Plenchets Killed Immigrants.

Verdict on Two Unknown Bodies.

Unreadable.  ... In both cases the medical evidence pointed to the wounds having been inflicted by hostilities. ?


The Palestine Post, Sunday 25 February 1947 (3)

25 Road Accidents.


Knocked down by a W.D. vehicle near Beisan on Friday afternoon, Azziz el Khouri, of Beisan, was fatally injured.

   Reuven Damon, of Kfar Marmoreck, received fatal injuries when struck by a lorry near Beit Lad on Thursday afternoon.  He had been visiting relatives in Nathanya.


JAFFA, Saturday. - A 16-year-old youth gave himself up to the police here yesterday afternoon and said that he had decided to kill his mother after hearing gossip that she had disgraced the family.  His mother, Fatimah Shaabin (46), was taken to Hospital in a serious condition.  She had been stabbed nine times.


The Palestine Post, Thursday 29 May 1947 (3)

A mother of ten children, Mrs. Haya Cohen Aramati (40) of Petah Tikva was burned to death yesterday when she set fire to her clothes after pouring petroleum over them.

Inquests into Jerusalem Shootings.

Palestine Post Staff.

One in quest into the shooting of a civilian by soldiers was ended in Jerusalem yesterday, and a second was begun.  The Coroner, Mr. R. Silver (the District Officer), will announce his verdict in the inquest of Aboud Mizrahi, who was killed by a patrol while walking with his daughter on April 21, while the inquest into the death of Moshe Cohen, who was shot on April 7, was adjourned.

   In the Mizrahi case, an officer and a soldier testified that they had warned a man to stop three times in English and three times in Arabic - but he failed to halt and was then shot.  Mizrahi's 14-year old daughter testified that her father was shot without any warning.  She said that he was shot in the chest, but a medical certificate was submitted to the effect that he was shot in the back.

   In the Cohen case, an Army officer testified that a patrol called on two men, in English, to halt, but that the two men separated, one entering a lane with a bundle in his hand.  On the instructions of the Corporal, the patrol fired into the lane, although they did not know if there were other people in the lane.  They had been ordered to keep their fire low.


The Palestine Post, Friday 27 February 1948 (1)

The coroner's inquest into the death of Mr. Graham L. D. (Guy) Cox, the Exchange Telegraph correspondent, revealed that he had been killed in a crash while speeding on the Jerusalem-Jaffa road near Bab-el-Wad last Sunday.



May 14, 1948, the Jewish People's Council declared the establishment of the State of Israel,

the British Mandate having ceased at midnight.


The Palestine Post, Monday 10 October 1949 (3)


An inquest was opened last week by the Jerusalem Coroner, Mr. R. Silver, into the deaths of Mlle Lise Andre, 25, and her sister Fabianne, 12, who were fatally injured when a land mine exploded on September 9 while they were walking on the Arab side of the Bet Safafa lands near Jerusalem.

Sand Slide Kills Worker.

REHOVOT, SUNDAY. - Digging sand for construction work at Gedera today, Yaacov Kilinsky, 31, a new immigrant, who had arrived in Israel less than a year ago, was killed when he was buried by falling sand.  He leaves a wife.







Published by Centre for Comparative Law, History and Governance at Macquarie Law School